Chakrata Karma. My Life Journey From Freedom in Chakrata to Slavery in the United States

Chakrata Karma. My Life Journey From Freedom in Chakrata to Slavery in the United States. Tenzin Gyatso(b. 1935), the 14th Dalai Lama’s Enthronement Ceremony on 22 February, 1940. Dalai Lama is the Supreme Ruler of Tibet.

I use the phrase “CHAKRATA KARMA” to account for my Life Journey from Freedom in Chakrata to Slavery in the United States. I am a Refugee. But, who is my Refuge?

Chakrata Karma. My Life Journey From Freedom in Chakrata to Slavery in the United States. The 14th Dalai Lama sitting on the throne in this photo image of 1956-57 while Tibet came under Communist China’s military occupation during 1950. With military assistance from the United States and India, Tibetans had revolted against the Communists and the Dalai Lama fled into exile when the massive Tibetan Uprising failed during March 1959.

The Dalai Lama lives in India. We clearly know that India was unwilling to grant asylum to the Dalai Lama during his first visit to India in May 1956. In March 1959, the Dalai Lama could escape from Tibet to live in Exile in India as the United States gave the firm assurance to India to act without any fear of China’s military power to retaliate against India’s decision to grant the political asylum.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

Tibetans Mark 80th Anniversary of Dalai Lama Enthronement

By VOA NewsFebruary 21, 2020 08:09 PM

FILE PHOTO: Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama gestures as he arrives at a hotel in Darmstadt, Germany, September 18, 2018…
Chakrata Karma. My Life Journey From Freedom in Chakrata to Slavery in the United States.

Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama is celebrating the 80th anniversary of his enthronement Saturday.

The 14th Dalai Lama, who was born Lhamo Thondup, was just a toddler when he was identified as the reincarnation of his predecessor. Tibetan Buddhists believe that senior Buddhist monks can after death choose to be reborn in the body of a child.

The Dalai Lama was enthroned as Tibet’s most important spiritual leader on Feb. 22, 1940, at the age of 4.

Since then, he has been a spiritual leader to Tibetans, strongly advocating nonviolence and winning a Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 for his efforts to bring about an autonomous Tibet.

Born in Tibet in 1935, the 85-year-old spiritual leader has spent most of his life in neighboring India. The Dalai Lama fled Tibet following a failed uprising against Chinese rule in 1959 and now lives in the northern Indian hill town of Dharamsala, where his supporters run a government-in-exile.

The Dalai Lama said he is seeking greater autonomy for his remote mountain homeland and not independence, while China accuses him of being a dangerous separatist. China has used its influence on the world stage to urge international leaders not to meet with the spiritual leader.

In April 2019, the Dalai Lama was admitted to the hospital in the Indian capital of New Delhi with a chest infection and has since reduced his public audiences. However, aides said he is doing well.

The question of the next Dalai Lama’s reincarnation has political implications. China has said its leaders have the right to approve the Dalai Lama’s successor, as a legacy inherited from China’s emperors.

However, the Dalai Lama’s own website said that a person who reincarnates has “sole legitimate authority” over where the rebirth takes place and how the reincarnation is recognized.

The Dalai Lama himself has made several statements about his next rebirth, saying he might choose not to be reincarnated at all, and also saying that if he does choose to take rebirth, it will be in a free country.

CHAKRATA KARMA. MY LIFE JOURNEY FROM FREEDOM IN CHAKRATA TO SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES. THE SPIRITS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE ARE SHARING THIS PHOTO ILLEGALLY OBTAINED BY A CHINESE SPY. THE PHOTO WAS TAKEN AT CHAKRATA ON 03 JUNE, 1972 WHILE HIS HOLINESS THE 14th DALAI LAMA WAS PRESENTED A GUARD OF HONOR BY MAJOR GENERAL SUJAN SINGH UBAN, AVSM, INSPECTOR GENERAL, SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE. MY INDIAN ARMY CAREER BEGAN AT THIS LOCATION AND I WILL CONTINUE TO FIGHT FOR FREEDOM AND DEMOCRACY IN THE OCCUPIED LAND OF TIBET.

The Dalai Lama is a Foreign Title. Tibets Freedom is won not through the barrel of a Foreign Service Rifle but by a Foreign Prophecy

The Dalai Lama is a Foreign Title. Tibet’s Freedom is won not through the barrel of a Foreign Service Rifle but by a Foreign Prophecy. The Apocalypse of Apostle John. The Book of REVELATION is the only Hope for Tibet’s Future.

In my analysis, the 14th Dalai Lama has not shared his insight or prophecy about the future of Tibet. Tibetan Buddhism as a religion could be obsessed with Prophecy but the prophetic prediction about the future of Tibet remains unknown.

The Dalai Lama is a foreign title. For that reason, I examine the foreign prophetic traditions to predict the resolution of ‘The Great Tibet Problem’. I ask my readers to reflect upon the prophecy shared by Apostle John in Chapter 18 of the Book of REVELATION.

The Dalai Lama is a Foreign Title. Tibet’s Freedom is not won through the Barrel of a Foreign Service Rifle but by Foreign Prophecy. The prophetic prediction of Prophet Isaiah.

Tibet’s Freedom is not won through the Barrel of a Foreign Service Rifle but by the Prophecy shared by Prophet Isaiah (ISAIAH 47:10 &11).

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

The Dalai Lama is a foreign title. A Foreign Prophecy and not the Power of a Foreign Service Rifle wins Tibet’s Freedom or the Deliverance from Occupation.

Who Is the Dalai Lama?

The Dalai Lama is a Foreign Title. Tibet’s Freedom is not won through the Barrel of a Foreign Service Rifle. Alexander Norman first met the Dalai Lama 30 years ago. The two have collaborated on several books.Credit…E.A. Norman

By Donald S. Lopez

THE DALAI LAMA
An Extraordinary Life
By Alexander Norman

“Dalai Lama” is a foreign title. Tibetans refer to him with names like “Precious Protector,” “Wish-Fulfilling Jewel” and “the Presence.” The divide between the Tibetan Buddhist world — which often has included China and Mongolia — and the world beyond has rarely been of particular consequence to the Dalai Lamas, until this one, the 14th, who is the first to spend most of his life in exile; he fled to India in 1959 and has not returned. His biographer, facing the usual problems of recounting the life of a figure still living (the Dalai Lama will be 85 this year), is also faced with the dilemma of describing his life on the world stage (which has been fairly well documented) and his life inside the world of Tibetan Buddhism (which has not). This is the challenge that Alexander Norman, a longtime associate of the Dalai Lama, takes up in his new biography.

Who is the Dalai Lama? Tibet is unique in the Buddhist world for its system of “incarnate lamas,” the idea being that advanced spiritual masters are able to choose the place for their next rebirth, returning to the world in lifetime after lifetime to teach the dharma. There were many such lineages of lamas in Tibet, and the Dalai Lama was just one of them until 1642. It was then that the fifth Dalai Lama was placed on the throne of Tibet by a Mongol khan, his successors becoming at least the titular head of state. The current incarnation took over the government in 1950 at age 15 when the People’s Liberation Army crossed into eastern Tibet.

Like the authors of other biographies of the current Dalai Lama, Norman does not read or speak Tibetan. However, he has the advantage of being able to use histories published over the past two decades that draw on Tibetan and Chinese sources, none more important than the four volumes by Melvyn C. Goldstein, which provide 2,700 pages on the period from 1913 to 1959. Norman puts these to good use, as well as recently published books about the Dalai Lama’s two tutors, making this biography the most detailed and accurate to date.

The Dalai Lama is a Foreign Title. Tibet’s Freedom is won not through the Barrel of a Foreign Service Rifle but by a Foreign Prophecy.

“The Dalai Lama: An Extraordinary Life” is strongest on the early period, starting, wisely, not with the 14th Dalai Lama, but the 13th (1876-1933), who faced so many of the challenges that his successor would inherit and who left a chillingly prescient prophecy of what lay ahead for his country. Norman makes clear that “old Tibet” was no Shangri-La, describing the corruption and intrigue of the Tibetan court and the sclerosis that the 13th and the young 14th tried, and failed, to cure.

The book contains a number of errors, most of the minor variety, especially concerning the admittedly arcane world of Tibetan Buddhism; the Dalai Lama did not debate about colors — a topic for novice monks — during his examination for the highest monastic degree. Throughout, however, the biography is judicious on topics that often inspire hyperbole and mystification. For example, the Dalai Lama has navigated the modern world while consulting on all matters of import with oracles possessed by wrathful deities. Norman’s description of a crisis over which deity to propitiate, a crisis that began with the thirteenth and continues to the present day, is impressive in its clarity.

He also reveals the Dalai Lama to be a sophisticated thinker and consummate scholar, one whose feet remain firmly on the ground, a trait often obscured by his broken English. In keeping with a religion so obsessed with prophecy, the book, written in an engaging prose, ends with an insightful prediction of the legacy of the fourteenth Dalai Lama, and a cleareyed assessment of the challenges that the fifteenth will face.

Donald S. Lopez is a scholar of Tibetan Buddhism. His forthcoming book is “Buddha Takes the Mound: Enlightenment in 9 Innings.”

THE DALAI LAMA
An Extraordinary Life
By Alexander Norman
410 pp. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. $30.

The Dalai Lama is a Foreign Title. Tibet’s Freedom is not won through the Barrel of a Foreign Service Rifle but by a Foreign Prophecy. The US President Richard Nixon Visits China during the last week of February 1972.. The Week My Life Doomed.

CHAKRATA KARMA. THE DALAI LAMA'S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA IN 1956.

