The United States Must Evict the Military Occupier of Tibet-The Unfinished Korea-Vietnam War

The United States Must Evict the Military Occupier of Tibet-The Unfinished Korea-Vietnam War.

In my analysis, ‘The Cold War in Asia’ represents the dangers of the spread of Communism to the mainland China. The United States armed intervention in the Korean Peninsula did not prevent the Communist takeover of Tibet in 1950. The United States must recognize the real Enemy and must evict the Military Occupier of Tibet to secure Peace, Freedom, Democracy, and Justice in South Asia.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

The United States Must Evict the Military Occupier of Tibet. Special Frontier Force VS The Evil Red Empire-Red China .

India-China clash: Diplomats ‘strongly protest’ over border clashes

BBC June 17, 2020, 2:52 PM UTC

The two nations have an agreement that says no guns should be taken within two kilometres of the border
The United States Must Evict the Military Occupier of Tibet. India and China have an agreement that says no guns should be taken within two kilometres of the border.

The Indian and Chinese foreign ministers have exchanged protests over clashes in a disputed Himalayan border area which led to the deaths of at least 20 Indian troops.

India’s Subrahmanyam Jaishankar said China tried to erect a structure inside Indian territory, while China’s Wang Yi said Indian troops attacked first.

But in a phone call both men promised not to escalate the situation.

It was the first deadly clash at the disputed border for at least 45 years.

Soldiers reportedly brawled with sticks and bats but no shots were fired.

China has not released casualty figures. Unconfirmed reports in Indian media say at least 40 Chinese soldiers died. Some Indian soldiers are still believed to be missing.

Earlier Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the Indian deaths “will not be in vain” and that India would be “proud that our soldiers died fighting the Chinese” in the clash in the Ladakh region on Monday.

Addressing the confrontation for the first time in a televised address on Wednesday, he said: “India wants peace but when provoked, India is capable of giving a fitting reply, be it any kind of situation.”

What did the two diplomats say?

An Indian government statement following the phone conversation said that Chinese troops had tried to put up a structure on the Indian side of the de facto border, the Line of Actual Control (LAC), in the strategically important Galwan Valley.

It described this as “premeditated and planned action that was directly responsible for the resulting violence and casualties” and urged China to “take corrective steps”.

Google Maps view of Galwan Valley
The United States Must Evict the Military Occupier of Tibet. Google Maps view of Galwan Valley

The statement concluded that neither side would take action to escalate matters.

Meanwhile a Chinese statement quoted Mr Wang as saying: “China again expresses strong protest to India and demands the Indian side launches a thorough investigation… and stop all provocative actions to ensure the same things do not happen again.”

“Both sides should resolve the dispute through dialogue, and keep the border safe and tranquil,” he added.

What happened?

The fighting occurred in the precipitous, rocky terrain of the Galwan Valley.

Indian media say soldiers engaged in direct hand-to-hand combat, with some “beaten to death”. During the fight, one newspaper reported, others fell or were pushed into a river.

A satellite image of Galwan Valley shows the rocky and barren terrain
The United States Must Evict the Military Occupier of Tibet. A satellite image of Galwan Valley shows the rocky and barren terrain.

The Indian army initially said a colonel and two soldiers had died. It later said that “17 Indian troops who were critically injured in the line of duty” had died from their injuries, taking the “total that were killed in action to 20”.

“I understand that some [further] Indian soldiers went missing. The Indian side is still working to release them from Chinese custody,” defence analyst Ajai Shukla told the BBC.

Indian forces appear to have been massively outnumbered by Chinese troops.

A senior Indian military official told the BBC there were 55 Indians versus 300 Chinese, who he described as “the Death Squad”.

“They hit our boys on the head with metal batons wrapped in barbed wire. Our boys fought with bare hands,” the officer, who did not want to be named, said.

The clash has provoked protests in India, with people burning Chinese flags.

China has not confirmed how many of its personnel died or were injured. The BBC’s Robin Brant in Beijing says that China has never given contemporaneous confirmation on military deaths outside of peacekeeping duties.

Our correspondent adds that on this occasion China’s propagandists may not want to fan nationalist flames at home by making much of any loss, or admit to a significant and demoralizing loss.

This is not the first time the two nuclear-armed neighbors have fought without conventional firearms on the border. India and China have a history of face-offs and overlapping territorial claims along the more than 3,440km (2,100 mile), poorly drawn LAC separating the two sides.

India shows restraint

Analysis by Geeta Pandey, BBC News, Delhi

The first comments from the Indian government on the violent standoff on the Chinese border came nearly 24 hours after the news broke on Tuesday.

And Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his cabinet colleagues – the defence minister and the home minister – have chosen their words carefully.

Usually boastful and given to grandstanding, Mr Modi and his ministers have displayed utmost restraint in their public messages this time, mostly sticking to mourning the loss of soldiers.

The prime minister did say: “India wants peace but, if instigated, it is capable of giving a befitting reply.” But this is seen as aimed more at his political rivals and supporters domestically, rather than as a warning to Beijing.

How tense is the area?

The LAC is poorly demarcated. The presence of rivers, lakes and snowcaps means the line can shift. The soldiers either side – representing two of the world’s largest armies – come face-to-face at many points.

Border patrols have often bumped into each other, resulting in occasional scuffles.

The last firing on the border happened in 1975 when four Indian soldiers were killed in a remote pass in the north-eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. The clash was variously described by former diplomats as an ambush and an accident.

But no bullets have been fired since.

At the root of this is a 1996 bilateral agreement that says “neither side shall open fire… conduct blast operations or hunt with guns or explosives within two kilometres of the Line of Actual Control”.

Kashmir map
The United States Must Evict the Military Occupier of Tibet. Kashmir map

But there have been tense confrontations along the border in recent weeks. In May Indian and Chinese soldiers exchanged physical blows on the border at Pangong Lake, also in Ladakh, and in the north-eastern Indian state of Sikkim hundreds of miles to the east.

India has accused China of sending thousands of troops into Ladakh’s Galwan Valley and says China occupies 38,000 sq km (14,700 sq miles) of its territory. Several rounds of talks in the last three decades have failed to resolve the boundary disputes.

There are several reasons why tensions are rising again now – but competing strategic goals lie at the root.

The two countries have devoted extensive money and manpower to building roads, bridges, rail links and air fields along the disputed border.

Both India and China see each other’s construction efforts as calculated moves to gain a tactical advantage, and tensions often flare up when either announces a major project.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE VS THE EVIL RED EMPIRE : FOR SEVENTY YEARS, TIBETANS HAVE LIVED UNDER MILITARY OCCUPATION . WHAT IS TIBET’S FUTURE? HOW TO EVICT THE EVIL RED EMPIRE FROM TIBET ?

Sunday, June 14, 2020. The US Flag Day Gives the Hope for Freedom in Tibet

Sunday, June 14, 2020. The US Flag Day Gives the Hope for Freedom in Tibet.

Celebrating Flag Day

June 14 is Flag Day, which commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States in 1777. Our nation’s first official flag had 13 stars and 13 red and white stripes to represent the original 13 colonies that broke from British rule. The stars were arranged on a blue background to represent a ‘new constellation.’ In 1795, two more stars and two stripes were added to reflect the entry of Vermont and Kentucky to the Union. Then in 1818, Congress passed a plan to go back to 13 stripes and add only stars for new states. The current version of the flag has been in effect since 1960, after Hawaii became a state the prior year. The flags we’re looking at here are flying in New Jersey’s Liberty State Park, with the Statue of Liberty in the background.

In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as Flag Day; on August 3, 1949, National Flag Day was established by an Act of Congress. Flag Day is not an official federal holiday. Title 36 of the United States Code, Subtitle I, Part A, CHAPTER 1, § 110 is the official statute on Flag Day; however, it is at the president’s discretion to officially proclaim the observation.

The red and white and starry blue is freedom’s shield and hope. ​—John Philip Sousa

Proclamation on Flag Day and National Flag Week, 2020

Issued on: June 12, 2020

Sunday, June 14, 2020. The US Flag Day Gives the Hope for Freedom in Tibet.

On Flag Day and throughout National Flag Week, we pay tribute to the American flag, the most recognizable symbol of the principles for which our Republic stands.  For more than 200 years, the Stars and Stripes has represented liberty, justice, and the rule of law.  Recently, as our Nation has come together to respond to the coronavirus pandemic, our flag has been a reminder of the courage, tenacity, and loyalty that define the indomitable American spirit.

Our great flag causes us to reflect humbly on the immeasurable price that has been paid to keep it “so gallantly streaming.”  Throughout our Nation’s history, proud patriots have nobly answered the call of duty when our country needed them most.  The Star Spangled Banner serves as an everlasting remembrance of the sacrifices heroes of every generation have made in conflicts from the Revolutionary War to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Our flag ensures that we never forget the incredible sacrifices our men and women in uniform have made to defend our liberty and way of life.

This year, Old Glory has waved over millions of brave Americans fighting the invisible enemy, often at risk to their personal health and wellbeing.  Throughout the coronavirus pandemic, healthcare professionals have treated and cared for those sickened by the virus, and countless American patriots have provided critical goods and services to their fellow citizens in these uncertain times.  These dedicated individuals have risen to the challenge, meeting the virus on the frontlines with the same conviction and unwavering determination that has empowered our Nation to overcome previous trials.  Just as we prevailed in those struggles, we will emerge victorious against this new enemy and again raise our flag in triumph.

