The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat

The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat

In 1965, while I was a student of Human Anatomy at Kurnool Medical College, I had the opportunity to know about Dr. J. C. B. Grant (1886-1973), the author of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. The 5th Edition of his Atlas was published in 1962 and was available in India in our Medical College Library.

Born in Loanhead (south of Edinburgh) in 1886, Grant studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and graduated with an M.B., Ch.B. degree in 1908. While at Edinburgh, he worked under the renowned anatomist Daniel John Cunningham. Grant became a decorated serviceman of the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War before moving to Canada. He established himself as an ‘anatomist extraordinary’ at the University of Toronto, publishing three textbooks that form the basis of Grant’s Anatomy. The textbooks are still used in anatomy classes today, and made unforgettable memories for those who found themselves in his classes nearly a century ago. One of Grant’s many accomplishments was establishing a division of histology within the department.

The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat

As a medical student, I used Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, the seminal work of Scottish-born Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant, who would become the chair of Anatomy at the University of Toronto in 1930 and retired in 1965.

Students continue to use Grant’s textbooks today, and for the more artistic anatomist there’s even a Grant’s Anatomy Coloring Book, published in 2018.

The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat

At the University of Toronto, Dr.McMurrich, Chair of Anatomy was succeeded as chairman in 1930 by Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant. Dr. Grant wrote three text books, of which “An Atlas of Anatomy” (published in 1943) rapidly gained international prominence and is still, one of the most widely used anatomical atlases in the world. It is now known as “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and is in its tenth edition. The atlas was based on a series of elegant dissections done either by Grant or by others under his supervision. Many of these dissections are currently housed in Grant’s Museum at the University of Toronto. 

The Rudi-Grant Connection is about knowing the man, the building blocks and the structural units and organization of the human body. To defend the human existence, the Rudi-Grant Connection lays the emphasis on knowing the person who is at risk apart from knowing the agent posing the risk.

THE IDENTITY OF MULTICELLULAR HUMAN ORGANISM:

The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

I learned about the human body while dissecting the body in a systematic manner. The Manual of Practical Anatomy which guides us through this entire process was published in England. The author Dr. Daniel John Cunningham prepared the Manual while dissecting cadavers of British or Irish citizens. He had never encountered cadavers of Indian citizens. At Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, where I was a student, the Department of Anatomy obtains dead bodies from  Government General Hospital Kurnool and most of the deceased are the poor, illiterate, and uneducated people of that region. None of the deceased had the chance to know this man called Cunningham and Cunningham had no knowledge about the existence of these people who arrive on our dissection tables. But, as the dissection of the human body proceeds, inch, by inch, we recognize the anatomical parts as described by Cunningham. The manual also lists some anatomical variations and we very often exchange information between various dissection tables and recognize the variations mentioned. The dissections also involve slicing the organs and studying them, both macroscopically, and microscopically. We did not miss any part of the human body. So what is the Identity of this Human person or Human subject? How does the living Human organism maintain its Identity and Individuality? Apart from the Cultural Traditions of India, several Schools of Religious Thought claim that the Human Individual and its Identity is represented by Human Soul. Where does this soul exist in the human body? What is the location if the soul is present in the living person? Does man have a soul? How does the human organism acquires Knowledge about its own structures and the functions they perform?

Defining Indian Identity – Finding Truth – Listening to the Heart

The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. Defining Indian Identity at Military Hospital, Ambala Cantonment.

Amba Shambhavi Chandramouli abalaparna Uma Parvati,

Kali Hemavati Shiva Trinayani Katyani Bhairavi

Savitri nava yauvana Shubhakari Samrajya Lakshmi Prada,

Chidrupee Para Devata Bhagavati Sree Raja Rajeswari.

The opportunity to serve in the Indian Armed Forces works like a powerful magnet. It draws into its folds the youth of the country from a multitude of villages that dot our landscape. My service in uniform gave me a wonderful opportunity to personally know and get acquainted with a broad spectrum of the Indian population. The Indian Identity that I describe is the product of such direct and first-hand experience of the people of my land.

After a brief and exciting period of basic military training in the historical city of Lucknow, in the State of Uttar Pradesh, my tour of duty took me to the city of Ambala Cantonment in the State of Haryana.

The name Ambala is very dear to my heart. Traditionally, Indians do not desire to fight evil and dark forces. They would rather prefer to rely upon the names of the mighty Lords that they worship. It is Shiva, Vishnu, Rama and Krishna who would fight the battle on their behalf and Indians could simply sit back and relax and watch the demons getting vanquished.

But when a physical fight becomes inevitable and when pushed to confront an enemy and to take up the challenge personally, Indians derive their strength and they get infused with courage by remembering with adoration the name of BHAVANI, also known as DURGA, AMBA, KALI or simply referred to as MATA (MOTHER). That name is used as the battle cry. That name is the armor of divine protection they prefer to use on the front lines of war fields. When the confrontation is real, nothing works better than the sweet name of AMBA. Hence Ambala has represented to me the willingness and the determination of Indians to fight the battle against the enemy. On my second tour of duty in Ambala, I could proudly wear the emblem of Black Elephant on my left arm. Black Elephant is an elite fighting force and the military station of Ambala is it’s home.

I arrived in Ambala during 1970 and reported to the Military Hospital on my very first posting. My first assignment in the Hospital was that of an internship in the Surgical Division. The Senior Surgical Specialist at that time was Major Mohan Pal Dhir. The advice he gave me was that I should get acquainted with the patients and should try to know them as if they were my personal friends.

I was given the charge of two Surgical Wards, III and IV. My first priority was not learning the principles of surgery and the technique of surgical procedures. As an Officer-in-Charge of the Surgical Ward, my first duty was to learn and remember the rank, name and regimental affiliation of each patient. It sounded pretty easy but in practical terms, it was really difficult. The working hours were totally consumed with processing the medical information and preparing patients for surgical evaluation and procedures. My office staff would meticulously document all the personal information and there was no time to read that again. The patient interrogation is primarily intended to obtain the relevant medical information about their physical ailments and documenting the medical case history. It was easy to remember medical information rather than their personal details.

Since I  grew up in India, I  accepted the advice of my senior with earnestness. The only way I could find time to know personally all the men in my Wards was by returning to the Hospital and spend my evening hours conducting personal interviews with each one of them. We had a variety of sports and recreational facilities and a very lovely Officers’ Club right in front of our Hospital. But I had to ignore such perks of my Service. Thus my journey in uniform included a commitment to know the men at a personal level.

A SIMPLE EXPERIMENT TO KNOW THE HEART:

Soon after I assumed the charge of the Surgical Wards, during one of my evening visits, my office staff reported that one of the patients lost his expensive wristwatch. While taking a shower, the patient removed the watch and forgot to recover it. Within a short time, the watch disappeared. It was apparent that the watch got stolen by some other patient. I could have simply notified the Military Police and asked them to investigate the incident. Or, I could have used my authority and could have ordered confining all patients to their beds and directed the staff to conduct a thorough search of their personal belongings.

But, I lack the temperament of a law enforcement official. I depend upon my ability to observe things and derive answers from such observations.

What I observed was the fact that in India, people share a common concern about truth. Truth or reality cannot be concealed. Whatever a person may do, in the person’s heart, the truth is always known. When you listen to the person’s heart, the truth is revealed.

I announced to my staff that I would like to listen to the heartbeat of each of my patient and ascertain the truth for myself. They assembled and lined up all patients in front of my office and they marched in one after the other. I conducted this little experiment in absolute silence. No questions were asked. I carefully listened to their heartbeats. After having done so, I  demanded that the watch be returned to the place from where it was picked up and if not, the truth would only bring humiliation to the culprit.

The purpose of the experiment was not to directly identify the culprit but it intended to give him a chance to search his own heart and reveal the truth. Next day, when I came to work, my staff cheerfully reported that the watch reappeared in the bathroom and was returned to the owner.

INDIA-THE LAND OF SATYA AND DHARMA:

Defining Indian Identity – Listen to the Heart. The Land of India or Bharat Varsha is traditionally identified as ‘KARMA KSHETRA’ or ‘KARMA BHUMI’.Human Existence is operated by the ‘Law of Karma’.

India is the land where people’s psyche has a deeply embedded concern about SATYA (TRUTH). It is a fundamental belief of all of its people. They believe that TRUTH is GOD and they would define that GOD is TRUTH. The powerful effects of TIME would dissolve and destroy all things that are unreal and in the end, only TRUTH will remain and TRUTH would prevail.

The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. Defining Indian Identity – Listen to the heart.

The Indian National Emblem describes the Motto of the Nation as, SATYA MEVA JAYATE (TRUTH alone triumphs). Indians cherish the value of Truth and would prefer to merge into that unchanging, ETERNAL REALITY. Nothing else would save them from certain destruction. DHARMA or Right Conduct in its simplest context would mean to Indians that they should fulfill the promise they had given. They are afraid of the consequences of a false utterance.

The Story of RAMAYANA touches the hearts of Indians. It is no surprise that RAMA is their beloved Hero. He represents the values that Indians cherish to possess. The nobility of Rama lies in the fact that He had chosen to obey His father with a sincere desire that the father should fulfill the promise he had given to his wife and help him to uphold the enduring principle of adherence to Truth.       

Spirituality Science-Essence-Existence-Lord Rama
The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – ESSENCE AND EXISTENCE – CHIDAMBARA RAHASYAM: LORD GOD IS JUST ONE AND THE SAME AND YET MAN KNOWS HIM BY DIFFERENT NAMES. IN INDIAN TRADITION, THE NAME RAMA IS THE PERSONIFICATION OF THE ABSOLUTE TRUTH OR THE ULTIMATE REALITY. LORD RAMA IS THE SOURCE OF KRUPA OR COMPASSION FOR HE HAD THE EXPERIENCE OF A LIFE JOURNEY IN HIS PHYSICAL MANIFESTATION AS A HUMAN BEING.

It is no surprise that Rama is a beloved Hero. He upheld the values that most Indians value and cherish.

Indians carry their identity in their hearts. The identity is simply revealed by listening to their hearts. When you listen, you would know that all of them share a concern that TRUTH alone would prevail at the end of the day.

As a member of the medical profession, I can observe a man in good health, in sickness and disease, and eventually in his death and dissolution. I also observe man’s reaction to his own condition and state of existence. I observe the physical, mental, and psychological aspects of the man’s condition.

My experiment which involved listening to the heartbeats of my patients in the Surgical Ward was not intended as a ‘Lie Detector Test’. A typical Lie Detector Test describes a ‘Polygraph’ used on persons suspected of lying; it records certain bodily changes which are assumed to occur when the subject lies in answering questions. The objective of my experiment was not that of finding any bodily response or change in a heartbeat in response to any question. I was not trying to discover a lying person. The person who had stolen the watch knows the truth, the fact that he had stolen. Through my experiment, I tried to evoke a reaction from that person. That subject emotionally reacted to my experiment in the manner that I expected. He admitted the truth by simply returning the watch. I did not question him directly or indirectly if he had taken the watch. I did not find the lying person, but I have proved that the man does have an actual psychological concern about truth.  

Medicine cannot stop death and Truth cannot be delivered as a prescription.

I observed some of the funeral processions in India. People either chant “Ram Naam Satya Hai” ( The name Rama is eternal Truth ), or the “Hare Rama Mantra.”

The man whose physical body experiences death and dissolution could not be true. If the man is mortal, the Indian mind seeks comfort from an idea that is not subject to mortality.        

The Rudi-Grant Connection discovers the truth by listening to the heart beat. Defining Indian Identity – Truth alone Triumphs.

The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health

The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health.

Yes indeed, Life is Complicated. The Complexity of Life fundamentally involves the condition of the Living Thing. What is the health status of the Living Thing? To diagnose the condition of the Living Thing, Clinical Medicine offers instructions in the Art of Diagnosing ill-health. I use Clinical Medicine to practice the Art of Diagnosing Good Health. Human Face offers several clues about the health status of the person but no conclusions can be made without the conduct of a complete physical examination using the methods described in the books of Medicine. I want to specifically share the story about Madhubala who was born with a congenital heart defect. Her health status could be discovered very easily by simply listening to her heart beat at any time after her birth. Now a days, technology is available to diagnose some of the congenital defects even before birth and are amenable for surgical correction. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing good health vs ill-health. As a medical student, I learned the techniques of physical examination from Hutchison’s Clinical Methods, 14th Edition, published in 1967.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing good health vs ill-health. In the Armed Forces, the fact of good health is more important than the problem of ill-health.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing good health vs ill-health. Sir Robert Hutchison (1871-1960), published the medical guide known as Hutchison’s Clinical Methods.

I want to pay my respectful tribute to Sir Robert Hutchison (1871-1960) and Dr. Donald Hunter (1898-1978) who provided me with the basic tools to practice the Art of Clinical Medicine which in its essence is the Art of Diagnosis.

The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing good health vs ill-health. I purchased this book during 1976 while attending the Advanced Training in Pediatrics Course at the Armed Forces Medical College, Pune. I am still in possession of the book.

In 1976 while attending the Advanced Training in Pediatrics Course at the Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India, I purchased the Clinical Methods by Dr. Rustom Jal Vakil and Dr. Aspi F. Golwalla. In 1976, I did not know anything about Madhubala and had no clue about her health condition. Since 1954 and until Madhubala’s death on February 23, 1969, these two physicians were involved in her medical care. However, the news about Madhubala’s health problems and her premature death at the age of 36-years never reached me until February 2022. In 2022, I could not have conducted a complete physical examination of Madhubala. Right now, I have access to her photo images which do not reveal the signs and symptoms of a major, life-threatening health problem she had during her entire life since the time of her birth in Delhi on February 14, 1933.

The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing good health vs ill-health. Dr. Rustom Jal Vakil, India’s pioneer in Cardiology, diagnosed Madubala’s health condition in 1954.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing Good Health vs ill-health. Dr. Aspi F. Golwalla, the physician who accompanied Madhubala to England during 1960 to explore the medical interventions to save the life of Madhubala.

I pay my respectful tribute to Dr. Rustom Jal Vakil, M.D. (London), physician, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Bombay and to Dr. Aspi F. Golwalla, M.D., physician, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Bombay who were providing medical care to Madhubala since 1954. Her heart problem was not amenable to surgical intervention during 1960 due to the onset of medical complications like raised Pulmonary Vascular Resistance causing the Eisenmenger Syndrome.

The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of Diagnosing Good Health vs ill-health. Madhubala’s health condition was related to a heart defect called Ventricular Septal Defect which was present since her birth.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing good health vs ill-health. Madhubala was born with a heart defect called Ventricular Septal Defect.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of Diagnosing good health vs ill-health.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of Diagnosing Good Health vs ill-health. The health condition of Madhubala in 1960 was aggravated by the onset of complications which made it impossible to provider her with a surgical remedy.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Art of diagnosing Good Health vs ill-health. Madhubala visited England during 1960 and could not find a cure to treat her heart condition.

THE ART OF DIAGNOSING GOOD HEALTH: 

The Art of Diagnosing Good Health vs ill-health. The Diagnostic Process must be applied to the evaluation of the man to diagnose the condition called Good, Perfect, and Positive health.

To diagnose ill-health is easy. The sick person may describe his ailments. In addition to a person’s subjective symptoms, ill-health shows objective manifestations. The art of clinical diagnosis in sickness and disease involves the use of signs and symptoms attributable to specific conditions that affect the state of health of an individual. However, the mere absence of ill-health does not necessarily mean that the person is positively healthy. Health, like beauty is often a matter of subjective impression. But, while beauty is in the eyes of the beholder, the diagnosis of perfect and positive health is a verdict rendered after a carefully executed medical examination. 

Medicine is not merely the Art of Diagnosing ill-health and it is equally the Art of Diagnosing Good and Positive Health. I perfected this skill by meticulously repeating the task of conducting Medical Inspections thousands of times during the course of my service in the Armed Forces.

BHAJA GOVINDAM-PART-I: 

The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health

While the Art of Diagnosis interests me, I constantly remind myself that Good Health is due to the GRACE, MERCY, and Compassion of the LORD and Indians love to personify the Divine Providence as LORD Govinda. For the man exists because of MERCY, when the existence is threatened, the man may have no choice other than remembering the LORD. 

The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. The Spiritual Law of Love. Old Flames Die Hard

Old Flames Never Die.The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. The Spiritual Law of Love. Old Flame Dies Hard.

Yes indeed, Life is complicated. The Complexities of Life can never be understood without knowing the truth called Past. The experiences of Future Life cannot be validated or verified. The experience of Present Life can be validated and be verified by knowing the true or real Past Experience of Life. The Past is Never Dead.

The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. The Spiritual Law of Love. Old Flame Dies Hard
Old Flames Never Die.The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Using the famous words of Nobel Laureate William Faulkner, I will assert that the Past is never Past.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

On 02-22-2022, Rudi confirms the Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. The Connection is validated, and verified by another person who works in Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE CREME: AT WHOLE FOODS MARKET, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WHOLE DUDE ANNOUNCED ON WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 2014 HIS EPIC DISCOVERY OF THE EXPERIENCE CALLED “WHOLE LOVE.”

The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods:

The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The RudiMadhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudolf-Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Old Flames Never Die.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Old Flames Never Die. The Rudi-Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Madhubala Connection at Whole Foods. The Diagnosis of Good Health is better than the diagnosis of ill-health

 

The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge?

The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge?

In 1965, while I was a student of Human Anatomy at Kurnool Medical College, I had the opportunity to know about Dr. J. C. B. Grant (1886-1973), the author of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. The 5th Edition of his Atlas was published in 1962 and was available in India in our Medical College Library.

Born in Loanhead (south of Edinburgh) in 1886, Grant studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and graduated with an M.B., Ch.B. degree in 1908. While at Edinburgh, he worked under the renowned anatomist Daniel John Cunningham. Grant became a decorated serviceman of the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War before moving to Canada. He established himself as an ‘anatomist extraordinary’ at the University of Toronto, publishing three textbooks that form the basis of Grant’s Anatomy. The textbooks are still used in anatomy classes today, and made unforgettable memories for those who found themselves in his classes nearly a century ago. One of Grant’s many accomplishments was establishing a division of histology within the department.

The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge?

As a medical student, I used Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, the seminal work of Scottish-born Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant, who would become the chair of Anatomy at the University of Toronto in 1930 and retired in 1965.

Students continue to use Grant’s textbooks today, and for the more artistic anatomist there’s even a Grant’s Anatomy Coloring Book, published in 2018.

The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge?

At the University of Toronto, Dr.McMurrich, Chair of Anatomy was succeeded as chairman in 1930 by Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant. Dr. Grant wrote three text books, of which “An Atlas of Anatomy” (published in 1943) rapidly gained international prominence and is still, one of the most widely used anatomical atlases in the world. It is now known as “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and is in its tenth edition. The atlas was based on a series of elegant dissections done either by Grant or by others under his supervision. Many of these dissections are currently housed in Grant’s Museum at the University of Toronto. 

The Rudi-Grant Connection is about knowing the man, the building blocks and the structural units and organization of the human body. To defend the human existence, the Rudi-Grant Connection lays the emphasis on knowing the person who is at risk apart from knowing the agent posing the risk.

THE IDENTITY OF MULTICELLULAR HUMAN ORGANISM:

The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge? Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge? Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge? Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge? Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge?
The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Art of Knowing. How to acquire Knowledge?

I learned about the human body while dissecting the body in a systematic manner. The Manual of Practical Anatomy which guides us through this entire process was published in England. The author Dr. Daniel John Cunningham prepared the Manual while dissecting cadavers of British or Irish citizens. He had never encountered cadavers of Indian citizens. At Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, where I was a student, the Department of Anatomy obtains dead bodies from  Government General Hospital Kurnool and most of the deceased are the poor, illiterate, and uneducated people of that region. None of the deceased had the chance to know this man called Cunningham and Cunningham had no knowledge about the existence of these people who arrive on our dissection tables. But, as the dissection of the human body proceeds, inch, by inch, we recognize the anatomical parts as described by Cunningham. The manual also lists some anatomical variations and we very often exchange information between various dissection tables and recognize the variations mentioned. The dissections also involve slicing the organs and studying them, both macroscopically, and microscopically. We did not miss any part of the human body. So what is the Identity of this Human person or Human subject? How does the living Human organism maintain its Identity and Individuality? Apart from the Cultural Traditions of India, several Schools of Religious Thought claim that the Human Individual and its Identity is represented by Human Soul. Where does this soul exist in the human body? What is the location if the soul is present in the living person? Does man have a soul? How does the human organism acquires Knowledge about its own structures and the functions they perform?

How to attain Enlightenment? The Methods of Inquiry called Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Could science and the methods of rational and empirical inquiry help us in knowing the nature and the destiny of humanity? Could we extend scientific methods into every field of inquiry? Could we find truth and reality as an external experience or is it visualized entirely in the realm of intuition and conscience?

ENLIGHTENMENT – THE AGE OF REASON

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Enlightenment is a European intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries in which ideas concerning God, reason, nature and man were synthesized into a world view. The thinkers of the Enlightenment were committed to secular views based on reason or human understanding only, which they hoped would provide a basis for beneficial changes affecting every area of life and thought.

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

The Enlightenment was based upon a few great fundamental ideas- such as the dedication to reason, the belief in intellectual progress, the confidence in nature as a source of inspiration and value, and the search for tolerance and freedom in political and social institutions. Central to Enlightenment thought were the use and the celebration of reason, the power by which man understands the universe and improves his own condition. The goals of rational man were considered to be knowledge, freedom and happiness. It instigated revolutionary developments in art, philosophy and politics. Sir Issac Newton is considered to be the true father of Enlightenment. He established the basic idea of the authority and autonomy of reason.

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

The Enlightenment Movement eventually broke up under the impact of new evidence and new insights. Nature, once considered a synonym of reason and visible proof of the existence of God and His benevolence, broke up into something to be studied with scientific objectivity and something to be enjoyed in romantic indulgence. The most significant contribution of the Enlightenment came in the field of social and political philosophy.

ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES – THE ROLE OF INTUITION

JEAN-JACQUES, ROUSSEAU(b.JUNE 28, 1712, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND-d. JULY 2, 1778, ERMENONVILLE, FRANCE) FRENCH PHILOSOPHER, POLITICAL THEORIST WHOSE IDEAS INSPIRED THE LEADERS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.

JEAN-JACQUES, ROUSSEAU (b.JUNE 28, 1712, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND-d. JULY 2, 1778, ERMENONVILLE, FRANCE) FRENCH PHILOSOPHER, POLITICAL THEORIST WHOSE IDEAS INSPIRED THE LEADERS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Rousseau is the least academic of modern philosophers but in many ways he is the most influential. His thought marked the end of the Age of Reason and the birth of Romanticism.

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Rousseau had a profound impact on people’s way of life. He opened men’s eyes to the beauties of nature and he made liberty an object of almost universal aspiration.

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

He is credited with having introduced a great discovery about the nature of freedom and he emphasized the primacy of individual liberty. The other Enlightenment thinkers pursued the nature of humankind empirically in physiological and psychological studies or in historical and anthropological researches, whereas Rousseau sought the nature of humans in the wholly private realm of intuition and conscience. He looked inward for the fundamental source of moral obligation. Enlightenment has faith in reason which is understood as abstraction from external experience, Rousseau has emphasized that the inner life as a source of truth.

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Rousseau had shared the Enlightenment view that society had perverted natural man, the “noble savage” who lived harmoniously with nature, free from selfishness, want, possessiveness, and jealousy. In his essay, ‘ A Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts ‘(1750), he argued that the history of man’s life on earth has been a history of decay. Man is good by nature but has been corrupted by society and civilization.

One of the first principles of Rousseau’s political philosophy is that politics and morality never be separated. The second important principle is freedom, which the state is created to preserve. The state is a unity and as such expresses the general will. The general will is to secure freedom, equality and justice within the state and in the Social Contract, individual sovereignty is given up to the state in order that these goals might be achieved.

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

In his political book called ‘ Du Contrat Social ‘(The Social Contract) published in 1762, Rousseau begins with the opening sentence; ” Man was born free, but he is everywhere in chains “. He proposed a society able to cultivate the individual’s moral stature without injury to his freedom. He had expressed freedom and equality of citizens in the idiom of natural and inalienable rights. Rousseau had believed that man has to find his way to his pure nature and to achieve this , man’s duty is to look for his most deep interior feelings and follow them.

BUDDHA’S ENLIGHTENMENT

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Gautama, at the age of 35, attained the Enlightenment or Awakening. In Buddha’s own recorded words : ” My mind was emancipated…. Ignorance was dispelled, science(knowledge) arose, darkness was dispelled, light arose.”