The history of Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22: The Celebration of 2500th Anniversary of the birth of Gautama Buddha(Buddha Jayanti) in New Delhi on May 24, 1956 displays the historical connection between India, and Tibet. Prime Minister Nehru, President Rajendra Prasad, the 14th Dalai Lama, and the 10th Panchen Lama, Rinpoche are seen in this photo image. Because of Gautama Buddha, India, and Tibet are natural allies. But, the complex, political, and military relationship developed as a reaction to People’s Republic of China’s invasion of Tibet in 1950.

In my analysis of the Dalai Lama’s first visit to India in 1956, I want to inform my readers about the beginning of the Tibetan Resistance Movement in 1949 with the assistance and assurances given by the United States. India pursued a course of action after consulting both Tibet and the United States. The massive Tibetan Uprising in March 1959 failed as it did not involve the direct participation of the US or the Indian armed forces. The military capabilities of China were grossly underestimated and China could easily overwhelm the Tibetan Resistance. Both the United States and India had to concede their mistake and both worked together to grant political asylum to the Dalai Lama in 1959.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

CHAKRATA KARMA. THE DALAI LAMA’S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA IN 1956. THE HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : LIFE IN EXILE .

Untold stories from the Dalai Lama’s first India visit

CHAKRATA KARMA. 1956 THE DALAI LAMA’S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA. Being received by the Chögyal of Sikkim while the Panchen Lama, seen here to the left of the Dalai Lama, looks on. Gangtok, 1956. Photo courtesy: Office of his holiness The Dalai Lama

Alexander Norman

This excerpt from the new authoritative biography of the Tibetan leader reveals little-known facets of his life—including a vivid account of his first visit to India on Jawaharlal Nehru’s invitation

Following Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s intervention in 1956, Chairman of the Communist Party of China Mao Zedong had executed a U-turn on the proposed trip to India, and the Dalai Lama was informed that he would be permitted to go after all. Although Mao took the precaution of scheduling two consecutive visits to India by the Chinese premier Zhou Enlai during the time the Dalai Lama was to be in the country, the Chinese made the further decision not to send a large delegation to accompany the Precious Protector. As Deng Xiaoping—later to emerge as Mao’s successor—wrote, this was to be “a test” for the Dalai Lama. Mao meanwhile spoke candidly of the risks this entailed at a meeting of the Communist Party Central Committee: “It must be anticipated that the Dalai Lama may not come back, and that in addition, he may abuse us every day, making allegations such as ‘the Communists have invaded Tibet,’ and that he may go so far as to declare the ‘independence of Tibet.’ ” Yet the prospect held no terror for Mao: “Shall I feel aggrieved at the desertion of one Dalai? Not at all…What harm will his departure do to us? None whatsoever. He can’t do more than curse us.”

Traveling overland by car via Shigatse, where he joined up with the Panchen Lama, the Precious Protector spent a short time at Dromo, the Tibetan border town he had last seen in 1951, before continuing the journey on horseback, up the steep track that led to the Nathu Pass, before it plunged down into Sikkim on the other side. The carcasses of mules that had “probably perished from exhaustion” and “clusters of sinister-looking vultures” hopping among them that were a perennial feature of the Tibetan trade routes might have served as a prophetic warning of the fate that was to befall Tibet.

CHAKRATA KARMA. THE DALAI LAMA’S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA. The Dalai Lama (centre) with the two tutors, Ling Rinpoché (left) and Trijang Rinpoché. India, 1956. Photo courtesy: The Office of H E Kyabje Ling Rinpoché

India was a revelation, however. “People,” the Dalai Lama immediately saw, “expressed their real feelings and did not just say what they thought they ought to say.” The arrangements were, from his perspective, rather chaotic compared with the regimentation in China, but the enthusiasm of the people won him over. Everywhere he went, he was greeted by huge crowds of well-wishers, many of whom had traveled long distances just to get a glimpse of him.

From the Indian point of view, the Tibetan delegation was something of a revelation too. The task of hosting them “was not made easier by the fact that the Lamas’ followers were explosively sensitive to the smallest niceties of protocol and were ready to draw daggers at the merest suspicion of a slight,” according to one Indian official. Another challenge was the Indians’ awareness that any “accident” that might befall the Dalai Lama would be hugely advantageous to the Chinese—a mishap that would be relatively easy to arrange and then to lay at the door of the Indian government. His security was thus a constant source of anxiety, exacerbated by the tumultuous enthusiasm shown for the Tibetan leader whenever he appeared in public. A glimpse of this can be seen in the newsreels shot during his visit and in the recollections of some of those delegated to look after him.

CHAKRATA KARMA. THE DALAI LAMA’S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA. One of the earliest known images of the 14th Dalai Lama, Kumbum Monastery, 1939. Photo courtesy: Center for Asian Studies, Arizona State University

Describing an occasion when he escorted the Panchen Lama to his quarters in Gangtok, Nari Rustomji (a government official) wrote: “We had hardly passed the Palace gates before a crowd that seemed like the entire population of Sikkim lunged madly forward, man, woman and child, with arms vainly outstretched, for a touch of the vehicle we were travelling in. I seriously feared our station wagon would be overturned, but there was no remedy as the police, themselves devout Buddhists, were too overawed by the Presence [a common epithet used by Tibetans both for the Dalai and the Panchen Lamas] to dream of controlling the crowds. Coins, currency notes, ceremonial scarves, amulets came whirring through the windows…until at last we were compelled to close them in self-defence. Our security arrangements might have served well enough for common or garden mortals, but certainly not for the Living God, whose only protection now was his own divinity.”

With respect to the two lamas’ personalities, Rustomji, himself a Parsi, recalled his impressions in his autobiography: “I have often been asked whether I was ever aware of supernatural forces emanating from the Lamas’ presence. I have to confess that, for all the eager and excited anticipation of their divine immanence, they remained, for me, two very charming and sensible young men, of gentle and considerate manner, inquiring and vigorous mind and irresistibly attractive personality.”

CHAKRATA KARMA. THE DALAI LAMA’S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA. The Dalai Lama An Extraordinary Life.

This attractiveness was, he also noted, not lost on some of their young female devotees, perhaps inspired by folk memories of the dissolute Sixth Dalai Lama. “It was,” he wrote, “evident from the homely talk” of some of his Sikkimese friends that “there were many in Lhasa who were as carried away by the youthful charm of the Lamas as by their divinity, and they told us tales of some of their more passionate young friends whose secret purpose in seeking the Dalai Lama’s blessing was that they might be nearer the object of desire…Could it really be, wondered the belles of Lhasa, that the Dalai Lama could be utterly immune to feminine allure? It was a challenge to Venus which provoked them to higher endeavours. The Panchen, too, was not without his admirers. And wicked gossip whispered that the chinks in his armour were already showing through.”

But while the Panchen Lama’s susceptibility to female charms struck Rustomji, he noted that, though the Dalai Lama “had a delightful sense of fun…there was something not of this world, ethereal and ageless, in [his] expression that moved me all the more deeply.”

From the moment he set foot in the country until the day he left, eleven weeks later, the question at the forefront of the Dalai Lama’s mind was whether to return to Tibet, or was now the moment to seek asylum abroad? There were strong feelings in both directions among those closest to him. In favor of staying in India were his older brothers Gyalo Thondup and Jigme Norbu—the first already based in India, the second having flown in specially from America. Sitting up with them until midnight, the Dalai Lama recalled, “Their views really shook me.” Phala, too, the Lord Chamberlain, together with one of the former tsit tsab (chief ministers), took a similar line. On the other side were the four members of the Kashag and, less vociferously, the two tutors, while the representatives of the Three Seats were firmly in favor of returning to Tibet. Also of importance was the opinion of the people of Tibet, who could be assumed to favor his return. For them to be without the Dalai Lama was to be bereaved.

From Sikkim, the Precious Protector flew to Delhi, where his first engagement was to lay flowers and a kathag (a white silk scarf) at Rajghat, in honor of Mahatma Gandhi, whose memorial stands there. The experience affected him profoundly. “It was a calm and beautiful spot,” he later wrote, “and I felt very grateful to be there, the guest of a people like mine who had endured foreign domination.”

The next few days in Delhi were occupied with official receptions at which he was greeted by almost every dignitary in the capital. Not only was the Dalai Lama still nominally a head of state, but also the Tibetan leader was something more than a mere political figure. For many Indians he was an avatar, a holy man without compare. Though they did not share his religion, they nonetheless eagerly sought darshan of him: a blessing and a glimpse of the divine.

CHAKRATA KARMA. THE DALAI LAMA’S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA. The Dalai Lama in Dharamsala, 2018. He has lived in India for over 60 years now. Photo courtesy: Office of his Holiness The Dalai Lama

While he was in Delhi, the Dalai Lama met with Zhou Enlai, the Chinese premier, who was en route to a number of other Asian countries. As the Dalai Lama wrote in his autobiography, he found Zhou “as full of charm, smiles and deceit as ever.” Besides telling the Tibetan leader of Mao’s recent decision to delay reforms indefinitely in the Tibet Autonomous Region, Zhou assured him that if the Dalai Lama would care to accompany him back to Beijing, Chairman Mao would be glad to see the Precious Protector again and to allay in person any fears he might have. As for Gyalo Thondup and Jigme Norbu (both of whom Zhou clearly suspected of agitating for the Dalai Lama to seek asylum abroad), should they happen to be short of funds, the Chinese embassy would be happy to supply the Dalai Lama with money to give them—though it would be better if he did not disclose its source. This last was a strange remark. For all his guile, it is clear that Zhou was a less astute judge of character than his adversary.