The American flag represents the unity of our country and its people.  No matter what may divide us, Old Glory should be revered and cherished, as a symbol of all that makes America the greatest country in the world.  As we honor our beautiful flag on this day and throughout this week, let us vow never to forget the tremendous sacrifices made by patriots from generation to generation to ensure that the red, white, and blue continues to fly high and free.  Today, and every day, I am proud to join my fellow Americans in standing tall and saluting our great American flag.

To commemorate the adoption of our flag, the Congress, by joint resolution approved August 3, 1949, as amended (63 Stat. 492), designated June 14 of each year as “Flag Day” and requested that the President issue an annual proclamation calling for its observance and for the display of the flag of the United States on all Federal Government buildings.  The Congress requested, by joint resolution approved June 9, 1966, as amended (80 Stat. 194), that the President issue annually a proclamation designating the week in which June 14 occurs as “National Flag Week” and calling on all citizens of the United States to display the flag during that week.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim June 14, 2020, as Flag Day, and the week starting June 14, 2020, as National Flag Week.  I direct the appropriate officials to display the flag on all Federal Government buildings during this week, and I urge all Americans to observe Flag Day and National Flag Week by displaying the flag.  I encourage the people of the United States to observe with pride and all due ceremony those days from Flag Day through Independence Day, set aside by the Congress (89 Stat. 211), as a time to honor America, to celebrate our heritage in public gatherings and activities, and to publicly recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of June, in the year of our Lord two thousand twenty, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-fourth.

DONALD J. TRUMP

The White House

Sunday, June 14, 2020. The US Flag Day Gives the Hope for Freedom in Tibet.

The Clinton Curse. America in Crisis. No Economist Can Save the United States.

The Clinton Curse. America in Crisis. No Economist can Save the US from the present day economic downfall.

In my analysis, President Clinton’s Economic Policy to formulate a Balanced Budget is not consistent with LORD God Creator’s Economic Plan for the man in his golden years of his life. The issue is not that of Austere Spending or Deficit Spending Plans of the US Federal Government. God’s Plan clearly demands that the dignity of the man must be upheld in his Old Age when the man needs rest from daily labor to support his mortal existence.

Americans will give attention to my words after they fail to resolve the Economic Crisis through either Liberal or Conservative Spending Plans to revive the National Economy.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

REPEAL THE PRWORA PROJECT – RESIST DEGRADING CONSTITUTIONAL GUIDELINES. The Clinton Curse. America in Crisis. No Economist can Save the United States.

The economist who could save the world

By Ishaan Tharoor

Washington, D.C.

Ishaan Tharoor. The Columnist for The Washington Post.

Columnist covering foreign affairs, geopolitics and history. Education: Yale University, BA, honors in history and ethnicity, race and migration. Ishaan Tharoor is a columnist on the foreign desk of The Washington Post, where he authors the Today’s World View newsletter and column.

John Maynard Keynes in his office at the Treasury in London on Aug. 25, 1945. (AP)
The Clinton Curse. America in Crisis. No Economist can Save the United States without understanding the God’s Plan for the man.

The economist who could save the world

John Maynard Keynes in his office at the Treasury in London on Aug. 25, 1945. (AP)

Who’s afraid of big spending now?

Across western democracies, the impact of the coronavirus pandemic has compelled governments of various stripes to unleash fiscal stimulus on their battered societies. Even before the virus paralyzed much of the global economy, public attitudes toward austerity had long soured, with parties across the political spectrum increasingly embracing more active social spending and eschewing platforms that touted cuts.In “The Price of Peace: Money, Democracy and the Life of John Maynard Keynes,” journalist Zachary Carter vividly explores the career of the early 20th-century economist whose prescriptions for economic crises linger with us. As The Washington Post’s review of the book puts it, governments are “still in thrall” to Keynes in myriad ways, but especially when faced with the troubles of our present. Carter, a reporter at HuffPost, spoke to Today’s WorldView about Keynes and his legacy. Below is an edited version of our chat.


What do we mean when we talk about “Keynesianism?”

Most of us encounter a version of Keynesianism in Econ 101 courses, where we learn that Keynes was the guy who counseled governments to spend big during recessions to help bring the government out of the doldrums. But Keynes himself never wanted to be remembered as a deficit therapist. He was a social thinker who was concerned with the great problems of his day: war and economic depression. And I think he would be very troubled by the idea that government spending on anything at all became the hallmark of his legacy in the economics profession. Although, he was not a modest man, and I think he would have taken some comfort in knowing that Democrats and Republicans alike have adopted policy strategies named after him.

Are there ways in which he viewed social goods and the responsibilities of lawmakers that would challenge the mainstream norms of our present, especially in America?

Very much so. Keynes was deeply afraid of social upheaval and revolution, but his social values were essentially radical. He was a gay man who lived with a community of pacifist artists and writers, who was very comfortable living against the grain of the social norms of his time. But I think he would be perplexed by what we deem to be political battles in the United States. He thought economic policy was the central political battleground for social justice, and the way economics has become technocratized and hived off from mainstream politics as an arena for specialists would have both excited and frightened him. He would be terrified by the idea that central political questions about equality and inequality have become the terrain of experts who essentially rule in favor of inequality, regardless of which political party is in charge. Keynes viewed inequality as a very dangerous thing — it’s something that preoccupied him when he wrote “The Economic Consequences of the Peace” and “The General Theory” — his two masterpieces.  

The Clinton Curse. America in Crisis. No Economist can Save the United States.

            

For all the impact he’s had on economic policy thinking, he faced repeated political disappointments through much of his career.

I think there are very few people who have cultivated such monumental political legacies who had such pathetic political careers. Keynes lost essentially every public policy battle he waged between 1917 and 1941. All of his economic thought was developed in an attempt to prevent another calamity like World War I, and he obviously failed in that project. But that failure forced him to be increasingly ambitious with his thinking. If he had been able to persuade governments at Paris in 1919, for instance, to cancel international debts, we might never have seen “The General Theory.”

The conventional understanding now places Keynes, a champion of stimulus, against Milton Friedman, who came after him and is seen as a champion of austerity. Is that a useful binary?

I think we lose track of the fact that Friedman and Keynes had different social visions. They weren’t just arguing across the generations about which policies would best create the same desired result. They were arguing about what kind of world they wanted to live in. And the mathematicization of economics in the 20th century really obscures this deeper ideological conflict, often by design. Keynes wanted everyone to live in the Bloomsbury of 1913, having their hair cut by Virginia Woolf while drinking champagne and debating post-impressionism with Lytton Strachey. Friedman wanted to preserve these activities as the exclusive domain of the wealthy. Why be rich if you can’t live a better life than the masses? To which Keynes would counter: Who cares about the masses when you are drinking champagne with Virginia Woolf?

So literal champagne socialism?

The Clinton Curse. America in Crisis. No Economist can Save the United States.

Given the pandemic and the kind of spending many governments are mustering now, are we entering a new age of Keynesianism?

In a narrow sense, we’ve always been living in a Keynesian world. Even Republicans spend big to save the economy. But since 2008 and particularly today, it’s obvious that there is no market economy absent political support for economic activity, and recovery will require profound, long-term guidance from today’s great powers. But Keynes would not see the crisis as a matter of dollars and cents or imbalanced equations. He’d look to climate change, inequality and the escalating tensions between the United States and China as pressing social problems in need of immediate attention. And so he’d craft rescue packages that attempted to kill multiple birds with one stone: bring the economy to prosperity, of course, but establish a foundation for international harmony.Keynes never stopped believing in the potential for people to create a better world, even as the world in his own lifetime descended deeper and deeper into chaos and dysfunction. There was no problem he believed democracies were incapable of overcoming. People criticized him for being naive, but I don’t think democracies can afford to break that faith in the future.              

The Clinton Curse. America in Crisis. No Economist can Save the United States.

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

The Unknown Soldier of America revisits past on the 31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre.

The 31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

On Thursday, June 4, 2020, the 31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre, the Unknown Soldier of America revisits the past; the takeover of mainland China by Communism in 1949.

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Anniversary. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

Today, the Unknown Soldier of America regrets Tibet’s decision to pursue the policy of Isolationism while confronting the grave threat posed by Communist takeover of mainland China. In 1943, Tibet had the opportunity to establish formal diplomatic relationships with United States and other countries of Free World to prevent the spread of Communism to the nations of Asia. Tibet had the opportunity to prepare for War in 1943 and avoided the loss of Freedom in 1950.

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

Tibet’s unwillingness to openly resist Communism in 1943 is a crucial factor contributing to the loss of Human Rights in mainland China.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE-ESTABLISHMENT No. 22-VIKAS REGIMENT

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Anniversary. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

CALLS FOR CHINA TO FACE GHOSTS OF ITS PAST ON TIANANMEN ANNIVERSARY

Clipped from: https://www.voanews.com/a/calls-for-china-to-face-ghosts-of-its-past-on-tiananmen-anniversary/4423377.html

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

FILE – A Chinese man stands alone to block a line of tanks heading east on Beijing’s Cangan Boulevard in Tiananmen Square, June 5, 1989.