Science and scientific methods bring us knowledge about life, nature and the universe that we live in. But, intuition provides us with the insight to improve the way we live this life. My Guru, Shankara has spoken a word of caution:

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

maa kuru dhana jana yauvana garvam

harati nimeshhaat kaalah sarvam

maayaamayamidamakhilam hitvaa

brahmapadam tvam pravisha viditvaa

Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition
Attain Enlightenment -Reason, Experience, and Intuition

Spirituality Science – The Art of Knowing

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING: WHICH HAS COME FIRST? THE CHICK OR THE EGG? SPIRITUALITY IS NOT ABOUT KNOWING THE BEGINNING OR THE ENDING OF THINGS. IT IS ABOUT THINGS THAT EXIST IN THE PRESENT.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING:

When I write about Man as a Spiritual Being, the concern is not about glorifying people as saints. The issue is about man’s true or real nature. My theory of Spirituality is about “The Art of Knowing” that can provide tools to all people to know themselves in an objective manner. This is a simple challenge that can be accomplished without forcing people to attend Church or any other place of worship. The Art of Knowing does not involve what most people tend to recognize as spiritual practices such as Prayer, Meditation, Yoga, or Mysticism. The Art of Knowing simply involves training people to know what they know about others or about themselves. It must be noted that Life is essentially a state, a condition, or an act of knowing.

WHOLE INTUITION  VS  WHOLE MYSTICISM:

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE ART OF KNOWING : HENRI BERGSON(1859 - 1941), FRENCH PHILOSOPHER, WAS AWARDED THE 1927 NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE. HE DESCRIBED INTUITION AS THE HIGHEST FORM OF KNOWING.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING: HENRI BERGSON(1859 – 1941), FRENCH PHILOSOPHER, WAS AWARDED THE 1927 NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE .  HE DESCRIBED INTUITION AS THE HIGHEST FORM OF KNOWING.

Henri Bergson, French philosopher, Professor at the College de France, was awarded the 1927 Nobel Prize in Literature. His famous works include Time and Free Will(1889) and The Creative Mind(1934). Bergson’s dualistic philosophy holds that the world contains two opposing tendencies, the life force and the resistance of matter against that life force. The individual knows matter through intellect but through intuition perceives the life force and the reality of time, which is not a unit of measurement but duration in terms of life experience. Bergson considered intuition to be the highest state of human knowing and  held that mysticism is the perfection of intuition. Bergson emphasized the value of intuition in scientific thinking and argued that reality is beyond rational understanding. He formulated a Theory of Knowledge in which intuition plays a central role. He contended that the expansive and creative thrust of Life explained by Darwinian mechanism. Bergson claimed that ‘Evolution’ is creative and is not based upon mechanistic principles. For similar reasons, I shared my arguments to oppose Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. I formulated my theory of ‘The Law of Creation and Individuality’ for all known living things primarily exist as Individuals with Individuality and they have no choice other than that of existing as Individuals. In this article, I would like to recognize knowing as a basic cognitive function and this biological characteristic can be attributed to a popular term called ‘Spirit’ or ‘Soul’. In this context, I would like to interpret Bergson’s views about Knowing, Intuition, Mysticism, and the Reality of Time.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE -  THE ART OF KNOWING : HOW DO PLANTS KNOW WHAT THEY KNOW ???  PLANTS KNOW ABOUT LIGHT, THE LENGTH OF DAY, AND THE DURATION OF DARKNESS CALLED NIGHT. THERE IS NO "INTELLECT" INVOLVED IN THIS PROCESS OF KNOWING. THE ABILITY OF KNOWING LIGHT OR PHOTORECEPTION IS EXPLAINED BY PHOTOCHEMISTRY.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING: HOW DO PLANTS KNOW WHAT THEY KNOW? PLANTS KNOW ABOUT LIGHT, THE LENGTH OF DAY, AND THE DURATION OF DARKNESS CALLED NIGHT. THERE IS NO “INTELLECT” INVOLVED IN THIS PROCESS OF KNOWING. THE ABILITY OF KNOWING LIGHT OR PHOTORECEPTION IS EXPLAINED BY PHOTOCHEMISTRY.

Intuition provides immediate understanding and it describes the ability to perceive or know things without conscious reasoning. Intuition is about direct knowing or learning of something without using the faculties of mind such as Intellect. The doctrine of Intuitionism claims that things and principles are truly apprehended by Intuition. The doctrine called Ethics describes that fundamental moral principles or the rightness of acts is apprehended by Intuition. In Biology, I would like to use the term Intuition to things apprehended by ‘Innate Knowledge’, the Knowledge that is inherent and not acquired, the Knowledge that is implanted in the Substance or Material called Living Matter. Plants know Light not because of intellectual ability but on account of an innate ability or intuitive power.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE ART OF KNOWING : AT A FUNDAMENTAL LEVEL, LIFE AND LIVING IS ABOUT KNOWING MATTER AS SELF OR NON-SELF. THIS IDENTIFICATION OF MATTER INVOLVES THE ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE MOLECULES OF MATTER . TO LEARN THE ART OF KNOWING, MAN HAS TO KNOW ABOUT THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR EXISTENCE.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING: AT A FUNDAMENTAL LEVEL, LIFE AND LIVING IS ABOUT KNOWING MATTER AS SELF OR NON-SELF. THIS IDENTIFICATION OF MATTER INVOLVES THE ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE MOLECULES OF MATTER . TO LEARN THE ART OF KNOWING, MAN HAS TO KNOW ABOUT THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR EXISTENCE .

To learn the Art of Knowing, man has to know that the physiological basis for existence is dependent upon Innate Knowledge with which the human organism recognizes matter (such as molecules of Oxygen, or energy-yielding molecules of food substances) and further exploits matter and energy to support and maintain its living functions. To the same extent, the human organism defends its own existence by recognizing the molecules as Self or Non-Self. The immune defense mechanisms that the human body uses to recognize viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and other foreign antigens involve the recognition of molecules.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE ART OF KNOWING : WHAT IS THE MYSTERY OF LIFE ??? CAN MYSTICISM HELP TO KNOW THE HIDDEN TRUTHS ABOUT LIFE ??? WHAT IS THE MYSTICAL INFLUENCE OF TIME THAT DRIVES THE AGING PHENOMENON ???
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING: WHAT IS THE MYSTERY OF LIFE? CAN MYSTICISM HELP TO KNOW THE HIDDEN TRUTHS ABOUT LIFE? WHAT IS THE MYSTICAL INFLUENCE OF TIME THAT DRIVES THE AGING PHENOMENON?

What is the Mystery of Life? Can Mysticism help to know the hidden truths about Life?  Mysticism is the doctrine about knowing reality through intense contemplation and other secret practices that involve mental concentration. Mysticism is found in several religions of the world. The criteria and conditions for mystical experience vary depending on the cultural traditions, but there are three common attributes of Mysticism : 1. The experience is immediate and overwhelming, divorced from the common experience of reality, 2. The experience or the knowledge imparted by it is self-authenticating, without need of further evidence or justification, and 3. The experience is ineffable, its essence incapable of being expressed or understood outside the experience itself. The focus of Mysticism is not about the physical reality called existence but it is about a direct and immediate experience of the sacred, or the knowledge derived from such an experience. Mysticism is about the practices of those who are initiated into the mysteries, the practice of putting oneself into direct relation with God, the Absolute or any Unifying Principle of Life.  Mystics believe that it is possible to achieve communion with God through their mystic practices. There are two general tendencies in the practice of Mysticism; 1. To regard God as outside the ‘Soul’ which rises to God by successive stages, and 2. To regard God as dwelling within the ‘Soul’ to be found by delving deeper into one’s own reality. Mysticism is extended to Magic, Occultism, and the Esoteric. Magic may involve the use of charms, spells, and rituals in seeking or pretending to cause or control events or govern certain natural and supernatural forces. Occultism is about hidden, concealed, and secret information that could be beyond human understanding. The Esoteric is about confidential, private, or withheld information that is intended for or understood by only a chosen few and as such the knowledge or information is beyond the understanding of most people. The rituals of Mysticism include meditation, prayer, and a variety of ascetic disciplines. If Mysticism is about Knowing the Secrets of Life, it does not demand the learning of Human Anatomy or Human Physiology, or any of the principles of Biology.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE ART OF KNOWING : HOW DOES THE HUMAN ORGANISM KNOWS ABOUT ITS OWN LIFETIME ??? THE AGING PHENOMENON IS RELATED TO MAN'S PERCEPTION OF TIME. HOW IS TIME CONTROLLING OR OPERATING LIFE EXPERIENCE ???
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING: HOW DOES THE HUMAN ORGANISM KNOWS ABOUT ITS OWN LIFETIME? THE AGING PHENOMENON IS RELATED TO MAN’S PERCEPTION OF TIME. HOW IS TIME CONTROLLING OR OPERATING LIFE EXPERIENCE?

Bergson claimed that the Reality of Time is not a Unit of Measurement but duration in terms of life experience. How does the human organism knows about its own lifetime? The human organism experiences the Aging Phenomenon which is related to man’s perception of Time. How is Time controlling or operating life experience?  The physical reality called existence is controlled, is operated, or is directly influenced by events in man’s external environment, and the most important change in the environment is the alternating periods of light and darkness called Day and Night.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE ART OF KNOWING : THE HUMAN ORGANISM RUNS ITS LIVING FUNCTIONS AS IF OPERATED BY A PRECISE TIMEKEEPING DEVICE OR BIOLOGICAL CLOCK. MAN'S EXPERIENCE OF TIME IS RELATED TO SUN'S APPARENT MOTIONS IN THE SKY. MAN KNOWS THE REALITY OF TIME BECAUSE OF AN ILLUSION THAT CAUSES DAY AND NIGHT GIVING MAN THE PERCEPTION OF SUN'S APPARENT MOTION WHILE CONCEALING THE REALITY OF SUN'S MOTION IN THE MILKY WAY GALAXY.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING : THE HUMAN ORGANISM RUNS ITS LIVING FUNCTIONS AS IF OPERATED BY A PRECISE TIMEKEEPING DEVICE OR BIOLOGICAL CLOCK. MAN’S EXPERIENCE OF TIME IS RELATED TO SUN’S APPARENT MOTIONS IN THE SKY. MAN KNOWS THE REALITY OF TIME BECAUSE OF AN ILLUSION THAT CAUSES DAY AND NIGHT GIVING MAN THE PERCEPTION OF SUN’S APPARENT MOTION WHILE CONCEALING THE REALITY OF SUN’S MOTION IN THE MILKY WAY GALAXY.

Bergson may have used the term life force to describe the vital, animating Principle called Spirit or Soul. In my view, Soul is an animating Principle for it is fundamentally related to the functional ability called Knowing. Soul is a vital Principle for it is fundamentally related to the functional ability called Nutrition, the power of a living organism to exploit matter found in its external environment. The functional attributes of Soul are related to Knowledge that is inherent or Innate and not acquired as learned experience. Soul describes man’s intuitive ability to know the fact of his own existence in a given environment and to maintain that existence while experiencing the aging process under the external influence called Time.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE ART OF KNOWING : BLAISE PASCAL(1623 - 1662), FRENCH SCIENTIST AND RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHER CLAIMED THAT MAN IS INFINITELY REMOVED FROM COMPREHENDING THE EXTREMES ; THE END OF THINGS AND THEIR BEGINNINGS ARE HIDDEN.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING : BLAISE PASCAL (1623 – 1662), FRENCH SCIENTIST AND RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHER CLAIMED THAT MAN IS INFINITELY REMOVED FROM COMPREHENDING THE EXTREMES ; THE END OF THINGS AND THEIR BEGINNINGS ARE HIDDEN .

While writing about The Art of Knowing, I would like to remind my readers that certain things could be hidden from the human perception and man has no ability to know things even if he knows the reality of those things. Blaise Pascal, the French scientist who founded the modern Theory of Probability had claimed : “Man is a nothing in comparison with the Infinite, an All in comparison with the Nothing, a mean between Nothing and Everything. Since he is infinitely removed from comprehending the extremes, the end of things and their beginnings are hopelessly hidden from him in an impenetrable secret; he is equally incapable of seeing the Nothing from which he was made, and the Infinite in which he swallowed up.”

Which came first, the Chick or the Egg? Spirituality Science is not about knowing the Beginning or the Ending of things. Spirituality is about things that exist in the ‘Present’. The Physical Reality of Man’s Subjective and Objective experience of his lifetime is a functional attribute of Soul or Spirit which gives Man the cognitive ability called Knowing . If Devotion is used as a scientific method of Inquiry, ‘The Art of Knowing’ is about Knowing Man as a Spiritual Being. The concern is not about unknown past or future reality. The ‘Truth’ in any given statement must always have correspondence with present external reality.

Related Articles:

SPIRITUALISM – SELF AND THE KNOWING-SELF

WHAT IS LIFE ? LIFE IS KNOWLEDGE IN ACTION

WHOLE SPIRITUALITY – WHOLE ILLUMINATION

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE ART OF KNOWING : WHICH HAS COME FIRST ??? THE CHICK OR THE EGG ??? SPIRITUALITY IS NOT ABOUT KNOWING THE BEGINNING OR THE ENDING OF THINGS. IT IS ABOUT THINGS THAT EXIST IN THE PRESENT.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING: WHICH HAS COME FIRST? THE CHICK OR THE EGG? SPIRITUALITY IS NOT ABOUT KNOWING THE BEGINNING OR THE ENDING OF THINGS. IT IS ABOUT THINGS THAT EXIST IN THE PRESENT.

The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism

The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism

In 1965, while I was a student of Human Anatomy at Kurnool Medical College, I had the opportunity to know about Dr. J. C. B. Grant (1886-1973), the author of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. The 5th Edition of his Atlas was published in 1962 and was available in India in our Medical College Library.

Born in Loanhead (south of Edinburgh) in 1886, Grant studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and graduated with an M.B., Ch.B. degree in 1908. While at Edinburgh, he worked under the renowned anatomist Daniel John Cunningham. Grant became a decorated serviceman of the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War before moving to Canada. He established himself as an ‘anatomist extraordinary’ at the University of Toronto, publishing three textbooks that form the basis of Grant’s Anatomy. The textbooks are still used in anatomy classes today, and made unforgettable memories for those who found themselves in his classes nearly a century ago. One of Grant’s many accomplishments was establishing a division of histology within the department.

The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism

As a medical student, I used Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, the seminal work of Scottish-born Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant, who would become the chair of Anatomy at the University of Toronto in 1930 and retired in 1965.

Students continue to use Grant’s textbooks today, and for the more artistic anatomist there’s even a Grant’s Anatomy Coloring Book, published in 2018.

The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism

At the University of Toronto, Dr.McMurrich, Chair of Anatomy was succeeded as chairman in 1930 by Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant. Dr. Grant wrote three text books, of which “An Atlas of Anatomy” (published in 1943) rapidly gained international prominence and is still, one of the most widely used anatomical atlases in the world. It is now known as “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and is in its tenth edition. The atlas was based on a series of elegant dissections done either by Grant or by others under his supervision. Many of these dissections are currently housed in Grant’s Museum at the University of Toronto. 

The Rudi-Grant Connection is about knowing the man, the building blocks and the structural units and organization of the human body. To defend the human existence, the Rudi-Grant Connection lays the emphasis on knowing the person who is at risk apart from knowing the agent posing the risk.

THE IDENTITY OF MULTICELLULAR HUMAN ORGANISM:

The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

Daniel John Cunningham was born on 15 April 1850 in Scotland. After his initial schooling at his home town, Crieff, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh and passed with honours. He is best known for the excellent series of dissection manuals, namely Cunningham’s Dissection Manuals. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

I learned about the human body while dissecting the body in a systematic manner. The Manual of Practical Anatomy which guides us through this entire process was published in England. The author Dr. Daniel John Cunningham prepared the Manual while dissecting cadavers of British or Irish citizens. He had never encountered cadavers of Indian citizens. At Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, where I was a student, the Department of Anatomy obtains dead bodies from  Government General Hospital Kurnool and most of the deceased are the poor, illiterate, and uneducated people of that region. None of the deceased had the chance to know this man called Cunningham and Cunningham had no knowledge about the existence of these people who arrive on our dissection tables. But, as the dissection of the human body proceeds, inch, by inch, we recognize the anatomical parts as described by Cunningham. The manual also lists some anatomical variations and we very often exchange information between various dissection tables and recognize the variations mentioned. The dissections also involve slicing the organs and studying them, both macroscopically, and microscopically. We did not miss any part of the human body. So what is the Identity of this Human person or Human subject? How does the living Human organism maintain its Identity and Individuality? Apart from the Cultural Traditions of India, several Schools of Religious Thought claim that the Human Individual and its Identity is represented by Human Soul. Where does this soul exist in the human body? What is the location if the soul is present in the living person? Does man have a soul?

The Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism

TAT ASMI PRABHU - FIFTH MAHAVAKYA - MOLECULAR INDIVIDUALISM. MAN'S EXISTENCE IS DEFENDED BY MOLECULES CALLED ANTIBODIES WHICH CAN RECOGNIZE OR SEPARATE SELF AND NON-SELF PROTEIN MOLECULES.
THE RUDI-GRANT CONNECTION SUPPORTS THE RUDOLF-RUDI DOCTRINE OF MOLECULAR INDIVIDUALISM. MAN’S EXISTENCE IS DEFENDED BY MOLECULES CALLED ANTIBODIES WHICH CAN RECOGNIZE OR SEPARATE SELF AND NON-SELF PROTEIN MOLECULES.

The man exists in the physical world for his existence is essentially supported by unity or ‘Eikyata’ with ‘PRABHU’, or LORD God Creator. It is of great importance to note that man’s existence involves use of a creative mechanism that deploys unique molecules that establish man’s physical identity on a molecular basis. Man’s existence is ‘Conditioned’ for he has no choice other than that of existing as Individual with Individuality. Modern Science has provided tools to visually examine large molecules and experimentally verify individualistic variations in their behavior. For this reason, we have to know each man as a Specific Individual with Individuality.

TAT ASMI PRABHU - FIFTH MAHAVAKYA - MOLECULAR INDIVIDUALISM. DR STEVEN CHU, US SECRETARY DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DEMONSTRATED INDIVIDUALISTIC BEHAVIOR OF LARGE MOLECULES SUCH AS DNA.
THE RUDI-GRANT CONNECTION SUPPORTS THE RUDOLF-RUDI DOCTRINE OF MOLECULAR INDIVIDUALISM. DR STEVEN CHU, US SECRETARY DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DEMONSTRATED INDIVIDUALISTIC BEHAVIOR OF LARGE MOLECULES SUCH AS DNA.
The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism. Man exists as an Individual with Individuality. This Individual Nature of Existence is defended by Immune System that deploys unique molecules called Antibodies.
The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism. Man exists for he is united with Prabhu or LORD God Creator. Man’s existence is defended by a creative mechanism that involves deployment of Antibody molecules that distinguish or separate Self and Non-Self.

Knowing man’s identity and individuality demands understanding of molecules that defend human existence. For example, each antibody molecule bears two identical binding sites consisting of six b-loops.

At room temperature atoms and molecules in the air move about at breakneck speed. In order for them to be studied, they need to be slowed down or chilled. During the 1980s Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, and William Phillips developed different methods for this. When atoms come in contact with light particles with fixed energies, photons, their movement is affected as if they had been bumped. With the aid of laser light from different directions and adjustment of the photon’s energy for Doppler effects, the atoms can be cooled to extremely low temperatures and captured in a trap.

Nobel Laureate, Dr. Steven Chu (United States Secretary of Energy), former Professor of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University has described that molecules can exhibit a surprising degree of individuality. In experiments that examine the physical behavior of single molecules, Stanford researchers have discovered that identical polymers; long, flexible, spaghetti-like molecules that are found in everything from plastics to living cells;  UNFOLD in a variety of ways even when exposed to the same experimental conditions. Dr. Chu had stated : “We discovered it because we have developed the ability to visualize and manipulate single molecules.” He had further observed that, “Only by looking at individual animals you can get a true sense of  diversity of species.” Dr. Chu researched Biological Physics and Polymer Physics. Dr. Chu’s research in Polymer Physics made use of individual molecules of DNA to study Polymer Dynamics.

We define our identity in the natural world and defend our existence by deploying unique protein molecules. Our genetic code determines the protein molecules that we use. The genetic code is made up of  DNA strands that express Molecular Individualism. It arises from exceedingly small differences in the initial configuration of the polymer.

The Rudi-Grant Connection supports the Rudolf-Rudi Doctrine of Molecular Individualism. Study of Antibody Molecules will help in understanding the concept of ‘Molecular Individualism’.

NOBEL PRIZE FOR MEDICINE GOES TO CANCER THERAPY

2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine. My Thoughts on the Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence.

American James Allison and Japan’s Tasuku Honjo have won the 2018 Nobel Prize in Medicine for a pioneering approach to cancer treatment.

The Nobel committee said the pair’s research — which harnesses the body’s immune system to attack cancer cells — amounted to a “landmark in our fight against cancer.” The approach, known as immune checkpoint theory, had “revolutionized cancer treatment and has fundamentally changed the way we view how cancer can be managed,” the committee said.

Clipped from: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-45704322

2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine. My Thoughts on the Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence.

Image copyright SPL

Two scientists who discovered how to fight cancer using the body’s immune system have won the 2018 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.

The work, by Professor James P Allison from the US and Professor Tasuku Honjo from Japan, has led to treatments for advanced, deadly skin cancer.

Immune checkpoint therapy has revolutionized cancer treatment, said the prize-giving Swedish Academy.

Experts say it has proved to be “strikingly effective”.

Prof Allison, of the University of Texas, and Prof Honjo, of Kyoto University, will share the Nobel prize sum of nine million Swedish kronor – about $1.01 million or 870,000 euros.

Accepting the prize, Tasuku Honjo told reporters: “I want to continue my research … so that this immune therapy will save more cancer patients than ever.”

Prof Allison said: “It’s a great, emotional privilege to meet cancer patients who’ve been successfully treated with immune checkpoint blockade. They are living proof of the power of basic science, of following our urge to learn and to understand how things work.”

Treating the untreatable

Our immune system protects us from disease, but it has built-in safeguards to stop it from attacking our own tissue.

2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine. My Thoughts on the Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence.

Image copyright. Kyoto University. Image caption. Professor Tasuku Honjo and his team at Kyoto University

Some cancers can take advantage of those “brakes” and dodge the attack too.

Allison and Honjo, now both in their 70s, discovered a way to unleash our immune cells to attack tumors by turning off proteins that put the brakes on.

And that led to the development of new drugs which now offer hope to patients with advanced and previously untreatable cancer.

Immune checkpoint therapy is being used by the NHS to treat people with the most serious form of skin cancer, melanoma.

It doesn’t work for everyone, but for some patients it appears to have worked incredibly well, getting rid of the tumor entirely, even after it had started to spread around the body.

Such remarkable results had never been seen before for patients like these.

2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine. My Thoughts on the Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence.

Image copyright. Getty Images. Image caption. Professor James P Allison

Doctors have also been using the treatment to help some people with advanced lung cancer.

Prof Charles Swanton, from Cancer Research UK, congratulated the prize winners, saying: “Thanks to this groundbreaking work, our own immune system’s innate power against cancer has been realized and harnessed into treatments that continue to save the lives of patients. For cancers such as advanced melanoma, lung, and kidney, these immune-boosting drugs have transformed the outlook for many patients who had run out of options.

“The booming field of immunotherapy that these discoveries have precipitated is still relatively in its infancy, so it’s exciting to consider how this research will progress in the future and what new opportunities will arise.”

MY THOUGHTS ON THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR THE DEFENSE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE

Antibody Molecule helps in the study of the Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence.

The Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence. Man’s Unity with LORD God Creator can be learned from the study of Immunology. Each Antibody molecule bears two identical binding sites consisting of six b-Loops.

My ‘Theory of Man’ describes the Man as a Created Being. Man’s physical existence in the natural world in good health or ill-health always demands Man’s Unity (Sanskrit. ASMI) with LORD God Creator (Sanskrit. Brahman) for Man is constituted as a Spiritual Being. Man, the Rational Being is inclined to investigate the basis for the reality of his own existence. The reasoning for my statements is derived from the study of Immunology.

THE DEFENSE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE

The Study of Immune System helps in understanding the Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence.

THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR THE DEFENSE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE. NATURE OF HUMAN IDENTITY AND INDIVIDUALITY IS REVEALED BY HUMAN DEFENSE MECHANISMS.