Notwithstanding Zhou’s assurance that there would be no reforms in the Tibet Autonomous Region, it left untouched the question of what was to happen in Kham and Amdo. The violent struggle now firmly under way there was certain to continue.

From Delhi, the Precious Protector traveled to Bodh Gaya, where, to his delight, he was able to spend several days conducting ceremonies at this, the most sacred of all Buddhist pilgrimage sites. A speech he made at this time is remarkable for its prescience. Noting that in one of the sutras, or scriptures, there is a prophecy made by the Buddha that 2,500 years after his parinirvana—or passing beyond suffering—the dharma would flourish in the land of the red-faced people, he explained that some held this to refer to its spread in Tibet, “but one scholar has interpreted otherwise. According to him the prediction refers to Europe.” What the Dalai Lama could not have imagined at the time was that it would be he, more than anyone else, who would bring this about. Instead, his attention was focused when, on the last day of his stay at Bodh Gaya, unexpected news came that Zhou would be returning to Delhi the following day and sought an urgent meeting with the Tibetan leader.

CHAKRATA KARMA. THE DALAI LAMA’S FIRST VISIT TO INDIA. The Dalai Lama in a photograph from April 1959, the year he received asylum in India. Photo: Getty Images

At once the Dalai Lama sent a message to one of the young Tibetan government officials who had remained behind in Delhi. He was to leave immediately for the northeastern hill town of Kalimpong, where he was to discharge the medium of the Nechung oracle from his Scottish mission hospital bed, where he was being treated for arthritis, and bring him to Delhi the very next day. This was a tall order, given the distances involved and the as yet underdeveloped state of regional air links. Nonetheless, in spite of delays necessitating some frantic negotiation with airline officials and a frosty reception from the other passengers when they finally took their seats two hours after the scheduled departure, the Nechung medium and his two attendants successfully made it back to Delhi on time. It subsequently emerged that his advice was that the Precious Protector should now seek asylum.

Meanwhile, the Dalai Lama himself had fared less well. Arriving in Delhi by train earlier that evening, he had been hijacked by the Chinese ambassador. Without informing his Indian counterparts, the ambassador met the Dalai Lama at the train station and escorted him to his own car, which drove directly to the Chinese embassy. Meanwhile the rest of the Tibetan entourage took their seats in cars provided by the Indian government. The Tibetans arrived back at Hyderabad House, where they were quartered, aghast to find that they had mislaid their precious cargo. Only after frantic telephoning was the Dalai Lama finally located and retrieved from the Chinese embassy, where he had already had the first of what was to be several meetings with Zhou Enlai. It was a stunning diplomatic coup on the part of the Chinese.

These encounters with Zhou surrounded a critical meeting with Nehru at which the Precious Protector sought to determine the prime minister’s attitude toward a formal request for asylum. The Indian leader made clear his determination not to make any commitments that would harm India’s relationship with China. Indeed, so fully was his mind made up that he barely attended to what the Precious Protector had to say: “At first he listened and nodded politely. But…after a while he appeared to lose concentration as if he were about to [fall asleep].” The Dalai Lama explained that he had done all in his power to make the relationship with China work, but that he was now beginning to think it might be better to remain in India rather than return to Tibet. This evidently brought Nehru to his senses. He understood what the Tibetan was saying, he assured him, “but you must realise…that India cannot support you.” His advice was rather that the Dalai Lama should hold the Chinese to the terms of the Seventeen Point Agreement and speak out forcefully when they failed to do so.

At his subsequent meetings with Zhou, the Dalai Lama gave no indication that he was considering applying for political asylum. Indeed, the (Chinese) transcripts of the meetings have him dutifully speaking in the first-person plural when referring to Chinese government policy in Tibet. Yet it is clear also that the Chinese premier was well aware that the Tibetan leader had been making inquiries. He cautioned the Dalai Lama that, if he stayed in India, he would be in political exile. “At first when you say something bad against us as strongly as possible, you will get some money. The second and third time, when you do not have much to say against us, you will get small sums of money, and in the end they will not have money to give you.”

The opposing voices of the Nechung oracle and the Chinese premier were deeply unsettling, and when he left Delhi a few days later in the company of the Panchen Lama for a month-long tour of the country, the Dalai Lama was still in a quandary.

His schedule over the next few weeks consisted of visits to various important Buddhist pilgrimage sites, interspersed with sightseeing trips to several cities including Bombay, Calcutta, Bangalore, and Mysore. These visits to places connected with the founder of Buddhism had a profound impact on the Dalai Lama—none more so than at Vulture Peak in northeastern India, where the Buddha is believed to have preached the Mahayana, or Great Vehicle, for the first time. Here—possibly in prophetic anticipation of the thousands of monks he was himself to ordain over subsequent decades—the Dalai Lama enjoyed a vision during a meditation of monks reciting the Wisdom Mantra: “Om Ga-te Ga-te, Paraga-te, Bodhi Svaha.”

The visits to India’s industrial centers were of less interest. In news footage shot during this part of the visit, we see the Dalai Lama being shown around an industrial engineering project. He adjusts repeatedly an obviously uncomfortable workman’s safety helmet, and it is clear he is not enjoying the experience….

Doubtless the Indians’ intentions were to show the Tibetans that China had nothing on them in terms of material progress, but what impressed the Dalai Lama most was the enthusiasm of the people for their young democracy. The viewer of the contemporary footage is struck by the self-confidence of the crowds that attended the Precious Protector’s every public appearance. (Pilgrims could travel at half price on the railways.) On each arrival, the Dalai Lama is garlanded and presented with bouquets of flowers as the press fight for photographs and crowds cheer. In contrast, faithful Tibetans stand meekly patient in hope of catching a glimpse of the Precious One. Yet it is also instructive to look at the demeanor of the Dalai Lama himself. The pressure he felt himself under is palpable. At the Dehra Dun Military Academy he sits, evidently somewhat reluctantly, next to a copiously beribboned general, doubtless comparing the military might on display with what he had seen in China. As the presidential steam train lent to him for his journey draws slowly away from the station, he can be seen smiling and waving somewhat awkwardly in unfamiliar Western style. Following a visit to the Taj Mahal, he takes his place uncertainly behind Nehru on an elephant’s back. At the Air Force Academy he follows a more obviously eager Panchen Lama in taking a turn sitting in a training aircraft. In Calcutta he is taken to watch—without very much enthusiasm—the horseracing at the anachronistically named Royal Calcutta Turf Club. It is a relief to see him riding a miniature train with a delight exceeded only by that of the Panchen Lama, who altogether forgets the dignity of his office, veritably whooping with joy. One has a sense that here is a young man embattled, overburdened even, yet also someone determined to do his best whatever the circumstances.

The India trip ended, as it had begun, in Kalimpong. The Dalai Lama took up residence in the very same house as that occupied by the Great Thirteenth in 1911, following his own flight to exile in India when the Chinese sent an army into Lhasa. As it had long been, the town was a nest of spies (to use Nehru’s own words). To add to its febrile atmosphere was the presence of hundreds of refugees, mainly from Kham, desperate for the Dalai Lama to call them to arms. Prominent among these refugees was Gyalo Thondup, who had by now come to terms with John Hoskins, the twenty-nine-year-old head of the CIA’s Far East Division. America was by now very interested in Tibet as a way to cause trouble for the Chinese Communists. Hoskins, who was based at America’s Calcutta consulate, did not have a very favorable first impression of GT. “There was a lot of submissiveness rather than dynamism,” he noted. Yet in spite of this poor initial impression, Washington decided the CIA should support the training, equipping, and insertion of an initial eight (later reduced to six) Tibetan agents. Hoskins gave Gyalo Thondup the task of recruiting the men, and he in turn involved his elder brother, Jigme Norbu. The six recruits were all Khampas, of whom four were ex-monks, one of these former ecclesiastics an especially fiery character by the name of Wangdu, who in his youth had shot a man dead for that age-old crime of “disrespect.” The agency’s estimation of GT changed over time. When eventually the CIA program came to an end, its then operations director requested that Gyalo Thondup “please arrange for your next incarnation to be Prime Minister of a country where we can do more to help you!,” noting that he had been extraordinarily successful in obtaining both material and political support from the United States.

It is certain that by now the Dalai Lama knew something of the CIA’s interest in supporting a resistance movement in Tibet. But Washington had not been unequivocal in championing the Tibetan cause, having failed in recent communications to make clear that it would back a resolution at the United Nations calling for Tibetan independence. Nor was it certain that the United States would recognize a Tibetan government in exile. Had Washington’s assurances been more explicit, it seems possible the Dalai Lama would have ignored the majority of his advisers, who favored returning, risked Nehru’s ire, and formally requested asylum. But in the absence of such assurances, the Tibetan leader remained uncertain.