BEIJING

The United States has added its voice to international calls for China’s communist-led government to give a full public accounting of those who were killed, detained or went missing during the violent suppression of peaceful demonstrations in and around Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989.

In a bold statement from Washington to mark the 29th anniversary of a bloody crackdown that left hundreds — some say thousands — dead, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on Chinese authorities to release “those who have been jailed for striving to keep the memory of Tiananmen Square alive; and to end the continued harassment of demonstration participants and their families.”

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Anniversary. Tibet Failed to Prepared for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

University students place flowers on the “Pillar of Shame” statue, a memorial for those injured and killed in the Tiananmen crackdown, at the University of Hong Kong, June 4, 2018.

To this day, open discussion of the topic remains forbidden in China and the families of those who lost loved ones continue to face oppression. Chinese authorities have labeled the protests a counter-revolutionary rebellion and repeatedly argued that a clear conclusion of the events was reached long ago.

In an annual statement on the tragedy, the group Tiananmen Mothers urged President Xi Jinping in an open letter to “re-evaluate the June 4th massacre” and called for an end to their harassment.

“Each year when we would commemorate our loved ones, we are all monitored, put under surveillance, or forced to travel” to places outside of China’s capital, the letter said. The advocacy group Human Rights in China released the open letter from the Tiananmen Mothers ahead of the anniversary.

“No one from the successive governments over the past 29 years has ever asked after us, and not one word of apology has been spoken from anyone, as if the massacre that shocked the world never happened,” the letter said.

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Anniversary. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

FILE – A woman reacts during a candlelight vigil to mark the 28th anniversary of the crackdown of the pro-democracy movement at Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in 1989, at Victoria Park in Hong Kong, China June 4, 2017.

In his statement, Pompeo also said that on the anniversary “we remember the tragic loss of innocent lives,” adding that as Liu Xiaobo wrote in his 2010 Nobel Peace Prize speech, “the ghosts of June 4th have not yet been laid to rest.”

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

FILE – Liu Xia, wife of deceased Chinese Nobel Peace Prize-winning dissident Liu Xiaobo and other relatives attend his sea burial off the coast of Dalian, China, in this photo released by Shenyang Municipal Information Office July 15, 2017.

Liu was unable to receive his Nobel prize in person in 2010 and died in custody last year. The dissident writer played an influential role in the Tiananmen protests and was serving an 11-year sentence for inciting subversion of state power when he passed.

At a regular press briefing on Monday, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China had lodged “stern representations” with the United States over the statement on Tiananmen.

“The United States year in, year out issues statements making ‘gratuitous criticism’ of China and interfering in China’s internal affairs,” Hua said. “The U.S. Secretary of State has absolutely no qualifications to demand the Chinese government do anything,” she added.

In a statement on Twitter, which is blocked in China like many websites, Hu Xijin, the editor of the party-backed Global Times, called the statement a “meaningless stunt.”

In another post he said: “what wasn’t achieved through a movement that year will be even more impossible to be realized by holding whiny commemorations today.”

Commemorations for Tiananmen are being held across the globe to mark the anniversary and tens of thousands are expected to gather in Hong Kong, the only place in China such large-scale public rallies to mark the incident can be held.

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

A man wipes the face of a statue of the Goddess of Democracy at Hong Kong’s Victoria Park Monday, June 4, 2018.

Exiled Tiananmen student protest leader Wu’Er Kaixi welcomed the statement from Pompeo.

However, he added that over the past 29 years western democracies appeasement of China has nurtured the regime into an imminent threat to freedom and democracy.

“The world bears a responsibility to urge China, to press on the Chinese regime to admit their wrongdoing, to restore the facts and then to console the dead,” he said. “And ultimately to answer the demands of the protesters 29 years ago and put China on the right track to freedom and democracy.”

Wu’er Kaixi fled China after the crackdown and now resides in Taiwan where he is the founder of Friends of Liu Xiaobo. The group recently joined hands with several other non-profit organizations and plans to unveil a sculpture in July — on the anniversary of his death — to commemorate the late Nobel laureate. The sculpture will be located near Taiwan’s iconic Taipei 101 skyscraper.

In Taiwan, the self-ruled democracy that China claims is a part of its territory, political leaders from both sides of the isle have also urged China’s communist leaders to face the past.

On Facebook, Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen noted that it was only by facing up to its history that Taiwan has been able to move beyond the tragedies of the past.

“If authorities in Beijing can face up to the June 4th incident and acknowledge that at its roots it was a state atrocity, the unfortunate history of June 4th could become a cornerstone for China to move toward freedom and democracy,” Tsai said.

Tsai’s predecessor, Ma Ying-jeou, a member of the opposition Nationalist Party or KMT, who saw close ties with China while in office, also urged Beijing to face up to history and help heal families’ wounds.

“Only by doing this can the Chinese communists bridge the psychological gap between the people on both sides of the [Taiwan] Strait and be seen by the world as a real great power,” Ma said.

31st Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Tibet Failed to Prepare for War in 1943 and Lost Freedom in 1950.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE DEMANDS THE UNITED STATES TO RECOGNIZE THE MCMAHON LINE IN KASHMIR

Special Frontier Force demands the United States to recognize the McMahon Line in Kashmir.

In my analysis, the United States will not be able to support the military mission of Special Frontier Force without recognizing the McMahon Line in Kashmir. On behalf of Special Frontier Force I demand the United States to duly recognize the McMahon Line in Kashmir apart from recognizing it in Arunachal Pradesh to contain China’s military expansionism in Southeast Asia. In the past, China grabbed the Aksai Chin area of Kashmir taking the full advantage of the weakness of the US Policy in Southeast Asia.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

Special Frontier Force demands the United States to recognize the McMahon Line in Kashmir. REMEMBERING THE 1962 INDIA-CHINA WAR : The McMahon Line in India’s North East Frontier Agency or the State of Arunachal Pradesh. The Top Secret of 1962 War is the number of Chinese soldiers that were killed and injured during their military attack. Communist China must take courage and admit the true numbers. This War was not a total loss. India learned its lesson. We had a spectacular Military Victory during 1971 during our Bangladesh Liberation War.

Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs Alice Wells: Discussion on India and the Indo-Pacific

REMARKS

THE ATLANTIC COUNCIL

WASHINGTON, DC

MAY 21, 2020

As delivered on 5/20/20.

Special Frontier Force demands the United States to recognize the McMahon Line in Kashmir.

Mr. Kempe: Hello, everyone.  I’m Fred Kempe.  I’m President and CEO of the Atlantic Council and I’m delighted to have you in this virtual room with two of my favorite people, and I’ll get to that in a second, but there are not two more people more knowledgeable in their fields or more accomplished in their work as diplomats.

We talk a lot about social distance.  We like to call it Atlantic Council geographic distance because we feel through these meetings we can bring all of you closer together socially and intellectually.

As a reminder, today’s meeting, which is a discussion on India and the Indo-Pacific, is public and on the record.

We are fortunate today to be joined by Ambassador Alice Wells, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs.  We’re especially grateful to host Ambassador Wells today.  She will be retiring after an enormously distinguished 31 year career serving as a diplomat with the U.S. Department of State this Saturday.

Ambassador Wells assumed her duties as Acting Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asia in June 2017.  I’m delighted to say that the Atlantic Council has had the good fortune of working with her and hosting her several times during this tenure.

Prior to her current post, Ambassador Wells served as the U.S.  Ambassador to the Kingdom of Jordan, one of the most important positions in that region; a Senior Advisor in the Near Eastern Affairs Bureau in Department of State; Special Assistant to the President for Russia and Central Asia; and much more.  During her time in the Foreign Service she served in U.S. embassies in New Delhi, Islamabad, in Riyadh. In short, she knows the world and she knows her stuff.

Alice, please allow me once again to thank you for your distinguished service.

We’re also joined by Ambassador Richard Verma, Vice Chair and Partner to the Asia Group and former U.S. Ambassador to India from 2014 to 2017.

Ambassador Verma has a distinguished career also over the past 25 years, serving across the U.S. government as Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs, Senior National Security Advisor to the Senate Majority Leader, and as Judge Advocate in the U.S. Air Force.

Our two participants, as I said earlier, are two of the most knowledgeable and accomplished individuals working on India and the Indo-Pacific.  I look forward, as we all do on this virtual call, to your conversation.  So Alice, Rich, it’s a pleasure to know you and it’s going to be a great pleasure to listen to you.

I think Alice, you’re going to kick us off, Ambassador Wells will kick us off with some opening remarks, and then we’ll ask Rich to moderate the event.

Ambassador Verma: 

Let me turn to another frankly tense issue which is the border standoff.  As you noted, Indian and Chinese forces often coming into contact with each other perhaps more frequently, even in the last week or so additional security challenges on that front.  How much does that worry you?  Can you give us a sense, are there de-escalatory measures that can be taken?  This 2200 mile contested border presents some real security challenges for the Indian side.

Ambassador Wells:  I think for anyone who was under any illusions that Chinese aggression was only rhetorical, I think they need to speak to India where India on a weekly, monthly, but certainly a very regular basis has to experience the pinpricks of Chinese military.  It’s a reminder of what’s at stake in building a world order and sustaining a world order that respects sovereignty, territorial integrity, as well as respects the rules of international trade that have allowed, again, so many hundreds of millions to be lifted out of poverty.

We in the United States recognize the McMahon Line. 