An individual exists in the natural world by his biological abilities to defend his continued existence as an independent entity. This essay explores the physiological aspects of human existence and the defensive mechanisms that sustain this existence and the molecules which define and shape our INDIVIDUALISM. I had earlier described the Cultural aspects of INDIVIDUALISM while describing the Indian Identity. The term immunity describes the natural defensive mechanisms that give an individual the ability to recognize foreign proteins and foreign substances and neutralize or degrade them with or without injury to the individual’s own tissues. Immunology is the branch of science concerned with the body’s response to foreign agents and substances.

THE FUNCTIONS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

The Functions of the Immune System relate to the role played by unique protein molecules in the Defense of Human Existence.

THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR THE DEFENSE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE. ORGANS, CELLS, AND PROTEIN MOLECULES OF IMMUNE SYSTEM REPRESENT A CREATIVE MECHANISM TO OPPOSE, NEUTRALIZE, AND DESTROY FOREIGN INVADERS.

The immune system responds to invasion by the foreign organisms and their toxic products. This immune response is also described as active immunity. In the natural world, an infant is defended by molecules transferred passively across the placenta from the mother’s circulation during the fetal stage of development. The infant after birth may also receive passively protein molecules from mother when breastfed. This passive immunity defends the baby for several months and the baby further survives by developing its own immune system. Another major function of the immune system is the removal of damaged or dying cells. The immune system is also able to recognize and eliminate abnormal or mutant cells that frequently arise within the body. Using a system that is described as immune surveillance, the body recognizes and disposes of such abnormal cells which could result in the incidence of certain types of cancer. The immune system plays a vital role in protecting the body from bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites and helps to prevent certain types of cancer.

The immune system is very important and it is also very sensitive. The system’s very ability to recognize foreign substances may often result in undesirable reactions. Millions of people suffer on account of hypersensitivity or allergic reactions to fairly harmless substances present in the environment. Many individuals suffer on account of their sensitivity to proteins found in the foods such as milk, eggs, fish, wheat(gluten), and nuts that we consume. Sometimes, the immune system is misdirected and initiates an immune response against the body’s own cells or tissues producing a condition known as an autoimmune disease. While an immune system could cause some problems, we take full advantage of the system to defend ourselves from serious infectious diseases such as smallpox,polio,rabies, diphtheria, whooping-cough, measles, rubella, mumps, tetanus, typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, influenza and others by using vaccines and inoculations. Millions of lives are protected by routine use of vaccines and inoculations which help the body to become resistant to these infectious agents. We also use foreign proteins to protect the lives of people in times of a severe life-threatening crisis. We use blood, plasma, and sera( containing immunoglobulins secreted by animals) with utmost care to tide over an emergency. I used foreign immunoglobulins to treat snakebite victims and tetanus cases. The foreign proteins elicit a minor immune response and the situation is carefully monitored.

By being careless and reckless, and by polluting our food, water, air, and soil with dangerous chemicals, we damage our very sensitive immune system and this is contributing to a higher incidence of immune-related health problems in the population.

TYPES OF IMMUNE RESPONSE

Man’s Intelligence, mental work, and mental memory are not the “First Line of Defense.”

The Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence. The Fundamental Basis of Human Existence is not that of Man’s Intelligence, Mental Memory and Mental Functions.

The immune system defends human existence with a variety of cells and by the protein molecules known as immunoglobulins or antibodies produced by the immune function capable cells. The ability to recognize foreignness, specificity of the response, and the memory of the prior immune response are the key characteristics of immune defense. The immune system must be able to recognize the foreign agents and foreign materials in order to locate and destroy them. Specificity means that immunity to one foreign substance or organism does not provide resistance to another type of organism. Memory is the ability of the individual to develop an accelerated, enhanced, and long-lasting immunity after the initial attack by an infectious disease. The memory function described in Immunology should not be confused with the mental faculty called Memory. The body defends itself through two types of mechanisms which work together to protect our existence. 1. Humoral Immunity:- this involves the production of protein molecules described as immunoglobulins or antibodies.2. Cell-mediated Immunity:- It does not involve secretion of antibodies but requires direct physical contact with the foreign substance or agent. It also involves the use of other protein molecules which assist in the defense mechanisms.

HUMORAL IMMUNITY

The recognition of Self and Non-Self at the molecular level is the fundamental basis for human existence.

THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR DEFENSE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE. HUMORAL IMMUNITY INVOLVES DEPLOYMENT OF UNIQUE PROTEIN MOLECULES TO COUNTERACT WITH FOREIGN PROTEIN MOLECULES.

The cells known as Lymphocytes or B cells are produced in the bone marrow and circulate in our blood and are distributed to the various lymphoid tissues in the body, such as the lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, and Peyer’s Patches (Lymphoid Follicles) that line the small intestine. When stimulated by an infectious organism, production of lymphocytes increases and the lymphocytes are carried to the site of infection. Depending upon the site of infection, the lymph nodes of that region often swell up and are found packed with lymphocytes. The B cells produce chemical substances known as antibodies. These are protein molecules which are specifically generated against specific organisms. The foreign substance is described as antigen. The antibodies that are generated recognize their antigens with high affinity and extreme selectivity. The interaction of an antigen with its specific antibody involves only small areas on the antigen’s surface; these areas are known as antigenic determinants. Protein molecules are very potent antigens as they have several antigenic determinants. Many carbohydrates are also antigenic because they have antigenic determinants. The antibodies circulate in the blood. The simplest, most prevalent means by which the immune system defends the body against bacteria and viruses is by a combination of a specific antibody with the antigenic determinants on the surface of the invading organism. This interaction between antibodies and antigens produces an aggregate of cells called as an agglutination. The body has wandering scavenger cells known as Macrophages. The clumps of agglutinated cells are engulfed and digested by the macrophages. Antibodies also bind to toxic molecules given off by invading microorganisms and this reaction produces large, insoluble aggregates known as precipitates. These precipitates are also removed by macrophages. The virus after entering the body survives by its ability to invade or enter cells. Antibodies prevent the ability of the virus to infect cells by covering up and blocking the attachment sites of the virus.

CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY

Immunity and Immune Response involves the deployment of unique protein molecules.

THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR THE DEFENSE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE. INTERACTION OF CELLS AND UNIQUE PROTEIN MOLECULES OF IMMUNE SYSTEM DEFINES MAN’S IDENTITY ON MOLECULAR BASIS.

There is another distinct type of Lymphocytes known as T lymphocytes or T cells. T cells originate in the THYMUS and become localized in lymphoid organs. The immunity associated with T cells does not involve secretion of antibodies but through their direct contact with their targets or by the effects of secreted molecules known as lymphokines which help other cells to make the direct contact. There are four kinds of T cells. 1. The cytotoxic T cells
or Natural Killer cells or NK cells defend the body by destroying infected, foreign or cancerous cells. The other three kinds of T cells regulate immune responses by secreting messenger proteins known as lymphokines. 2. Helper T cells enable the other T cells and most B cells to perform their functions. The Helper T cells are destroyed by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients resulting in a depressed immune response that allows infection by a variety of microorganisms and the growth of some types of cancerous tumors. AIDS patients are very vulnerable to fatal infections. 3. Suppressor T cells dampen the immune response of the B and T cells. 4. The fourth kind of T cell is involved in certain kinds of hypersensitivity reactions. In a normal healthy individual, there is a balanced ratio of these four kinds of T cells to provide an efficient immune system for defense against all foreign substances. Macrophages and White blood cells known as neutrophils have the ability to engulf and digest particulate matter by the process of phagocytosis. They eliminate many foreign organisms and particulate materials that enter the body. The ability of NK cells to kill or destroy some cancerous or tumor cells is enhanced by two lymphokines known as gamma interferon and interleukin-1. Another lymphokine known as interleukin-2 activates the Lymphokine Activated Killer Cells or LAK cells which also have the ability to kill a variety of human tumor cells. Activated T cells also secrete a lymphokine known as Transfer Factor which is able to cause normal lymphocytes to release lymphokines or otherwise become activated and thus to destroy other cells. Transfer Factor stimulates the lymphocytes to develop normal immunity.

The Cytotoxic T cells destroy other cells by interacting with antigens present on the surfaces of the cell. They are involved in the attacks on tissues and organs grafted or introduced into the body, viral antigens found on infected cells and on chemicals that have entered the body and found attached to cells. T cells are involved in skin reactions resulting from contact with molecules found in poisonous plants like Poison Ivy, Poison Sumac, and Poison Oak.

ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION AND CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY

Identity and Individuality are determined by unique protein molecules of the human body.

THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR THE DEFENSE OF HUMAN EXISTENCE. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION AND IMMUNOLOGY. MOLECULES OF HISTOCOMPATIBILITY LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN (HLA) SYSTEM

T cells are involved in the rejection of transplanted tissues and organs. The chances of successful organ transplantation are improved by carefully matching the tissue or Histocompatibility Leukocyte Antigens known as the HLA system of the donor with those of the recipient. The protein molecules of the HLA Complex establish the identity of our body, its tissues, and various organs. They work to preserve the identity of the individual and to exclude the introduction or grafting of foreign material into the body. Even after careful matching, and selection of suitable donors, transplanted tissues or organs are usually maintained by using drugs that cause immunosuppression by which the normal immune response of the recipient against the donated organ is prevented.

BIOLOGICAL EXISTENCE

A normal, healthy immune system is vital to defend our biological existence. Immunodeficiency diseases, depressed or compromised immune system conditions such as associated with corticosteroid therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or exposure to certain types of toxic chemicals, and autoimmune diseases impose a heavy burden and threaten our existence. Medical interventions and treatment may help us but the quality of life is invariably compromised. A functioning immune system is important to defend our existence.

MOLECULAR INDIVIDUALISM

Immunology helps in understanding the Molecular Basis for Man’s Identity and Individuality.

The Molecular Basis for the Defense of Human Existence. Man exists as Individual with Individuality as his existence involves defensive mechanisms operated by independent, individual cells, and protein molecules which exhibit Cellular Autonomy. The cell is the lowest common denominator of all life. While the cell is functionally independent or autonomous or self-governing, it displays the abilities characterized by Mutal Assistance, Cooperation, Tolerance, and Functional Subservience to provide some benefit to the Individual who lives in the physical world.

The unique protein molecules that we deploy to establish our identity, and to defend our existence exhibit individualism at a molecular level. Molecules can exhibit a surprising degree of individuality. In experiments that examine the physical behavior of single molecules, researchers at Stanford University have discovered that when identical polymers, long, flexible, spaghetti-like molecules that are found in everything from plastics to living cells( the strands of DNA and other protein molecules)- they UNFOLD in a variety of ways even when exposed to the same conditions. Nobel Laureate Dr Steven Chu, former Professor of Physics, and Applied Physics at Stanford( former United States Secretary of Energy) has stated that: We discovered it because we have developed the ability to visualize and manipulate single molecules. ONLY BY LOOKING AT INDIVIDUAL ANIMALS CAN YOU GET A TRUE SENSE OF THE DIVERSITY OF SPECIES. He had researched biological Physics and Polymer Physics at single molecular level. He made use of individual molecules of DNA to study Polymer Dynamics.

The Theory of Evolution fails to account for our Molecular Individualism. Our body is unique and does not display any affinity for foreign substances and proteins and is actually involved in degrading or destroying such invasion by foreign agents and their products. The body has no evolutionary preferences and the vigorous response of the immune system has no bearing upon any presumed evolutionary connections between species. We need to look at each human individual to truly understand the nature of our Human Diversity. When we look at the genetic code, the DNA molecules that operate this code, we can understand the nature of our Molecular Individualism. A man comes into existence as an Individual and he exists an individual according to the Law of Individuality.

2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine will help us to develop a ‘Theory of Man’ by the study of unique protein molecules that play an important role in the defense of human survival. The Physical Being called Man needs the support of Spirit, Soul, or a Divine Agency to bring Unity between the cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems providing the structural and functional basis for Man’s existence.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.
BHARAT DARSHAN – THREE GREAT TEACHERS OF INDIA: IN SHANKARA’S ANALYSIS, MAN IS NOT SAVED BY ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE. MAN CANNOT DIRECTLY RULE OR GOVERN HIS OWN BODY FOR CELLS ARE INDEPENDENT AND ENJOY CELLULAR AUTONOMY.
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

ManO bhudhyahamkaara Chittaani na aHam,

Na Karnam, na Jihvaa, na cha Ghraana Netram,

Na cha Vyoma Bhumir na Tejo na VaayuH,

Chidaananda RuupaH  ShivO aHam, ShivO aHam.

WHAT IS INDIVIDUALISM?

The word individual is derived from Latin, ‘Individualis’-that which is not divided-an individual. Individualism can be defined as follows:1. a belief that stresses the primary importance and worth of each person and in the virtues of self-reliance and personal independence, 2. the principle or practice of maintaining individuality or independence of the individual, 3. the principle or habit of or belief in independent thought or action, 4. the conception that all values, rights and duties originate in individuals, 5. a doctrine that the interests of the individual are or ought to be ethically paramount, and 6. the pursuit of individual rather than common or collective interests. The doctrine of Individualism may support a view that the interests of the individual should take precedence over the interests of the State or Social Group.

Indian Culture views human existence in absolute individualistic terms and the legacy of Indian Culture could be described as ‘INDIVIDUALISM’.

THE FOUNDATION FOR INDIVIDUALISM:

Bhagavad Gita - Individualism
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

The Bhagavad Gita, Chapter II, Sankhya Yoga, verse 39, claims that the analytical knowledge derived from Samkhya philosophy gives the description of the nature of individual and individuality.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Chapter II, of the Bhagavad Gita explains this philosophy in several verses.Verse 11 claims that those who are wise lament neither for the living nor the dead.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

In verse 12, Lord Krishna states that there was never a time when He did not exist, nor Arjuna, nor all others in the battle field, and in the future there will never be a time when any of them cease to exist. Lord Krishna (The Supreme Individual Person) and also all other individuals are eternal persons.They existed as individuals in the past and they will continue to exist as individuals in the future.Their individuality existed in the past and their individuality will continue in the future without interruption. Lord Krishna clearly states that the individuality of all others will continue eternally. Hence, Indians do not accept the bodily conception of the living entities. Living entity is an individual soul and even though the body changes every moment, the soul does not undergo any change.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Verse 13, claims that the embodied soul continually passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth, and then to old age; similarly, the soul also passes into another body at death. By nature the human body is ever changing, and the soul is eternal.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Verse 24 states that this individual soul is unbreakable and insoluble. He is everlasting, unchangeable, immovable, and eternally the same.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Finally, verse 27 establishes the foundation for ‘Individualism’ by stressing that ” For one who has taken his birth,death is certain; and for one who is dead, birth is certain.”

THE SUPREMACY OF INDIVIDUAL:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

The primary importance of the individual is established by the Vedic statement “AHAM BRAHMASMI” which describes the True Identity of the Individual as that of Ultimate Reality known as Brahman. The following verse supports the idea that the Individual is a Whole entity as the Whole is derived from the Whole, perfect, Supreme Being:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Om, purna mada, purna midam, purnaat purna mudachyate

Purnasya purna maadaya, purna meva vasishtyate.

“That” (is an indefinite term to designate the Invisible Absolute) is Whole (Perfect Substance with Perfect Nature and Quality); “This” (the visible, the phenomenal embodied Soul) is Whole, from the (invisible) Whole comes forth the (visible) Whole. Though the visible Whole is derived or deducted from that invisible Whole, yet the Whole remains unaltered and both retain their Perfect Condition called Whole. The human entity is virtually trapped in a repeated cycle of birth, death and rebirth.The ultimate purpose of human existence is to achieve ‘MOKSHA’ (LIBERATION) or MUKTI (RELEASE) from this Cycle that is referred to as ‘SAMSARA’.

THE PRACTICE OF INDIVIDUALISM:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Individualism is built upon the value attached to knowing oneself. We are encouraged to look inwards and to reflect upon the nature of ‘SELF’. Self-Knowledge is considered to be more valuable than gaining knowledge of the material world.The following prayer which is known as ‘GAYATRI MANTRA’ is one such example of motivating Individuals to look inwards. Similarly, Socrates suggests, “Know thyself, and you will know the universe and the gods.”

 Om Bhur Bhuva Suvah, Om tatsa vitur vareynyam

Bhargo Devasya dhee mahi dheeyo yo nah prachodayaat.

The Individual while firmly establishing his Individuality also takes complete responsibility for his actions.The Individual bears the burden for his own actions.

THE JOURNEY TO ULTIMATE INDIVIDUALISM:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

The Individual strives for self-reliance, learns to minimize the importance of all external relationships and concentrates upon developing an intimate relationship with his personal God.The following prayer is one such example of an Individual’s journey on the path of devotion (BHAKTI).

Tva meva maata cha pitaa tva meva, Tva meva bandhu cha sakha tva meva,

Tva meva vidya, dravinam tva meva, Tva meva sarvam mama Deva Deva.

Devotion to God practically takes over, replaces and consumes the need for any other kind of external relationship such as man’s relationship to his mother, father, relatives, friends, and educational and material status.

THE GOAL OF ABSOLUTE INDIVIDUALISM:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

For the individual to win the battle of ‘SAMSARA’, to gain freedom from the cycle of birth and death, to declare victory over death and to finally reach the shore and complete the long and tiresome swim across the uncharted ocean, he is required to disentangle himself from the cobweb of relationships and set himself free. The following prayer known as ‘MAHA MRITYUN JAYA MANTRAM’ illustrates the point:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

 Om,Triyambakam,Yajamahe sugandhim pushti vardhanam,

Urvaaru kamiva bhandha naat mrutyor muksheeya amrutaat.

Such liberated Individual who had freed himself from all external relationships would be able to proclaim his True Identity and the following verse written by Shri Shankaracharya is an example of an Individual who had reached the Goal Of Absolute Individualism:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Na Mrityur, na Shankaa, na me Jaati bheydaH,

Pitaa naiva, me naiva Maataa, na Janma,

Na Bandhur,na Mitram, Gurur naiva  SishyaH,

Chidaananda RupaH  ShivO aHam, ShivO aHam.

Thus Indian Identity is none other than the identity of “SHIVA” whose Individualistic Identity is described as Sat+Chit+Ananda.

lord-rama-with-seetha-lakshmana-and-hanuman
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

In the Epic Poem of Ramayana, the concept of Individualism is vividly portrayed. Rama alone was required to live in the forest. He could have just refused to do so. No force upon earth could have moved Him but He made His own choice. Lakshmana made His own choice and accompanied His brother for a life in the forest. Rama made no decision about Seeta. He did not want her to accompany Him into the forest. Seeta made Her own decision. All of them express their own personal independence in unique manners.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism. The Man has no choice other than that of existing as an Individual with Individuality. His genome is unique and one of its own kind.

The doctrine of Individualism

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.
BHARAT DARSHAN – THREE GREAT TEACHERS OF INDIA: IN SHANKARA’S ANALYSIS, MAN IS NOT SAVED BY ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE. MAN CANNOT DIRECTLY RULE OR GOVERN HIS OWN BODY FOR CELLS ARE INDEPENDENT AND ENJOY CELLULAR AUTONOMY.
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

ManO bhudhyahamkaara Chittaani na aHam,

Na Karnam, na Jihvaa, na cha Ghraana Netram,

Na cha Vyoma Bhumir na Tejo na VaayuH,

Chidaananda RuupaH  ShivO aHam, ShivO aHam.

WHAT IS INDIVIDUALISM?

The word individual is derived from Latin, ‘Individualis’-that which is not divided-an individual. Individualism can be defined as follows:1. a belief that stresses the primary importance and worth of each person and in the virtues of self-reliance and personal independence, 2. the principle or practice of maintaining individuality or independence of the individual, 3. the principle or habit of or belief in independent thought or action, 4. the conception that all values, rights and duties originate in individuals, 5. a doctrine that the interests of the individual are or ought to be ethically paramount, and 6. the pursuit of individual rather than common or collective interests. The doctrine of Individualism may support a view that the interests of the individual should take precedence over the interests of the State or Social Group.

Indian Culture views human existence in absolute individualistic terms and the legacy of Indian Culture could be described as ‘INDIVIDUALISM’.

THE FOUNDATION FOR INDIVIDUALISM:

Bhagavad Gita - Individualism
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

The Bhagavad Gita, Chapter II, Sankhya Yoga, verse 39, claims that the analytical knowledge derived from Samkhya philosophy gives the description of the nature of individual and individuality.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Chapter II, of the Bhagavad Gita explains this philosophy in several verses.Verse 11 claims that those who are wise lament neither for the living nor the dead.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

In verse 12, Lord Krishna states that there was never a time when He did not exist, nor Arjuna, nor all others in the battle field, and in the future there will never be a time when any of them cease to exist. Lord Krishna (The Supreme Individual Person) and also all other individuals are eternal persons.They existed as individuals in the past and they will continue to exist as individuals in the future.Their individuality existed in the past and their individuality will continue in the future without interruption. Lord Krishna clearly states that the individuality of all others will continue eternally. Hence, Indians do not accept the bodily conception of the living entities. Living entity is an individual soul and even though the body changes every moment, the soul does not undergo any change.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Verse 13, claims that the embodied soul continually passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth, and then to old age; similarly, the soul also passes into another body at death. By nature the human body is ever changing, and the soul is eternal.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Verse 24 states that this individual soul is unbreakable and insoluble. He is everlasting, unchangeable, immovable, and eternally the same.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Finally, verse 27 establishes the foundation for ‘Individualism’ by stressing that ” For one who has taken his birth,death is certain; and for one who is dead, birth is certain.”

THE SUPREMACY OF INDIVIDUAL:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

The primary importance of the individual is established by the Vedic statement “AHAM BRAHMASMI” which describes the True Identity of the Individual as that of Ultimate Reality known as Brahman. The following verse supports the idea that the Individual is a Whole entity as the Whole is derived from the Whole, perfect, Supreme Being:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Om, purna mada, purna midam, purnaat purna mudachyate

Purnasya purna maadaya, purna meva vasishtyate.

“That” (is an indefinite term to designate the Invisible Absolute) is Whole (Perfect Substance with Perfect Nature and Quality); “This” (the visible, the phenomenal embodied Soul) is Whole, from the (invisible) Whole comes forth the (visible) Whole. Though the visible Whole is derived or deducted from that invisible Whole, yet the Whole remains unaltered and both retain their Perfect Condition called Whole. The human entity is virtually trapped in a repeated cycle of birth, death and rebirth.The ultimate purpose of human existence is to achieve ‘MOKSHA’ (LIBERATION) or MUKTI (RELEASE) from this Cycle that is referred to as ‘SAMSARA’.

THE PRACTICE OF INDIVIDUALISM:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Individualism is built upon the value attached to knowing oneself. We are encouraged to look inwards and to reflect upon the nature of ‘SELF’. Self-Knowledge is considered to be more valuable than gaining knowledge of the material world.The following prayer which is known as ‘GAYATRI MANTRA’ is one such example of motivating Individuals to look inwards. Similarly, Socrates suggests, “Know thyself, and you will know the universe and the gods.”

 Om Bhur Bhuva Suvah, Om tatsa vitur vareynyam

Bhargo Devasya dhee mahi dheeyo yo nah prachodayaat.

The Individual while firmly establishing his Individuality also takes complete responsibility for his actions.The Individual bears the burden for his own actions.

THE JOURNEY TO ULTIMATE INDIVIDUALISM:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

The Individual strives for self-reliance, learns to minimize the importance of all external relationships and concentrates upon developing an intimate relationship with his personal God.The following prayer is one such example of an Individual’s journey on the path of devotion (BHAKTI).

Tva meva maata cha pitaa tva meva, Tva meva bandhu cha sakha tva meva,

Tva meva vidya, dravinam tva meva, Tva meva sarvam mama Deva Deva.

Devotion to God practically takes over, replaces and consumes the need for any other kind of external relationship such as man’s relationship to his mother, father, relatives, friends, and educational and material status.

THE GOAL OF ABSOLUTE INDIVIDUALISM:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

For the individual to win the battle of ‘SAMSARA’, to gain freedom from the cycle of birth and death, to declare victory over death and to finally reach the shore and complete the long and tiresome swim across the uncharted ocean, he is required to disentangle himself from the cobweb of relationships and set himself free. The following prayer known as ‘MAHA MRITYUN JAYA MANTRAM’ illustrates the point:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

 Om,Triyambakam,Yajamahe sugandhim pushti vardhanam,

Urvaaru kamiva bhandha naat mrutyor muksheeya amrutaat.

Such liberated Individual who had freed himself from all external relationships would be able to proclaim his True Identity and the following verse written by Shri Shankaracharya is an example of an Individual who had reached the Goal Of Absolute Individualism:

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

Na Mrityur, na Shankaa, na me Jaati bheydaH,

Pitaa naiva, me naiva Maataa, na Janma,

Na Bandhur,na Mitram, Gurur naiva  SishyaH,

Chidaananda RupaH  ShivO aHam, ShivO aHam.