The India trip ended, as it had begun, in Kalimpong. The Dalai Lama took up residence in the very same house as that occupied by the Great Thirteenth in 1911, following his own flight to exile in India when the Chinese sent an army into Lhasa. As it had long been, the town was a nest of spies (to use Nehru’s own words). To add to its febrile atmosphere was the presence of hundreds of refugees, mainly from Kham, desperate for the Dalai Lama to call them to arms. Prominent among these refugees was Gyalo Thondup, who had by now come to terms with John Hoskins, the twenty-nine-year-old head of the CIA’s Far East Division. America was by now very interested in Tibet as a way to cause trouble for the Chinese Communists. Hoskins, who was based at America’s Calcutta consulate, did not have a very favorable first impression of GT. “There was a lot of submissiveness rather than dynamism,” he noted. Yet in spite of this poor initial impression, Washington decided the CIA should support the training, equipping, and insertion of an initial eight (later reduced to six) Tibetan agents. Hoskins gave Gyalo Thondup the task of recruiting the men, and he in turn involved his elder brother, Jigme Norbu. The six recruits were all Khampas, of whom four were ex-monks, one of these former ecclesiastics an especially fiery character by the name of Wangdu, who in his youth had shot a man dead for that age-old crime of “disrespect.” The agency’s estimation of GT changed over time. When eventually the CIA program came to an end, its then operations director requested that Gyalo Thondup “please arrange for your next incarnation to be Prime Minister of a country where we can do more to help you!,” noting that he had been extraordinarily successful in obtaining both material and political support from the United States.

It is certain that by now the Dalai Lama knew something of the CIA’s interest in supporting a resistance movement in Tibet. But Washington had not been unequivocal in championing the Tibetan cause, having failed in recent communications to make clear that it would back a resolution at the United Nations calling for Tibetan independence. Nor was it certain that the United States would recognize a Tibetan government in exile. Had Washington’s assurances been more explicit, it seems possible the Dalai Lama would have ignored the majority of his advisers, who favored returning, risked Nehru’s ire, and formally requested asylum. But in the absence of such assurances, the Tibetan leader remained uncertain.

The India trip ended, as it had begun, in Kalimpong. The Dalai Lama took up residence in the very same house as that occupied by the Great Thirteenth in 1911, following his own flight to exile in India when the Chinese sent an army into Lhasa. As it had long been, the town was a nest of spies (to use Nehru’s own words). To add to its febrile atmosphere was the presence of hundreds of refugees, mainly from Kham, desperate for the Dalai Lama to call them to arms. Prominent among these refugees was Gyalo Thondup, who had by now come to terms with John Hoskins, the twenty-nine-year-old head of the CIA’s Far East Division. America was by now very interested in Tibet as a way to cause trouble for the Chinese Communists. Hoskins, who was based at America’s Calcutta consulate, did not have a very favorable first impression of GT. “There was a lot of submissiveness rather than dynamism,” he noted. Yet in spite of this poor initial impression, Washington decided the CIA should support the training, equipping, and insertion of an initial eight (later reduced to six) Tibetan agents. Hoskins gave Gyalo Thondup the task of recruiting the men, and he in turn involved his elder brother, Jigme Norbu. The six recruits were all Khampas, of whom four were ex-monks, one of these former ecclesiastics an especially fiery character by the name of Wangdu, who in his youth had shot a man dead for that age-old crime of “disrespect.” The agency’s estimation of GT changed over time. When eventually the CIA program came to an end, its then operations director requested that Gyalo Thondup “please arrange for your next incarnation to be Prime Minister of a country where we can do more to help you!,” noting that he had been extraordinarily successful in obtaining both material and political support from the United States.

It is certain that by now the Dalai Lama knew something of the CIA’s interest in supporting a resistance movement in Tibet. But Washington had not been unequivocal in championing the Tibetan cause, having failed in recent communications to make clear that it would back a resolution at the United Nations calling for Tibetan independence. Nor was it certain that the United States would recognize a Tibetan government in exile. Had Washington’s assurances been more explicit, it seems possible the Dalai Lama would have ignored the majority of his advisers, who favored returning, risked Nehru’s ire, and formally requested asylum. But in the absence of such assurances, the Tibetan leader remained uncertain.

Edited excerpts from The Dalai Lama—An Extraordinary Life, forthcoming from HarperCollins India. The writer Alexander Norman has collaborated with the Dalai Lama on several best-selling books, including the autobiography, Freedom In Exile.

Chakrata Karma. The Dalai Lama’s first visit to India in 1956. The Tibetan Resistance Movement since 1949.

The Battle Against Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science.

THE BATTLE AGAINST NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19). MOLECULAR BASIS OF SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – IMMUNOLOGY PROVIDES UNDERSTANDING OF SELF AND NON-SELF. PROTEIN MOLECULES CALLED ANTIGENS ELICIT IMMUNE RESPONSE.

To account for human existence, to face challenges to human survival, man has to identify molecules that operate various living functions. Man defends his life deploying protein molecules that recognize and respond to invasion of human body by pathogens consisting of foreign protein molecules. While learned experience provides cortical awareness of human immunological responses to attacks by pathogens, human mind is blissfully unaware of presence of pathogens. Recognition of non-self proteins and molecules called antigens is not a mental function. If Spirit or Soul functions as guiding mechanism, Spirit or Soul will have awareness of invasion of body by foreign antigens and body’s immunological response to such invasion. If Reticular Formation of Brain Stem, the site at which contents of Consciousness are composed, is viewed as seat of human Spirit or Soul, it has awareness of body’s invasion and response to attacks by pathogens. Immunological responses to infections trigger a stress response mediated by Hypothalamus – Pituitary – Adrenal Cortex Pathway.

The discovery of antibiotic-resistant Superbugs and the discovery of protein structures of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) may eventually lead to better understanding of Spirit or Soul in shaping human survival while warding off invasion by pathogens.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
BHAVANAJAGAT.ORG

First 3D map of coronavirus protein paves way for vaccine design

The Battle Against Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science.

This article, First 3D map of coronavirus protein paves way for vaccine design, originally appeared on CNET.com.

The first 3D map of SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus responsible for over 2,000 deaths since December 2019, has been produced by a collaboration of coronavirus researchers at the University of Texas at Austin and the National Institutes of Health. Heralded as a breakthrough, the map provides a stepping stone to the development of antivirals or vaccines to stymie the virus.

In under two months, infections of the novel coronavirus have soared past 75,000 and caused significant economic turmoil in China and abroad. The World Health Organization has declared the outbreak a public health emergency of international concern and when it announced the name of the viral disease on Feb. 11, it added that a vaccine was likely 18 months away.

But scientists are mobilizing their resources quickly, sharing information about the virus with unprecedented pace, and turning experiments into peer-reviewed research in a matter of weeks.

That’s the case for Jason McLellan, a structural biochemist, and his team at UT Austin who have been studying similar coronaviruses for years. Their latest study, published in the journal Science on Wednesday, took advantage of state-of-the-art technology at the university to map the molecular structure of SARS-CoV-2, with a particular focus on the virus’ “spike protein.” The protein is critical to the viruses survival because it enables it to get inside human cells and begin making copies of itself. But what makes it dangerous also makes it a target.

The chief function of a vaccine is to prime the immune system. They work by presenting small parts of harmful pathogens like viruses and bacteria to our army of immune cells. It’s like a molecular “WANTED!” poster — the immune system gets a good look at any nasty bugs and starts to keep watch. If the real virus or bacteria sneak into the body, the immune system is ready and sends out an army of cells and antibodies to stop the invader.

After Chinese researchers shared the genetic sequence of the virus in January, the team were able to design and produce samples of the spike protein in the lab. Using a specialized form of microscopy, they then mapped its structure.

The research team showed there are similarities in the way the spike proteins work between the coronavirus responsible for the 2002-2003 SARS outbreak and the novel virus, SARS-CoV-2. However, the latter appears to bind to human cells much more strongly than the SARS virus did and antibodies against the first SARS virus don’t seem to react to the new virus in the same way.

Nevertheless, creating the 3D atomic scale map of the spike protein in SARS-CoV-2, the team were able to show it can elicit an immune response, making it a viable molecule to speed up vaccine design and development.

The coronavirus uses this protein to invade human cells.

Previous research revealed that coronaviruses invade cells through so-called “spike” proteins, but those proteins take on different shapes in different coronaviruses. Figuring out the shape of the spike protein in SARS-Cov-2 is the key to figuring out how to target the virus, said Jason McLellan, senior author of the study and an associate professor of molecular biosciences at the University of Texas at Austin.

Though the coronavirus uses many different proteins to replicate and invade cells, the spike protein is the major surface protein that it uses to bind to a receptor — another protein that acts like a doorway into a human cell. After the spike protein binds to the human cell receptor, the viral membrane fuses with the human cell membrane, allowing the genome of the virus to enter human cells and begin infection. So “if you can prevent attachment and fusion, you will prevent entry,” McLellan told Live Science. But to target this protein, you need to know what it looks like. 

This is the 3D atomic scale map or molecular structure of the SARS-2-CoV protein “spike” which the virus uses to invade human cells.
(Image: © Jason McLellan/Univ. of Texas at Austin)

Earlier this month, researchers published the genome of SARS-Cov-2. Using that genome, McLellan and his team, in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), identified the specific genes that code for the spike protein. They then sent that gene information to a company that created the genes and sent them back. The group then injected those genes into mammalian cells in a lab dish and those cells produced the spike proteins.

Next, using a very detailed microscopy technique called cryogenic electron microscopy, the group created a 3D “map,” or “blueprint,” of the spike proteins. The blueprint revealed the structure of the molecule, mapping the location of each of its atoms in space. 

“It’s impressive that these researchers were able to get the structure so quickly,” said Aubree Gordon, an associate professor of epidemiology at the University of Michigan who was not a part of the study. “It’s a very important step forward and may help in the development of a vaccine against SARS-COV-2.”

Stephen Morse, a professor at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health who was also not a part of the study agrees. The spike protein “would be the likely choice for rapid development of vaccine antigens” and treatments, he told Live Science in an email. Knowing the structure would be “very helpful in developing vaccines and antibodies with good activity,” as would producing higher quantities of these proteins, he added.