We’ve always recognized Arunachal Pradesh as an Indian state.  We certainly urge India and China on the Line of Actual Control to engage diplomatically to resolve any outstanding differences.  But this is, if you look to the South China Sea, there’s a method here to Chinese operations and it is that constant aggression, the constant attempt to shift the norms, to shift what is the status quo, that has to be resisted whether it’s in the South China Sea where we’ve done a group sail with India or whether it’s in India’s own backyard, both on land as well as in the Indian Ocean.

Special Frontier Force demands the United States to recognize the McMahon Line in Kashmir.

India and the United States must conduct joint patrolling operations to contain China’s military adventurism

India and the United States must conduct joint patrolling operations to contain China’s military adventurism in Asia.

In my analysis, India and the United States must conduct both land and maritime joint patrolling operations along the Himalayan frontier as well as the South China Sea to contain China’s military adventurism in Asia. The struggle for Peace, Freedom, Democracy, and Justice in Occupied Tibet must not be hampered by keeping it as a State Secret.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE-ESTABLISHMENT NO. 22-VIKAS REGIMENT


The Washington Post
Today's WorldView        

By Adam Taylor
with Ruby Mellen

A border clash between the world’s biggest nations. What could go wrong?
Pangong Lake in the Ladakh region in September 2018. (Manish Swarup/AP)               Pangong Lake in the Ladakh region in September 2018. (Manish Swarup/AP)
China’s ongoing border clash with India may seem remote, but it has global impact. Reports say thousands of troops moved into the disputed area 14,000 feet up in the Himalayas after skirmishes broke out on May 5 near Pangong Lake in Ladakh and then on May 9 in North Sikkim, leaving more than 100 soldiers injured.Amid the global coronavirus pandemic, assessing exactly what is happening in this dispute between the two most populated countries on Earth is difficult. Much of the border region is closed to the press, so reporters have to rely on statements and leaks.Many accounts suggest that aggressive Chinese patrols in the area known as the Line of Actual Control (LAC) were to blame — or, in what may not necessarily be a contradiction, that Indian construction in the region had been interpreted as an aggressive challenge to Beijing’s Belt and Road infrastructure project.



Ultimately, India and China’s border problems are not new — it’s the circumstances surrounding them that have changed. Both Beijing and Delhi are led by governments in the thrall of nationalistic ambition. The pandemic has further pushed many nations into pro- or anti-China positions, camps that were already forming amid a global trade war that has lasted years.The United States, locked in its own squabble with China, has voiced terse support for India’s position and offered to mediate. Hu Xijin, the outspoken editor of China’s party paper the Global Times, seized on the conflicting messages, mocking President Trump and arguing that the United States “seems to be the beneficiary of China-India border tension.”


India and China’s relationship is based on their status as two giant, wary neighbors. They share a 2,167-mile-long border. Together, their populations are around 2.7 billion, more than a third of the world. Both have achieved rapid economic development in recent decades and increased their territorial ambitions. Both have nuclear weapons.India was among the first democracies to recognize the People’s Republic of China in 1950, but border disputes between the two increased as Beijing took control of Tibet. In 1962, they fought a month-long war on the Himalayan border, with China inflicting serious casualties on India before withdrawing to the LAC.There were skirmishes over the border for years. In 1988, after one incident in the Sumdorong Chu Valley in Arunachal Pradesh, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi traveled to Beijing to meet his counterpart Deng Xiaoping. The two nations, both undergoing a wave of economic development just as the Soviet Union began to collapse, put aside their differences out of pragmatism.Now, that pragmatism is being tested. China, whose economic development has dwarfed India’s, has a gross domestic product of roughly $14 trillion, compared to India’s less than $2.7 trillion. “While India has risen as an economy and a global power in the past three decades, its relative strength to China has in fact greatly declined,” Sumit Ganguly and Manjeet S. Pardesi wrote in Foreign Policy.


China’s close relationship with Pakistan, an unequal partner in the Belt and Road project, and lingering disagreement over Tibet have soured relations with India further. The tension between the two nations spilled over in 2017 in the Doklam area of the Himalayas after Indian troops moved in to prevent the Chinese military from building a road into territory claimed by Bhutan, an ally of India.Over two months, the two powers flooded the area with military personnel. The threats, especially those from China, were apoplectic. “India will suffer worse losses than 1962 if it incites border clash,” the Global Times wrote.

The Doklam dispute ultimately fizzled out. Both sides withdrew troops in late August of that year and issued vague remarks about a resolution. Exactly what was decided behind the scenes was unclear, though reports that China had halted construction of the motorway suggested that Beijing had backed down.
Some Indian analysts have suggested that the current situation will end similarly, pointing to a number of conciliatory messages from Chinese officials. “We should never let differences overshadow our relations. We should resolve differences through communication,” China’s ambassador to India, Sun Weidong, said Wednesday.


 But another inconclusive end to a standoff will fail to address the root of the problem. The Indian government has claimed that the Chinese military crossed into Indian territory 1,025 times between 2016 and 2018 (the Chinese government has not released comparable figures).


India and China are both in the throes of aggressive nationalist movements, each displaying their own brand of “wolf warrior” foreign policy. Under President Xi Jinping, China has moved from subtle pushes to strong shoves to bring the city of Hong Kong under Beijing’s sovereignty, while also applying pressure in the South China Sea and against Taiwan.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi entered his second term in power bent on changing many norms of Indian policy. The long-disputed territory of Kashmir has been under lockdown for months, while last year India and Pakistan were drawn into their most serious military escalation in decades. Reuters reported this week that Modi’s plans to build 66 key roads by the Chinese border, including one to a new air base, had probably drawn Beijing’s anger.

In the past, this might have remained a bilateral dispute. But now, anything that involves China seems to involve the United States too. The Hindustan Times reported Wednesday that Trump’s offer to mediate was “part of [a] growing anti-China juggernaut.” Under such a juggernaut, ambiguity may not exist.
India and the United States must conduct joint patrolling operations to contain China’s military adventurism in Asia.
India and the United States must conduct joint patrolling operations to contain China’s military adventurism in Asia.

MONDAY, MAY 25, 2020 – THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER OF AMERICA PAYS TRIBUTE TO THE UNMOURNED FREEDOM FIGHTERS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Monday, May 25, 2020. The Unknown Soldier of America Pays Tribute to the Unmourned Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force.

MONDAY, MAY 25, 2020 – THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER OF AMERICA PAYS TRIBUTE TO THE UNMOURNED FREEDOM FIGHTERS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Monday, May 25, 2020. Memorial Day. The Unknown Soldier of America Pays Tribute to the Unmourned Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force.

On Monday, May 25, 2020, Memorial Day, I, the Unknown Soldier of America pay my tribute to the Unmourned Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force. I am the Living Host of ‘The Living Tibetan Spirits, the Tibetan Soldiers who gave their precious lives on the battlefield in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in 1971. The remote, inaccessible, Chittagong Hill Tracts is the kind of place where human skeletons might sink into the soil undisturbed and unmourned.

Monday, May 25, 2020. Unknown Soldier of America Pays Tribute to the Unmourned Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force.

I serve in Special Frontier Force as the Unknown Soldier of America to fight a war in occupied Tibet to secure Freedom, Democracy, Peace, and Justice. The service in the military organization called Special Frontier Force qualifies me as ‘Unknown Soldier of America’ for its Secret Mission serves to defend America from Enemy opposed to American Values of Freedom, Democracy, Peace, and Justice. On this Memorial Day, I may not be a Soldier with a Gun, but I am a Soldier for Life.

Monday, May 25, 2020, Memorial Day. The Unknown Soldier of America Pays Tribute to the Unmourned Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force.

While training for this secret US sponsored military mission, Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force gave their precious lives. Their mortal remains lie buried in unmarked graves in the Chittagong Hill Tracts with none to pay respects with flowers. Their deaths are Unmourned and I ask my readers to Remember and to Honor their Memory. Dying away from home, away from the soil of your birth and to do so unseen and unmourned is a profound horror.

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE-ESTABLISHMENT NO. 22-VIKAS REGIMENT

Monday, May 25, 2020. The Unknown Soldier of America Pays Tribute to the Unmourned Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force.

PRESIDENT DONALD J. TRUMP PROCLAIMS MEMORIAL DAY, MAY 28, 2018, AS A DAY OF PRAYER FOR PERMANENT PEACE

Monday, May 28, 2019, Memorial Day. The Unknown Soldier of America pays tribute to fallen freedom fighters of Special Frontier Force. Memorial Day Celebration of 2018.

Clipped from: https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/president-donald-j-trump-proclaims-memorial-day-may-28-2018-day-prayer-permanent-peace/

Monday, May 25, 2020. Memorial Day. President Donald J. Trump’s Proclamation of 2018.
Monday, May 25, 2020, Memorial Day. The Unknown Soldier of America Pays Tribute to the Unmourned Freedom Fighters of Special Frontier Force.

Beijing Doomed. Why is China afraid of the Panchen Lama? Why is China afraid of the Dalai Lama? Why is China afraid of Tibetan Buddhism?