Thus Indian Identity is none other than the identity of “SHIVA” whose Individualistic Identity is described as Sat+Chit+Ananda.

lord-rama-with-seetha-lakshmana-and-hanuman
Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism.

In the Epic Poem of Ramayana, the concept of Individualism is vividly portrayed. Rama alone was required to live in the forest. He could have just refused to do so. No force upon earth could have moved Him but He made His own choice. Lakshmana made His own choice and accompanied His brother for a life in the forest. Rama made no decision about Seeta. He did not want her to accompany Him into the forest. Seeta made Her own decision. All of them express their own personal independence in unique manners.

Defining Indian Identity. The Doctrine of Individualism. The Man has no choice other than that of existing as an Individual with Individuality. His genome is unique and one of its own kind.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection explores the Perpetual Stream of Thought called Immortality

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths

    In 1965, while I was a student of Human Anatomy at Kurnool Medical College, I had the opportunity to know about Dr. J. C. B. Grant (1886-1973), the author of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. The 5th Edition of his Atlas was published in 1962 and was available in India in our Medical College Library.

    Born in Loanhead (south of Edinburgh) in 1886, Grant studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and graduated with an M.B., Ch.B. degree in 1908. While at Edinburgh, he worked under the renowned anatomist Daniel John Cunningham. Grant became a decorated serviceman of the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War before moving to Canada. He established himself as an ‘anatomist extraordinary’ at the University of Toronto, publishing three textbooks that form the basis of Grant’s Anatomy. The textbooks are still used in anatomy classes today, and made unforgettable memories for those who found themselves in his classes nearly a century ago. One of Grant’s many accomplishments was establishing a division of histology within the department.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths

    As a medical student, I used Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, the seminal work of Scottish-born Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant, who would become the chair of Anatomy at the University of Toronto in 1930 and retired in 1965.

    Students continue to use Grant’s textbooks today, and for the more artistic anatomist there’s even a Grant’s Anatomy Coloring Book, published in 2018.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths

    At the University of Toronto, Dr.McMurrich, Chair of Anatomy was succeeded as chairman in 1930 by Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant. Dr. Grant wrote three text books, of which “An Atlas of Anatomy” (published in 1943) rapidly gained international prominence and is still, one of the most widely used anatomical atlases in the world. It is now known as “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and is in its tenth edition. The atlas was based on a series of elegant dissections done either by Grant or by others under his supervision. Many of these dissections are currently housed in Grant’s Museum at the University of Toronto. 

    The Rudi-Grant Connection is about knowing the man, the building blocks and the structural units and organization of the human body. To defend the human existence, the Rudi-Grant Connection lays the emphasis on knowing the person who is at risk apart from knowing the agent posing the risk.

    The Identity of the Multicellular Human Organism:

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    Daniel John Cunningham was born on 15 April 1850 in Scotland. After his initial schooling at his home town, Crieff, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh and passed with honours. He is best known for the excellent series of dissection manuals, namely Cunningham’s Dissection Manuals. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    I learned about the human body while dissecting the body in a systematic manner. The Manual of Practical Anatomy which guides us through this entire process was published in England. The author Dr. Daniel John Cunningham prepared the Manual while dissecting cadavers of British or Irish citizens. He had never encountered cadavers of Indian citizens. At Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, where I was a student, the Department of Anatomy obtains dead bodies from  Government General Hospital Kurnool and most of the deceased are the poor, illiterate, and uneducated people of that region. None of the deceased had the chance to know this man called Cunningham and Cunningham had no knowledge about the existence of these people who arrive on our dissection tables. But, as the dissection of the human body proceeds, inch, by inch, we recognize the anatomical parts as described by Cunningham. The manual also lists some anatomical variations and we very often exchange information between various dissection tables and recognize the variations mentioned. The dissections also involve slicing the organs and studying them, both macroscopically, and microscopically. We did not miss any part of the human body. So what is the Identity of this Human person or Human subject? How does the living Human organism maintain its Identity and Individuality? Apart from the Cultural Traditions of India, several Schools of Religious Thought claim that the Human Individual and its Identity is represented by Human Soul. Where does this soul exist in the human body? What is the location if the soul is present in the living person? Does man have a soul?

    Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality:

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality
    TRIBUTE TO REBBAPRAGADA SURYANARAYANA MURTHY
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. Mother’s Date of Death: September 17, 1998. Father’s Date of Death: October 10, 2009.

    How can a man survive after his death?   

    This is not a discussion about “Afterlife” or “Hereafter”. This is not a discussion about death, resurrection and “Everlasting Life”. This is not a discussion about man’s historical legacy, his enduring fame after death, or about his perpetual existence in a Heavenly Mansion after his physical death. This is also not a discussion about transmigration or reincarnation of the human soul. The concept of immortality describes deathlessness or the idea of “Lasting forever”. In the material realm, everything that is born must die.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini – The Wave Theory of Immortality. The Indian tradition often compares the problem of transient human existence to that of beads of air and water that precariously live for short moments of time.

    The fleeting experience of human existence is often compared to the existence of an air bubble on the surface of a Lotus leaf. The material body cannot enter the immaterial realm. Only a “TARANG” or a Wave that is not attached to any physical or material entity, a Wave that is set free and remains in motion, could make the transition and journey into the immortal realm.   

    ‘TARANG’ – ABOUT RIPPLES, WAVES, AND WAVE MOTION:   

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. Ripples are undulating movements on the surface of water.

    Ripples are little waves or undulating movements on the surface of water when the surface is stirred or ruffled by a breeze. We can also cause ripples by dropping a pebble into standing or still waters. Ripple suggests movement and is the result of a disturbance in the prevailing calm. The word ‘wave’ also describes a ridge or swell moving along the surface of a liquid or body of water as a result of disturbance, as by wind.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini – The Wave Theory of Immortality. Light or Electromagnetic Energy and Sound Energy are propagated as Waves.

    In Physics, a wave is defined as a periodic motion or disturbance consisting of a series of many oscillations that propagate through a medium or space, as in the propagation of sound or light. Hence waves should be understood not only as the result of a disturbance such as the motion of an object, but also as a change in an electric current, or an alteration of an electromagnetic field. The disturbance is transported from one point to another by a wave, but the medium through which it travels does not undergo a net displacement.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. The understanding of Wave Mechanics.

    Wave Mechanics is the branch of Physics that describes the motion of particles, as atoms, and elementary or fundamental particles, by wave motion. In Physics, waves are typically described in terms of their frequency or wavelength; the distance measured in the direction of progression of a wave, from any given point to the next point characterized by the same phase. Quantum physics is the study of matter and energy at the most fundamental level. It aims to uncover the properties and behaviors of the very building blocks of nature.

    While many quantum experiments examine very small objects, such as electrons and photons, quantum phenomena are all around us, acting on every scale. However, we may not be able to detect them easily in larger objects. This may give the wrong impression that quantum phenomena are bizarre or otherworldly. In fact, quantum science closes gaps in our knowledge of physics to give us a more complete picture of our everyday lives.

    Quantum discoveries have been incorporated into our foundational understanding of materials, chemistry, biology, and astronomy. These discoveries are a valuable resource for innovation, giving rise to devices such as lasers and transistors, and enabling real progress on technologies once considered purely speculative, such as quantum computers. Physicists are exploring the potential of quantum science to transform our view of gravity and its connection to space and time. Quantum science may even reveal how everything in the universe (or in multiple universes) is connected to everything else through higher dimensions that our senses cannot comprehend.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. The concept of Mental Wavelength.

    In colloquial usage, the term Mental Wavelength is used to describe a way of thinking, understanding etc., The commonly used phrase of being ‘on the same wavelength’ describes a state of mutual understanding or accord.   

    What are ‘Thought Waves’  or  ‘Mental Waves’?   

    THE GENERATION OF THOUGHTS AND THE PROPAGATION OF THOUGHT
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. What are thought waves or mental waves?
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. What are thought waves or mental waves?
    BRAIN AREAS - GENERATION OF THOUGHT - VOCALIZATION OF THOUGHT.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. What are thought waves or mental waves?

    The word ‘idea’ describes something a person thinks, a thought, a mental conception or image. The word ‘concept’ refers to something conceived in the mind. But, ideas and concepts must be vocalized by the brain and otherwise, their existence would remain unknown. Brain has to generate thoughts and express them or communicate them in a manner that permits others to understand the contents of those thoughts.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini – The Wave Theory of Immortality.

    A brain at rest, calm or tranquil could be visualized like a pond of water which is still with no ripples and waves  seen. ‘Thought’ arrives like a disturbance and stirs up the resting brain. Thoughts arrive in waves and each represents movement of negatively charged ions or electrical activity and movement of electrical signals or nerve impulses between different areas of the brain. Just like in Wave Mechanics described in Physics, ‘thought waves’ have to move by wave motion, a series of electrical discharges before they find their physical expression.   

    THOUGHT IS A BRAIN’S CHILD:   

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini – The Wave Theory of Immortality.

    A thought that is conceived in the brain of a thinker could have an existence of its own. The thinker has to sever the connection between himself and his thought. A child is born, is set free to lead an independent and free existence when the cord that connects the mother and the child is severed. A ‘thought wave’ which is no longer attached to the thinker exists with an identity of its own.   

    “TARANGINI” – THE WAVE THEORY OF IMMORTALITY:   

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality.

    The word ‘TARANG’ means a wave or motion which is the property of a wave. The word “TARANGINI” means a moving, flowing, or running stream or river. The act of flowing gives the water a life of its own. The stream or river is alive as long as the water is flowing. If the thoughts, ideas, and mental conceptions of a person are propagated to another person; and if such propagation of ‘thought waves’ continues from one generation to the next, the wave is said to be in motion and the quality of being alive is imparted to that ‘thought wave’. I would like to draw an analogy between the fluidity that manifests as a flowing stream and the fluidity of a mind that lets a ‘thought wave’ to propagate. The attribute called ‘life’ exists as long as the wave continues to move and is in motion.

    The propagation of ‘thought waves’ across generational lines describes my ‘Wave Theory of Immortality’. There are numerous human mental concepts, ideas, ‘thought waves’ or ‘mental waves’ that are ‘immortalized’ and these ‘waves’ are still in motion, flowing from one generation to the next. The human identity may not be known as the human person who had originally conceived the thought and has set it into motion did not attach his/her physical identity to that particular ‘thought wave’. These immortal ‘thought waves’ have originated in the minds of men who always exist in relation to their physical environment. An immortal thought exists in the context of a human personality in whom the mental ‘disturbance’ took birth and has continued to survive, and has continued to move, and is still flowing through the minds of others who got exposed to this ‘mental wave’. I choose to define the “Indian Identity” in terms of such immortal thoughts that took birth in the Land of India known as Bharat. Human minds have conceived the concepts of Satya (Truth), Dharma (Right Conduct), Ahimsa (Non-Violence), Shanti (Peace), Paapa (Sin), Punya (meritorious acts),Punarjanma (Rebirth ), Samsara (the cycle of Birth, Death, and Rebirth), Aatma ( Human Soul ), Paramatma (Divine Soul), Vidhi (Fate), Karma (Action and its consequences), and various others which establish a specific relationship between the man and the physical environment in which he exists. Immortality as an idea is entertained by people of different cultures. In each culture, the idea is expressed in a different context. In the Land of Bharat, the idea of immortality is not discussed in terms of physical death, resurrection and Everlasting Life after the process of ‘Resurrection’. Immortality is not about perpetual existence in a Heavenly Mansion. In the opinion of Indian thinkers, the mortal body cannot be transported to a Heavenly Abode. Immortality is not about eternal or enduring fame. The fame belongs to a physical entity and it remains in the physical realm in relationship with the physical environment. In the Indian Tradition, the fame of an individual is considered to be eternal or lasting forever if it survives as long as water flows down the River of Ganga or Ganges. Indian thinkers have connected the concept of Immortality is to an unchanging Reality described as Sat (Truth) + Chit (Knowledge) + Ananda (Bliss). These immortal ‘thought waves’ have given us a group identity.

    River Ganga meandering through the Shivalik ranges near Rishikesh symbolizes my WAVE THEORY OF IMMORTALITY. Man always exists in constant relationship with his physical environment. Immortality is not about perpetual residence in a Heavenly Mansion. Immortality is associated with the idea of Ultimate Reality which is represented by SAT+CHIT+ANANDA. In this physical world, the Indian Identity is immortalized by the flowing River adoringly described as Mother Ganges.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality.

    We need to constantly remind ourselves that each mental concept has taken its birth in the mind of an individual and the immortal thought has moved away from the physical identity of that individual. These ‘thought waves’ or ‘mental waves’ would continue to flow across the Land of Bharat as long as water continues to flow in a River that is admiringly described as Ganga Maa or Mother Ganges.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. The Water Cycle or Hydrological Cycle demonstrates the connection between Earthly Existence and Cosmic Power.

    Indian Tradition has always visualized ‘thought waves’ as a running or flowing Stream or River. In the physical environment, a flowing or running Stream or River represents the perpetual hydrologic cycle or the perpetual Water Cycle, the cycle involving the evaporation from the sea, precipitation such as snow and rain, and the return flow to the sea. In relative terms, humans lead a transient existence, and the rivers stream until eternity.

    SHANKARA  –  IS HE DEAD OR ALIVE?   

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. SHANKARA – IS HE DEAD OR ALIVE ? “ManO Buddhyahamkaara,Chittaani Na aHam;Na Karnam, Na Jihvaa, Na cha Ghraana, Neytrey;Na cha Vyoma, Bhumir, Na TejO, Na VaayuH;Chidaananda RuupaH; ShivO aHam, ShivO aHam.”

    Adi Shankaracharya expresses his identity as that of SHIVA and that of SHIVA alone. He excludes mind, intellect, ego, and conscience from his identity. His identity is not related to human knowledge, and the human brain that exists in this physical universe. He excludes the sensory organs of hearing, taste, smell, and vision from his identity. His identity is not related to the human knowledge that is derived from sensory organs, or sense perceptions. He excludes Sky (Vyoma) , Earth (Bhumi), Fire (Tejus or Agni), and Air (Vaayu) from his identity. His identity goes beyond the limits of the physical universe and his identity transcends the ‘Immanent’ Realm. 

    However, Shankara is not excluding his ‘thought wave’ from the description of his identity. His ‘thought wave’, when detached from his physical body, is the bearer of his identity. His thought, the mental wave or ‘Tarang’ identifies itself as True Knowledge of Bliss which is personified as ‘Shiva’. This ‘thought wave’ that is set into motion is still flowing and this “TARANGINI” is still alive and it describes the quality of Immortality. Shankara is alive as long as the mental concept of “Shiv O Aham” continues to create mental vibrations and causes electrical discharges in the nerve cells of human brains and these invisible oscillations gain physical expression and is vocalized as the thought to describe the identity of the individual as “I am Shiva”, and “I am Shiva” and this alone is my ‘True Identity’.

    I would like to draw an analogy between the Fluidity that manifests as a Flowing Stream and the Fluidity of a Mind that lets a 'thought wave' to propagate.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. The perpetual flowing Stream. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality.

    Next time, when you look at a Running or Flowing Stream or River, let that ‘TARANGINI’ connect you ‘The Wave Theory of Immortality’.   

    A ‘thought wave’ which took its birth in a human mind begins an existence of its own and when the thought is expressed or vocalized it begins a journey of its own. The mortal human body just belongs to the physical realm. A ‘thought wave’ or TARANG that contains the True Knowledge of Blissful existence travels beyond the limits of materialistic realm and enters the transcendental realm. Its identity with a person described as Shiva makes it deathless or immortal.   

    The Rudi-Grant Connection promotes Immortality by coordinating the Mental Wavelengths. The perpetual flowing Stream. Tarangini. The Wave Theory of Immortality. Ripples are undulating movements on the surface of water. The word ‘TARANG’ refers to ripple or wave seen on the surface of water.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the Organ of Sight

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the Organ of Sight.

    In 1965, while I was a student of Human Anatomy at Kurnool Medical College, I had the opportunity to know about Dr. J. C. B. Grant (1886-1973), the author of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. The 5th Edition of his Atlas was published in 1962 and was available in India in our Medical College Library.

    Born in Loanhead (south of Edinburgh) in 1886, Grant studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and graduated with an M.B., Ch.B. degree in 1908. While at Edinburgh, he worked under the renowned anatomist Daniel John Cunningham. Grant became a decorated serviceman of the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War before moving to Canada. He established himself as an ‘anatomist extraordinary’ at the University of Toronto, publishing three textbooks that form the basis of Grant’s Anatomy. The textbooks are still used in anatomy classes today, and made unforgettable memories for those who found themselves in his classes nearly a century ago. One of Grant’s many accomplishments was establishing a division of histology within the department.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the Organ of Sight

    As a medical student, I used Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, the seminal work of Scottish-born Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant, who would become the chair of Anatomy at the University of Toronto in 1930 and retired in 1965.

    Students continue to use Grant’s textbooks today, and for the more artistic anatomist there’s even a Grant’s Anatomy Coloring Book, published in 2018.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the Organ of Sight

    At the University of Toronto, Dr.McMurrich, Chair of Anatomy was succeeded as chairman in 1930 by Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant. Dr. Grant wrote three text books, of which “An Atlas of Anatomy” (published in 1943) rapidly gained international prominence and is still, one of the most widely used anatomical atlases in the world. It is now known as “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and is in its tenth edition. The atlas was based on a series of elegant dissections done either by Grant or by others under his supervision. Many of these dissections are currently housed in Grant’s Museum at the University of Toronto. 

    The Rudi-Grant Connection is about knowing the man, the building blocks and the structural units and organization of the human body. To defend the human existence, the Rudi-Grant Connection lays the emphasis on knowing the person who is at risk apart from knowing the agent posing the risk.

    THE IDENTITY OF MULTICELLULAR HUMAN ORGANISM:

    Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    Daniel John Cunningham was born on 15 April 1850 in Scotland. After his initial schooling at his home town, Crieff, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh and passed with honours. He is best known for the excellent series of dissection manuals, namely Cunningham’s Dissection Manuals. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
    Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
    Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    I learned about the human body while dissecting the body in a systematic manner. The Manual of Practical Anatomy which guides us through this entire process was published in England. The author Dr. Daniel John Cunningham prepared the Manual while dissecting cadavers of British or Irish citizens. He had never encountered cadavers of Indian citizens. At Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, where I was a student, the Department of Anatomy obtains dead bodies from  Government General Hospital Kurnool and most of the deceased are the poor, illiterate, and uneducated people of that region. None of the deceased had the chance to know this man called Cunningham and Cunningham had no knowledge about the existence of these people who arrive on our dissection tables. But, as the dissection of the human body proceeds, inch, by inch, we recognize the anatomical parts as described by Cunningham. The manual also lists some anatomical variations and we very often exchange information between various dissection tables and recognize the variations mentioned. The dissections also involve slicing the organs and studying them, both macroscopically, and microscopically. We did not miss any part of the human body. So what is the Identity of this Human person or Human subject? How does the living Human organism maintain its Identity and Individuality? Apart from the Cultural Traditions of India, several Schools of Religious Thought claim that the Human Individual and its Identity is represented by Human Soul. Where does this soul exist in the human body? What is the location if the soul is present in the living person? Does man have a soul?

    Man can see Light. Can man see God?

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the Organ of Sight: Photoreception by human eye requires energy and the energy is acquired by oxidation of organic molecules created during the Photosynthetic process. Plants have the ability called Photoreception and yet they do not have the capacity called Vision. Man has the ability called Photoreception and performs the sensory function called Vision and yet he directly, or indirectly depends upon the photorecognitive abilities of plants that cannot see the products of their photosynthetic function.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the Organ of Sight. Tribute to Helen Keller and Her Miracle Worker Anne Sullivan Macy for Finding “Usefulness of Whole Souls in Imperfect Bodies.”
    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the Organ of Sight.

    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Man is Spiritually Blind

    Spirituality Science. Verification of man’s wisdom

    Man inclines to use his mental faculties of thought and introspection to formulate theories about God. Bhagat Namdev ji asks, “How could I make You (GOD) an object of thought?” However, man continues to claim intellectual power to gain Knowledge or Wisdom of God while man’s physical existence in Natural World depends upon Sense Perceptions that are not true. For example, man needs visual experience of Sunrise and Sunset without concern for Sun’s true or real motion in Milky Way Galaxy. Man is able to think, contemplate, and reflect upon realities of World for his physical existence is defended by lack of awareness of true or real nature of World, a very fast spinning object. Man exists in physical World for he is blind, ignorant, or unaware of realities of World.

    You can fool all the people some of the time:

    SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – VERIFICATION OF MAN’S SPIRITUAL WISDOM

    A person who claims that he had seen God and proceeds to instruct the ignorant is not anywhere near God. Man’s statements about knowing or seeing God need verification. I cannot support unverified statement using another unverified hypothesis. Man cannot know God using his wisdom, knowledge, or through any kind of learning experience like meditation or mental introspection. As Bhagat Namdev ji mentions, man perceives God by admitting his Spiritual Blindness.

    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Using ‘wisdom’, man cannot know God.
    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Man must not boast about his knowledge of God.
    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Knowing God is not an intellectual or academic pursuit. Devotion to God is not a mental exercise.
    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Man cannot rely upon learned experience, acquired knowledge, or mental gymnastics in search of God.
    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Discovery of God. Devotional Inquiry vs Rational Inquiry. Man’s reasoning power cannot help in discovery of God.

    On bhavanajagat.com

    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Man’s understanding of God is limited to description of God’s Kindness, Justice, and Righteousness.

    Verification of true ideas:

    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Dr. William James shares rules for verification of true ideas.
    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Man cannot claim intellectual superiority as basis for knowing God.

    Man cannot claim intellectual superiority as basis for knowing God. I appreciate man’s interest in formulating theories of God. But, I have to know the theory that is used to verify any given idea. Bhagat Namdev ji repudiates Hindu beliefs about God. It will not help me to know about Hindu ignorance. It will be useful to me if I know his Wisdom. He claimed seeing God. Indians in the past have not questioned or verified his claim. Bhagat Namdev ji was resentful of people’s lack of knowledge. In the past, people have not doubted his Wisdom. What is that he has seen?

    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom.
    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Man perceives God if he admits and acknowledges his ignorance or Spiritual Blindness.

    Spiritual Blindness of people about God has been expressed by almost all Bhagats, but Bhagat Naam Dev Ji has been most forceful on the subject.

    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Bhagat Namdev ji perceives God through Devotion or Bhakti and not by holding God as object of his thought.
    Spirituality Science – Verification of Man’s Spiritual Wisdom. Man perceives God through Ignorance and Spiritual Blindness for Man can only recognize God’s Kindness, Justice, and Righteousness.
    Spirituality Science. Verification of man’s spiritual wisdom.

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light

    Yes Indeed, Life is Complicated. The complexity of Life involves the Four Fundamental Forces operating in Nature. Fundamental interactions are irreducible forces that act between the elementary particles composing all matter. Physicists have distinguished four fundamental interactions: gravitational, electromagnetic, weak nuclear, and strong nuclear. Physics fails to account for the Fundamental Interaction between Living Matter and Electromagnetic Energy.

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light

    The Four Fundamental Interactions described by Physics do not account for the existence of Life on planet Earth. The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as a Fundamental Spiritual Interaction.

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light. Spiritual Optics.

    What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

    We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual Connection between Energy and Life. The Laws of Thermodynamics are important unifying principles of Biology. The First Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy, states that Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Spiritual Optics accounts for the capacity of photoreception and the term Spiritual Light refers to the creation of Light by God to begin the designing of Matter.

    WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE DESIGNER – PHOTORECEPTION:

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Photoreception is the biological responses of organisms to stimulation by light. Such responses to environmental stimuli demonstrate the presence of consciousness, the awareness of an organism of the fact of its own existence in a given external environment.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Photoreception is the biological response of organism to stimulation by light. Such responses to environmental stimuli demonstrate the presence of consciousness, the awareness of an organism of the fact of its own existence in a given external environment.

