THE RIGHT TO WORSHIP NATURE AND NATURAL OBJECTS

Map of northern India in the late Vedic period...
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YAGNA, THE VEDIC RITUAL OF SACRIFICE- HOTREE, THE PERFORMER MAKES OFFERINGS TO FIRE, LORD AGNI
Omnipresence‘ is a Divine attribute. Indians reflect this belief in their rituals of worship and they view that the purpose of human existence is that of seeking unity with the Divine.
 

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,

Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,

M.B.B.S.  Class  of  April,  1970.

THE RIGHT TO WORSHIP CREATION – A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT

"haviryajna done by a Nambudiri in Kerala...
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YAGNA, A VEDIC RITUAL OF SACRIFICE-‘HOTREE’ OR ‘YAGNA PERFORMER’ OFFERS ‘HAVIS’ TO FIRE(LORD AGNI)

THE UNIVERSE AS GOD’S BODY

The word ‘omnipresent’ is defined as present everywhere at the same time. The property of being present everywhere is one of the Divine attributes. In western theism it has attracted less attention and the idea of ‘omnipresence’ is explained in a bit unclear way. In Judeo-Christian, and Islamic Cultures, God is not immersed in the substance of creation even though He is able to interact with it as He chooses. They tend to the view that God is in “HEAVEN”, and that God is above and outside of all creation. They explain ‘omnipresence’ in terms of His ‘ESSENCE’ as He is present to all as the cause of their being, His ‘POWER’ as all things are subject to His power, and His ‘KNOWLEDGE’ as He constantly watches all that goes on in the world and all things are bare and open to His eyes and hence He is naturally present in every aspect of the natural order. Whereas Indian thinkers tend to believe that a thing is said to be substantially or essentially in that place in which its substance is. Hence, people in the Land of India traditionally hold the view that God is related to the universe as though it is His body. The entire creation is seen as a manifestation of the Supreme Person. The theory of transcendent(exists apart from material universe) and immanent(actually present throughout the material universe)’omnipresence’ explains the meaning of the word ‘BRAHMAN’, the Ultimate Reality. Indian people reflect this belief in their worship of creation, and the idea that God is immersed in the substance of His creation could be recognized as a core value, the foundation upon which the Cultural traditions of India are established over thousands of years of their continued existence. The rituals of temple worship and the Vedic rituals of Yagna always include aspects of Worship of Creation and the Scriptures reveal that the Gods also Worship Creation to the same extent and the Indian way of life could be stated as a quest for unity with the Divine.

A HYMN TO SEEK PROTECTION FROM THE CREATOR

Yaa srushti srashtu raadyaa vahiti vidhihutam, yaa havi ryaacha hotree

Ye dvey kaalam vidhatta, sruti vishaya gunaa, Yaa sthithaa vyaapya viswavam

Yaa maa hu sarva bhuta prakriti riti, Ya Yaa praanina praanavanta

Pratyakshaabhi prasanna stanubhi ravatu Vastaabhi rashtaabhi reesa.

We seek the protection of God who physically manifests Himself with the eight bodies of

1. WATER- Lord VARUNA who was created prior to the creation of all other creation(of living entities).

2. FIRE- Lord Agni who receives ‘HAVIS’, the oblations or offerings given to God.

3. HOTREE- the person who is performing ‘YAGNA’, the Vedic ritual of sacrifice.

4. SUN- Lord Surya, the marker of day time.

5. MOON- Lord Chandra, the marker of night-time.

6. SKY- or ETHER which helps in the propagation of SOUND and is spread across the entire universe.

7.EARTH- Mother Earth, Goddess Bhu Devi, who bears the burden of harboring all living entities.