Beijing Doomed. Why is China afraid of the Panchen Lama? Why is China afraid of the Dalai Lama? Why is China afraid of Tibetan Buddhism? DOOMSAYER OF DOOM DOOMA – BEIJING IS DOOMED :

Why is China afraid of the Panchen Lama? Why is China afraid of the Dalai Lama? Why is China afraid of Tibetan Buddhism? Beijing’s Doom is pronounced by the REVELATION, Chapter 18.

Beijing Doomed. Why is China afraid of the Panchen Lama? Why is China afraid of the Dalai Lama? Why is China afraid of Tibetan Buddhism?

Rudra Narasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment

Kashag’s Statement on the 25th Anniversary of the Enforced Disappearance of His Eminence the 11th Panchen Lama  

May 17, 2020

Beijing Doomed. Why is China afraid of the Panchen Lama? Why is China afraid of the Dalai Lama? Why is China afraid of Tibetan Buddhism? Beijing’s Doom is pronounced by REVELATION, Chapter 18.

President Dr. Lobsang Sangay, Central Tibetan Administration (File photo)


Kashag’s Statement on the 25th Anniversary of the Enforced Disappearance of His Eminence the 11th Panchen Lama  

On 25 April 2020, Tibetans and Tibet supporters around the world marked the 31st birthday of His Eminence the 11th Panchen Lama, Tenzin Gendun Yeshi Thrinley Phuntsok Palsangpo, the manifestation of the compassionate Bodhisattva Amitabha. We pray that he is well and healthy, and with that aspiration, we offer our greetings on His Eminence’s birthday.

On 17 May 1995, when he was only six years old, the Panchen Lama was abducted by the Chinese Communist government along with his family after His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama recognized him as the reincarnation of the 10th Panchen Lama. Since that fateful day, Buddhists around the world and Tibetans in exile and especially in Tibet, have been living in hope that one day we will be able to receive blessings from the Panchen Lama.

The lineages of the Dalai Lamas and the Panchen Lamas share a unique spiritual relationship. It was in keeping to centuries-old Tibetan Buddhist traditions that His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama recognized the 11th Panchen Lama.

After orchestrating the disappearance of the 11th Panchen Lama, China, a self-declared atheist government and infamous for its persecution of religious groups in China, placed a young boy, Gyaltsen Norbu, as their own 11th Panchen Lama. This politically motivated action failed, however, to displace the position of the true Panchen Lama from the hearts and minds of the Tibetan people. For Tibetans in Tibet and in exile, and for Tibetan Buddhist followers around the world, Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, the six-year-old boy recognized by His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama will always be the true Panchen Lama.

China’s abduction of the Panchen Lama and forcible denial of his religious identity and the right to practice in his monastery is not only a violation of religious freedom but also a gross violation of human rights.

Since his abduction, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and the UN Working Group of Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) has raised questions on the whereabouts of the 11th Panchen Lama. Similarly, the US Congress, European Parliament, and parliaments of various other nations such as the UK, Canada, various governments, international organizations, and Tibet support groups have released reports, issued statements, and passed resolutions calling for his immediate release.

China has repeatedly failed to respond to the UNCRC’s call to allow an independent body to visit and verify the wellbeing of the 11th Panchen Lama. At the 119th session of the UN Working Group of Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) last September, China once again responded to the questions on the whereabouts of the 11th Panchen Lama with unverifiable and insufficient information.

If China’s claim that Tibetans in Tibet enjoy religious freedom is to be considered true, then China must provide verifiable information on the wellbeing and whereabouts of the 11th Panchen Lama, his family and Chadrel Rinpoche, the former Abbot of Tashi Lhunpo Monastery and the head of the search committee for the reincarnation of the 10th Panchen Lama, through pictures and videos.

Our call for justice for the 11th Panchen Lama is also a reminder of our commitment to the legacy of his predecessor, His Eminence the 10th Panchen Lama. On 18 May 1962, the 10th Panchen Lama presented the Chinese translation of the report, most commonly known as the 70,000 Character Petition, to the then Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai. The report was the culmination of what His Eminence had witnessed during the three years as the acting Chairman of the so-called TAR Preparatory Committee. The report detailed failures of the Chinese reform policies in Tibet that resulted in destruction such as the famine that ravaged throughout the country and the Tibetan Buddhist Monastic Education centers that were on the verge of annihilation.

Chairman Mao’s opposition to the petition trampled Panchen Lama’s hope that leaders of the regime might show interest in the petition and bring changes. And instead, the 10th Panchen Lama was barred from attending important meetings and was publicly criticized and humiliated towards the end of 1962. He was further subjected to struggle sessions and was put under house arrest. He was imprisoned in February 1968, where he spent more than 9 years in prison until his release in October 1977.

Even after his release from prison, the 10th Panchen Lama with unsurmountable courage remained committed to his sworn oath in the petition, “I will certainly not allow any trace to be left in my history which would tarnish my reputation as a descendant of the hardworking and brave Tibetan nationality.”

On 23 January 1989, Panchen Lama gave a historic speech in front of various high- ranking Chinese government officials at the inauguration ceremony of the newly-renovated mausoleums of the 5th to the 9th Panchen Lamas at Tashi Lhunpo Monastery in Shigatse. His Eminence said, “If we compare the price of the sacrifice we have made with the development that we have seen; my feeling is that the value of our sacrifice has been far greater. Our sacrifice far outweighs our development.”

On 24 January 1989, in front of Tibetan religious heads from five Tibetan regions and local authorities, Panchen Lama criticized the Cultural Revolution and stated Tibetans must protest it. On 28 January 1989, four days after delivering this historic condemnation, the Panchen Lama died under mysterious circumstances in his monastery. The Chinese government announced that Panchen Lama had died of a heart attack without conducting any official investigation into the causes of his sudden death. We don’t believe and accept that the 10th Panchen Lama died of natural causes just as we don’t believe that his reincarnate, the 11th is under safe protection.

Today marks the 25th anniversary of the 11th Panchen Lama’s disappearance. 25 years is a significant time in an individual’s life. For a person to spend the prime of his life or quarter of a century in enforced captivity is an irreparable loss. The disappearance of the Panchen Lama is not only an injustice to one person, but it is an injustice to six million Tibetans and their right to religious freedom.

China must honour its claim of ethnic harmony in China by fulfilling the aspiration of the Tibetan people. It must right the wrong and release the 11th Panchen Lama along with his family, Chadrel Rinpoche, and all Tibetans unjustly imprisoned.

Taking this opportunity, we thank all nations and their Parliaments founded on the principles of freedom and justice, international human rights organizations, and individuals for their continued support. We appeal to the international community to make a concerted effort to press China to release Gedhun Choekyi Nyima and resolve the critical human rights situation in Tibet.

We proudly acknowledge and thank the Tibetan Non-Governmental Organisations and the Tashi Lhunpo Monastery for continuously undertaking various initiatives to ensure the release of the 11th Panchen Lama.

Finally, we pray and hope that His Eminence the 11th Panchen Lama will soon be able to return to his rightful place at the Tashi Lhunpo monastery in Shigatse. We pray that under the auspicious presence of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama and His Eminence the 11th Panchen Lama, peace will shine soon over Tibet.

The Kashag

17th May 2020

Beijing Doomed. Why is China afraid of the Panchen Lama? Why is China afraid of the Dalai Lama? Why is China afraid of Tibetan Buddhism?

SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : I AM INVITING WHOLE TEAM MEMBERS TO CONTRIBUTE A ROMANTIC STORY TO PARTICIPATE IN WHOLE ASSIGNMENT TITLED "EVENING IN PARIS."
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. I AM INVITING READERS TO CONTRIBUTE A ROMANTIC STORY TO PARTICIPATE IN WHOLE ASSIGNMENT TITLED “EVENING IN PARIS.”

I am inviting my readers to contribute a romantic story to participate in a Whole Assignment titled “EVENING IN PARIS.” The story celebrates a fictional Archangel’s memorable trip to Paris to rescue a dame in dire distress.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EVENINGINPARIS : A STORY INSPIRED BY EDGAR ALAN POE'S POEM 'THE RAVEN'. CAN #ARCHANGEL RESCUE MISS POE POSSESSED BY 'THE DEVIL' ????
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. A STORY INSPIRED BY EDGAR ALLAN POE’S POEM ‘THE RAVEN’. CAN #ARCHANGEL RESCUE MISS POE POSSESSED BY ‘THE DEVIL’ ?
WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS THE TITLE FOR A SHORT STORY . WHOLE TEAM MEMBERS ARE GIVEN THE WHOLE ASSIGNMENT TO COMPLETE THIS STORY THAT FOLLOWS MY BRIEF INTRODUCTION . I AM INSPIRED BY POEM "THE RAVEN" COMPOSED BY EDGAR ALLAN POE .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS.: “EVENING  IN  PARIS”  IS  THE  TITLE FOR  A  SHORT  STORY MY READERS  ARE  GIVEN  THE  WHOLE  ASSIGNMENT TO  COMPLETE  THIS STORY  THAT  FOLLOWS  MY  BRIEF  INTRODUCTION . I AM POETICALLY   INSPIRED  BY   POEM  “THE RAVEN”  COMPOSED  BY  EDGAR  ALLAN  POE .

Edgar Allan Poe(born. January 19, 1809 – died. October 07, 1849) is one of the most brilliant and original writers in American literature. Poe is part of the American Romantic Movement . His short stories are ingenious and profound. Poe often theorized about the art of writing, as in his essay “The Poetic Principle.”  In his view, a poem deserves its title only in as much as it excites by elevating the soul. I find that Poetic Inspiration, and excitement in his poem ‘The Raven’ :

Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore –

While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,

As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.

“Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door –

Only this and nothing more.”

“The Raven” reminds me of ‘The Devil’, ‘The Satan’, ‘The Evil Spirit’ about which a Canaanite woman asked Jesus to show his mercy and drive the demon that took possession of her daughter. This parable about her great faith is  in The Book of Matthew, Chapter 15, verses 21 to 28.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY INSPIRED BY EDGAR ALLAN POE'S POEM "THE RAVEN." IT IS ABOUT THE DEMON THAT TOOK POSSESSION OF THE YOUNG DAUGHTER OF THIS CANAANITE WOMAN WHO IS PLEADING JESUS TO SHOW HIS MERCY .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY  POETICALLY  INSPIRED  BY  EDGAR  ALLAN  POE’S  POEM “THE RAVEN.” IT  IS  ABOUT THE  DEMON  THAT  TOOK  POSSESSION  OF  THE  YOUNG  DAUGHTER  OF   THIS CANAANITE  WOMAN  WHO  IS  PLEADING  JESUS  TO  SHOW  HIS  MERCY .

The New Testament Book of Matthew, Chapter 15, verse# 22 : “LORD, Son of David, have mercy on me! My daughter is suffering terribly from demon possession.” Both man and woman may become the victims of evil spirits or demons which can keep the mind troubled and prevent the joy or happiness obtained by good sleep. Man or woman need the help of a guardian angel to fight the demon that may trouble their hearts.

Evening In Paris(#EveningInParis) is a short story about a young woman by name Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) whose heart is troubled by a ‘Demon’ who keeps her awake all night denying her good sleep.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EVENINGINPARIS : WHOLE TEAM IS FORTUNATE TO HAVE ITS OWN #ARCHANGEL .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. ARCHANGEL IS THE FICTIONAL HERO WHO SAVES THE YOUNG WOMAN TROUBLED BY SLEEPLESSNESS IN PARIS. .

Just like “Saint Michael” who is prominent in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim traditions, the fictional “Archangel” is a young, handsome man who protects and serves young women by defending their  Happiness and Excellence in whatever they do. He trains, instructs, and provides information that lets the young women to achieve excellence in their work performance and ensures happiness in their daily lives. #Archangel provides care and comfort to make sure that the young women get a chance to enjoy good sleep. Our “#Archangel” is the only certified “Whole Kisser” in the entire nation and perhaps in the entire world.  “#Archangel” operates a Bedtime Reading Program in which he reads from his book ‘Conscious Capitalism’ and puts the young lady to sleep and delivers a ‘Whole Kiss’ as a blessing. ‘Whole Kiss’ is the most ‘Perfect Kiss’ ever described in entire human literature. Fairy Tales like ‘Sleeping Beauty’, ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, ‘ Frog Prince’ describe kisses that worked like  miracles changing the fortunes of people. But none of those Fairy Tale Kisses come close to  ‘Whole Kiss’ in terms of Perfection.                          

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EVENINGINPARIS : THE MAGIC CALLED KISS . A TINY GREEN FROG TURNS INTO A HANDSOME PRINCE WHEN KISSED BY PRINCESS .
Sleepless in Paris Saved by Evening in Paris. The Magical Power of Kiss.

THE MAGICAL POWER CALLED KISS . A TINY GREEN FROG TURNS INTO A HANDSOME PRINCE WHEN KISSED BY PRINCESS .

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EVENINGINPARIS : KISS CAN WORK LIKE A MIRACLE . SNOW WHITE RECOVERS FROM THE EFFECTS OF A DEADLY POISON WHEN PRINCE PLANTED A KISS .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS.: KISS CAN WORK LIKE A MIRACLE . SNOW WHITE RECOVERS FROM THE EFFECTS OF A DEADLY POISON WHEN PRINCE PLANTED A KISS .
WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT -#EVENINGINPARIS : SLEEPING BEAUTY WAKES UP FROM A LONG, DEEP SLEEP WHEN PRINCE KISSED HER .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. THE MAGICAL POWER OF KISS. SLEEPING BEAUTY WAKES UP FROM A LONG, DEEP SLEEP WHEN PRINCE KISSED HER .                                                                                             
Sleepless in Paris Saved by Evening in Paris. Archangel is a Whole Kisser. The Magical Power of his perfect Kiss can either awaken a person from a long, deep sleep, or can ensure a perfect sleep if the person stays awake or sleepless due to troubled sleep.

EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT A YOUNG WOMAN BY NAME MISS. POE (“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”) WHO  IS TROUBLED  BY  A  DEMON  AND  CANNOT  SLEEP. #ARCHANGEL IS A  CERTIFIED  “WHOLE KISSER”  WHO  KNOWS  HOW  TO  PUT A YOUNG LADY TO SLEEP WITH A PERFECT GOODNIGHT KISS.

Evening In Paris is a short story about “#Archangel’s encounter with a young woman by name Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”). This encounter happens at Louvre, the French Museum of Art in Paris.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT A YOUNG WOMAN BY NAME MISS. POE. SHE ACCIDENTALLY MEETS WITH "ARCHANGEL" AT LOUVRE, THE FRENCH MUSEUM OF ART IN PARIS .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING  IN  PARIS  IS  A  SHORT STORY  ABOUT A YOUNG WOMAN BY NAME  MISS. POE(“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”) .  SHE ACCIDENTALLY MEETS WITH “#ARCHANGEL” AT LOUVRE, THE FRENCH MUSEUM OF  ART  IN PARIS.

Evening In Paris is a short story about #Archangel who while visiting Paris, accidentally meets a young woman by name Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) at Louvre while viewing the great piece of marble sculpture “The Venus de Milo” by Alexandros of Antioch.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT A YOUNG WOMAN BY NAME MISS. POE WHO ACCIDENTALLY MEETS WITH WHOLE TEAM'S "ARCHANGEL" WHILE VIEWING APHRODITE , THE VENUS OF MILO AT LOUVRE IN PARIS .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING IN PARIS  IS  A  SHORT STORY ABOUT A YOUNG WOMAN BY NAME MISS. POE(“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”) WHO ACCIDENTALLY MEETS  WITH #ARCHANGEL WHILE  VIEWING  APHRODITE, THE VENUS OF MILO AT LOUVRE  IN  PARIS .

Evening In Paris is a short story that narrates the events following the accidental encounter between #Archangel and Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) at Louvre while viewing the famous sculpture of ‘Aphrodite’. Most interestingly, this story has  connection to ‘The Bachelor’ Reality TV Show by ABC. In ‘The Bachelor’ TV Show, a young woman by name Kelsey Poe of Hudsonville, Michigan has competed with 29 other young women to win  affection of Bachelor Chris Soules.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT MISS . POE . MICHIGAN NATIVE MS. KELSEY POE IS A CONTESTANT IN 'THE BACHELOR' TV SHOW . SHE COMPETED WITH 29 OTHER YOUNG WOMEN TO WIN THE AFFECTION OF BACHELOR CHRIS SOULES .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT MISS . POE(“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”). MICHIGAN NATIVE  MS. KELSEY POE IS  A CONTESTANT  IN  ‘THE BACHELOR’ TV SHOW . SHE COMPETED WITH 29 OTHER YOUNG WOMEN TO WIN THE AFFECTION OF BACHELOR CHRIS SOULES .

Evening In Paris is a short story about Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) who is single, restless, and is troubled by a demon who took possession of her mind and would not let her sleep. In ‘The Bachelor’ TV Show, the young woman Kelsey Poe  had a panic attack which reveals her mind’s inner anxiety to find love, affection, care, and comfort through a relationship with another person .

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT MISS. POE . MICHIGAN NATIVE KELSEY POE WAS ELIMINATED FROM 'THE BACHELOR' TV SHOW DURING THE 6th EPISODE THAT FOLLOWED HER PANIC ATTACK .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT MISS. POE(“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”) . MICHIGAN  NATIVE  KELSEY POE  WAS ELIMINATED  FROM ‘THE BACHELOR’ TV SHOW  DURING  THE  6th EPISODE  THAT FOLLOWED  HER PANIC  ATTACK.

Evening In Paris is a short story about Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) with a troubled mind and restless heart seeking love and affection. In ‘The Bachelor’ TV Show, Michigan native Kelsey Poe was  eliminated  in the 6th Episode that followed her panic attack . She had failed to capture the love and affection of Bachelor Chris Soules and went back home to find her destiny.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT MISS . POE AND HER ENCOUNTER WITH WHOLE TEAM'S "ARCHANGEL" AT LOUVRE MUSEUM IN PARIS . MICHIGAN NATIVE KELSEY POE HAD ANNOUNCED HER PLANS TO BECOME A FULL TIME AUTHOR AND MOVE TO FRANCE .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT MISS . POE(“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”) AND  HER  ENCOUNTER  WITH  #ARCHANGEL AT LOUVRE MUSEUM  IN  PARIS . MICHIGAN  NATIVE  KELSEY  POE HAD  ANNOUNCED  HER  PLANS TO BECOME  A  FULL- TIME  AUTHOR  AND  MOVE  TO FRANCE  TO  LIVE  IN  PARIS.