    Photoreception is the biological response of an organism to stimulation by light. It is not the same as the Photoelectric Effect which non-living matter such as metals can exhibit. Among living things, the presence of consciousness is displayed by their biological responses to environmental stimuli. In plants the primary photoreceptive response is described as photosynthesis, a photobiological process which leads to the conversion of carbon dioxide and water to the essential nutritive elements of all life using the energy of the Sun. Photoreception is the mechanism by which animals receive sensory information transmitted by light of different qualities and wavelengths. Just like photosynthesis, the function called vision is a vital photobiological process that is required to support existence. At a fundamental level, the visual function is concerned with supporting existence. Visual clues assist in finding food, to avoid threats to existence, and help to achieve reproductive success. Almost all organisms derive their food directly, or indirectly from the organic compounds formed within plants during photosynthesis. The stored chemical energy in those organic compounds is essential for growth, repair, reproduction, movement, and other vital functions. In animals, the ability of photoreception is dependent upon the chemical energy provided by organic molecules called Adenosine triphosphate or ATP that is produced by intracellular organelles called mitochondria which use the chemical reaction called oxidation-reduction to oxidize the organic molecules created by plants using photosynthetic energy. Thus photoreception is the fundamental photobiological process that maintains life on planet Earth. If God is viewed as the Creator of Light, Photoreception could be stated as the most important feature of a Whole Design to establish life on planet Earth. For the man has the capacity called vision, he should be able to visualize the Whole Design used by the Whole Designer, or Whole Architect, or a Whole Artist. The man gained insights about photoreception and the photosynthetic process over several centuries of careful observations and scientific experimentation.

    PHOTORECEPTION AND PLANT GROWTH:

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Aristotle, 384-322 B.C. Greek philosopher and Father of Science thought that plants grow by obtaining all the components from the soil. For several centuries this view remained unopposed.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Aristotle, 384-322 B.C. Greek philosopher and Father of Science thought that plants grow by obtaining all the components from the soil. For several centuries this view remained unopposed.

    It will be interesting to note that Aristotle, 384-322 B.C. Greek philosopher held the view that the plants grow by obtaining all the components from the soil.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Jan Baptist van Helmont(1580-1644), Belgian chemist, physiologist, and physician identified the gas carbon dioxide. He conducted experiments and proved that water provided the material for growth of plants.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Jan Baptist van Helmont (1579/1580-1644), Belgian chemist, physiologist, and physician identified the gas carbon dioxide. He conducted experiments and proved that water provided the material for growth of plants.

    Johannas (Jan) Baptista van Helmont (1580-1644), Belgian chemist, physiologist, and physician conducted experiments to show that water provided the growth material to plants. He studied gases, and identified carbon dioxide.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Stephen Hales(1677-1761), English botanist, physiologist, clergyman pioneered quantitative experimentation in plant and animal physiology. First to note the relationship between plant growth and Sunlight.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Stephen Hales (1677-1761), English botanist, physiologist, clergyman pioneered quantitative experimentation in plant and animal physiology. First to note the relationship between plant growth and Sunlight.

    Stephen Hales studied plant growth, plant transpiration, and found that air is necessary to the food-making process in plants. He was the first to note the relationship between the process of plant growth and Sunlight.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Joseph Priestly(1733-1804)English theologian and scientist used techniques to study gases. He discovered that plants release "dephlogisticated" air, the gas that Lavoisier later named as Oxygen.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Joseph Priestly(1733-1804)English theologian and scientist used techniques to study gases. He discovered that plants release “dephlogisticated” air, the gas that Lavoisier later named as Oxygen.

    Joseph Priestly, during 1774 studied gases and found that plants  produced a gas that he called “dephlogisticated” air. He stated that the most important equations for living things are mutually inverse. In terms of gases exchanged, the respiration of humans represented the reverse of what plants do. He had concluded that some of the mass of plants comes from the air.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Antoine Laurent Lavoisier(1743-1794), French chemist & physicist, Founder of Modern Chemistry named the gas discovered by Priestly as Oxygen. Lavoisier discovered the chemical composition of water and discovered the concept of Oxidation, a fundamental chemical reaction that chracterizes living functions.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794), French chemist & physicist, Founder of Modern Chemistry named the gas discovered by Priestly as Oxygen. Lavoisier discovered the chemical composition of water and discovered the concept of Oxidation, a fundamental chemical reaction that characterizes living functions.

    Antoine Laurent Lavoisier had correctly identified oxygen and discovered the chemical composition of water. He had described the role of oxygen in respiration.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Jan Ingenhousz(1730-1799), Dutch-born British physician is best known for his discovery of the process of Photosynthesis.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Jan Ingenhousz (1730-1799), Dutch-born British physician is best known for his discovery of the process of Photosynthesis.

    Jan Ingenhousz discovered that light plays a major role in the process by which green plants in Sunlight absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. In 1779 he published his study on the chemical effects of plant physiology: “Experiments Upon Vegetables, Discovering Their Great Power of Purifying the Common Air in Sun-shine and of Injuring It in the Shade and at Night. He found that light is necessary for the restoration of air quality, only the green parts of the plant actually perform photosynthesis while all living parts of the plant damage the air by respiration.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Jean Senebier(1742-1809), Swiss botanist, and naturalist. He had confirmed the findings of Jan Ingenhousz. Green plants consume carbon dioxide and release oxygen under the influence of Sunlight.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Jean Senebier (1742-1809), Swiss botanist, and naturalist. He had confirmed the findings of Jan Ingenhousz. Green plants consume carbon dioxide and release oxygen under the influence of Sunlight.

    Jean Senebier had published several papers on plant physiology: 1782 – Physico-Chemical Memoirs on the influence of Light; 1783 – Research on the Influence of Sunlight; 1788 – Experiments on the Action of Sunlight on Vegetation; and 1800 – Plant Physiology. He had established that Light is the agent responsible for the fixation of carbon dioxide and that oxygen is liberated only in the presence of carbon dioxide.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Nicolas Theodore de Saussure(1767-1845), Swiss chemist and plant physiologist proved Stephen Hale's theory that plants absorb water and carbon dioxide in Sunlight and increase in weight.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Nicolas Theodore de Saussure (1767-1845), Swiss chemist and plant physiologist proved Stephen Hale’s theory that plants absorb water and carbon dioxide in Sunlight and increase in weight.

    Nicolas Theodore de Saussure was a student of Jean Senebier. His published articles include; 1797 – Articles on carbonic acid and its formation in plant tissues; 1804 – Chemical Research on Vegetation; and 1808 – Biochemical Reactions in Plant Cells. He proved Stephen Hale’s theory that plants absorb water and carbon dioxide in Sunlight and increase in weight. He had also demonstrated that plants are dependent upon the absorption of nitrogen from soil.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Hugo von Mohl(1805-1872), German botanist did research on the anatomy and physiology of plant cells. In 1837 he had observed tiny, green organelles called chloroplasts that are found in the plant cells.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Hugo von Mohl (1805-1872), German botanist did research on the anatomy and physiology of plant cells. In 1837 he had observed tiny, green organelles called chloroplasts that are found in the plant cells.
    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Julius Robert von Mayer(1814-1878), German Surgeon and scientist recognized that plants convert solar energy into chemical energy. Oxidation is the primary source of energy.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Julius Robert von Mayer (1814-1878), German Surgeon and scientist recognized that plants convert solar energy into chemical energy. Oxidation is the primary source of energy.
    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Julius von Ferdinand Gustav Sachs(1832-1897), German botanist had greatly advanced the knowledge of Plant Physiology.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Julius von Ferdinand Gustav Sachs (1832-1897), German botanist had greatly advanced the knowledge of Plant Physiology. He had discovered that Starch is produced in Chloroplasts which were exposed to Sunlight.

    Julius von Sachs during 1865 proved that Chlorophyll was not generally diffused in all the tissues of a plant but instead was confined to special bodies within the cell which were later named Chloroplasts. His research during 1862-64 proved that the starch present in the chloroplasts is a product that results from the absorption of carbon dioxide, and starch is the first visible product of Photosynthesis.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Richard Martin Willstatter(1872-1942), German chemist received the 1915 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. He studied the structure of plant pigments and found that Chlorophyll is a mixture of Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Richard Martin Willstatter (1872-1942), German chemist received the 1915 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. He studied the structure of plant pigments and found that Chlorophyll is a mixture of Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b. He had discovered the similarity between blood pigment Heme and Chlorophyll.

    Richard Martin Willstatter studied the structure of Chlorophyll and other plant pigments. He found that the blood pigment Heme bears a structural resemblance to the Porphyrin compound found in Chlorophyll. He had also discovered the structure of many of the pigments of flowers and fruits.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Robert Hill also known as Robin Hill(1899-1991), British plant biochemist demonstrated "Hill Reaction" of Photosynthesis proving that oxygen evolved during the 'Light' phase of photosynthesis.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Robert Hill also known as Robin Hill (1899-1991), British plant biochemist demonstrated “Hill Reaction” of Photosynthesis proving that oxygen evolved during the ‘Light’ phase of photosynthesis.

    Robert Hill made significant contribution to the understanding of the photosynthetic process. During 1937, he had established the concept of light-activated electron-transporting photosynthetic chain to release oxygen from water.

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light.
    WholeDude - Whole Designer - Photoreception: Otto Heinrich Warburg(1883-1970), German chemist won the 1931 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology. He had the unique distinction of getting recommended for a second Nobel Prize during 1944. He researched cellular respiration and had also studied Photosynthesis.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883-1970), German chemist won the 1931 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology. He had the unique distinction of getting recommended for a second Nobel Prize during 1944. He researched cellular respiration and also studied Photosynthesis.

    In this story on Photoreception, I must mention the name of Otto Heinrich Warburg who investigated Photosynthesis and demonstrated that the process consists of several distinct steps and found that a variety of molecules are involved in the photoreaction.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception:  Melvin Ellis Calvin(1911-1997), American chemist received the 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. He discovered the pathway of Carbon fixation during the entire cycle of Photosynthesis.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Melvin Ellis Calvin (1911-1997), American chemist received the 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. He discovered the Path of Carbon in the entire cycle of Photosynthesis.

    Melvin Elvis Calvin worked with Andrew Benson, and James Bassham to trace the path of carbon molecule during the entire process of Photosynthesis.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Starting from 1930s attention is focussed upon the nature of biological electron-transport molecules involved in Photochemical reactions.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Starting from 1930s attention is focused upon the nature of biological electron-transport molecules involved in Photochemical reactions.
    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: The membrane proteins are important to make use of the function called Photoreception.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: The membrane proteins are important to make use of the function called Photoreception. Chloroplast is 4 to 6 microns in length, 1 to 2 microns in width, discoid or ellipsoid in shape. It is surrounded by two lipoprotein membranes. Inside the membranes form lamellae in a granular fluid known as stroma. The lamellae form disk-like structures called Thylakoids which are stacked to form structures called grana. The two phases of photosynthesis, 1. Light phase (absorption of light energy) and 2. Dark phase (Carbon fixation) take place inside the Chloroplast.  
    WholeDude - WholeDesign - Photoreception: Electron micrograph of Chloroplast.
    Whole Dude – Whole Design – Photoreception: Electron micrograph of Chloroplast.
    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Electron Transfer System of the Photosynthetic Photochemical Reaction.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Electron Transfer System of the Photosynthetic Photochemical Reaction.
    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Light Harvesting System to establish Photoreception as a biological function.
    WholeDude – WholeDesigner – Photoreception: Light Harvesting System to establish Photoreception as a biological function.
    WholeDude - WholeDesign - Photoreception: The membrane proteins of pigments involved in Photoreception involve the characteristics of intelligent functions or immanent actions that are distinct from mechanical actions.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: The membrane proteins of pigments involved in Photoreception involve the characteristics of intelligent functions or immanent actions that are distinct from mechanical actions.

    PHOTORECEPTION – VISION:

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light.

    The photochemical events in vision involve the protein Opsin and the isomers of Retinal. Nerve impulses are generated by changes in the shape of proteins. The activation of visual pigment called Rhodopsin causes the nerve impulse. The photoreceptor cells of eye absorb light through a layer of pigment and convert it  into a stimulus directed toward the nervous system where it is recognized. The pigment responsible for nerve excitation consists of the chemical compound Chromophore which absorbs light, and a protein complex known as Opsin. The Chromophore contained in all visual pigments is nearly identical. Variations in the range of wavelength reception by different pigments are the result of differences in the structure of animal proteins. To describe very briefly, the process of photo or light reception involves the conversion of the light stimulus into a nerve response which is caused by changes in the electrochemical equilibrium of cell membranes.

    WholeDude - WholeDesigner - Photoreception: Photoreception by human eye requires energy and the energy is acquired by oxidation of organic molecules created during the Photosynthetic process. Plants have the ability called Photoreception and yet they do not have the capacity called Vision. Man has the ability called Photoreception and performs the sensory function called Vision and yet he directly, or indirectly depends upon the photorecognitive abilities of plants that cannot see the products of their photosynthetic function.
    Whole Dude – Whole Designer – Photoreception: Photoreception by human eye requires energy and the energy is acquired by oxidation of organic molecules created during the Photosynthetic process. Plants have the ability called Photoreception and yet they do not have the capacity called Vision. Man has the ability called Photoreception and performs the sensory function called Vision and yet he directly, or indirectly depends upon the photoreceptive abilities of plants that cannot see the products of their photosynthetic function.

    Photoreception is an intelligent function that leads to immanent actions in which the living thing senses, grows, and develops performing those actions. Photoreception in living things is unlike the mechanical action performed by a camera made by man. Photoreception is created to synchronize the existence of the two major systems of life; plants and animals perform their living functions to complement the functions and actions of each other. Hence Photoreception could be described as the spiritual basis for all kinds of existence on planet Earth.

    Who is the Artist? Who is the Designer?

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light. Chlorophyll formulates the Spiritual Connection between Energy and Life. Who is the Artist? Who is the Designer? An artist uses colors with imagination to create forms and to generate a desired visual effect. A “Whole Artist” is a person who creates his own canvas, his own tools, his own pigments, and creates the desired visual effects while the forms that are created have no such creative and cognitive abilities.

    No single function can explain the coloration of living things. We need a comprehensive theory that predicts the lines and patterns of coloration of plants and animals. An artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances to produce the various visual effects of color that is observed. The optical mechanisms involved in the production of color are complex. Coloration is a dynamic and complex characteristic and the term must be clearly distinguished from the term ‘color’ which only refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. It is apparent that plants, and animals have no cognitive abilities to produce the coloration by which they are recognized. However, the coloration displayed gives us a clue about the nature of the “Whole Artist” who could be using imagination, has feelings for the forms created and seeks satisfaction from the visual effects that he produced.

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light.

    If a man has the ability called visual perception, he must use the ability to visualize the “Whole Artist” who is at work. I ask my readers to give attention to the three dimensions of Color Perception. These are, 1. The Designer or the Artist, 2. The Object of Perception, and 3. The visual capacity of the Viewer.

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light

    Simon Cyrene

    The Rudolf-Rudi doctrine of Spiritualism describes Photoreception by Plants as the perception of Spiritual Light.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the cancerous cell to explore the spiritual substance of the cell

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the cancerous cell to explore the spiritual substance of the cell

    In 1965, while I was a student of Human Anatomy at Kurnool Medical College, I had the opportunity to know about Dr. J. C. B. Grant (1886-1973), the author of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. The 5th Edition of his Atlas was published in 1962 and was available in India in our Medical College Library.

    Born in Loanhead (south of Edinburgh) in 1886, Grant studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and graduated with an M.B., Ch.B. degree in 1908. While at Edinburgh, he worked under the renowned anatomist Daniel John Cunningham. Grant became a decorated serviceman of the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War before moving to Canada. He established himself as an ‘anatomist extraordinary’ at the University of Toronto, publishing three textbooks that form the basis of Grant’s Anatomy. The textbooks are still used in anatomy classes today, and made unforgettable memories for those who found themselves in his classes nearly a century ago. One of Grant’s many accomplishments was establishing a division of histology within the department.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the cancerous cell to explore the spiritual substance of the cell

    As a medical student, I used Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, the seminal work of Scottish-born Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant, who would become the chair of Anatomy at the University of Toronto in 1930 and retired in 1965.

    Students continue to use Grant’s textbooks today, and for the more artistic anatomist there’s even a Grant’s Anatomy Coloring Book, published in 2018.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection studies the cancerous cell to explore the spiritual substance of the cell

    At the University of Toronto, Dr.McMurrich, Chair of Anatomy was succeeded as chairman in 1930 by Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant. Dr. Grant wrote three text books, of which “An Atlas of Anatomy” (published in 1943) rapidly gained international prominence and is still, one of the most widely used anatomical atlases in the world. It is now known as “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and is in its tenth edition. The atlas was based on a series of elegant dissections done either by Grant or by others under his supervision. Many of these dissections are currently housed in Grant’s Museum at the University of Toronto. 

    The Rudi-Grant Connection is about knowing the man, the building blocks and the structural units and organization of the human body. To defend the human existence, the Rudi-Grant Connection lays the emphasis on knowing the person who is at risk apart from knowing the agent posing the risk.

    THE IDENTITY OF MULTICELLULAR HUMAN ORGANISM:

    Dr John Daniel Cunningham (b. April 15, 1850, d. July 23, 1909), Scottish physician and professor of Anatomy. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    Daniel John Cunningham was born on 15 April 1850 in Scotland. After his initial schooling at his home town, Crieff, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh and passed with honours. He is best known for the excellent series of dissection manuals, namely Cunningham’s Dissection Manuals. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
    Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.
    Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand Man’s External and Internal Reality and its Identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems.

    I learned about the human body while dissecting the body in a systematic manner. The Manual of Practical Anatomy which guides us through this entire process was published in England. The author Dr. Daniel John Cunningham prepared the Manual while dissecting cadavers of British or Irish citizens. He had never encountered cadavers of Indian citizens. At Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India, where I was a student, the Department of Anatomy obtains dead bodies from  Government General Hospital Kurnool and most of the deceased are the poor, illiterate, and uneducated people of that region. None of the deceased had the chance to know this man called Cunningham and Cunningham had no knowledge about the existence of these people who arrive on our dissection tables. But, as the dissection of the human body proceeds, inch, by inch, we recognize the anatomical parts as described by Cunningham. The manual also lists some anatomical variations and we very often exchange information between various dissection tables and recognize the variations mentioned. The dissections also involve slicing the organs and studying them, both macroscopically, and microscopically. We did not miss any part of the human body. So what is the Identity of this Human person or Human subject? How does the living Human organism maintain its Identity and Individuality? Apart from the Cultural Traditions of India, several Schools of Religious Thought claim that the Human Individual and its Identity is represented by Human Soul. Where does this soul exist in the human body? What is the location if the soul is present in the living person? Does man have a soul?

    National Cancer Act of 1971:

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

     On December 23, 1971 President Richard Nixon signed the National Cancer Act to direct efforts to conquer the problem of cancer through investment in cancer research and biomedical science. After about 50 years of the signing of the National Cancer Act, we need to reflect upon the problem of cancer. The study of cancerous cell will help us to give our attention to the spiritual substance of the cell whose composition resists the changes caused by cancer which disrupts all other living functions of the cell.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    Cancer begins with a single mishap or mutation within the nucleus where 23 pairs of chromosomes on which 20,000 to 25,000 genes are scattered. Genes hold the instructions for regulating a variety of cell functions, and proteins carry out the instructions to perform these cell functions.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    Cancer is a problem associated with abnormal cell proliferation or cell divisions. Cancer study helps us to understand normal functions of cells and to learn about the instructions that tell the cells to grow or to stop growing to make new cells. Normally, cell division begins in response to a signal or instruction received. Cells have circuits or pathways to send instructions. Genes send signals to each other along pathways. When a cancerous cell divides, the new cells receive signals to continue proliferation or cell divisions with the characteristics of immortality. The immune surveillance system may detect the presence of cancerous cells by detecting unique surface marker proteins present on the surface of the cancerous cells and the cells of the immune system neutralize or kill the cancerous cells. The study of cancer provides insight into individual signaling pathways and mutations that are characteristic of cancer. 

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The diagnosis of cancer involves the identification of the cells involved, and their location in the body. For each type of cancer disease, there are many genetic variants. Each cancer has to be defined by knowing the genetic mutation that has affected the individual cell. For example, currently, cancer researchers have identified about 56 sub-types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Each sub-type has its own genetic signature. Cancer treatment involves the killing of cancer cells and the therapy may often cause damage or death of healthy cells and tissues. Cancer research is developing targeted therapies that specifically address cellular flaws and spare the normal, and healthy cells, and tissues.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    Cancer and the theory of human nature:

    The understanding of the problem of cancer would help us to answer the question: “What is Man?” We need to know and understand man if we have to fight the problem of cancer. Man is an organism represented by a biotic community of about 100 trillion individual living cells and ten times more of other living organisms that inhabit his gastrointestinal tract. The problem of cancer involves the study of the nature of biotic interactions among members of this biological community. If the members, the individual living cells interact in a manner that show characteristics such as mutual assistance, cooperation, sympathy, understanding, devotion, and functional subservience, man will keep his biological existence and the quality of this existence becomes an attribute of his health and well-being.

    SPIRITUALITY MEDICINE – THE ART OF MEDICINE: The integration of Structure and Function describes the Spiritual Basis for Health and Human Existence. By knowing the structure and function of the Red Blood Cell or Erythrocyte, we can establish the facts of Blood Circulation, the reason for the structure of the Heart and Lungs, their motions and their relation to each other and their relation to the Human Being who exists as an Individual with Individuality.

    In this context, I define the word ‘Spiritualism’ as mutually beneficial interactions between individual living cells of the human organism and the Whole Organism represented by the singularity called man. For example, the Red Blood Cells deliver Oxygen and remove waste products from other cells in the human body displaying the characteristics of a spiritual relationship or partnership. In the problem of cancer, we encounter cancerous cells that fail to display the chracteristics that I have mentioned. The cancer cells behave like an internal enemy; they invade the territory or space of normal and healthy cells and tissues. Cancer grows and causes both structural and functional changes in the tissues and organs where it is located. The cancer cells show the propensity to spread or invade the local and distant parts and sites of the body apart from occupying the place of their origin. Most of our medical interventions aim at destroying these enemy cells that threaten the biological existence of the cancer victim. The cancer variants describe the genetic variations found in the nuclei of cancerous cells and not that of any variation in the cytoplasm of these cells. This corporeal substance found inside the living cells is ‘spiritual’ in its nature where the word ‘spirit’ means the potential for immortality, imperishability, and immutability. This spiritual substance remains unchanged while the cancer disease affects the genes altering the structure and function of genes to deliver normal instructions. Man always comes into existence from a previously existing egg cell and inherits the maternal cytoplasm. Man survives because of the spiritual nature of this inherited maternal cytoplasm. Hence cancer research must explore the spiritual nature of man that has the potential to survive from generation to generation.

    Joy in Life, Love and Compassion in Heart:

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The spiritual well-being of man is reflected as joy in life, love, and compassion in heart. In health care, the term ‘comprehensive care’ describes the preventive, the diagnostic, the curative, the rehabilitative, and the restorative care of the entire person and not merely treating the symptoms of the disease. Cancer like several other disease entities imposes stress upon the human organism. The fear of premature death, the fear of disability or disfigurement, the risks imposed by chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery, the medical costs, and the loss of employment or of employability contribute to psychogenic stress. The human body is further exposed to physical and chemical stress because of the nature of medical interventions. Cancer as a disease causes ‘biotic stress’. The cells of the immune defense mechanism may detect the presence of cancerous cells and initiate a battle to destroy them. This immune response causes internal stress and very often there is no cortical awareness of this inner battle to defend life. The hostile biotic interactions between cancer cells and healthy cells produces a stress reaction which is mediated by the same stress pathways; the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway. A cancer victim would have a better chance to become a cancer survivor if he is stress resistant and has greater stress tolerance. The restorative care in cancer patients must commence as soon as the diagnosis of cancer is made as the body has already experienced the stress reaction before the clinical diagnosis of cancer is made. The understanding of the spiritual nature of man will offer tools to promote stress tolerance and stress resistance.  

    Man is a Spiritual Being:

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell. The Banyan Tree inspires the study of imperishable substance.
    The Banyan Tree presents a peculiar appearance for it has the ability to spread over an extensive area with the help of adventitious roots that grow towards earth from its branches spreading upwards and outwards. The growth and spread of the Banyan Tree is unlike the growth and spread of cancer which serves no purpose.

     THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE BANYAN TREE:

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The Hindu Scripture of The Bhagavad Gita, Chapter XV known as  Purusottama Yoga speaks about the nature of the Supreme Person. It metaphorically compares the Supreme Being to the popularly known Fig Tree called Ficus benghalensis. The first verse reads as follows:

    Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 15, Verse 1

    श्रीभगवानुवाच |
    ऊर्ध्वमूलमध:शाखमश्वत्थं प्राहुरव्ययम् |
    छन्दांसि यस्य पर्णानि यस्तं वेद स वेदवित् || 1||

    śhrī-bhagavān uvācha
    ūrdhva-mūlam adhaḥ-śhākham aśhvatthaṁ prāhur avyayam
    chhandānsi yasya parṇāni yas taṁ veda sa veda-vit

    śhrī-bhagavān uvācha—the Supreme Divine Personality said; ūrdhvamūlam—with roots above; adhaḥ—downward; śhākham—branches; aśhvattham—the sacred fig tree; prāhuḥ—they speak; avyayam—eternal; chhandānsi—Vedic mantras; yasya—of which; parṇāni—leaves; yaḥ—who; tam—that; veda—knows; saḥ—he; veda-vit—the knower of the Vedas

    The Supreme Lord Krishna said: There is a Banyan Tree which has its roots upwards and its branches down and metaphorically it is imperishable; and the Vedic hymns are its leaves. One who knows this Tree is the Knower of the Vedas (the person attains the Knowledge of the Ultimate Reality or the Supreme being).