The team is sending these atomic “coordinates” to dozens of research groups around the world who are working to develop vaccines and drugs to target SARS-CoV-2. Meanwhile, McLellan and his team hope to use the map of the spike protein as the basis for a vaccine.

When foreign invaders, such as bacteria or viruses, invade the body, immune cells fight back by producing proteins called antibodies. These antibodies bind to specific structures on the foreign invader, called the antigen. But producing antibodies can take time. Vaccines are dead or weakened antigens that train the immune system to create these antibodies before the body is exposed to the virus.

In theory, the spike protein itself “could be either the vaccine or variants of a vaccine,” McLellan said. When you inject this spike-protein-based vaccine, “humans would make antibodies against the spike, and then if they were ever exposed to the live virus,” the body would be prepared, he added. Based on previous research they did on other coronaviruses, the researchers introduced mutations, or changes to create a more stable molecule.

Indeed, “the molecule looks really good; it’s really well behaved; the structure kind of demonstrates that the molecule is stable in the correct confirmation that we were hoping for,” McLellan said. “So now we and others will use the molecule that we created as a basis for vaccine antigen.” Their colleagues at the NIH will now inject these spike proteins into animals to see how well the proteins trigger antibody production.

Still, McLellan thinks a vaccine is likely about 18 to 24 months away. That’s “still quite fast compared to normal vaccine development, which might take like 10 years,” he said. 

The findings were published today (Feb. 19) in the journal Science

Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Immunology provides the understanding of Self and Non-Self and the distinction demands recognition of Protein Molecules. Superbugs are antibiotic-resistant and pose challenge to human existence.

These are the top superbug threats in the U.S.

Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Human body defends itself from attacks by pathogens deploying unique Protein Molecules called Antibodies. Superbugs synthesize Protein Molecules that can overcome body’s immune response. Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes infection called Gonorrhoea.

THE WHITE HOUSE HAS MADE THE GERMS ARE SERIOUS PRIORITY

Urgent threat. According to the White House plan to combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriacea, CRE, is one of the country’s most urgent threats. Forty-four states have had at least one type of confirmed CREcase, which are resistant to nearly all antibiotics including last-resort drugs. CDC

Meanwhile, another surveillance system that includes the CDC, the USDA and the Food and Drug Administration has also been searching for the gene in bacteria collected from food animals, meat sources and people. Scientists have scoured more than 44,000 samples of salmonella bacteria and 9,000 samples of E. coli and Shigella bacteria.

That search is how the USDA scientists recently found the gene in a sample from a pig intestine. It also was in a strain of E. coli, and also on a plasmid. The USDA is working to determine the sample’s origin.

The strains and plasmids appear to be different, McGann said. That suggests that the gene is circulating through at least two — and possibly more — routes within the United States.

McGann said he learned about the mcr-1 gene in the pig sample only when his team notified government officials about its own finding. U.S. officials haven’t provided details about when the animal sample was found or why information about it wasn’t disclosed earlier.

Public health officials are most worried about the colistin-resistant gene spreading to a family of superbugs known as CRE, for carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, which the CDC has called one of the country’s most urgent public health threats. In some instances, CRE kills up to 50 percent of patients who become infected. Colistin is increasingly the last-resort drug to treat patients with such infections.

Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Cells of the Immune System recognize foreign protein molecules called Antigens and respond to their presence.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Reticular Formation of Brain Stem and Consciousness.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Stress and Immune System. Body recognizes threat posed by foreign protein molecules or antigens that elicit immune response.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Recognition of foreign protein molecules or antigens is not a mental function. However, Reticular Formation is involved in shaping Immune Response to Stress imposed by pathogens attacking human body.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria pose danger because of their ability to synthesize Protein Molecules.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Superbugs such as Staphylococcus. aureus (MRSA) pose danger because of their ability to synthesize Protein Molecules.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Recognition of Protein Molecules plays a central role in defending body from attacks by Pathogens.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Body’s Defense against invasion by pathogens requires recognition of protein molecules involved in virulence and drug resistance. Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Defense against Superbugs demands knowing Molecular Basis of Life. Escherichia coli.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Infection and Immune Response involve understanding Protein Molecules that operate living functions.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Immunology provides understanding of Life at Molecular Level. Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Dangers posed by Superbugs will lead to better understanding of Molecules that defend Life and Molecules causing Disease.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Superbugs pose danger and burden on account of drug resistance which involves deployment of Protein Molecules.
Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science. Defending Life against dangers posed by Superbugs involves recognition of their Protein Molecules.
The Battle Against Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Molecular Basis of Spirituality Science.

The expulsion of three Wall Street Journal Reporters by China is fully Justified

The expulsion of three Wall Street Journal Reporters by China is Fully Justified.

In my analysis, China is fully justified in its action to expel three reporters of The Wall Street Journal who approved the publication of a guest editorial authored by a Harvard professor who has not studied either Preventive Medicine or Public Health Policy.

I studied Social and Preventive Medicine in Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, India and practiced the implementation of a variety of public health programs for nearly 15 years in India and Oman while serving in the Medical Services of their Armed Forces.

The expulsion of three Wall Street Journal Reporters by China is Fully Justified.

Under the circumstances associated with the outbreak of this novel Coronavirus infection (COVID-19) in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China, the measures taken to safeguard public health are adequate and in fact exceptionally commendable.

For example, I invite my readers to review the US Government response to Hurricane Katrina. On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall in Louisiana. To state it very briefly, the response to Katrina proved to be its own kind of unmitigated disaster.

The expulsion of three Wall Street Journal Reporters by China is Fully Justified. The US response to Hurricane Katrina is an unmitigated disaster characterized by Corruption, Contempt, and Incompetence.

No other nation of this world has the capabilities of China to fight the battle against the Coronavirus epidemic.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

The expulsion of three Wall Street Journal Reporters by China is Fully Justified.

China expels three Wall Street Journal reporters over opinion article written by academic

By Anna Fifield Feb. 19, 2020 at 10:45 a.m. EST

BEIJING — China ordered the expulsion of three Wall Street Journal correspondents Wednesday in retaliation for a column headline that Beijing deemed racist, a dramatic escalation in the Communist Party’s efforts to silence criticism abroad as well as at home.

While the Foreign Ministry linked the expulsions to a Feb. 3 opinion piece by Walter Russell Mead that referred to China as the “sick man of Asia,” the move followed a decision by the United States a day earlier to designate five major Chinese media outlets as government entities.

American officials had warned correspondents in China working for U.S. media outlets that they could be affected by the designation.

China’s Foreign Ministry “reserves the right” to take further actions both against the Wall Street Journal and in response to the United States’ designation, spokesman Geng Shuang told reporters in announcing the expulsions.

The announcement represented a clear signal from China, whose government has tightened censorship and repression in recent years. In previous cases in which Beijing has evicted foreign journalists, it has usually allowed their existing press credentials to expire and then declined to renew them, a practice tantamount to expulsion but without the provocation.

The authorities also appeared to be attempting to stoke nationalist outrage in China at a time of extreme duress for the ruling Communist Party. The party has faced widespread criticism over its response to the novel coronavirus outbreak, which began in the city of Wuhan in December but did not elicit formal acknowledgment or emergency-response measures from the ruling party until the third week of January.

The Journal said the three correspondents affected by Wednesday’s action were Deputy Bureau Chief Josh Chin and reporter Chao Deng, both U.S. citizens, and reporter Philip Wen, an Australian national. They have been ordered to leave China within five days, it said.

A statement from William Lewis, the chief executive of Dow Jones and publisher of the Journal, said “we are deeply disappointed” by China’s decision and urged the foreign ministry to reinstate the visas for the three journalists.

“This opinion piece was published independently from the WSJ newsroom and none of the journalists being expelled had any involvement with it,” the statement noted. “In line with best practice, we enforce a complete separation between our News and Opinion departments.”

A similar policy of separate news and opinion departments is enshrined at most U.S. newspapers, including The Washington Post.

Lewis’s statement added: “Our opinion pages regularly publish articles with opinions that people disagree — or agree with — and it was not our intention to cause offense with the headline on the piece. However, this has clearly caused upset and concern amongst the Chinese people, which we regret.”

Mead, a professor of foreign affairs at Bard College who is a regular contributor to the paper, alluded to this on Twitter earlier this month, as the Foreign Ministry made increasingly heated remarks about the headline.

Among the reporters ordered to leave, Deng at the time of the announcement was in Wuhan, the locked-down city in Hubei province at the epicenter of the coronavirus epidemic. She has been filing reports on how ordinary people are coping and how Communist Party officials are trying to contain the virus.

Wen was one of the two authors of a report published last year that detailed allegations that a cousin of Chinese leader Xi Jinping was involved in high-stakes gambling and potential money laundering in Australia. The other reporter on that story, Chun Han Wong, a Singaporean national who had covered Chinese politics out of the paper’s Beijing bureau since 2014, was effectively expelled when his press credentials expired and were not renewed in August.  

The title of the February column at issue is a reference to a period around the middle of the 19th century until the early 20th century when a weak China, crippled by infighting, was carved up by colonial powers including Japan, Germany, France and Britain. China calls this period the “century of humiliation” and has vowed during the trade war with the United States that it will not be humiliated again.

The phrase echoed the moniker given at the time to the Ottoman Empire, which was called “the sick man of Europe.” More recently, the label has been applied to Britain, first during the economic malaise of the 1970s and more recently as the country was wrangling with its exit from the European Union.

But in Beijing, the Foreign Ministry latched onto the Journal’s headline with unbridled fury, repeatedly accusing the paper of using racially discriminatory language and offending the Chinese people. The Journal website is blocked by China’s Great Firewall, meaning that readers within the country cannot access its website without software to make it appear that they are outside China.