8. WIND- Lord VAYU who is the ‘Breath of life'(or PRANA) of all living entities that breathe.

THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT TO WORSHIP CREATION

The act of Creation Worship defines Indian Identity. All other Cultural Traditions that are existing in India proceed from this foundational principle. Indians seek their well-being, prosperity, happiness and eventually salvation through acts of worship. The foreign forces that occupied and ruled India tried hard to take away this Right to Worship as per our belief that God is immanent. We need to recognize the Right to Worship Creation as a Fundamental Right. Citizens while they are free to profess their religion , should not be free to ‘PROPAGATE’ a religion or idea which basically interferes with a Fundamental Right. No person could have a Fundamental Right to PROPAGATE at the expense of denying and devaluing other core values. To that extent, we should seek an amendment to PART III, Article 25 of the Constitution of India which deals with Freedom of Religion. The Constitution of India must recognize the Worship of Creation as a Foundational Principle of the Land of India and hence should be considered a Fundamental Right and should prohibit PROPAGATION of religion which infringes upon this Core Value. Such an amendment is vital to defend the Freedom of Religion as religious doctrines of Islam and Christianity are opposed to the idea of divinity of all created objects. These religious faiths divide humanity into two categories; the believers, and the non-believers. They also further express the claim that they possess a divine sanction to punish or modify the beliefs of the non-believers. In the global community, the adherents of Hindu religious faith are only a minority and they need special protection to defend the Right to Freedom of Religion. 

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham,

Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,

M.B.B.S.,  Class  of  April,  1970. 

A RESOLUTION FOR NEW YEAR – LOOK BEFORE YOU LEAP

A RESOLUTION FOR NEW YEAR – LOOK BEFORE YOU LEAP

A New Year Resolution. Look Before You Leap.
A New Year Resolution. Look Before You Leap.
LEAP OF LORD HANUMAN – PRUDENCE IS INDISPENSABLE TO A GOOD LIFE:
This New Year’s Day of the Year 2009, I have resolved to seek strength, intelligence, and practical wisdom to overcome my shortcomings and to get over the pain and misery caused by my blemishes. Prudence is indispensable to a good life. Lord Hanuman before His legendary leap across the Sea, looked at the Sea carefully, evaluated the challenging task, offered prayers before undertaking the task, demonstrated the practical value of prudence. A simple mortal being like me has no choice other than that of using prudence in every action that I may undertake. 
Dr R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,
Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,
M.B.B.S. Class of April 1970.

NEW YEAR’S RESOLUTION – LOOK BEFORE YOU LEAP

NEW YEAR’S RESOLUTION – LOOK BEFORE YOU LEAP

A New Year Resolution. Look Before You Leap.

LOOK BEFORE YOU LEAP 
The Indian epic poem of ‘RAMAYANA‘ describes life journey of Lord Rama, the Prince of the Ayodhya  Kingdom who was exiled to live in the forest. The story narrates the abduction of His wife, Princess Sita. While searching the forest to find Sita, Lord Rama befriends the ‘VANARA’ or Monkey Forces of Kishkindha Kingdom. The Vanara King Sugriva in an effort to find Sita dispatched his forces in all directions with very strict orders to report back within a month. The search party that proceeded southwards eventually reach the southern sea-shore at the end of their appointed time for reporting back to the King. While they were feeling anxious about their delayed mission, they receive a vital clue about Sita held captive in the island kingdom of Lanka ruled by the demon King Ravana. The search party now gets fearful about the course of action they have to choose. They seek counsel from the eldest member of their party. They decide against returning home with secondhand information about Princess Sita’s whereabouts. After due deliberation, they choose to physically verify the accuracy of the information about Princess Sita’s presence in the island. The action that they selected requires crossing the sea, entering an enemy kingdom, searching diligently tightly guarded places, and returning safely crossing the sea one more time. In the context of this story, as there is no land bridge to reach the island, the safest way to get there is to jump across the sea in one leap. The party’s elder leader recommends entrusting Hanuman with this difficult and challenging mission. The choice of Hanuman is prudent because of His strength, courage, intelligence, and other special abilities like changing of body size at His discretion. The story describes that Hanuman stood on a hill by the name of Mahendra to gain advantage for the proposed leap. He looks at the sea and directs His mind towards the island of Lanka. He is sure about His devotion to Lord Rama and He is certain about His desire to fulfil Lord Rama’s purpose. He said to Himself: “I shall search and find Sita. I shall fly in the sky and cross the sea”. However, He undertakes this mission with a sense of absolute modesty and humility. He offers worship and prayers to God and to all creation before He leaps into the sky with a roar of triumph. With that leap, Hanuman’s role in the story of Ramayana reaches heroic proportions and continues to be very exalted till the end of the story. 