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    When we know the Banyan Tree and its apparent imperishable quality, we may understand the true nature of Man. Man is a spiritual being. The truth or falsity of this proposition depends on the fact of man’s having a substance that is of spiritual nature. Such a substance of spiritual kind is perceptible to the senses, is amenable to direct observation, and could be subjected to verification by experimental science. To establish the fact of man’s spiritual nature, it needs reasoning based upon scientific validity. The structure and the behavior of things contribute to their individual being and function. If man has a set of defining features based upon his structure (Human Anatomy), function (Human Physiology), and behavior (Human Behavioral Science), the spiritual nature of man could be proved on theoretical and practical grounds and could be verified by scientific experiments. I am not seeking to discover a soul or spirit that could have existence independent of man’s physical being. However, it will be important to note that it is not possible to conceive of a soul or spirit if it is never associated with its human body. My purpose is that of describing the spiritual nature of human organism and of other living beings. To understand the true nature of human being, we need to ascertain the validity of Knowledge that pertains to the Spiritual Self.

    Man is a Mortal Being:

    Man’s greatest need is not only to know the world around him but also to know himself better. Man must understand what it is to be a substance and what it is to exist. Man is a physical being or thing with matter and form. The corporeal body of man is composite of two principles; matter, and form. What is called matter is potentiality, and what is called form is actuality. The corporeal substance called protoplasm becomes actuality and is recognized as a living person because of the uniqueness of its genome that operates its living functions and defines its size, shape, color, and external form or morphological appearance. However, life comes into existence only when matter or substance has the ability to acquire energy from its external environment. The human being comes to life when his corporeal substance uses its potential ability and power called ‘Nutrition’ to acquire energy and material from its environment.

    The Journey of the Egg Cell. The event called conception or fertilization must be followed by an event called implantation to sustain the life of the embryo and the growth and development of the fetus.

    Life begins with fertilization, the union of sperm with egg cell, and this event called conception proceeds to develop a human being after an important event called implantation. The life journey after conception continues if there is a connection between the energy seeking embryo and its maternal energy provider. To exist means that the substance is maintaining a relationship, a partnership, a connection, or association with its source of energy. Man leads energy dependent existence deriving energy and material from nature which supports other living forms with a similar corporeal substance called protoplasm. The mortality of man must be understood as the dissolution of man’s physical form. The dissolution of living man into non-living molecules and physical elements would not alter that potentiality of protoplasm to acquire energy and material to create its own substance. Things in Nature change with Time; but what is called Nature remains unchanged even under the influence of Time. As per The Laws of Conservation of Mass and Energy as described in classical Physics, mass or energy remain constant. The potentiality of living substance to acquire energy and material to form its own kind of substance has remained unchanged or unaffected by major natural calamities and other cataclysmic events. Life forms perish and yet life continues as new life forms. During the billions of years of existence, planet Earth has experienced several minor, and major Extinction Events described in its geological history. The Science of Paleontology offers scientific evidence to support an argument based upon theoretical and practical grounds to propose that the substance called protoplasm could be eternal, immovable, immutable, and indestructible. At a fundamental level, it could be stated that man is a mortal or materialistic being who derives his physical form because of its association with an imperishable substance. During any stage of his existence, the form called man cannot be separated from the eternal nature of its substance.

    The relationship between Matter and Form:

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell. The relationship between Matter and Form.
    Sequoia sempevirens. Man has officially designated this tree as the State Tree of California State. What is the connection between Man and Plants or Trees? What is the corporeal substance shared or common to all living entities?
    Sequoia gigantea is a massive tree. A living thing has a form and has matter. We often recognize the form and give it a name. What about the “MATTER” that constitutes the substance of this Living Thing? We need to understand the ‘potentiality’ of the Matter to know the nature of the Form. The Form has no independent existence of its own. The Form lives if and only if it has Matter that is living.

     WHAT IS SOUL OR SPIRIT ?

    Traditionally, man has been divided into two parts; body, and soul. In common usage, the term soul represents the immaterial aspect of a human being. Soul is further defined as that part of the individual which is considered to survive the death of the body. The term spirit is often used to describe a disembodied soul. On separation from the human body, the soul or spirit has a life of its own, a capacity for independent existence or self-subsistence which describes its immortality.

    The Conceptions of Soul:

    There are a variety of conceptions about soul or spirit. Some of the traditional conceptions of soul are the following:

    1. Soul is the immaterial substance, form, or principle of self-motion, vitality, life force, or life in living things. The insentient body is completely distinct from the sentient soul.

    2. Soul describes the Doctrine of the Self, and is considered to be synonymous with the True-Self. In a human being, soul confers the Individuality and its nature of humanity.

    3. Soul is often described as a thinking substance and is equated with mind. The soul has knowledge of itself by reflection of its acts. The soul is the knower and it knows the physical, and mental acts of the human body where it resides.

    4. Soul is important to maintain, and to preserve life. Soul may not directly participate in the activities of the human body. However, the activities of the human body may have a polluting effect on soul. If the soul is tainted or contaminated by the sinful acts of the body, the soul may obtain purification by its release from the body. Some form of human effort, activity, attitude, and behavior is essential to keep the soul in its natural, pure, and perfect condition.

    5. The soul that has experienced the polluting effects by its association with a human body would be forced to experience perpetual reincarnation by a process called transmigration. The soul continues to reside as a prisoner in different bodies until such time it attains its original state or condition of purity and perfection.

    6. Soul is a transcendental or noumenal object that is real but not visible and could not be detected by human sensory perception. The human body that is visible is in fact unreal or is a product of sensory illusion.

    The relationship between Soul and human body:

    Most religions and cultures speak about soul and describe it as some incorporeal or immaterial substance/principle of human life that is distinct from the body. Despite the frequent acceptance of the existence of a soul, different religions and philosophers have developed a variety of theories as to the nature of the soul and its relationship to the human body. There are divergent views about the origin of the soul, when and how it gets implanted into the human body, and the mortality or when and if the soul dies. I would like to share the view that is attributed to Lord Krishna, the avatar or reincarnation of Hindu God Lord Vishnu.

    Adhyatma Vidya – The Knowledge of Spiritual Self – The teachings of the Bhagavad Gita

    SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE KNOWER – THE KNOWING SELF : INDIAN TRADITION AND OTHER TRADITIONS OF WORLD DO NOT DESCRIBE THE PRECISE ANATOMICAL LOCATION OF SPIRIT, SOUL, OR ATMAN. THIS IMAGE DESCRIBES THE HIERARCHAL RELATIONSHIPS THAT MANAGE MAN’S MENTAL FUNCTIONS.

    The word ‘vidya’ relates to acquired knowledge or learned experience derived from studies and teachings imparted by an instructor. The term ‘adhyatma’ pertains to the individual soul, atma, or atman which describes the Spiritual Self. The phrase ‘Adhyatma Vidya’ could be described as the Knowledge of the Spiritual Self.

    The legendary IndianSage Veda Vyasa also known as Krishna Dvaipayana was the author of the epic poem The Mahabharata (Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty). Veda Vyasa is recognized as the compiler of ancient Hindu texts known as Vedas. In the Book VI of Mahabharata, Lord Krishna converses with Prince Arjuna while the warring parties of Pandavas, and Kauravas face off each other at the battlefield of Kurukshetra. Lord Krishna reveals His views about soul, human body and their relationship in “The Song of the Lord” known as ‘The Bhagavad Gita’. These poems of The Bhagavad Gita give a synopsis of the religious thought and experience of India through the ages.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The Chapter X of The Bhagavad Gita is titled ‘Vibhuti-Vistara Yoga’ and it describes the divine or transcendental attributes of the Supreme Lord. In verse 39, the Lord claims, “I am the generating seed of all existences. There is no being, moving or unmoving (Chara-acharam) that can exist without Me.”

    Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 10, Verse 32

    सर्गाणामादिरन्तश्च मध्यं चैवाहमर्जुन |
    अध्यात्मविद्या विद्यानां वाद: प्रवदतामहम् || 32||

    sargāṇām ādir antaśh cha madhyaṁ chaivāham arjuna
    adhyātma-vidyā vidyānāṁ vādaḥ pravadatām aham

    O Arjun, know Me to be the beginning, middle, and end of all creation. Amongst sciences I am the science of spirituality, and in debates I am the logical conclusion.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    In verse 32, the Lord proclaims, “….of all the branches of Learning and Knowledge, I am the Knowledge of the Spiritual Self (Adhyatma Vidya).

    Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 10, Verse 22

    वेदानां सामवेदोऽस्मि देवानामस्मि वासव: |
    इन्द्रियाणां मनश्चास्मि भूतानामस्मि चेतना || 22||

    vedānāṁ sāma-vedo ’smi devānām asmi vāsavaḥ
    indriyāṇāṁ manaśh chāsmi bhūtānām asmi chetanā

    I am the Samaveda amongst the Vedas, and Indra amongst the celestial gods. Amongst the senses I am the mind; amongst the living beings I am consciousness.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    In verse 22, the Lord describes the nature of His connection with the living beings that He creates, “…. and in living beings, I am Consciousness (Bhutanam asmi Chetana).” He also clarifies that Consciousness or Chetana is a different characteristic and separates consciousness from mental functions and mental activities such as thinking skills, intellectual abilities, and sense perception. Mind is traditionally viewed as the major organ of sense perception, seat of thoughts, intellect, emotions, feelings, and self-ego. Chetana is associated with the fundamental living characteristics of a living thing.

    The Lord also cites The Vedanata Sutra to make the distinction between the body, the soul, and the Supersoul. The Vedanta, the insights from Vedic Scriptures describe three manifestations of the Supreme Lord’s Energy. These are 1. Annamoya or dependence upon Food for existence, 2. Pranamoya or the manifestation of the living symptoms and life forms, and 3. Jnanamoya or the Knowledge of the distinction between the body the field of activity and the Knower who resides in the body. If a living being needs food for its existence, and performs its living functions in a state or condition called awareness or consciousness, it could be described as the manifestation of the Supreme Lord’s Energy.

    Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 7, Verse 9

    पुण्यो गन्ध: पृथिव्यां च तेजश्चास्मि विभावसौ |
    जीवनं सर्वभूतेषु तपश्चास्मि तपस्विषु || 9||

    puṇyo gandhaḥ pṛithivyāṁ cha tejaśh chāsmi vibhāvasau
    jīvanaṁ sarva-bhūteṣhu tapaśh chāsmi tapasviṣhu

    I am the pure fragrance of the Earth, and the brilliance in fire. I am the life-force in all beings, and the penance of the ascetics.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    In Chapter VII titled ‘Paramahamsa Vijnana Yoga’ or Knowledge of the Ultimate Truth, in verse 9 Lord Krishna claims: “I am the life force (Jivanam) of all that lives.” He demonstrates a connection between life and consciousness to describe the spiritual nature of Self.

    Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 13, Verse 3

    क्षेत्रज्ञं चापि मां विद्धि सर्वक्षेत्रेषु भारत |
    क्षेत्रक्षेत्रज्ञयोर्ज्ञानं यत्तज्ज्ञानं मतं मम || 3||

    kṣhetra-jñaṁ chāpi māṁ viddhi sarva-kṣhetreṣhu bhārata
    kṣhetra-kṣhetrajñayor jñānaṁ yat taj jñānaṁ mataṁ mama

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The Chapter XIII of The Bhagavad Gita titled ‘Kshetra – Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga’ deals with the dichotomy or distinction between the material body, immortal soul, and the Supersoul. It states the view that the material body is called the field of activity or Kshetra. One who knows this body, the field of activity is called the Knower of the Field or Kshetrajna. The Knower of the Field is the Owner of the body. The Supreme Lord is also the Knower of the field of activity in all bodies (verse 3).

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    In this human body, there is another indwelling obeserver, a sanctioner, a preserver, an enjoyer, and indeed ultimate Controller called ‘Paramatama’ or Supersoul. The Supreme Lord or Paramesvaram is residing equally in all living entities (verses 23, 27, and 28 ).

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    Just like the Sun who illuminates the entire living world, the soul within the body illuminates the entire field of activity of the physical body by Chetana or Consciousness (verse 34). This view as stated suggests that consciousness is the proof or the symptom of the presence of the soul.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    A similar view is shared in Chapter II titled ‘Sankhya Yoga’. The imperishable or indestructible soul pervades or permeates (tatam) the entire physical body (verse 17). What is spread all over the body? Consciousness could be described as spread over the entire body and it leads to the interpretation that the symptom of the soul’s presence is perceived as individual consciousness.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The final Chapter XVIII of The Bhagavad Gita titled ‘Moksha-Opadesa Yoga’ comes to an interesting conclusion about the Single Reality that pervades all existence that is divided into innumerable forms. Verse 20 reads as follows:

    bhagavad gita chapter 18 text 20

    Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 18, Verse 20

    सर्वभूतेषु येनैकं भावमव्ययमीक्षते |
    अविभक्तं विभक्तेषु तज्ज्ञानं विद्धि सात्त्विकम् || 20||

    sarva-bhūteṣhu yenaikaṁ bhāvam avyayam īkṣhate
    avibhaktaṁ vibhakteṣhu taj jñānaṁ viddhi sāttvikam

    “Understand that Knowledge by which one undivided, imperishable (Avyayam) reality is seen within all diverse living entities is in the nature of goodness (Sattvikam).”

    What is that undivided reality that is imperishable that connects all the diverse, living entities?

    The Body-Soul dichotomy:

    In the Indian tradition, the individual soul is known as Atma or Atman. The Supreme Soul or the Supersoul is known as Paramatma, Paramesvaram, or Brahaman, the Ultimate Truth and the Reality. However, the concepts about Atma or individual soul vary and Hindus belong to different schools of thought. While the concepts about individual soul are different, there is general agreement among various Indian thinkers and philosophers about the distinction between the material, insentient, and perishable human body and the immaterial, sentient, and imperishable or immortal soul. Soul is independent, and is not attached and it still requires the substance of the corporeal body. However, I am not able to draw that distinction and make that separation from the substance and its function. To describe function, I need the substance. Man lives and functions with consciousness because of the fundamental nature of the corporeal substance called protoplasm, and this substance is apparently imperishable, indestructible, and immortal. We could destroy the physical form of man and of several other living forms, but man or nature and the influence of Time have not demonstrated an ability to destroy this living substance which has survived on planet Earth continuously over billions of years. Man cannot create life and man cannot destroy life. Man can only live or exist because of the spiritual nature of his corporeal substance with which he can not seek separation until the time of his death. The substance has a life of its own and continues to create new substance of its own kind and becomes visible as a living life form with a different identity or morphological appearance.

    The Ground Substance of Spiritualism and Spirituality. The vital characteristics, the animating principles of Protoplasm could be known by observing Amoeba proteus. The Living Substance works as an organ of Motion or Movement, as an organ of Nutrition, and as an organ of Reproduction to generate new cells which have a life span of their own. In these physiological functions, I describe the characteristics such as Cognition, Consciousness, Memory, and Intelligence which have a Spiritual role as they bring functional unity and harmony in the interactions between different parts of the same individual organism while it exists in an environment as a member of a biological community.

    The basic characteristic of a Living Cell or organism is the presence of consciousness. I recognize a cell as a Living Cell if it displays functions that characterize the presence of awareness or consciousness. The Living Cell or Living Object need not be aware or conscious of the Subject who may be investigating or observing the properties of that Object. The Living Object need to be aware of its own existence and its condition called Living. Atoms and molecules display their properties and interact according to the Laws of Physics and Chemistry. Living organic molecules show individualistic behaviors under experimental conditions that could be repeated and be verified. The Living Cell is very selective and it responds in a variable manner to physical and chemical stimuli. It can communicate or send signals to other Living Cells present in its environment. It responds according to its internal condition in relation to the environment in which it exists. The interactions of non-living physical matter are not goal-oriented. The interactions of Living matter are goal-oriented and they specifically achieve the purpose of sustaining, preserving, defending, and continuing the Living functions.

    LIFE AND DEATH IS A CONTINUOUS PROCESS:

    When does Life begins? When does Life ends? Every Living Cell is derived from a previously existing Living Cell. Life has not experienced the final event called DEATH. Life continues its act of Living through a function called Reproduction. A given species is considered to be totally extinct only if there is no surviving member to represent that particular species. Death is a programmed event and it gives meaning to the Identity of a Living Object. The dissolution of a single Living Object should not obscure the fact that Life is a continuous process. Life continues as Living Objects get new Identities. It is very reasonable to expect that Life would continue after the death of a given Living Object. People all over the world are a witness to that simple and direct observation. During the Life-Death continuum, the connection between the Creator and the created Living Object is manifested by the biological function called awareness or consciousness. The presence of Soul is evidenced by the presence of consciousness. As long as the Soul is functioning and is united with the physical being, the presence of consciousness could be detected and could be verified.

    THE SOUL AND GOD CONNECTION: 

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    There has been no clearly defined and universally accepted metaphysical conception of the term Soul. It is a term rarely used with precise definition in philosophy, religion, or common life. In this discussion we face the problem of using words to which no definitive meaning is attached. If I make an attempt to define the word ‘God’, you may even speculate that I may belong to a new religious order. We need to come to a consensus even if an entity called ‘God’ does not exist. We need to formulate a view, a hypothetical view about Soul and test that hypothesis by countering it with a skeptical hypothesis. The Science called Physics deals with the properties, changes, interactions, etc. of matter and energy in which energy is considered to be continuous. In the ultimate analysis, matter is a representation of its energy content. The Science called Biology deals with Life and Life processes. While Life is made up of physical matter, Life processes are not explained by simple mechanistic interactions. However, I am willing to use the principles, the methods, and the tools used by Physics. Molecular Biology explains biological events by studying the molecules within cells; the molecular basis of genetics – Nucleic Acids and its relationship to energy cycling and replication. If this universe is seen as matter and energy, I would define God as the Controller of Force/Power/Energy. All living things are essentially made up of the same kind of living matter and yet they appear to be different. Life could be attributed to ONE common principle which has the ability to be simultaneously different. Each living object comes into a state of existence as a new object, as an original object, one of its own kind, unique, and distinctive. This morphological variation is an attribute of the organic molecules that establish the phenotype or the physical identity of that living organism. Physics provides those powerful tools to see the molecules and to recognize their individualistic behavior. Life comes into existence using a creative principle, and creative mechanisms that need inspiration, and imagination apart from the use of simple mechanistic laws. If Life is governed by the Law of Individuality, I would define God as a Creative Force/Power/Energy.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    A majority of these life forms that we know and have studied, have synchronized their state of existence with an event that produces alternating periods of light and darkness while that source of light is not being turned ‘on’ and ‘off’. Rather we are forced to experience the effects of an illusion. Sunrise and Sunset is the reality that governs a majority of Biological Rhythms that control the life processes. Illusion is the necessary condition for the biological existence of Life. If Earth’s rotational spin generates this illusion, God uses Force/Power/Energy to cause illusion. In the universe that exists today, to the extent we have verified; there are no two identical celestial objects that exhibit the same rotational spin. In this context, it may be said that the Force/Power/Energy called God has created Earth to provide a home to the life forms that He has created as Individuals. These life forms have the ability called reproduction and yet lack the ability of producing two identical new objects. Sexual or Asexual reproduction always results in the production of new Individuals which could be easily verified by using the Biometric Identification Technology. Even the clones, sharing identical genomes, in reality exist as individuals. This Individuality when investigated by the tools supplied by Physics, it is discovered that the organic molecules behave as Individuals and man is not able to modify that behavior. Under the same experimental conditions, the molecules behave as individuals. When we examine the nature of this biological existence, it indicates that life processes are supported by the provision of energy from an external source. The Living Cell is a thermodynamically unstable system. This means that without a continuous input of energy a Living Cell will degrade spontaneously into a nonliving collection of molecules. This lack of energy independence would direct us to define God as the Power/Force/Energy which delivers Compassion/Mercy/Grace which helps energy acquisition by energy dependent living organisms. Life forms on planet Earth exist depending upon an extraterrestrial source of energy or Cosmic Power/Force/Energy. Life exists because of its ability called ‘Association’. The act of associating, the state of being associated; the companionship, the fellowship, and the partnership is the defining feature of the State or Condition, or Act of Living. Association or patnership between energy seeker and energy provider could be described as God-Connection. Organisms that are single do not live as single cells but develop association with other single cells to form distinct Colonies. Organisms that are multicellular represent an organization of individual cells that are associated having common interests, purposes, sensations, etc., Since association has a purpose, in the context of biological existence, the association or connection, or partnership between the energy seeker, and the energy provider is a meaningful event and not a simple, mechanical, physical event governed by the Laws of Interactions between Matter and Energy. There are Four Fundamental Interactions and they do not regulate or define this Interaction between Living matter and the Cosmic Force/Power/Energy. Living matter uses and exploits energy in a creative manner to build organic molecules and to break down organic molecules. The life processes are very similar and yet the results are totally different. While using energy mostly following a similar metabolic pathway, each organism supports its identity and individuality.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    SOUL AND DEATH:

    The idea of ‘Soul’ always comes in the context of Death. If man is immortal, we will not be spending our time and energy discussing to verify the existence of an immortal principle. The human subject has a limited life span and it arouses a sense of curiosity about the existence of something that could defy Death. I am trying to define the word ‘Soul’ in a manner to promote an understanding that ‘Soul’ is immortal if we look at man as an Association of individual living cells. We need to establish the Identity of that Individual for whose purpose or interest this Association of Individual living cells exists. If we think of Death as a final event, it is not supported by factual evidence. In this Association, death is a daily event. We simply fail to acknowledge this daily event as there is an immortal principle that is escaping this death experience. The Individual thinks that he is alive and sustains his Individuality without getting overwhelmed by the dying process that is continuous. While the human organism is changing its external appearance and identity all the time, the Individuality survives if ‘Soul’ the vital, or operating immortal principle is functioning. The issue or question about ‘transmigration’ of Soul would not arise if every living organism exists strictly as an Individual with an Individuality. As stated before,man has no choice and he must always exist as an Individual even when we use Reproductive Genetic Engineering Technology to produce identical clones with the same genome. The dissolution of matter may not change the Law of Conservation of Energy. If Soul is defined as the God Connection that gives the ability of energy acquisition, the Soul when removed from a physical object to which it has given Individuality, would operate as per the commands of the Controller of Force/Power/Energy. It provides the possibility of carrying the impressions of a previous state of existence into a new state of existence with a new identity and Individuality. During the life span of a given Individual, an association of cells in which death is a daily event, Soul is a continuous principle as its purpose and interest is to maintain Individuality of that Individual.

     In a Living Cell, consciousness reflects its external environment and its internal condition or internal environment. The Living Cell knows, it is aware of its state, fact, and act of its Living. The Living Cell makes contact with its environment by using a cell membrane, a biological membrane, or a bio-membrane. If you carefully look at some of the functions of this membrane, you would discern that the Living Cell has consciousness or awareness of these functions. The Biological Membrane behaves in a conscious manner and it is not a simple, physical barrier between the Protoplasm, the Living Substance and its environment. If the term ‘soul’ describes a vital principle, or a source of Knowledge, it provides the information with which these functions could be performed. Some molecules and ions can freely move across this Bio-membrane and some are actively pumped in or out of the Cell that involves expenditure of energy. The Living Cell has the ability to recognize the condition of its nucleus, if the DNA is damaged, the Cell can initiate a process and cause its own dissolution.

    Red Blood Cells display functional subordination to serve the purpose of the Whole Organism. Functional differentiation, and Functional Unity are important to support the existence of the Subject or Individual who is in reality an association of trillions of cells.