“China demands the WSJ recognize the severity of its mistake, make an official apology and hold the persons involved accountable,” Geng told reporters Wednesday in a briefing conducted over the WeChat messaging app because public gatherings are banned during the coronavirus outbreak.

“However, regrettably, what the WSJ has done so far is nothing but parrying and dodging its responsibility. It has neither issued an official apology nor informed us of what it plans to do with the persons involved,” Geng said.

The Foreign Correspondents’ Club of China condemned the decision, describing it in a statement as “an extreme and obvious attempt by the Chinese authorities to intimidate foreign news organizations.”

The club, whose members include two Washington Post correspondents, called the simultaneous expulsions “an unprecedented form of retaliation against foreign journalists in China.”

This was the first outright expulsion of a foreign correspondent since 1998, according to the FCCC’s tally. Since 2013, the year after Xi became China’s leader, at least nine journalists have been effectively expelled by not having their press credentials renewed, meaning they had to leave the country.

“Many of those evicted from China are fair and talented journalists who worked hard to bring unbiased, informative reports to their audiences and to understand China,” the FCCC said.

Some analysts speculated that the decision was immediate retaliation for the State Department’s decision Tuesday to designate five of China’s foremost media outlets as official government entities under the Foreign Missions Act, meaning they will be treated as though they are diplomatic outposts of the Chinese government and subject to the same constraints.

American officials have become increasingly concerned that Chinese authorities are using journalists to do government work in the United States and have sought to monitor them more closely.

A day earlier, two State Department officials, speaking on the condition of anonymity under department rules for briefing reporters, had declined to discuss internal considerations on whether Beijing would retaliate against foreign reporters working in China.

“We’re painfully aware of the very tough operating environment that U.S. and other foreign journalists operate under in China,” one U.S. official said in announcing the designation Tuesday. “It’s already the case that freedom of the press is under severe siege in the People’s Republic of China.”

The expulsion of three Wall Street Journal Reporters by China is Fully Justified.

Prayers to give the Strength, the Courage, the Patience, and the Hope to the people of Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China in their battle against the Novel Coronavirus

Prayers to give the Strength, the Courage, the Patience, and the Hope to the people of Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China in their battle against the Novel Coronavirus.

The term Biotic Interactions describe the nature of interactions between members of the same or different living species sharing a common living environment. The ‘Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is not capable of independent existence. The Virus always needs a Living Host Cell to perform its living functions. The Virus lives as a Parasite providing no benefit to its Host and in fact may totally overwhelm the Host to the extent of causing death of the Host. I use the term “Spiritual” to describe the nature of Biotic Interactions that are characterized by 1. Mutual Assistance, 2. Mutual Tolerance, and 3. Mutual Subservience where the Members of the interacting Living Species experience Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in their Living Condition.

Prayers to give the Strength, the Courage, the Patience, and the Hope to people of Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China in their battle against the Novel Coronavirus.

Molecular Biology. The Understanding of Biotic Interactions. Parasitic vs Spiritual Interactions

Tobacco mosaic virus
Tobacco mosaic virus (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The molecules and processes responsible for energy acquisition, energy manipulation, growth and reproduction are basically similar in all life-forms. To understand life, consideration must be given to describe the molecules that determine its structure and to the ways in which molecules are organized. The Molecular Basis of Spirituality describes organization of molecules that is responsible for coordination of living functions and living activities of life-forms. Spirituality involves the capacity or capability to organize molecules to establish the reality of biological existence by any life-form. To explain the Molecular Basis of Spirituality, I would begin with the simplest life-forms that we know.

THE FOUNDERS OF VIROLOGY – THE STUDY OF VIRUSES:

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – Dmitri Ivanovsky( Dmitri Iosifovich Iwanowski ), Russian Botanist in 1892, discovered the filterable nature of a very tiny agent that causes Tobacco Mosaic Disease.
Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science -Martinus Beijerinck, the Dutch Microbiologist in 1898 named the mysterious infectious agent that causes Tobacco Mosaic Disease as ‘VIRUS’.

I am glad to pay my respectful tribute to Dmitri Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist, and to Martinus Beijerinck, the Dutch Microbiologist, the founders of Virology, the Study of Viruses. Ivanovsky studied the Tobacco Mosaic Disease during 1892. By conducting experiments he had demonstrated that the disease is caused by a filterable agent smaller than bacteria. In 1898, Beijerinck independently replicated Ivanovsky’s experiments and found that the infectious agent could only reproduce by infecting leaves of the Tobacco plant. He named the mysterious infectious agent as Tobacco Mosaic Virus – the first Virus recognized.

THE STUDY OF VIRUSES, VIRIONS, VIROIDS, AND VIRUSOIDS:

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – Virus is a complex, molecular life-form that blurs the boundaries of living and non-living material.

Viruses are small masses of material( 100 – 2,000 angstrom ), complex molecular life-forms that blur the boundaries of living and non-living material. Most Viruses are smaller than the wavelength of visible light. They are extremely small and can only be seen with an electron microscope. As compared to light microscope, electron microscope can increase magnification from 1,000 – 2,000 diameters to around 300, 000 diameters. Viruses are 1,000 times more plentiful in water than originally suspected and hence Viruses could be the most numerous life-forms on Earth. Many hundreds of different types of Viruses exist and all of them need living cells to serve them as hosts. Viruses can only complete their life cycles as parasites as they reproduce only within the cells of their hosts, upon which they depend for many of their fundamental life processes. While many Viruses are harmless to their hosts, certain Viruses are responsible for important diseases of humans, animals, and plants. Many Viruses are known to man by the specific disease entities that they cause: Smallpox, Chickenpox, Measles, Mumps, Yellow fever, Polio myelitis, Rabies, Influenza, and the Common Cold. All of us without any exception would get chance of experiencing the bouts of one or the other Viral infections.

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – The DNA of Herpes Virus particle is enclosed by an icosahedral(20-sided) shell of 162 protein units, or capsomers, and by an outer spiked lipoprotein envelope. It causes infectious diseases in man like Chickenpox and Shingles.

A complete virus particle or Virion consists of one molecule of Nucleic Acid, single or double-stranded, either DNA or RNA depending on the specific Virus. It has a protein coat called Capsid which consists of a specific number of protein molecules or Capsomers in a definitive arrangement. In some Viruses, the outer coat has lipid(fat) and carbohydrate. The protein coat helps the survival of the Virus while it exists outside a living cell. The protein coat is also concerned with the mechanisms by which the Virus enters and infects the host cell.

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – To understand the concept of Spiritualism as a functional relationship that generates Peace, Harmony and Tranquility, we must know the nature of biotic interaction called Parasitism that causes Disease. Millions of human lives have perished due to the scourge of Viral Diseases that afflict humankind. This Retrovirus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) is responsible for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.

During the stage of its life cycle, when the Virus is free and infectious, the virus particle or Virion is inert, and does not carry out the usual functions of a living entity, such as reproduction or growth in numbers. Propagation of a Virus requires the internal environment of a complete cell, including its biochemical machinery. The Virus loses the protein coat upon entry into a cell, after which the genetic material of the Virus reproduces using materials made by the host cell. The Virus leaves the host cell surrounded by the protein coat, the characteristics of these protein molecules are determined by the genes in the Virus, but the protein molecules are synthesized by the host cell. Viruses are often described as “naked genes” which have discarded all other attributes of complete cells. The Virion or virus particle contains the knowledge or biological information that is needed for its replication. However, to perform that reproductive function, a Virus needs the host cell’s chemical energy, and protein-and nucleic-acid synthesizing ability.

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – Viroids and Virusoids are the smallest and simplest form of all recognized Viruses and Self-replicating Molecules.They lack the protective shell of protein coat that most other Viruses have.

Viroids and Virusoids are the smallest and simplest form of all recognized Viruses and Self-replicating Molecules. Viroids are composed of nothing more than a single circular strand of genetic material and cause major disease in plants. Since Viroids lack the protective shell of protein, they do not even spread easily from one cell or plant to another. The genetic material of Viroid is RNA which has a length of only a few hundred ribonucletids(200-400). Viroids are described as molecules of “naked RNA” that are significantly smaller than the genome of the smallest Virus. They are also called ‘subviral particles’. Viroids/Virusoids “infect” other Viruses, and use the replication process of the host Virus to replicate themselves instead. Viroids are responsible for a number of serious diseases of economically important plants like the Coconut Palm and Chrysanthemums. Episomes are pieces of self-replicating genetic molecules found in some bacterial cells. These are similar to Viruses except for the fact that they only reproduce themselves when their host cells do, whereas Viruses reproduce themselves hundreds of times and often generate the signs and symptoms of the infectious disease they cause in the host.

RNA MOLECULE AS GENETIC MATERIAL:

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – The only human disease caused by a Viroid is HEPATITIS- D. The Viroid is enclosed in Hepatitis B Virus Capsid. Viroids use different strategies for encouraging host Viruses/cells to replicate its RNA molecule.

The RNA-containing Viruses are unique among living systems. They use RNA as their primary genetic material. Retroviruses produce the enzyme called RNA-directed DNA Polymerase or Reverse Transcriptase, which can make a DNA molecule from the Viral RNA molecule. This DNA molecule formed from RNA then serves as the principal genetic molecule within the infected, host cell. Retrovirus uses a life process that is termed ‘reverse transcription’. Two Retroviruses are associated with human leukemia which are Cancer of T-cells. The Retrovirus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is responsible for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS.