The Quality of Prudence

The New Year’s Resolution. Look Before You Leap.

The quality of prudence is most concerned with action. Prudence is a product of experience and a possession of reason. The maxims of prudence are counsel, deliberation, and judgment. A prudent man knows how to deliberate or calculate well about things to be done. He evaluates the negative as well as the positive consequences of his actions. Prudence also shapes the character of the person. Use of unjust or dishonest means to achieve the end or goal set for oneself is not prudence. ‘ One cannot have prudence unless one has the moral virtues; since prudence is the right reason about things to be done, to which end man is rightly disposed by moral virtue’. The choice of the best means is as important as the election of the right end. The clever thief who plans and executes a successful robbery exhibits no prudence but its counterfeit called cunning. The rightness of the means requires not merely that they are adapted to an end, but that the end itself be right. Prudence has a role in all the concerns of life. The right end, whether that be the goal of personal happiness or the common good of society, or the performance of one’s duties, cannot be achieved unless the means to it are rightly chosen. Prudence can be acquired through learning to take sufficient counsel and to deliberate enough before taking any action. The habit of prudent action can be gained by a remembrance of the past experience, by the understanding of what is present, and providing for the future by resolving thoughts and making decisions and commanding their execution. 

A PRAYER TO LORD HANUMAN

A New Year Resolution. Look Before You Leap.

Having known that my human body is deficient of intelligence, I call upon Pavan Kumar(Son of Wind God or VAYU) asking Him to grant me strength, intelligence, and true knowledge to dissolve all of my blemishes which cause pain and misery. 

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
BHAVANAJAGAT.ORG
https://bhavanajagat.com/2008/12/23/nine-years-service-medal-a-salute-to-the-law-of-temperance/

 

NINE YEARS SERVICE MEDAL AND THE LAW OF TEMPERANCE

Paradise Lost 20
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NINE YEARS LONG SERVICE MEDAL AWARDED BY INDIAN ARMY SYMBOLIZES GOOD CONDUCT AND TEMPERANCE :

John Milton in his greatest poetic achievement of ‘PARADISE LOST’ has claimed that man can live for many, many long years and death could be like the gentle act of gathering a ripe fruit when it is fully mature only if man diligently observes the rule of ‘Nothing Too Much’. In matters pertaining to food and drinks, sex, money, and power associated with social status or position, each man has to set his own personal limits. Man has to apply restraint, and use reason while seeking satisfaction of his desires. Excessive passion or desire for material wealth is described as avarice or greed. Excessive sexual passion is called lust. Excessive indulgence in food and drink is known as gluttony. Man experiences contentment if his desires are satisfied. But, it is not easy to measure or quantify contentment. If there is no contentment, man gets depressed, or remains anxious because of a sense of dissatisfaction. Temperance is a quality that gives man the ability to use moderation in his thoughts and actions. Each man must establish reasonable limits on individual desires and passions and live according to the Law of Temperance.

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,

Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,

M.B.B.S.  Class  of  April,  1970. 

NINE YEARS SERVICE MEDAL – A SALUTE TO THE LAW OF TEMPERANCE

John Milton (1608-1674). Milton wrote many of ...
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NINE YEARS LONG SERVICE MEDAL AWARDED BY INDIAN ARMY SYMBOLIZES GOOD CONDUCT AND TEMPERANCE

THE LAW OF TEMPERANCE  :

John Milton (1608 – 1674), in his greatest poetic achievement of ‘PARADISE LOST’ describes Man’s First Disobedience of God, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein Man was placed. Adam, the first Man who was created in God’s image and likeness brought Death into the World. God declares that Adam and Eve could no longer abide in ‘Garden of Eden‘, the Paradise. God sends Angel Michael with a Band of Cherubim to dispossess them. Michael reveals to Adam the ‘Law of Temperance’ which could help him to live for many long years. Angel Michael also comforted Adam by assuring him that if he observes the ‘Law of Temperance’, Death would be like the gentle act of gathering a ripe fruit when fully mature.