Evening In Paris is a short story about Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) and her accidental encounter with #Archangel at Louvre Museum. After her elimination from ‘The Bachelor’ TV Show, Michigan native Kelsey Poe had shared her future plans of becoming a full-time author and move to Paris, France.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT A LONELY YOUNG WOMAN WHO IS RESTLESS AND IS DEEPLY TROUBLED BY DEMON'S POSSESSION OF HER BODY, MIND, AND SOUL. MICHIGAN NATIVE KELSEY POE WANTS TO FIND ONLY LOVE AND NOTHING MORE . FOR SHE HAD FAILED TO FIND THE ONLY THING, SHE IS MOVING TO PARIS, FRANCE .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT A LONELY YOUNG WOMAN(“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”) WHO IS RESTLESS  AND IS  DEEPLY TROUBLED  BY  DEMON’S POSSESSION OF HER  BODY, MIND,  AND  SOUL. MICHIGAN NATIVE KELSEY POE WANTS TO FIND ONLY LOVE AND NOTHING MORE . FOR SHE HAD FAILED TO FIND THE ONLY THING, SHE IS MOVING TO PARIS, FRANCE .

Evening in Paris is a short story about a lonely, young woman(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) who is restless and is deeply troubled by demon’s possession of her body, mind, and soul. Michigan native Kelsey Poe who contested in ‘The Bachelor’ TV Show wants to find only Love and nothing more. For she had failed to find the only thing she wanted, she may have decided to move to Paris, France and find comfort by becoming a full-time author.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT -#EVENINGINPARIS : APPARENTLY KELSEY POE HAD VISITED PARIS IN THE PAST . MS POE OR #SLEEPLESSINPARIS IS A FICTIONAL CHARACTER INSPIRED BY EDGAR ALLAN POE'S POEM 'THE RAVEN'.
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. APPARENTLY KELSEY POE HAD VISITED PARIS IN THE PAST . MS POE OR #SLEEPLESSINPARIS IS A FICTIONAL CHARACTER INSPIRED BY EDGAR ALLAN POE’S POEM ‘THE RAVEN’.
WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EVENINGINPARIS : FOR ANY PERSON WHO ENJOYS BEING IN PARIS, SLEEPLESSNESS WOULD POSE A HUGE PROBLEM . AT THE END OF THE DAY, GOOD SLEEP IS THE MOST PRECIOUS EXPERIENCE OF LIFE .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. FOR ANY PERSON WHO ENJOYS BEING IN PARIS, SLEEPLESSNESS WOULD POSE A HUGE PROBLEM . AT THE END OF THE DAY, GOOD SLEEP IS THE MOST PRECIOUS EXPERIENCE OF LIFE .
WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT A YOUNG WOMAN BY NAME MISS. POE . THE STORY IS INSPIRED BY THE EXCITATION OF THE SOUL FROM READING EDGAR ALLAN POE'S POEM 'THE RAVEN'.
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY ABOUT A YOUNG WOMAN BY NAME MISS. POE(“SLEEPLESS  IN  PARIS”) . THE STORY IS POETICALLY  INSPIRED  BY THE  EXCITATION  OF THE  SOUL FROM  READING  EDGAR ALLAN  POE’S  POEM  ‘THE RAVEN’.

EVENING IN PARIS – #EVENINGINPARIS (“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”):

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EveningInParis : EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY THAT GOES BEYOND MAN OR WOMAN'S DAILY LIVING NEEDS FOR BREAD, BUTTER, AND SHELTER . APART FROM A PLACE TO SLEEP, MAN OR WOMAN MAY NEED A SOULMATE TO SHARE MUTUAL FEELINGS OF LOVE AND AFFECTION .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS. EVENING IN PARIS IS A SHORT STORY THAT GOES BEYOND MAN OR WOMAN’S DAILY LIVING NEEDS FOR BREAD, BUTTER, AND SHELTER . APART FROM A PLACE TO SLEEP, MAN OR WOMAN MAY  NEED  A   SOULMATE  TO  SHARE  MUTUAL  FEELINGS  OF  LOVE  AND  AFFECTION .

Evening In Paris is a short story about a young woman’s(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) quest for mental care and comfort  for her body, mind, and soul are  troubled by some unknown evil spirit. This Story goes beyond man or woman’s daily living needs like bread, butter, and shelter. Apart from a place to sleep, man or woman may need a Soulmate to share mutual feelings of Love and Affection. #Archangel” provides that missing dimension by putting a troubled Soul to sleep while reading a few pages from the famous book titled ‘Conscious Capitalism’ as a Bedtime Story.

Evening In Paris is a short story that has to be completed by my readers who participate in this Whole Assignment. Writing stories has its own rewards. Whole Story writers may make some dough if the story they share can uplift Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) from her mental misery caused by chronic sleep deprivation. The fictional #Archangel has the full potential to find and destroy the Demon who took possession of Miss. Poe’s Body, Mind, and Soul. Readers can post their stories  as a ‘Comment’  using the ‘Leave a Comment’ feature.

After #Archangel has gone to Paris to rescue Miss Poe from the clutches of ‘The Devil’, we received this Postcard mailed from Paris I ask readers to narrate as to how #Archangel spent his #EveningInparis.

WHOLE TEAM - WHOLE ASSIGNMENT - #EVENINGINPARIS : AFTER #ARCHANGEL HAS GONE TO PARIS TO RESCUE MISS POE FROM CLUTCHES OF 'THE DEVIL' , WE RECEIVED A POSTCARD MAILED FROM PARIS .
SLEEPLESS IN PARIS SAVED BY EVENING IN PARIS.

EVENING IN PARIS. #EVENINGINPARIS: AFTER #ARCHANGEL HAS GONE TO PARIS TO RESCUE MISS POE FROM THE CLUTCHES OF ‘THE DEVIL’ , WE RECEIVED A POSTCARD MAILED FROM PARIS .

Evening In Paris is an inspirational short story about a young woman by name Miss. Poe(“SLEEPLESS IN PARIS”) who discovers the three-dimensional Love following her accidental encounter with #Archangel” at Louvre Museum in Paris. The rest of this Story has to be contributed by readers who willingly accept the Whole Assignment.

Sleepless in Paris Saved by Evening in Paris is a short story about a young woman Miss Poe troubled by the Devil when she tries to sleep.

May 12. A tribute to Florence Nightingale on International Nurses Day. The art of battlefield medicine.

May 12. A tribute to Florence Nightingale on International Nurses Day.

International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world every May 12, the anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth. 

May 12. A tribute to Florence Nightingale on International Nurses Day. The Art of Battlefield Medicine.

Each year, the International Council of Nurses (ICN) comes up with a theme to honor nurses. For 2020, the theme chosen for International Nurses Day is ‘Nursing the world to health.’

May 12. A tribute to Florence Nightingale on International Nurses Day. The art of battlefield medicine.

Florence Nightingale, popularly known as Lady with the Lamp, (born May 12, 1820, Florence [Italy]—died August 13, 1910, London, England), British nurse, statistician, and social reformer who was the foundational philosopher of modern nursing. The role of providing care and comfort to the battlefield victims is recognized from ancient times. The Indian epic poem Ramayana gives a very vivid account of providing care to Prince Laxmana on the battlefield.

The Battle Field Resuscitation of Prince Lakshmana by HANUMAN
The Art of Battlefield Medicine.The Battlefield Resuscitation of Prince Lakshmana by Lord HANUMAN.
In the epic poem of Ramayana, the battle wounded Lakshmana is resuscitated by a medicinal herb known as 'SANJIVANI', fetched by mighty Hanuman.Ramayana also describes the Art of Diagnosing the Medical Condition known as 'SHOCK' from the facial appearance of the Battle Casualty.
In the epic poem of Ramayana, the battle wounded Prince Lakshmana is resuscitated by a medicinal herb known as ‘SANJIVANI’, fetched by mighty Hanuman. Ramayana also describes the Art of Diagnosing the medical condition known as ‘SHOCK’ from the facial appearance of the Battle Casualty.
Florence Nightingale became famous for her role in providing CARE and COMFORT to the Battle Casualties in the Crimean War.
Florence Nightingale became famous for her role in providing CARE and COMFORT to the Battle Casualties in the Crimean War.
The Flag of Indian Army Medical Corps symbolizes its Primary Mission.
The Flag of the Indian Army Medical Corps symbolizes its Primary Mission. The Art of Battlefield Medicine.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE-OPERATION EAGLE-LIBERATION WAR OF BANGLADESH 1971-72:

OPERATION EAGLE 1971-72 in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. THE ART OF BATTLEFIELD MEDICINE

Indian Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi initiated Liberation of Bangladesh during 1971 with military action in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The battle plan of this military action is known as Operation Eagle. This post is related to that battlefield experience.

Army represents a large organized force armed and trained for War. The Primary Mission of Army is to wage a War or to defend itself in a War. The purpose of Army Medical Corps is to support the Army to accomplish its Primary Mission. AMC provides support during the Battle, while preparing for the Battle and to keep the Army Battle-Ready at all times. In a Combat, when a direct or indirect contact with an enemy is made, Casualties could occur. These Casualties could fall into three groups :

Group I : These are killed outright or severely wounded past any help. I encountered such Battle Casualties who died in my presence. However, it is important to identify them and document the nature of injuries with an aim to develop a strategy to use more effective Battle Plans and in evolving better personal protective clothing and devices.