THE NUCLEIC ACID MOLECULE – THE ESSENCE AND EXISTENCE OF LIFE:

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – The Influenza Virus has ability to cause pandemic(world-wide)infection of humans. The pandemic of 1918 is estimated to have killed 21-22 million people worldwide. The Virus got its name from the word “INFLUENCE” from an observation made more than 400 years ago that epidemics of respiratory illness occurred under the “influence” of planets and other astrological events. The term ‘spirituality’ does not describe the ‘essence’ or character of this Viral Nucleic Acid Molecule.

Nucleic Acids are organic substances that are characteristic of all living things. These organic molecules are not found in nature except as components or products of organisms. They are called macromolecules; molecules of molecular weight greater than 10,000 daltons or 10,000 times the weight of a Hydrogen atom. These molecules are long chains or polymers that consist of chains of smaller units called monomers. Each Nucleic Acid chain is composed of subunits called nucleotides, each of which is composed of a specific sugar molecule( Deoxyribose or Ribose ), a molecule of Phosphoric Acid, and a molecule of one of four organic bases: Adenine(A), Guanine(G), Cytosine(C), and Thymine(T). The two chief types of Nucleic Acid are DNA( Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid ), and RNA( Ribo Nucleic Acid ). DNA contains the sugar deoxyribose and RNA contains the sugar ribose, and the base Uracil(U) instead of Thymine(T). The specific sequences of nucleotides constitute the genetic information of the life-form. Each three-nucleotide sequence specifies one particular amino acid. The long sequences of nucleotides thus correspond to the sequences of amino acids in the proteins that are synthesized. In order to be expressed as protein, the genetic information is carried to the protein-synthesizing machinery called Ribosomes found in the cytoplasm of the cell. Forms of RNA mediate this process and are important in expression of the genetic code contained in the DNA for the synthesis of proteins. Although the triplet nucleotide code seems to be universal, the actual sequences of the nucleotides vary according to the species and individual organism. The Nucleic Acid Molecules, DNA/RNA is substance of heredity; it carries the ‘essence’ or character of an organism from one generation to next generation. But, in the study of Viruses we have found that this ‘essence’ is not displayed until its ‘existence’ is supported and is established in a complete living cell. The Nucleic Acid Molecules do not have capacity or capability of acquiring energy from their external environment. The Virion or virus particle is inert until it finds a host cell to establish its life as a living thing. The Nucleic Acid Molecules are important to establish the ‘essence’ of an organism and I find the characteristics called ‘Spirituality’ in the functional organization of those Molecules that establish the ‘existence’ of a living entity.

THE MOLECULAR BASIS OF SPIRITUALITY:

Molecular Biology – The Basis of Spirituality Science – Smallpox or Variola was one of the worst scourges ever to afflict human beings. The Smallpox Vaccine developed by Dr. Edward Jenner, British Surgeon in 1796 was the first successful Immunization against any Infectious Disease or Agent. In October 1979, the World Health Organization(WHO) declared that the world is Smallpox Free. Spirituality seeks to establish Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in all functional Biotic Interactions within the Individual and within the Biotic or Biological Community.

The purpose and goal of Spirituality is that of generating Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in all functional relationships within the Individual and between members of the Biotic or Biological Community. The disease, the disability, the morbidity, and death caused by Viral infections demonstrate the consequences of Biotic Interactions called Parasitism. The functional organization of a variety of Molecules that provide the functional ability called ‘Existence’ that establishes a living entity is the chief attribute of the ground substance found inside the Living, Complete Cell and the viral particles have no such functional organizational capacity or capability. The Spirit or Soul represents the ‘Knower’ of the Function and is the Architect of Molecular Organization that causes ‘Existence’. The role of various other Molecules, the Molecules concerned with Life, found in living cells are given further consideration in my other blog posts to demonstrate the ‘spiritual’ nature of the Protoplasm, the ground substance, the living material, or living matter that constitutes Life.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

BHAVANAJAGAT.ORG

Prayers to give the Strength, the Courage, the Patience, and the Hope to the people of Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China in their battle against the Novel Coronavirus.

Presidents' Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

Presidents’ Day is a federal holiday celebrated on the third Monday in February; Presidents’ Day 2020 occurs on Monday, February 17.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

Originally established in 1885 in recognition of President George Washington, the holiday became popularly known as Presidents’ Day after it was moved as part of 1971’s Uniform Monday Holiday Act, an attempt to create more three-day weekends for the nation’s workers. While several states still have individual holidays honoring the birthdays of Washington, Abraham Lincoln and other figures, Presidents’ Day is now popularly viewed as a day to celebrate all U.S. presidents, past and present.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

The story of Presidents’ Day date begins in 1800. Following the death of George Washington in 1799, his February 22 birthday became a perennial day of remembrance.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

The Uniform Monday Holiday Act also included a provision to combine the celebration of Washington’s birthday with that of Abraham Lincoln, which fell on February 12. Lincoln’s Birthday had long been a state holiday in places like Illinois, and many supported joining the two days as a way of giving equal recognition to two of America’s most famous statesmen.

Washington and Lincoln still remain the two most recognized leaders, but Presidents’ Day is now popularly seen as a day to recognize the lives and achievements of all of America’s chief executives. Some lawmakers have objected to this view, arguing that grouping George Washington and Abraham Lincoln together with less successful presidents minimizes their legacies.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

In its modern form, Presidents’ Day is used by many patriotic and historical groups as a date for staging celebrations, reenactments and other events. A number of states also require that their public schools spend the days leading up to Presidents’ Day teaching students about the accomplishments of the presidents, often with a focus on the lives of Washington and Lincoln.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse. Presidential Term: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001

On Monday, February 17, 2020, while celebrating the Presidents’ Day, I remind the Nation about the legacy of William Jefferson Clinton, the 42nd US President. Bill Clinton’s Presidential Term: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

1995-1999

  • Outstanding debt in 1995: $4.97 trillion
    • Debt adjusted for inflation: $8.39 trillion
  • Outstanding debt in 1999: $5.66 trillion
    • Debt adjusted for inflation: $8.72 trillion

Change in debt between 1995-1999: 13.72%
Change in debt adjusted for inflation: $337.54 billion

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must awaken to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

2000-2004

  • Outstanding debt in 2000: $5.67 trillion
    • Debt adjusted for inflation: $8.47 trillion
  • Outstanding debt in 2004: $7.38 trillion
    • Debt adjusted for inflation: $10.04 trillion

Change in debt between 2000-2004: 30.05%
Change in debt adjusted for inflation: $1.57 trillion

Bill Clinton rejected the Promises of Prosperity and embraced the Curses of Indebtedness the LORD imposed for acts of Disobedience.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse.

The United States must reflect upon the actions of the 42nd President that violate the LORD’ s Commandments. The Welfare Reform Act of 1996 enacted by President Bill Clinton reintroduced Slavery into the United States nullifying President Abraham Lincoln’s Proclamation that abolished Slavery.

Presidents’ Day 2020. The Nation must wake up to the reality of the Clinton Curse. A Balanced Budget vs Foreign Debt.

FEBRUARY 12. DARWIN DAY. A REASON TO CELEBRATE CREATION

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation.

Charles Darwin (Feb. 12, 1809 to April 19, 1882) holds a unique place in history as the foremost proponent of the theory of evolution. Indeed, to this day, Darwin is the most famous evolution scientist and is credited with developing the theory of evolution through natural selection. While he lived a relatively quiet and studious life, his writings were controversial in their day and still routinely spark controversy.

FEBRUARY 12. DARWIN DAY. A REASON TO CELEBRATE CREATION.

WE DIRECTLY EXPERIENCE THE POWER OF CREATION THAT GIVES A NATURAL SENSE OF JOY BY SIMPLY HOLDING OUR OWN BABY. 

WHAT IS CREATION? 

February 12. Darwin Day. The Birth of Jesus and His earthly existence describes the operation of a Supreme, Spiritual Law that harmonizes all Laws of Nature that operate in the physical world to establish the human existence which may be stated as a Law of Conservation:” Matter is neither created nor destroyed.”

Creation is defined as to make or bring into existence something new and to produce an object through imaginative skill. As per my Theory of Creation, the natural world and the universe in which we exist is the physical manifestation of an act of Creation. Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution cannot explain this natural phenomenon of Earth existing in a harmonious relationship with Cosmos. The Theory of Evolution is a speculative interpretation of the biological diversity, the ecological relationships, the Natural Adaptations, and the synchronized existence of the living entities and the Cosmos. There is no direct, observable evidence to substantiate the processes or the mechanisms of Evolution. 

THE EVIDENCE FOR ‘THE THEORY OF CREATION’ 

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. The sweet floral fragrance of Rose is known to man since prehistoric times. It is a favorite flower in many lands.

People all over the world directly experience the natural phenomenon of Creation. Since every individual could observe and sense this experience, we do not need peer-reviewed papers to prove the fact of Creation. Creation is not merely a past event. Creation is an observable phenomenon of our present times. Creation is a phenomenon that would repeat and perpetuate itself as long as planet Earth exists and the Cosmic Balance, the Cosmic Harmony and the Cosmic Connection prevails. Creation is a Reality that is evident by its own nature. Creation is a self -evident TRUTH. 

We detect the reality of Creation through the five special organs of sense. These are: 

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. Astronaut Alan Shepard is pictured on Moon. The Moon surface is seen illuminated. The Sky is Dark. The Sky is also Dark in the rest of the Universe. Earth is one of its own kind original celestial object with its Blue Sky.