PARADISE LOST, BOOK XI ( 520-540)  :     

 

 

 

In John Milton's epic poem of Paradise Lost, angel Michael explained 'The Law of Temperance' to Adam, the first created man to face the threat of death.

 

I yield it just, said Adam, and submit.

But is there yet no other way, besides

These painful passages, how we may come

To Death, and mix with our connatural dust ?

There is, said Michael, if thou well observe

The rule of not too much, by temperance taught

In what thou eatst and drinkst, seeking from thence

Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight,

Till many years over thy head return:

So maist thou live, till like ripe Fruit thou drop

Into thy Mother lap, or be with ease

Gathered, not harshly pluckt, for Death mature:

THE NATURE OF TEMPERANCE  :

The essence of Temperance is choosing moderation and deliberately avoid excess. In Indian Culture, and Tradition, living in moderation and living in virtue are almost identical. Socrates suggests that one should “choose that which is orderly and sufficient and has a due provision for daily needs”. He compares the intemperate man “to a vessel full of holes, because it can never be satisfied”. Socrates describes the temperate man as able to satisfy his limited desires, whereas the intemperate man of boundless desire, can never pause in his search of pleasure. According to Freud, when “the ego learns that it must inevitably go without immediate satisfaction, postpone gratification, learn to endure a degree of pain, and altogether renounce certain sources of pleasure”, it “becomes ‘reasonable’, is no longer controlled by the pleasure-principle, but follows the reality-principle”, which seeks ” a delayed and diminished pleasure, one which is assured by its realization of fact, its relation to reality”.

TEMPERANCE AND COURAGE  :  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Thomas Aquinas and 'The Law of Temperance'.

 

Thomas Aquinas has defined Temperance as “a disposition of the soul, moderating any passions or acts, so as to keep them within bounds. Temperate refers to a man who abstains from bodily pleasures and delights in this very fact. A man not only acts temperately, but is temperate in character, when his desires are themselves habitually moderated to be in accord with reason. A temperate man is not pained at the absence of pleasure or by his abstinence from it. Temperance contributes the virtue of Fortitude which strengthens men against “the enticement of pleasure” as well as against the fear of pain. A man who is able to stand firm against the onslaught of pleasures is more able to remain firm against the dangers of death. And so “Temperance can be said to be Brave”. The endurance of pain is central to the nature of Courage. Temperance and Courage are not distinct virtues as both are based upon an ability to stand firm against pain and danger.

NINE YEARS LONG SERVICE MEDAL – A SALUTE TO THE LAW OF TEMPERANCE  : 

During my service in the Indian Army Medical Corps, I learned the values of Temperance, Fortitude, Courage, and delaying gratification of desires, and avoid seeking physical comforts and pleasures.

 

During the first nine years of my Indian Army Service, apart from taking part in the War of Liberation of Bangladesh, I had participated in a variety of Army Operations that keep the men ready and prepared for a battle. Military Training and Service can be best described as habituation for a temperate character. The nature of Army Operations and Tactics always demand overcoming the onslaught of sense pleasures and voluntarily delaying the gratification of personal desires. A life style based upon physical ease and comfort, and indulgence in food and alcohol is not compatible with the Army way of life. The nature of Army Operations is influenced by terrain, climatic conditions, distances and the availability of transportation. There is no scope to cater for physical comfort, relaxation, and entertainment. The supply of rations and food provisions is limited because of the problems of their bulk and weight. Army Rules and the Code of Conduct would emphasize that men should honor their commitment to serve more than anything else. Such commitment to Serve with Honor would only be possible only when the man in uniform lives in accordance with the Law of Temperance.

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham,

Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,

M.B.B.S.,  Class  of  April,  1970.