    IDENTITY AND INDIVIDUALITY:

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.
    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The issue of spirituality, the nature of Soul and consciousness must be explored in the context of arriving at an understanding of man’s Identity and Individuality. If man is viewed as an association of trillions of cells, we need to know the Identity of that Subject who lives because of the functions of the trillions of cells. The purpose of consciousness at cellular level is to foster functional unity of the multicellular organism and to establish it as an Individual. In a multicellular organism, cells have short lives as individuals. The Subject or the whole organism has a life span of its own and it has effects on individual cells. Multicellularity is accompanied by adaptive subordination of all cells to the requirements of the organism as a whole. To achieve proper numerical balance between functionally related cell groups, the death of many cells is necessary for other cells to reach maturity. This programmed cell death plays an important role in embryological development. Such programmed cell death events are essential if the organism as a whole is to develop its normal final form. Waves of genetically driven cell deaths are critical to the proper modeling of organs and organ systems. We need to know and understand that death of cells is a must to establish the Identity and to sustain the Individuality of the human being.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    The dying process helps man to understand his Individuality. The Individuality is preserved while death is a daily event at the cellular level. The phenotype or the morphological appearance of the human Subject undergoes constant change during the Life journey and yet the Individuality remains unchanged.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    We recognize the death of this human Subject when his Soul departs from his body. Soul may be stated as an entity which is regarded as being immortal or spiritual part of the person. The Spirit of a dead person generally refers to a principle separate from the body and leading an existence of its own. If Soul is viewed as a Non-thing or Nothingness, it comes into the world of existence by entering the physical being at its conception which becomes conscious or aware of its existence. This consciousness has also existed in a previously existing Living Egg Cell which is the Mother of Life, Energy, and Knowledge. Consciousness by its very nature is immortal, it is eternal, and it has no birth or death. We recognize the arrival and departure of the new product during the Life-Death continuum where the Individuality is unaffected by the changes that are caused by the powerful influence of Time.

    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.
    The understanding of cancer leads to the understanding of the spiritual substance of the cell.

    Rudolf is reborn as Rudi to describe the spiritual connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider

    Rudolf is reborn as Rudi to describe the spiritual connection between Cell and its Energy Provider.

    Rudi acknowledges his German heritage at Whole Foods when he discovered the spiritual connection between man, food, and Providence.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Photograph, 1893. Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902).

    Whole Foods, Whole People, and Whole Planet are connected by a material substance called Protoplasm or Cytoplasm, a divine plan to provide nourishment to Life.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. The Discovery of Whole Spirituality at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor.

    The Rudolf and Rudi Connection at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor can be best described as the concept of Whole Spirituality, the three dimensional spiritual relationship between the multicellular human organism, food, and the Divine Providence.

    Rudolf is reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between Cell and its Energy Provider. The 3-Dimensional Spiritual Relationship between Man, Food, and God.

    Spiritualism – The Cell Theory of Spirituality:

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. The Discovery of Whole Spirituality at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor.

    In Biology, cell is the basic or fundamental unit of structure, function, and organization in all living things or it is the building block of life. Let me begin with my respectful tribute to some of the people who contributed to ‘The Cell Theory’, one of the foundations of Biological Sciences. Cells were first observed in the 17th century shortly after the discovery of the microscope. Robert Hooke, british curator of instruments at The Royal Society of London, during 1665 coined the word cell. Dutch microscopist Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) made over 247 microscopes and examined microorganisms and tissue samples. He gave the first complete descriptions of bacteria, protozoa (which he called animalcules), spermatozoa, and striped muscle. He also studied capillary circulation and observed Red Blood Cells.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Robert Hooke, british curator of instruments at The Royal Society of London coined the term cell during 1665.
    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Dutch microscopist Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek (1668-80) studied capillary circulation and observed Red Blood Cells.

    Improvements in microscopy during early 19th century permitted closer observation and the significance of cells had received better understanding. Matthias Jakob Schleiden (1838), German botanist, Theodor Schwann (1839), German physiologist, and Rudolf Virchow (1855), German pathologist, and others made important contributions to the Cell Theory that describes cell as the building block of all Life.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Schleiden, Professor of Botany, The University of Jena studied plant structure under the microscope, published “Contibutions to Phytogenesis” (1838). He had also published the two-volume text of ‘Principles of Scientific Botany’.
    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Schwann founder of modern Histology extended the Cell Theory of Plants to animals in his ‘Microscopic Researches into Accordance in the Structure and Growth of Animals and Plants (1839).
    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Schwann discovered Myelin Sheath covering peripheral axons, now termed Schwann Cells. He coined the term ‘Metabolism’ for the chemical changes that take place in living tissues.
    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Rudolf Virchow, German pathologist in 1855 coined the biological dictum “OMNIS CELLULA E CELLULA” – All living cells arise only from pre-existing living cells.

    The Cell is the smallest unit in the living organism that is capable of carrying on the essential life processes of sustaining metabolism for producing energy and reproducing. Many simple, small, single-celled organisms like Protozoa perform all life functions. In higher, complex, bigger, multicellular organisms, groups of cells are structurally and functionally differentiated into specialized tissues and organ systems. Thus, the Cell Theory includes the following foundational principles of the Biological Sciences:

    1. All living things are made up of cells. Cell is the most elementary or basic unit of Life. 

    2. Cell is a fundamental unit of structure, function, and organization in all living things including plants and animals.

    3. Cells only rise from division of previously existing cells.

    4. All cells are similar in composition, form, and function. All cells are basically the same in chemical composition (in spite of variations) in organisms of similar species. For example, all the solid tissues in the human body can be shown to consist largely of similar cells; differing it is true, but that are essentially similar to an Ovum.

    5. The cells exhibit functional autonomy. The activity of an organism depends on the total activity of ‘INDEPENDENT’ cells.

    6. Energy flow (metabolism and biochemistry) occurs within cells.

    7. Cells contain hereditary, biological information (DNA) which is passed from cell to cell during cell division.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider.

    The Cell Theory of Spirituality:

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. The Discovery of Whole Spirituality at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor.

    The basic or fundamental unit of life in the human organism is derived from the fertilized egg cell that eventually develops into a complete organism. The most significant feature of similarity between the cells of the human body is the presence of a soft, gelatinous, semi-fluid, granular material inside the cell. This substance known as Protoplasm or Cytoplasm, or Cytosol is similar to the ground substance found in the Ovum or the Egg Cell.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Human Ovum Structure – The Cell Theory of Spirituality is based upon the Substance, Structure, Form, Organization, Function, Action and Interactions of this Single Fertilized Egg Cell that eventually develops into a complete human organism.

    This viscous, translucent, colloidal substance is enclosed in a membrane called Cell Membrane, Plasma Membrane or Biological Membrane. A small spherical body called nucleus is embedded in the Protoplasm of the cell. The three essential features of any living cell in the human body are that of the presence of protoplasm, the nucleus, and the cell membrane.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider.

    Protoplasm – The Ground Substance of Spiritualism and Spirituality:

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to Describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider.

    I seek the existence of Soul or Spirit in a substance that is basic to life activities, and in a material that is responsible for all living processes. I, therefore, propose that the understanding of the true or real nature of this ground substance of all living matter will help man to discover peace, harmony, and tranquility in all of his internal and external relationships while man exists in a physical environment as a member of a social group, social community, and Society. In this blog post, I would like to pay my respectful tribute to Jan Evangelista Purkinje and Hugo Von Mohl for their great contribution to the scientific understanding of the living substance, living material, and living matter.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Jan Evangelista Purkyne (Czech name), Jan Evangelista Purkinje (German name)also known as Johannes Evangelist Purkinje, b. December 17, 1787, d. July 28, 1869. The pioneer Czech experimental Physiologist whose investigations in the fields of Histology, Embryology,and Pharmacology helped create a modern understanding of the eye and vision, brain and heart function, mammalian reproduction, and the composition of cells.

    Purkinje conducted his research on human vision at the University of Prague and later on, he served there as a Professor of Physiology (1850-69). He went to Germany and was appointed the Chair of Physiology and Pathology (1823-50) at the University of Breslau, Prussia. There Purkinje created the world’s first independent Department of Physiology (1839) and the first Physiological Laboratory (Physiological Institute, 1842). He is best known for his discovery of large nerve cells with many branching extensions found in the cortex of Cerebellum of the brain (Purkinje Cells, 1837). He discovered the fibrous tissue that conducts electrical impulses from the ‘pacemaker’ called Atrioventricular node or A-V node along the inside walls of the ventricles to all parts of the heart to help in Cardiac contractile function (Purkinje Fibers, 1839). In 1835, he invented and introduced the scientific term ‘Protoplasm’ to describe the ground substance found inside young animal embryo cells. He discovered the sweat glands of the skin (1833); he discovered the nine configuration groups of Fingerprints used in biometric identification of man (1823); he described the germinal vesicle or nucleus of the unripe ovum that now bears his name (1825), and he noted the protein digesting power of pancreatic extracts (1836).

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Hugo Von Mohl, b. April 08, 1805, d. April 01, 1872, German Botanist noted for his research on the anatomy and physiology of plant cells.

    Hugo Von Mohl named the granular, colloidal material that made up the main substance of the plant cell as “Protoplasm” in 1846. Purkinje invented the word, but Hugo gave more clarity, understanding, and knowing the nature of this ground substance. He viewed cell as an “elementary organ” and in Physiology he explained Protoplasm as an organ of Motion or Movement, Nutrition, and Reproduction. It is the preliminary material in cellular generation. He was the first to propose that new cells are formed by division of preexisting cells and he had observed this process of Cell Division in the algal cells of Conferva glomerata. His observations are very important to understand the Cell Theory that explains cells as the basic building blocks of Life. He was the first to investigate the phenomenon of the stomatal openings in leaves.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. The Ground Substance of Spiritualism and Spirituality. The vital characteristics, the animating principles of Protoplasm could be known by observing Amoeba proteus. The Living Substance works as an organ of Motion or Movement, as an organ of Nutrition, and as an organ of Reproduction to generate new cells which have a life span of their own. In these physiological functions, I describe the characteristics such as Cognition, Consciousness, Memory, and Intelligence which have a Spiritual role as they bring functional unity and harmony in the interactions between different parts of the same individual organism while it exists in an environment as a member of a biological community.

    Protoplasm is a complex, viscous, translucent solution of such materials as salts and simple sugars with other molecules, mostly proteins and fats, in a colloidal state, that is dispersed but not dissolved in one another. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen constitute more than 90 percent of Protoplasm.

    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.
    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.

    It exhibits properties such as Protoplasmic Streaming or Cytoplasmic Streaming or Motion that is called “Amoeboid Movement.” It has the intrinsic power to change its shape and position.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. The importance of Protoplasmic or Cytoplasmic Streaming is displayed in the transportation of Neuropeptides from the sites of their Synthesis to the sites of their action at the axon terminal of the Nerve Cells.

    Protoplasm has the power of Nutrition by which it can attract and obtain the materials necessary for its growth and maintenance from surrounding matter/environment.

    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.

    The living functions such as Nutrition, Cellular Respiration, and Reproduction performed by Cytoplasm involve acquiring, processing, retaining, and using information to perform tasks in a sequential manner for a predetermined purpose and hence describe Consciousness, Memory, and Intelligence.

    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality. Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.
    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.
    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.

    The terms Soul and Spirit belong to the materialistic realm where the Physical Reality of man’s biological existence is established. I have not yet discovered any good reason to use the terms Soul and Spirit as a metaphysical or transcendental Reality.

    The Inheritance of Cytoplasmic Membrane or Cell or Plasma Membrane:

    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality. Living cells have a corporeal substance called Protoplasm that has the ability of Spiritual Biotic Interactions. The Biological Membrane or Cell Membrane separates the cell from its environment and other living cells present in the environment. Cells use unique proteins, biological molecules and receptor sites to recognize the other living cells and use chemical signals to facilitate the interactions. Such interactions between living cells have the characteristics of consciousness or awareness.
    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality. Cytoplasmic Membrane or Cell Membrane is an integral feature of Cytoplasm, a limiting membrane devised by Cytoplasm to create boundaries to perform its numerous living functions.

    The Functions of Cytoplasmic Membrane or Cell Membrane or Biological Membrane:

    1. Protection: It protects the cell from its surroundings or extracellular environment. Plant cell possess wall over the plasma membrane for extra protection and support. 

    2. Holding cell contents: Plasma membranes hold the semi fluid protoplasmic contents of the cell intact; thus keeping the individuality of the cell.

    3. Selective Permeability: Cell membrane allows only selected or specific substances to enter into the cell and are impermeable to others. 

    • Gases like O2 and CO2 can diffuse rapidly in solution through membranes.
    • Small compounds like H2O and methane can easily pass through where as sugars, amino acids and charged ions are transported with the help of transport proteins.
    • The size of the molecules which can pass through the plasma membrane is 1-15 A0. This property is responsible for keeping a cell ‘as a cell’, an individual unit. 

    4. Shape: It maintains form and shape of the cell. It serves as site of anchorage or attachment of the cytoskeleton; thus providing shape to the cell (especially in animal cells without cell wall). 

    5. Organelles: Cell membrane delimits or covers all sub-cellular structures or organelles like nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, microbodies etc. thus protecting them form the surroundings and also helps in maintaining a constant internal environment.

    6. Compartmentalization: Cell membrane separate the cells from their external environment and cell organelle from cytosol. It help the cells and their organelles to have their own microenvironments, structural and functional individuality. 

    7. Cell Recognition: With the help of glycolipids and glycoproteins on its surface, cell membranes are able to differentiate similar cells from dissimilar ones, foreign substances and cells own materials. Cell recognition is useful for tissue formation and defence against microbes. 

    8. Antigens: Cell membranes possess antigens which determine blood grouping, immune response, acceptance or rejection of a transplant (graft rejection by MHC’s on plasma membrane). 

    9. Microvilli: They are microscopic finger like projections of plasma membrane present on some cells like intestinal epithelial cells, which are involved in a wide variety of functions, including increasing surface area for absorption, secretion, cellular adhesion etc.

    10. Sheaths of cilia and flagella: Cilia and flagella are projections from the cell; made up of microtubules which are covered by an extension of the plasma membrane.

    11. Cytoplasmic bridges in plasmodesmata and gap junctions: Plasmodesmata in plant cells and gap junctions in animal cells; meant for intercellular transport and communication, form cytoplasmic bridges between adjacent cells through plasma membrane.

    12. Endocytosis and Exocytosis: Bulk intake of materials or endocytosis occurs through development of membrane vesicles or invagination and engulfing by plasma membrane.

    Exocytosis: It is reverse of endocytosis that provides for releasing waste products and secretory materials ot of the cells with the help of plasma membrane. 

    13. Impulse transmission in neurons: The transmission of a nerve impulse along a neuron from one end to the other occurs as a result of electrical changes across the plasma membrane of the neuron

    14. Cell metabolism: Cell membranes control cell metabolism through selective permeability and retentivity of substances in a cell. 

    15. Electron transport chain in bacteria: In bacteria; Electron transport chain is located in cell membrane.

    16. Osmosis through cell membrane: It is movement of solvent molecules (generally water) from the region of less concentrated solution to the region of high concentrated solution through a semi permeable membrane. Here the semi permeable membrane that helps in osmosis is the cell membrane. Eg: Root cells take up water from the soil by osmosis 

    17. Carrier proteins for active transport: They occur in the cell membranes and control active transport of substances. Example, GLUT1 is a named carrier protein found in almost all animal cell membranes that transports glucose across the bilayer or plasma membrane.

    18. Plasma Membrane enzymes: Many enzymes are present on the plasma membrane with wide variety of catalytic activity. Example: Red blood cell plasma membranes contain a number of enzymes such as ATPases, anion transport protein, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, protein kinases, adenylate cyclase, acetylcholinesterase.

    19. Cell Membrane Receptors: Receptor on the plasma membrane performs signal transduction, converting an extracellular signal into an intra-cellular signal. Membrane possess receptors for hormones, neurotransmitters, antibodies and several other biochemicals.

    20. Plasma membrane assisted Cell movements: Undulation and pseudopodia are cell membrane phenomenon involved in cell movement. Amoeba, macrophages and WBCs move with the helps of temporary organelles like pseudopodia. Pseudopods are temporary cytoplasmic projections of the cell membrane in certain unicellular protists such as Amoeba. Some mammalian cells such as fibroblasts can move over a solid surface by wave like undulations of the plasma membrane.

    The Ground Substance of Spiritualism and Spirituality. The vital characteristics, the animating principles of Protoplasm could be known by observing Amoeba proteus. The Living Substance works as an organ of Motion or Movement, as an organ of Nutrition, and as an organ of Reproduction to generate new cells which have a life span of their own. In these physiological functions, I describe the characteristics such as Cognition, Consciousness, Memory, and Intelligence as spiritual attributes of Life as they bring functional unity and harmony in the interactions between different parts of the same individual organism while it exists in an environment as a member of a biological community.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to Describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider.

    The Spirituality of Substance, Function, Organization, Action, and Interactions:

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. The Discovery of Whole Spirituality at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor.

    To establish the biological existence of the human organism, I add the concept of Spiritualism and Spirituality to the Cell Theory.

    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.

    The Single Fertilized Egg Cell has ground substance that is of Spiritual nature and the Spiritualism and Spirituality consists of the following functional, and organizational characteristics:

    1. The Cell is Conscious of its own existence and knows its internal condition and knows it external environment.

    2. The Cell is intelligent and it has the cognitive abilities like perception and memory to acquire information, to retain information, to recall information, and to use information in the performance of its complex tasks in a sequential manner.

    3. The Cell has the ability to show characteristics such as mutual cooperation, mutual tolerance, and display functional subordination and subservience while being independent.

    4. The Cell grows, divides, and develops into a complete organism while it acquires substances and energy from an external environment. The power of Protoplasm/Cytoplasm to attract matter found in its external environment is called Nutrition. The Cell continuously transforms matter to build matter of its own kind for its own benefit to sustain its  existence with its own identity and individuality. The Organism represents a social group or a biological community of Cells. The Spiritual nature of Protoplasm/Cytoplasm brings this functional harmony and unity in the Social Group or Biotic Community of Cells by bringing together its Essence and Existence.

    5. The Cell Theory is incomplete for it does not describe the conditioned nature of the Cell’s existence. The Cell represents a Living System that is thermodynamically unstable. It requires a constant supply of matter and energy from its external environment to sustain its living functions. The concept of Whole Spirituality formulates the connection between the Cell and its external source of matter and energy.

    The Rudolf and Rudi Connection. The Discovery of Whole Spirituality at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor. The Bone Marrow smear from a patient of Leukemia or Blood Cancer helps to illustrate the nature of Biotic Interactions in the Social Group or Biotic Community that represents the singularity called man. The true or real man can only be discovered by the microscopic study of the Cells that constitute the Organism.

    The theoretical claims about Spirit and Soul, the religious and philosophical doctrines of Spiritualism and Spirituality must be verified using the Cell Theory that defines the human organism. To describe Soul or Spirit as  nonmaterial or immaterial Self will not help man to know the real or true man.

    The Rudolf-Rudi Connection at Whole Foods. God created Cytoplasm or Protoplasm as the Ground Substance of Spirituality.

    Simon Cyrene

    The Rudolf and Rudi Connection. The Discovery of Whole Spirituality at Whole Foods, Ann Arbor

    Whole Foods, Whole People, and Whole Planet come together in a Wholesome Relationship as God is the Energy Provider, the Original Source of Matter and Energy for Life.

    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to Describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider.
    Rudolf is Reborn as Rudi to describe the Spiritual Connection between the Cell and its Energy Provider. Bodhisattva, the Lord of Infinite Compassion. The concept of Past Birth, Present Birth, and Rebirth.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS

    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS

    In 1965, while I was a student of Human Anatomy at Kurnool Medical College, I had the opportunity to know about Dr. J. C. B. Grant (1886-1973), the author of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. The 5th Edition of his Atlas was published in 1962 and was available in India in our Medical College Library.

    Born in Loanhead (south of Edinburgh) in 1886, Grant studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and graduated with an M.B., Ch.B. degree in 1908. While at Edinburgh, he worked under the renowned anatomist Daniel John Cunningham. Grant became a decorated serviceman of the Royal Army Medical Corps during the First World War before moving to Canada. He established himself as an ‘anatomist extraordinary’ at the University of Toronto, publishing three textbooks that form the basis of Grant’s Anatomy. The textbooks are still used in anatomy classes today, and made unforgettable memories for those who found themselves in his classes nearly a century ago. One of Grant’s many accomplishments was establishing a division of histology within the department.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS

    As a medical student, I used Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy, the seminal work of Scottish-born Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant, who would become the chair of Anatomy at the University of Toronto in 1930 and retired in 1965.

    Students continue to use Grant’s textbooks today, and for the more artistic anatomist there’s even a Grant’s Anatomy Coloring Book, published in 2018.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS

    At the University of Toronto, Dr.McMurrich, Chair of Anatomy was succeeded as chairman in 1930 by Dr. John Charles Boileau Grant. Dr. Grant wrote three text books, of which “An Atlas of Anatomy” (published in 1943) rapidly gained international prominence and is still, one of the most widely used anatomical atlases in the world. It is now known as “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and is in its tenth edition. The atlas was based on a series of elegant dissections done either by Grant or by others under his supervision. Many of these dissections are currently housed in Grant’s Museum at the University of Toronto. 

    The Rudi-Grant Connection is about knowing the human person, male and female, the building blocks and the structural units and organization of the human body. To defend the human existence, the Rudi-Grant Connection lays the emphasis on knowing the person who is at risk apart from knowing the agent posing the risk.

    THE IDENTITY OF MULTICELLULAR HUMAN ORGANISM:

    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. Dr. Cunningham’s Manuals of Practical Anatomy provide the understanding of the multicellular human organism, both male and female.

    Daniel John Cunningham was born on 15 April 1850 in Scotland. After his initial schooling at his home town, Crieff, he took up the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh and passed with honours. He is best known for the excellent series of dissection manuals, namely Cunningham’s Dissection Manuals. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy has provided me the learning tools to know and understand the human body’s external and internal reality and its identity as described by Cells, Tissues, Organs,and Organ Systems that constitute the multicellular human organism.

    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy describes the structural organization of human male and female.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. Cunningham’s Manual of Practical Anatomy guides me in the investigation of man and woman.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is man? What is woman? Practical Anatomy provides accurate information about the reality of the multicellular human organism.
    The Law of Biogenesis states that organisms arise only by the reproduction of other organisms. This cell known as Oocyte develops into Human Ovum or Egg Cell which begins the life of a new human organism after an event called Fertilization. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava. This cell is generated using a creative process called Meiosis.
    The Human Egg Cell is conscious of its state of existence. It is goal-oriented and it serves the purpose of the Whole Organism (Mother) and displays functional subordination. If the Egg Cell is not fertilized, it has no further purpose, and it gets expelled from the body. It displays no tendency towards implantation or getting embedded into the maternal tissue to continue its existence. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava.
    Human life begins at conception. Father is the Originating Principle and Mother, the source of life, energy, and knowledge is the Providing Principle.When Knowledge is implanted in this Egg Cell, it becomes Conscious and aware of its own Existence and begins to grow and develop performing a variety of living functions. Hence, Life could be defined as “Knowledge in Action.” The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava.
    SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – CELLULAR BASIS OF SPIRITUAL FUNCTIONS – HUMAN OVUM, STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava.
    Fertilization of an egg by a sperm, conception occurs in the oviduct. Cleavage (cell division) begins in the oviduct. as the embryo is moved. toward the uterus. by peristalsis and the. movements of cilia. 3. Cleavage continues. By the time the embryo. reaches the uterus, it is a ball of cells. It floats in the uterus for. several days, nourished by. endometrial secretions. It. becomes a blastocyst. 4. Ovary. Uterus. Endometrium. From ovulation to implantation. Inner cell mass. Cavity. Blastocyst. Trophoblast. (a) Implantation of blastocyst. (b) Fertilization occurs. A sperm. enters the oocyte; meiosis of. the oocyte finishes; and the. nuclei of the ovum and sperm. fuse, producing a zygote. 2. Ovulation releases a. secondary oocyte, which. enters the oviduct. 1. The blastocyst implants. in the endometrium. about 7 days after conception. 5.
    The developmental stages of ovulated egg after fertilization. 2 cells, 4 cells, Morula, and Blastocyst. Fertilization occurs within the uterine tube. Sperm and Egg on Day 0. The blastocyst implants in the uterus Day 7. Ovary. Ovulated Egg. Muscle layer of Uterine wall and its inner lining Endometrium. (a) The first week of development.
    SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – ESSENCE – IDENTITY – UNITY – EXISTENCE: THIS FERTILIZED HUMAN OVUM OR EGG CELL BEGINS THE LIFE JOURNEY OF MAN. FROM THE BEGINNING, THERE IS UNITY BETWEEN, BODY, MIND, SOUL, AND GOD. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava.
    Man’s life journey begins as an Embryo which gets implanted into the maternal tissues by about 6 days after its conception. Thus, mother is the source of Food and Energy to establish human life. Man has no existence in the absence of this positive Intraspecific Interaction between Embryo and Mother. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is creation? What is creative potency? God and Mother Nature are not the same. God and the human Mother are not the same. Lord Krishna provides the clarification.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. The man is created with the Superior Energy of the LORD who provides the capacity to exploit matter and energy provided by Mother Nature. And yet, man and God are always separate while they are united for the purpose of mortal existence.
    Animate vs Inanimate Dualism. Man, Body, and Soul are united by LORD God or ‘PRABHU’ who still remains aloof, disinterested, or separate from both Animate and Inanimate Matter. GOD is a separate order distinct from Animate and Inanimate Matter. Fundamental Dualism is the reality of Creation. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava.
    Spiritualism: The Rebbapragadas Family Photo. Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D. former Professor of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, B.J. Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals, Dean Faculty of Medicine, Pune University (Seated far Right) with his brothers and sister. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava.