1. VISUAL : The sky is blue. The sky is blue because we have the ability of color perception and we actually see the blue light of the visible light spectrum. In rest of the universe, the sky is dark in spite of the presence of very bright objects with a greater illuminative power than Sun. The moment we leave planet Earth, we would encounter a dark sky. 

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. The Sound Energy has a mystical effect and is thought of as an Elixir to cure the disease called ‘Stress’. The Chanting of Hare Krishna Mahamantra.

2. AUDITORY : The natural world is full of sounds. The sounds that we hear are real and often we can recognize and identify the person and the species by applying speech and vocal sound identification technologies. The rest of the universe is silent. There is no scientific evidence to support the existence of entities that have the ability to generate sound and that have the ability of sound perception in the rest of the universe. Sound energy appears to be a phenomenon of our natural world. To propagate sound waves across the universe is not possible due to the lack of a compressible, conductive medium such as gas, liquid, or solid. We use sound energy in several Creative ways and delight ourselves with the musical sounds that we Create. 

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. Living Waters. The New Testament, The Gospel According to Apostle John, Chapter 3, verse#5 , Jesus answered, “I tell you the truth, no one can enter the Kingdom of God unless he is born of the water and the Spirit.”

3. GUSTATORY : Water imparts an original, pure taste. There is no scientific evidence for the existence of liquid water with its original, pure taste in other parts of the universe. The taste sensation contributes to our enjoyment of life and is celebrated through our culinary arts. 

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. The original fragrance of the soils of Earth.

4. OLFACTORY : The soils of Earth have an original fragrance known as GEOSMIN. The chemical compounds that contribute to Earth’s original fragrance and the soil organisms that generate these chemicals have been identified. The fragrance is a product of interaction of physical, chemical, and biotic factors. The Lunar soil samples that were tested do not demonstrate the characteristics of the soils of Earth. There is no scientific evidence to show that the characteristics of Earth’s soil could be found in other regions of the universe. We should take time to smell the roses to enjoy the fragrant natural world, and to enrich the quality of our existence. 

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. Human Life begins after a Creative thought. Mother Mary was informed about the fact of Immaculate Conception before she gave birth to Jesus.

5. TACTILE : The power of Creation that provides a natural sense of joy can be directly experienced while simply holding your own baby. This sensation of touch is experienced by the object aswellas the beholder of the object. There is no scientific evidence to prove that a similar experience of tactile sensation generated between an object and the beholder of the object could exist in the rest of the universe. 

February 12. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. Earth’s Rotational Spin provides the experience of Time by causing changes in the environment which Man perceives as Day and Night. This cyclical change of alternating periods of Light and Darkness is synchronized with Man’s Biological Rhythms.

These five sensations and the five abilities of sensory perception prevail only upon planet Earth. Planet Earth is unique, original, and is only one of its kind in the universe that we directly or indirectly observe and understand as of today. The existence of earth like objects in the universe is purely speculative and is not confirmed by science. The Solar system and the objects it contains came into existence through an act of Creation as defined in the introductory paragraph.

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation.

Natural scientists use their faculty of sensory perception to identify species that inhabit the Earth. Each species displays its unique traits and exhibits the characteristics of both intraspecies and interspecies variations. The unique ability of living entities to exist and to perpetuate their existence while displaying individual variations is a practical proof of the acts of Creation. In the books of Plant Taxonomy, and the books of Classification of Animal Kingdom, we do not have a category to show any species living or extinct as a ‘TRANSITIONAL’ species or form. The phrase ‘TRANSITIONAL’ species or form only exists in the realm of speculative evolutionary biology. These ‘TRANSITIONAL’ species if found existing today, they would not be described as ‘TRANSITIONAL’ forms in spite of the similarity in some morphological features between ‘TRANSITIONAL’ and other species. This phenomenal natural world with its rich biodiversity is the product of Creation. The ‘PLASTICITY’ of the genome allows an organism to make adaptive changes in response to environmental stresses. Such adaptive changes in the genome are only of a ‘minor order’. A ‘major order’ change in the genome would produce a skeletal change or a morphological variation of high significance that alters the identity of the species and may change its taxonomic classification. Scientists have not demonstrated such ‘major order’ changes in genome in response to environmental stimuli. For example, a bacterial cell can change its genome and acquire the ability of drug resistance without making an evolutionary change in terms of its morphological appearance. Similarly, a bacterial cell can alter its sugar metabolism and yet retains its identity specific to its own species. In fact several different species such as cockroaches, sharks, and turtles are existing upon this planet Earth since the last 200 to 350 million years without changing their anatomical appearance. The dinosaurs of different sizes, shapes and eating habits survived on this planet for nearly 165 million years. In the absence of hard evidence, it is difficult to support the Theory of Evolution. 

A REASON TO CELEBRATE CREATION 

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. Witness the Magic of Creation.

We are all witnesses to the physical manifestation of the Creative Force/Energy, Creative Power, Creative Processes, and Creative Mechanisms that contribute and shape our earthly experience of human existence. We are actually endowed with the power to Create. The Creative Force inspires us to be Creative in our imagination, in our thoughts, and in our acts. We express our Creativity in writing, music, performance arts, and craftsmanship. We demonstrate our Creativity in the manner that we use our Precision Grip. We are Creative in our efforts to research or investigate a problem, or to explore the natural world and the universe. The capacity for original and productive thought contributes to Creativity. We need to celebrate the natural phenomenon of Creation to acquire the ability to manifest Creativity in our thoughts and actions. 

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham,

Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, A.P., India.,

M.B.B.S., Class of April 1970.

February 12. Darwin Day. A Reason to Celebrate Creation. Man’s home in the Milky Way Galaxy. Man is destined to live and seek existence on planet Earth as it is created with a purpose; the purpose of providing a home to the living entities.

 

SET YOUR MIND FREE – LET SARASVATI FLOW: MY CONVERSATION WITH SIKHS

SET YOUR MIND FREE – LET SARASVATI FLOW: MY CONVERSATIONS WITH SIKHS

Firstly, I have no fears about losing my Hindu Identity if I share views not supported by any of the known Hindu Scriptures such as the Vedas and its related Texts, the Puranas and the Bhagavad Gita. I view my Hindu Identity as my biological inheritance and none of you can change or alter it unless you have the ability to change the Identity of my birth parents. However, I set my Mind Free to explore the ideas, the mental concepts shared by other Scriptures without ever compromising my Unchanging Hindu Identity. For that reason, all Scriptures are relevant. I study Scriptures at my convenience, one concept at one time, and I have no Fear that I must totally accept or totally reject any Scripture.

I prefer direct and simple term or word GOD for purposes of discussion. However, Hindus use their Freedom to seek GOD using thousand and more different names. To that extent, Sikhs must use their Freedom to seek GOD without any Fear; do not develop a dogma or doctrine describing the Categorization of GOD using Watertight Compartments and do not create Barriers to arrest the Flow of Sarasvati.

If your Mind is not Set Free, you should not bother to share your interpretations with others. Be Happy, live as much as possible with your own thoughts. The purpose of Life is that of performing its Living Functions. Your Existence precedes Your Essence which you may describe as God. Soul, Mind, Sikh, and etc.,

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE-ESTABLISHMENT No. 22-VIKAS REGIMENT

Saraswati Stotram Video (With English Meaning)

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Saraswati Stotram Video (With English Meaning)

This Divine Hymn written by Sage Agastya (the sage who composed mantras of Rig Veda, most ancient text available…

Musings on Sunday, the Second Day of the Second Month of 2020. A Day of Darkness in the Belly of a Big Whale

Musings on Sunday, the Second Day of the Second Month of 2020. A Day of Darkness in the Belly of a Big Whale.

This Sunday, the Second Day of the Second Month of the Year 2020 could be special for many reasons. None of them are relevant to my existence for I lost the track of day and night while I survive trapped in the Belly of a Big Whale. I am not surprised to note that people do not pay attention to my plight. All that people can see is the Big Picture of the Big Whale.

Musings on Sunday, the Second day of the Second Month of 2020. A Day of Darkness in the Belly of a Big Whale. I am a Refugee. The relentless pursuit of Chakrata Karma. I can neither run nor hide from God.

On this unique Day of our present times, I cannot visualize anything other than the Darkness that shrouds my mortal existence. All that I can speak or write is, “I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge?”

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

Musings on Sunday, the Second Day of the Second Month of 2020. A Day of Darkness in the Belly of a Big Whale.

Today’ date is a rare instance of palindrome happening for the first time in over 900 years

Musings on Sunday, the Second Day of the Second Month of 2020. A Day of Darkness in the Belly of a Big Whale.

This Sunday is unique as it has a palindrome date, the first in over 900 years, according to the Washington Post.  February 2, 2020 or 02/02/2020 reads the same backward or forward regardless of the date format — “Month/Day/Year” or “Day/Month/Year”, as seen in many countries.

Palindrome refers to a number or a segment that reads the same forwards as it does backwards. The previous eight-digit palindrome was 11/11/1111, 909 years ago and the next palindrome date in will happen on 12/12/2121, after 101 years.

Professor of electrical engineering at the University of Portland, Aziz Inan, told The Washington Post that there are only 12 eight-digit palindromes this century. He also pointed out that this Sunday is the 33rd day of the year with 333 more days to follow as February has an extra day this year.

In addition to the rare palindrome date phenomena, it is also Groundhog Day in Canada and America. The day is part of a long-standing tradition in which a groundhog is used to determine how many more weeks of winter there will be.

Musings on Sunday, the Second Day of the Second Month of 2020. A Day of Darkness in the Belly of a Big Whale.