IN CELEBRATION OF THE FULL MOON DAY

Solar System Planets.
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LORD MOON, KNOWN AS “CHANDRA” AROSE FROM CHURNING THE LEGENDARY OCEAN OF MILK( SAMUDRA MANTHAN ) :
Full Moon has always attracted human attention. The Full Moon of Friday, December 12, 2008 is special. Moon makes a trip around Earth every 29.5 days. The orbit is elliptical; the average distance is about 238, 855 miles. The closest point of Moon’s orbit or perigee is about 221, 560 miles. The Full Moon of Friday, December 12, 2008 is special because the Moon is at its closest point of its orbit and it coincided with the Full Moon phase. This Full Moon is 14 percent bigger and 30 percent brighter than other Full Moons.
 
Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,
Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,
M.B.B.S.  Class  of  April,  1970.

SOMNATH – THE POWER OF CREATION vs THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION

ca. 1940, Probably India --- Vallabhbhai Patel...
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THE TEMPLE OF LORD SOMNATH: THE BATTLE BETWEEN THE POWER OF CREATION AND THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION.
Kindly pay homage to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, India’s first Deputy Prime Minister who had recreated the Temple of Lord Somnath and vanquished the evil forces which visited Somnath repeatedly to utterly destroy this sacred place of Hindu worship.
 
Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,
Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,
M.B.B.S. Class  of  April,  1970.

IN CELEBRATION OF THE BRIGHTER AND BIGGER FULL MOON

 

 

Moons
Image by robynejay via Flickr

LORD MOON TOOK BIRTH FROM THE LEGENDARY OCEAN OF MILK

FULL MOON OF FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 2008- A DAY TO REMEMBER

Moon orbits Earth at an average distance of about 238, 855 miles ( 384,400 Km). Moon makes a trip around Earth every 29.5 days and rotates around his axis in the same time. Moon’s orbit around Earth is elliptical and the closest point of the orbit is called perigee. Last Friday, December 12, Moon was just 221, 560 miles ( 356, 567 Km ) away from Earth and it coincided with the Full Moon Phase. As a consequence, to viewers upon Earth, Moon appeared in the sky, 14 percent bigger and 30 percent brighter than some other Full Moons during the year.

LORD MOON IN INDIAN MYTHOLOGY

Moon is Earth’s only natural satellite. Moon has a special place in Indian traditions, astronomy, and calendar. Indian astrologers have ranked Moon( known as ‘CHANDRA’) as a planet and He belongs to the group of ‘Nine Planets’ ( Nava Graha) and He is married to Ashwini and twenty six other known stars. He is known as ‘SOMA’ and had worshiped Lord Shiva and was given a boon that resulted in the waxing and waning phases of the Moon. Lord Shiva acquired the name of ‘SOM NATH’ which means ‘The Lord of Moon’. In addition, the crescent shaped Moon always adorns the matted hair locks of Lord Shiva.In India, the ‘Moon Day’ or ‘Monday’ is known as ‘SOM VAAR'(the day of Moon). Moon was born when the legendary Ocean of Milk was churned to extract ‘AMRIT’, the Divine Nectar of Immortality. Along with Moon, Goddess LAXMI( the Goddess of Wealth and spouse of Lord VISHNU) also arose from the Ocean of Milk and hence Lord Moon and Goddess LAXMI are considered to be siblings. Hindu festivals are mostly based upon the Lunar Calendar. There are several festivals associated with the Full Moon Day or ‘PURNIMA’. The Spring festival of ‘HOLI’ is celebrated during March(Full Moon of Phalgun). The Full Moon of December is observed as ‘DATTATREYA PURNIMA’. Other festivals include ‘BUDDHA PURNIMA’, GURU PURNIMA’, ‘VAT PURNIMA’, ‘RAKSHA BANDHAN on SHRAVAN PURNIMA’,’SHARAD PURNIMA’, and ‘KARTIK PURNIMA’.

HYMNS IN PRAISE OF LORD MOON KNOWN AS ‘CHANDRA’

1.Dadhi Shanka Tushaa raabham, Ksheeraarnava samudhbhavam

Namaami Sasinam Somam, Shambhor makuta bhushanam.

I respectfully greet Lord Soma, who arose from the ‘Ocean of Milk’, who adorns Lord Shiva’s head like a crown jewel, who is pure white in color and the color resembles the color of yogurt, conch shell, and snow.