    M A T R U D E V O B H A V A

    Ethical, Moral and Philosophical Aspects of

    OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY

    An Indian Perspective

    By

    DR  R. ANJANEYULU,  MD, DGO, FCPS  

    Emeritus Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    B.J. Medical College and Sassoon Hospitals, Pune

    Maharashtra State, India

    Foreword by 

    Dr. K. Bhasker Rao, M.D., F.R.C.O.G., F.M.S.

    Emeritus Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    Madras Medical College

    (Formerly Director, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,

    Govt. Hospital for Women and Children, Egmore, Madras)

    In my analysis, the book Matrudevobhava has failed to understand the concept called Parthenogenesis described in Reproductive Biology. It will be factually wrong to suggest that Parthenogenesis could account for the generation of human males such as Jesus, and the Pandava princes known as Karna, Dharmaraja, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva. The book also fails to recognize the generation of the human form using a very creative reproductive process called Meiosis and the generation of variation in the inherited traits as explained by the Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance. The book does not address the issue of Fundamental Dualism, the distinction between God and Man or Woman. While celebrating the divinity of Motherhood, the book fails to acknowledge the Superior Energy mentioned by Lord Krishna that formulates all existence. The book fails to acknowledge the spiritual nature of intraspecific biotic interactions while describing the role of Immunological Tolerance and Immunological Enhancement that serve the purpose of the developing human embryo.

    Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College Pune. Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. The Dean Faculty of Medicine, Pune University, the Emeritus Professor of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, B. J. Medical College and Sassoon Hospitals Pune. The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the Book Matrudevobhava.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, India.

    R. Anjaneyulu; M.D., D.G.O.; F.C.P.S.

    M A T R U D E V O B H A V A

    Mother

            The Universal Mother is in the form of Bhoomata who bears all of us ! She is the Prakriti  or Shakti or energy without whom the world cannot exist.  She is the same Shakti in the form of Goddess of Learning; Saraswati who helps Lord Brahma to create this world; in the form of Goddess Lakshmi; Goddess of wealth who helps Bhagwan Vishnu  to protect the world bestowing health, happiness, prosperity and well-being of the people; in Goddess Parvati; she gave Shakti  or energy to Lord Shiva to destroy the world.

            She is the same Mother to whom we also pray as Durga during Navaratri, to destroy the evil forces and cut the knot of ignorance in our heart and also the quality of Ahamkara in us and bestows upon us knowledge and wisdom!

            `The Universal Mother has many other manifestations – in the form of Gayatri – she protects us; as Ganga Bhavani – she gives us water for survival; as Gomata (cow) – she gives us milk for health the nourishment and as Mother Geeta (Bhagavadgeeta)whose door is open to any one who knocks and seeks refuge in distress in her bosom.          Stree or Ammai is the incarnation of Shakti Swaroopa. Mother gives herself to the development of the child and works hard and sacrifices for the safety and survival of her children.  It is this spirit of Tyaga or sacrifice that makes the value of motherhood great! In this world, no other person deserves to be more respected than MOTHER.  

            It is to the feet of all mothers of the world and the Supreme Mother that offer my Pranam and salutations while attempting to write this book.

    SARVAMANGALA MANGALYE, SHIVE SARVARTHA SADHIKE

    SHARANYE TRIAMBAKE GAURI, NARAYANI NAMOSTUTE

    Oh Mother Durga, wife of Lord Shiva looking after the welfare of everybody and fulfilling all the desires, cherished by one and all, I am under your shelter and offer my Namaskarams to you!

    Sarvasya ca ham hrudi Samnivisto

    (Geeta Chapter 15)

            I am seated in the hearts of all.

            “Call the Lord by any name, Allah, Jesus, Rama or Krishna – One is referring only to the Divinity. Even the meaning of  the words points to the same divinity. The word Allah Al-Divinity, Lah – to become laya or merge in it; Similarly Jesus (Yesu) means Ye – One and Su – Divinity. Rama constitutes three components of sounds Ra Aa Ma. Ra signifies Twam i.e. Brahma or Divinity, Ma signifies Twam; i.e., Thou, the Jiva or the individual and Aa connotes the kinship of identity of the two i.e., the Jiva and Brahma.  The Lord is also secular in that the responds to anyone meditating on his name with purity and devotion in any language or religion. Thus Divinity is only one and the paths to reach Him are different”.

    I have quoted quite often from the Divine messages of Bhagvan Sri Satya Sai Baba in this book including the above paragraph. His teachings are so lucid and simple that even a lay man like myself can understand and comprehend the essence or core of what is written in Geeta, Upanishads or Vedas. “One sees in his preaching’s a combination of Hindu concept of Vedic cosmic awareness, the Islamic concept of Allah as universe, the one who sustains us all and the Buddhist and Christian compassion”. Truly a great teacher and in the real sense,  Guru, (one who removes ignorance from everyone’s mind). President Shankar Dayal Sharma said that ‘Bhagwan’s mission is to bring change in Naitika, Dharmika and Adhyathmic thoughts so that all of us strive to realise our own true nature; i.e. That Thou Art.” I pray and seek Bhagwan’s Blessings in writing this book.

    Late Shri SAL Narayana Row, erstwhile Chairman Board of Direct Taxes was always a friend philosopher and guide to me. My brother-in-law, Dr B Dayananda Rao, is not only an eminent neurosurgeon but an erudite scholar of English Literature. I have had the good fortune of his having gone through the entire manuscript of this book and the benefit of his advice. 

    Dr Banoo Coyaji has, since he time I came to Pune been a source of great inspiration. A true karmayogi, her pioneering work in all aspects of maternal health and Safe Motherhood have throughout been the cardinal example to follow.

            I have gained immensely from the discussions I have had with Pandit KL Gautam, a renowned Sanskrit and Hindi scholar and Dr Padmakar Vartak, who has an indepth knowledge and understanding of our traditions, philosophy and medicine. Both of them gave me valuable advice and information which I have duly incorporated in the book.

            I have also had fruitful discussions with Doctors Sudhikumar, Mrs Rajlaxmi, Mrs Asha Joshi and Mrs Rashmi Gapchup. Mrs Jyotsna Apte had very kindly undertaken to make the line drawings. Dr Nishikant Shrotri and Dr Mrs Aparna Shrotri have given me valuable help and advice in printing the book. My grateful thanks to all of them.

    Immunological Tolerance

            Trophoblast is of foetal origin and has antigens of paternal type. In the blood flowing through the chorio-decidual space there are both foetal cells from the trophoblast and the maternal cells. Yet the antigens on the trophoblast are either masked, shed, or modified at the cell surface and do not express their antigenicity. On the part of the mother (as described above) the maternal cells in decidua do not produce immune response in spite of the production of the specific antibodies (humoral or cellular).

            In short, maternal cells and foetal cells develop tolerance to each other and this is classically known as Immunological Tolerance of Pregnancy. In this way no antigen antibody reaction occurs thereby preventing rejection of the graft foetus by the host mother, which in fact accepts the foetus.

    Immunological Enhancement.

            The other important phenomenon that occurs in normal pregnancy is that the humoral antibodies (LGG) unite with the helper T-cells and blocks and protects the placental antigens and renders them immune from the T-cells (killer cells) attack. These antibodies are known as blocking antibodies and the phenomenon as Immunological Enhancement. Such protection from blocking antibodies is not observed in abnormal reproductive states like abortion or toxaemias of pregnancy.

    HETEROLOGOUS ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION OR ‘AID’ – ADOPTION : ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS

            ‘If in the course of investigations an irremediable barrier for fertilization is found in the husband, the gynaecologist should explain the hapless predicament to the barren couple and in a sympathetic way, guide the couple to adjust their married philosophy to that of a childless union. There are of course two alternatives – neither of which should be suggested by the gynaecologist. They may decide to adopt a child or have the wife to submit to heterologous artificial insemination (AID).’

    WHAT DO OUR SHASTRAS SAY REGARDING HETEROLOGOUS ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION OR ‘AID’?

            It is interesting to know the view prevalent in our Puranas and scriptures. It was a regular accepted procedure to call some male to fertilize the woman in case the man was impotent and this is called Niyoga. This applied even to kings. In Mahabharata King Santanu’s wife Satyavati requested Vedavyasa to impregnate Amba, Ambika and Ambalika, when their husbands died without leaving any progeny. That was how Dhrutarashtra and Panduraja were born. Unfortunately Panduraja was cursed by a Rishi couple (when he mistakenly killed them) that he would die the moment he tries to enjoy with his wives Kunti and Madri. Pandu told Kunti to have children from whomsoever she desired. Kunti was given five boons (varas) by Rishi Durvasa Mahamuni when she served the Rishi before her marriage. In her ignorance Kunti wanted to test the boons or varas. She thought of Bhagwan Surya and when the Lord really came she was stunned. Karma was born then. It was written by Vedavyasa in Mahabharata that Karna was born not of consummation of marriage but by Parthenogenesis or self fertilization. It is the solar energy that was responsible. In the same way, after marriage, when Pandu told Kunti to have children from someone else, she refused. Keeping in mind the boons she prayed to Yama Dharma Raja; i.e. lord of Death. He typifies the energy which hold the universe and is protector of Dharma like Lord Brahma. That was how Dharmaraja was born. Kunti then prayed to Lord Vayu Deva the energy which is blowing and present everywhere just like electromagnetic waves and Bhima was born. Arjuna was born from the blessings of Lord Indra who represents the Atman. Lord said He is Indra among all devatas. Then Kunti requested Ashwini Devatas to bless Princess Madri. Ashwini Devatas  are twins who represent energy one as a positive charge and other as a negative charge, without which current cannot pass through. By the blessings these Devatasi Madri gave birth to Nakula and Sahadeva. It must be emphasied again that Pandavs as well as Karna were Varaputras and also born by parthenogenesis. In his sankalpa to be born again and again whenever there is a deterioration of Dharma Lord Almighty takes birth on the earth, as He has promised’……Sambhavami Yuge Yuge.’ He had taken the birth of Lord Jesus again through Parthenogenesis. So Kunti, Madri and Virgin Mary are all incarnations of purity and virtue.

    What is Parthenogenesis?

    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is creation? Human reproduction involves the creative mechanism called Meiosis that leads to the creation of new human genomes all the time.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is creation? The creative process called Meiosis always ensures the generation of a new human genome that never existed before and will never exist again in the future.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is Parthenogenesis? Human male baby always needs both male and female parents.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is Parthenogenesis? Male baby always needs two parents.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is Parthenogenesis? Human male baby always needs both male and female parents.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is Parthenogenesis? The production of human male baby requires the Y chromosome apart from the X chromosome.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is creation? Mendel’s Laws account for the magic of creation. Every newborn arrives with a new, unique genome.
    The Rudi-Grant Connection reviews the book Matrudevobhava by Dr. R. Anjaneyulu, M.D., D.G.O., FCPS. What is creation? Mendel’s Laws account for the magic of creation. Every newborn baby arrives as an original member of the human species.

    The Laws of Creation: Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 7, Verse 5

    अपरेयमितस्त्वन्यां प्रकृतिं विद्धि मे पराम् |
    जीवभूतां महाबाहो ययेदं धार्यते जगत् || 5||

    apareyam itas tvanyāṁ prakṛitiṁ viddhi me parām
    jīva-bhūtāṁ mahā-bāho yayedaṁ dhāryate jagat

    aparā—inferior; iyam—this; itaḥ—besides this; tu—but; anyām—another; prakṛitim—energy; viddhi—know; me—my; parām—superior; jīvabhūtām—living beings; mahā-bāho—mighty-armed one; yayā—by whom; idam—this; dhāryate—the basis; jagat—the material world

    apareyam itas tvanyam prakritim viddhi me param
    jiva-bhutam maha-baho yayedam dharyate jagat

    Translation

    BG 7.5: Such is My inferior energy. But beyond it, O mighty-armed Arjun, I have a superior energy. This is the jīva śhakti (the soul energy), which comprises the embodied souls who are the basis of life in this world.

    Commentary

    Shree Krishna explains that beyond the eight-fold prakṛiti, the material energy, which He says is inferior; there exists another that is far more superior. This energy is completely transcendental as compared to the lifeless matter. It is His spiritual energy, the jīva śhakti, which includes all the living souls of the world. Now, He has moved from explaining material science toward the spiritual realm.

    Many great philosophers of India have given their perspectives and described the relationship between God and the jīva, the individual soul.  For example, the non-dualists state: jīvo brahmaiva nāparaḥ “The soul itself is God.”  But this concept gives rise to several questions, such as:

    How can the soul itself be God? God is most powerful, and Maya is His subservient energy. The souls are always overpowered by; Maya. Then is Maya stronger than God?

    The individual soul is always; gripped by ignorance and misery. It needs a continuous reminder from the saints and scriptures, even about its existence and purpose. How can God, who is all-knowing, be considered a soul which is subject to ignorance?

    The Vedas repeatedly state that God is all-pervading in this world and beyond. Similarly, individual souls should also be able to exist anywhere at any given time. Then what about the question of going to heaven or hell after death?

    There is only one God, but the souls are countless. If the soul itself is God, then there should be many Gods. Therefore, the claims by non-dualistic philosophers that the soul itself is God are inconclusive.

    The dualist philosophers’ state that the souls and God are separate. Even though it may answer some of the above questions, yet it is still an incomplete philosophy in light of what Shree Krishna states in this verse. He says that the soul is a part of jīva śhakti God’s spiritual energy. And as explained earlier, Maya, the material energy, is also His subservient. Thus, God is supreme; He is the governor of both the lower material and the higher spiritual energies. Now let us see what the scriptures and various saints have said:

    eka-deśha-sthitasyāgnir jyotsnā vistāriṇī yathā
    parasya brahmaṇaḥ śhaktis tathedam akhilaṁ jagat  (Viṣhṇu Purāṇ 1.22.53)

    “Just as the sun resides in one place but its sunlight pervades; the entire solar system. Similarly, there is one God, who by His infinite powers pervades the three worlds.” 

    Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said:        

    jīva-tattva śhakti, kṛiṣhṇa-tattva śhaktimān
    gītā-viṣhṇupurāṇādi tāhāte pramāṇa   (Chaitanya Charitāmṛit, Ādi Leela, 7.117)

    “The soul is the energy of God, while He is the Supreme Energetic.”

    Once we understand and accept that the soul is a small part of God’s infinite energy, the concept of non-duality of the entire creation becomes clear. Energies can exist concurrently within the same energetic. For example, fire contains both heat and light, which are different entities and have different properties. But they are part of the same fire which emits them. Likewise, God as the Energetic and the souls His energy can be considered one. At the same time, due to their distinct properties, both entities are different from each other. Jagadguru Kripaluji Maharaj has encapsulated and perfectly expressed Shree Krishna’s statement in this and the previous verse:

    jīvu’ ‘māyā’, dui śhakti haiñ, śhaktimān bhagavān
    śhaktihiñ bheda abheda bhī, śhaktimān te jān  (Bhakti Śhatak verse 42)

    “The soul and Maya are both energies of God.  Hence, they are both one with God and also different from God.”

    Considering the unison of both; the Energetic and His energies, it is stated that God and His creation are non-different. The entire world is a veritable form of God.

    sarvaṁ khalvidaṁ brahma   (Chhāndogya Upaniṣhad 3.14.1)
    “All is Brahman.”

    īśhāvāsyam idam sarvaṁ   (Īśhopaniṣhad 1)
    “Everything that exists in the world is God.”

    puruṣha evedaṁ sarvaṁ   (Śhwetāśhvatar Upaniṣhad 3.15)
    “The Supreme Divine Personality is everything that exists.”

    According to these Vedic verses, there is only one God and nothing else. Yet, when we consider the Energetic and energy concept, there is diversity within this unity and an incredible variety. God, the souls, and matter, all three are different entities with different properties. God is Supremely sentient; He is the source of both the souls and the matter. Yet, souls are sentient, and the inanimate matter insentient.

    The scriptures also state the existence of three entities in creation:

    kṣharaṁ pradhānamamṛitākṣharaṁ haraḥ
    kṣharātmānāvīśhate deva ekaḥ
    tasyābhidhyānād yojanāt tattvabhāvad
    bhūyaśhchānte viśhwamāyānivṛittiḥ
     (Śhwetāśhvatar Upaniṣhad 1.10)

    “There are three entities in existence: 1) Living Matter with Forms and the Forms are perishable.  2) Non Living Matter or Chemical Elements and the individual souls (Jeev Atman) who are imperishable.  3) God, who is the controller of both matter and the souls.  By meditating upon God, uniting with Him, and becoming more like Him, the soul is free from the world’s illusion.”

    The Vedas have expounded on both dualistic and non-dualistic concepts. Jagadguru Shree Kripaluji Maharaj has upheld the concepts of concurrent coherence, yet variance between the soul and God. This means God and the soul are one because of unity and not identity; yet, separate from each other as God, the Supreme Controller keeps Himself aloof, distant and even disinterested in His own Creative actions and activities.

    The Rudi Connection at Whole Foods joins the Maha Navratri Celebration of the Divine Mother

    The Rudi Connection at Whole Foods joins the Maha Navratri Celebration of the Divine Mother
    The Rudi Connection at Whole Foods joins the Maha Navratri Celebration of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration From Monday, September 26 to Wednesday, October 05, 2022.
    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The earthly manifestation of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration from September 26 to October 05, 2022. God both Male and Female.
    DEVI NAVRATRI - NINE-NIGHT CELEBRATION OF DIVINE POWER, LOVE, MERCY, GRACE, AND COMPASSION TO SECURE HEALTH, WEALTH, WISDOM, AND PERFECT WELL-BEING OF MANKIND.
    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The earthly manifestation of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration from September 26 to October 05, 2022 – NINE-NIGHT CELEBRATION OF DIVINE POWER, LOVE, MERCY, GRACE, AND COMPASSION TO SECURE HEALTH, WEALTH, WISDOM, AND PERFECT WELL-BEING OF MANKIND.

    In Physics, Power/Energy/Force is not associated with gender. But, when living things exist as male and female, the description of Power/Energy/Force may have gender association.  In the Indian tradition, ‘Deva’ means God and ‘Devi’ means Goddess. Devi in Indian tradition is the personification of God’s Supreme Power/Force/ Energy or ‘Shakti’. To fully account for the human existence, the man needs two distinct or separate Principles that come together to produce the harmonious singular identity of the man. The issue is not about God’s gender. Father Principle is called the Originating Principle. Mother Principle is called the Source Principle, for Mother is the Source of Matter, Energy, and Knowledge to establish Life of a Living Thing. Father provides Identity to the human form, Mother provides Substance, the structural and functional basis of the human form.

    BHARAT DARSHAN - DEVI NAVARATRI - GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GOD IS THE SUPREME BEING AND DESCRIBED AS OMNIPOTENT. THIS POTENCY OR POWER IS CALLED 'SHAKTI' IN SANSKRIT LANGUAGE. DEVI IS PERSONIFICATION OF 'SHAKTI'. SHE DISPLAYED THIS GREAT POWER IN SLAYING OF A DEMON KING CALLED "MAHISHASURA."
    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The earthly manifestation of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration from September 26 to October 05, 2022. GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GOD IS THE SUPREME BEING AND DESCRIBED AS OMNIPOTENT. THIS POTENCY OR POWER IS CALLED ‘SHAKTI’ IN THE SANSKRIT LANGUAGE. DEVI IS THE PERSONIFICATION OF ‘SHAKTI’. SHE DISPLAYED THIS GREAT POWER IN SLAYING OF A DEMON KING CALLED “MAHISHASURA.”
    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The earthly manifestation of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration from September 26 to October 05, 2022. Shardiya Navratri refers to the Navratri Celebration during the Sharad Ritu or Autumn Season.

    During 2022, Indians celebrate ‘DEVI NAVRATRI’ or ‘SHARAD NAVRATRI’ from Monday, September 26, to Wednesday, October 05. The term ‘Nav’ or ‘Nava’ means Nine. ‘Ratri’ means Night. This celebration happens in the lunar month called ‘ASVAYUJA’ (or ASHWAYUJA – September – October), the month in which Full Moon Day is associated with the first star (Tithi) called ‘ASVINI’ in Indian Astrology. Sharad Navratri commences on the first and ends on the tenth day of the bright half of the 7th Lunar month, Ashwin. The name “SHARADIYA” refers to the name of the Season or “RITU” called Sharad Ritu or Autumn.

    BHARAT DARSHAN - DEVI NAVRATRI - GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. DEVI OR SHAKTI IS OFTEN CALLED 'DURGA' FOR SHE IS EMBODIMENT OF GREAT STRENGTH. SHE IS ALSO CALLED BHADRAKALI, JAGADAMBA, ANNAPURNA, SARVAMANGALA, BHAIRAVI, CHANDIKA, LALITA, BHAVANI, AND MOOKAMBIKA.
    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The earthly manifestation of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration from September 26 to October 05, 2022 – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. DEVI OR SHAKTI IS OFTEN CALLED ‘DURGA’ FOR SHE IS EMBODIMENT OF GREAT STRENGTH. SHE IS ALSO CALLED BHADRAKALI, JAGADAMBA, ANNAPURNA, SARVA MANGALA, BHAIRAVI, CHANDIKA, LALITA, BHAVANI, AND MOOKAMBIKA.

    Devi or Shakti is often called ‘DURGA’ for She is the embodiment of great strength. She is also called BHADRAKALI, JAGADAMBA, ANNAPURNA, SARVA MANGALA, BHAIRAVI, CHANDIKA, LALITA, BHAVANI, AND MOOKAMBIKA. During the 9-Night or Navratri festival, Indians worship nine different forms of Goddess Durga with 1,000 names. She is simply adored as Divine Mother and often addressed as ‘MOTHER’ (“MATA” or “MAA”) whatever may be the name or form She assumed on different occasions.

    BHARAT DARSHAN - DEVI NAVRATRI - SHARAD NAVRATRI - GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. NINE DIFFERENT FORMS OF MOTHER DURGA OR SHAKTI ARE REMEMBERED WITH DEVOTION AND ADORATION.
    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The earthly manifestation of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration from September 26 to October 05, 2022. DEVI NAVRATRI – SHARAD NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. NINE DIFFERENT FORMS OF MOTHER DURGA OR SHAKTI ARE REMEMBERED WITH DEVOTION AND ADORATION.

    Goddess Shakti has three Supreme Forms called DURGA, SARASVATI, and LAKSHMI. In India, the traditions vary from region to region. First 3 – days of Navratri are dedicated to Goddess Durga, following 3-days are dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and concluding 3-days are dedicated to Goddess Sarasvati or Goddess of Knowledge, Wisdom, and Speech. Saturday, October 01, 2022, the Sixth Day or Shashti is dedicated to Goddess called ‘KATYANI’ (legendary daughter of a devotee by name ‘KATA’). On this day, Goddess Sarasvati is also worshiped for this day is associated with a Nakshatra (Star) called ‘MOOLA’.

    DEVI NAVRATRI CELEBRATION-SEPTEMBER 26 TO OCTOBER 04, 2022 CALENDAR:

    The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The earthly manifestation of the Divine Mother. Navratri Celebration From October 07 TO 15, 2021

    Monday, September 26, Day 1 – Pratipada, Ghatasthapana, Shailputri Puja

    Tuesday, September 27, Day 2 – Dvitiya, Chandra Darshana, Brahmacharini Puja

    Wednesday, September 28, Day 3 – Tritiya, Sindoor Tritiya, Chandraghanta Puja

    Thursday, September 29, Day 4 – Chaturthi, Kushmanda Puja, Vinayaka Chaturthi, Upang Lalita Vrat

    Friday, September 30, Day 5 – Panchami, Skandamata Puja, Sarasvati Avahan

    Saturday, October 01, Day 6 – Shashthi, Katyayani Puja.

    Sunday, October 02, Day 7 – Saptami, Kalaratri Puj