2.Ksheera Saagara sampanna, Laxmi priya sahodara

Hirnya makutaabhaasawa bala Chandra namostu tey.

I respectfully greet Lord Chandra, who took His birth from the ‘Ocean of Milk’,the dear brother of Goddess LAXMI, as He rises in the sky with light emanating from His golden crown.

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,

Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,

M.B.B.S.  Class  of  April,  1970.

 

 

THE POWER OF CREATION vs THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION

The Temple of Lord Somnath speaks of the Power of Creation vs the Power of Destruction.

THE TEMPLE OF LORD SOMNATH IS THE EVIDENCE FOR THE POWER OF CREATION OVER THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION. 

This entry is dedicated to the memory of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, India’s first Deputy Prime Minister.

THE POWER OF CREATION vs THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION: This story is a tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Deputy Prime Minister of Independent India who initiated the task of rebuilding historic Somnath Temple.
THE POWER OF CREATION vs THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION: This story is a tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Deputy Prime Minister of Independent India who initiated the task of rebuilding historic Somnath Temple.

THE SHRINE ETERNAL: 

Somnath Temple is in the ‘Prabhas Kshetra’, near the seaport city of Veraval in Junagadh District, Kathiawar Peninsula of Saurashtra , on the shores of Arabian Sea,the western coast of Gujarat, India. This holy place of pilgrimage is a place of great antiquity and recent excavations there have revealed a settlement dating from about 1500 B.C. As per Indian traditions, the place is of significance as it is considered as the place from where Lord Krishna departed from this world. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Shiva and He is known by the name of SOMNATH or the Lord of the Moon. The present temple as it exists today is known as ‘Kailash Mahameru Prasada and is built-in CHALUKYA style of temple architecture. The site lied in a state of ruin for centuries and the decision to rebuild it was made by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel during his visit on 13 November, 1947. The temple was inaugurated on December 1, 1951 by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the Republic of India. He had remarked that, “The Somnath temple signifies that the power of creation is always greater than the power of destruction”. The temple symbolizes the enduring fame of Sardar Patel who during the first three years of Indian independence after 1947, had served as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Information, and Minister of States. He was considered as practical and decisive. He was the architect of the Indian Union and his greatest contribution was the achievement of the peaceful integration of over 535 princely states into the Indian Union. The principality of Junagadh, and the princely State of Hyderabad had initially resisted the offer to join the Indian Union. Having failed in his attempts to join Pakistan, the Nawab of Junagadh fled away from the country. Mr. Bhutto,( the father of Mr. Z.A. Bhutto, who served as Pakistan’s Prime minister) acting in his capacity of the ‘DEWAN’ of the court of Junagadh, had invited Lord Mountbatten to accept the accession of Junagadh to India. In the State of Hyderabad, a militant movement called the Razakars was launched seeking independence but Sardar Patel restored peace in September 1948 and the ruler Nizam had accepted the terms of accession to the Indian Union. This part of Indian history and the integration of princely states into Indian Union has again become relevant after the enemy’s brutal attack in Mumbai which I had mentioned in my previous entry. The enemy had described himself as ‘Deccan Mujahideen’, and the media reports indicate that the enemy had specific designs to gobble Junagadh, and Hyderabad apart from encouraging insurgency in the border State of Kashmir. The enemy’s intentions will force us to defend SOMNATH in Junagadh District which is resurrected after repeated attacks over centuries. 

THE HISTORY OF SOMNATH:

Jyotirlinga Temple at Somnath is mentioned in Hindu prayers in praise and worship of Lord Shiva:”Saurashtra dese visadeti ramye, Jyotirmayam Chandra Kalaa vatamsam, Bhakti pradaanaaya Krupaa vateernam, Tam Somanaatham Saranam prapadye.”
Somnath, the confluence of three rivers, River Sarasvati, River Hiranya, River Ilanki and Kapila is mentioned in ancient Hindu Scriptures known as Rig Veda.
LORD SOMNATH TEMPLE-THE SHRINE ETERNAL – TESTIMONY TO THE POWER OF CREATION OVER THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION.

Somnath finds its mention in the ancient text of RIG VEDA. It is associated with the holy names of GANGA, YAMUNA, and SARASWATI, popularly known as ‘TIRTH DHAM’ where Indians traditionally offer worship by a practice described as ‘River Worship’. The ancient river of Saraswati may have merged into the Sea at Somnath apart from smaller rivulets known by the names of Hiranya, Kapila and Ilanki. The place is extensively described as a place of pilgrimage and its importance is narrated in the ancient texts of ‘SKANDA PURANA’, ‘BHAGAVATA PURANA’, and ‘SHIVA PURANA’. Lord Shiva in His radiant form known as ‘Jyotirlinga’ resides at Twelve different places in India and Somnath is listed as the first place of residence of ‘DWADASA JYOTIRLINGA’.Tradition claims that the original Temple of Somnath was built by Lord Moon, and was later built by King Ravana of Lanka who is a central figure in the story of Indian epic poem of RAMAYANA. The SINDH area of the Indian subcontinent came under Arab conquest in 7th century A.D. The Somnath Temple built by the YADAVA kings of Vallabhi of Saurashtra around 649 A.D. was destroyed in 725 A.D. by the Arab governor of Sindh. The Pratihara King Nagabhata II rebuilt it in red stone. Between 1001 A.D. and 1027 A.D. , the road to conquest of India was prepared by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna( modern GHAZNI in Afghanistan) who conducted more than twenty raids into North India. His raids were mainly for plunder. They revealed the wealth of India and demonstrated the vulnerability of India to military attacks. During one of his raids, in 1024 A.D. , marching across India’s Thar Desert, Mahmud of Ghazna had plundered and destroyed the Somnath Temple. The amount looted was estimated at 20 thousand, thousand ‘Dinars’. The enormous treasures found at Somnath have been a theme of wonder for all who have written on that conquest. The Paramara King of Bhoj of Malwa, Solanki King Bhima of Anhilwara/Patan between 1026 A.D. and 1042 A.D. rebuilt the Temple. By 1297/98 A.D. , Gujarat was conquered by Ala-ud-Din Khalij, Sultan of Delhi and the Temple was razed.Solanki King Kumarapala built a Temple of stone and this was destroyed again in 1394 A.D. For the last time, the Temple was destroyed in 1706 A.D by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and the site remained in ruins till India’s independence in 1947. The rebirth of the Temple on December 1, 1951 demonstrates the vitality of the Indian spirit. 

SOMNATH - THE POWER OF CREATION OVER THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION. MUGHAL EMPEROR AURANGZEB DESTROYED SOMNATH TEMPLE AND IT WAS A 'JIHADIST' ATTACK.
SOMNATH – THE POWER OF CREATION OVER THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION. MUGHAL EMPEROR AURANGZEB DESTROYED SOMNATH TEMPLE AND IT WAS A ‘JIHADIST’ ATTACK.
SOMNATH TEMPLE - THE POWER OF CREATION OVER THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION. EMPEROR AURANGZEB PERSECUTED HINDUS, SIKHS, AND JAINS FOR THEIR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS.
SOMNATH TEMPLE – THE POWER OF CREATION OVER THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION. EMPEROR AURANGZEB PERSECUTED HINDUS, SIKHS, AND JAINS FOR THEIR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS.
SOMNATH TEMPLE – THE POWER OF CREATION OVER THE POWER OF DESTRUCTION. A PHOTO IMAGE OF SOMNATH TEMPLE IN 1869.

Sourashtra dese visadetiramye
Jyotirmayam chandrakalavatamsam
Bhakti pradanaya kripaveteernam
Tam somanatham sharanam prapadye

Lord Somanatha is dwelling in His great splendor in the Province of Saurashtra. May this Lord Somanatha who is full of radiance, and the crescent-shaped Moon shines in His matted hair, with His extreme compassion grant me a great sense of devotion with which I would seek my protection and let Him be my refuge. 

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B,Sc, M.B.B.S., 

Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, 

M.B.B.S., Class of April 1970.

The Power of Creation vs the Power of Destruction. A tribute to Sardar Patel.