Group II : These Casualties are severely wounded, they require continuous medical support and supervision and transportation to a Field Hospital for appropriate Life saving Surgery and further definitive treatment in a Base Hospital.

Group III : These Casualties are less critically injured persons who need minimal medical attention. When appropriately treated at the Battalion level, they could be immediately returned to the Combat Operations and very useful in sustaining the numbers of the fighting force.

Army Medical Corps acts to prevent the loss of life among the Group II and Group III casualties. In doing so, AMC provides a blanket of ‘Care’ and ‘Comfort’ to those injured and it acts to boost up the morale of the entire fighting Force. AMC personnel take part in military Operations as Combatants and are entitled to carry their personal weapons.

THE EFFECTS OF BATTLE INJURIES:

The battle wound is a ‘CONTINUING’ injury and its effects on the entire body are dynamic ones. If  left unattended, the physical condition of the Battle Casualty deteriorates. Hemorrhage or loss of blood from a blood vessel is a major contributing factor to Shock and death. Most of those patients with wounds of great vessels of the chest and abdomen bleed to death before getting medical help. Bleeding could be; (a) External or visible, or (b) Internal or invisible. Apart from loss of blood, injuries damage soft tissues, internal organs and structures like bones and nerves.

Resuscitation actually means the act of reviving or restoring the vital functions of a severely wounded person. Resuscitation involves those procedures which are carried out to counteract the effect of the wound. Since the wound is a ‘continuing’ injury and its effects on the entire body are ‘dynamic’ ones, the Resuscitation is a process of ‘continuing’ treatment. Since the effects of the wound start as soon as the man is injured, Resuscitation should start as soon as the wounded man is seen. Hence, ‘FORWARD’ Medical Care is essential for the survival of the wounded. Resuscitation must commence in the ‘Field’ where the Battle Casualty is found. The AMC personnel, Medical Officers, Nursing Assistants, and Ambulance Assistants are combatants and it is not unfair to send trained medical personnel to the Combat Zone. Use of a qualified doctor in the ‘Forward’ location is far more beneficial to the wounded soldier. During the India-Pakistan War of 1971, I was present in the Combat Zone and my services were immediately made available to the wounded soldiers. I witnessed the benefits of initiating early treatment of Battle casualties. The concept of ‘Combat Life Saver’ improves the chances of Casualty survival. Emergency life saving treatment must start as far ‘FORWARD’ as possible and it must continue as a Casualty is evacuated to the rear. It must be understood that swift medical treatment greatly enhances survival. AMC must plan to provide Emergency medical treatment of soldiers at or near a Combat Zone to increase the chances of survival. The next major problem which contributes to the death of Casualties is that of a faulty Evacuation Plan. Lack of transportation is often the primary cause of untimely Evacuation. I encountered this problem of lack of transportation during the initial phase of the India-Pakistan War of 1971 but I met this challenge with courage and had taken my patients in improvised stretchers on a memorable long march of about 40 miles and had them airlifted in a helicopter. All of my patients survived this ordeal. The initial treatment in the battle field is important to ensure that the Casualty will withstand the journey to the rear. The wounded patient must be able to survive the journey and should not arrive at the Field Hospital dead or dying.

THE PRIMARY AIMS OF TREATMENT AT BATTALION LEVEL:

1. If necessary, establish and maintain an adequate airway. The basic mechanisms of respiration should be intact. A ‘sucking’ wound of the chest must be immediately sealed.

2. Bleeding should be stopped or arrested. Severe blood loss may not be evident immediately after injury. After wounding, a blood-volume deficiency will always occur. As opposed to internal bleeding, bleeding from blood vessels in extremities can be controlled more easily. The pressure dressing used must be tight enough to control bleeding. If applied properly, pressure dressings will often control major hemorrhage than the use of a tourniquet. The aim is to prevent the onset of Shock, delay its progression and to stabilize patient’s condition to prepare him for transportation.

3. Relief of Pain : Pain induces and aggravates stress. Prompt relief of pain provides an enormous sense of Comfort. Pain aggravates the casualty’s poor condition. Fractures apart from causing pain, also increase damage to muscles and thereby promote further blood loss. Fractures must be adequately splinted. Patient must be properly immobilized to withstand Evacuation. The pain associated with most soft tissue injuries could be easily relieved by the use of Morphine. I had very effectively used Injection Tubonic Morphia/ Morphia syrettes 0.25 or 1/4 grain.

4. Prevention of Wound Infection : Wounds break the barriers against bacteria. Bandages should not be applied carelessly. When applied properly, bandages arrest bleeding, prevent disturbance of the wound by foreign objects and prevents further contamination. Battle wounds get easily contaminated. Before clinical evidence of infection, early administration of antibiotics is useful. I had orally administered Tetracycline tablets, a broad-spectrum antibiotic with very good results.

5. DO NOT LAY TOO MUCH EMPHASIS ON TRANSPORTATION : Hurried Evacuation leads to undue deterioration during transportation.  The transportation should not be at the expense of proper treatment. The Medical Officer at the Battalion in a Combat Zone is not merely a First-Aid provider. He is the most important member of the Resuscitation Team. He must take time to institute initial procedures which will best prepare the wounded soldier for transportation. At all times, the Medical Officer must aim to put a Casualty in the best possible condition for transportation in the shortest period of time.

Army Medical Corps and the concept of CARE and COMFORT
The Art of Battlefield Medicine. Army Medical Corps and the concept of CARE and COMFORT during Battle.

THE CONCEPT OF CARE AND COMFORT:

Army Medical Corps accomplishes its mission of providing ‘CARE’ by making an effort and actually by reaching the Battle Casualty as early as possible. The presence and the physical contact with a person providing medical aid gives the feeling of being cared for. The Battle Casualty should not struggle to find his way to reach the Regimental Aid Post. A Battle Casualty feels reassured if the medical care provider demonstrates a sense of resolve, determination, and purpose in reaching out to the wounded person in the Field. An early and effective medical intervention is the key to deliver ‘Care’ and ‘Comfort’. The human body experiences a sense of improvement when the bleeding is stopped, when the pain is relieved and when you are placed in a position that physiologically contributes to the sense of ‘Comfort’. I also speak about the role of compassionate care in the relief of pain and in the management of pain. Compassion acts like a Force/Power/Energy. It has an uplifting power. Compassion provides both a physical and mental experience to the person providing the care and on the person receiving the care. The caregiver experiences less physical and mental fatigue and would be able to accomplish a physically and mentally challenging task with ease and a sense of joy or happiness. The person receiving the care experiences a sense of calm and reassurance, his pain tolerance improves, he becomes pain resistant and wold require less effort in his pain management both in terms of the dose and the frequency of his pain relief medication. The psychological and physical stress caused by the battle injuries is reduced as the wounded person experiences a sense of joy or happiness for getting compassionate attention. Human touch is a powerful tool in the arena of Battlefield Medicine. 

Armed Forces Medical College, Pune and the AMC Centre and School in Lucknow should prepare Medical Officers to face the Greatest Challenge of its Primary Mission.
The Art of Battlefield Medicine. Armed Forces Medical College, Pune and the AMC Centre and School in Lucknow should prepare Medical Officers to face the greatest challenge of its Primary Mission.

THE GREATEST CHALLENGE FOR ARMY MEDICAL CORPS:

The lives of the seriously wounded soldiers depend upon the professional skills of the Medical Officer and other medical personnel deployed at the Battalion level. I served as a Medical Officer at a Battalion level during the India-Pakistan War of 1971, and later served in a Field Hospital providing support to an Infantry Division, and in a Medical Battalion providing medical support to an Armoured Division. I had also used this experience in serving the Land Forces of the Sultanate of Oman. The need for the best trained men in the most ‘FORWARD’ location where the greatest test of ability is made remains the greatest challenge for the Army Medical Corps. AMC must orient its policy and training to achieve this end. AMC must apportion training time of the Medical Officer so that a maximum training occurs in acquiring the skills to provide initial care to the battle casualty in the combat zone. To supervise the training of the medical care support personnel, the Medical Officer should also be trained to acquire the professional skills that are used by a Nursing Assistant and an Ambulance Assistant. In the Art of Battle-Field Medicine, no job is a small job.

The Art of Battlefield Medicine. The India-Pakistan War of 1971 and the Liberation of Bangladesh are very significant achievements of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. As I was then serving in Establishment No. 22 under the Cabinet Secretariat, I had direct and personal understanding of her Foreign Policy Initiatives. She approved our military Operation in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. In the conduct of this War, we faced a very critical moment and it needed her personal intervention and a decision that she alone could make. I rendered my services to overcome the challenge posed by that critical situation. The importance of this situation could be understood as it needed an intervention from the Prime Minister. I am now asking the Government of India to recognize my GALLANT response in enemy’s territory without any concern for my personal safety.

Please feel free to share this page with your friends and others who may care about preserving the lives of the battle wounded persons.

Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,  

Service Number: MS-8466; MR-03277K; Rank: Major; Branch: Army Medical Corps( Direct Permanent Commission)   Designation: Medical Officer, Unit: South Column, Operation Eagle(1971-72) 

Organization: Headquarters Establishment No. 22  C/O  56  APO; Vikas Regiment, Special Frontier Force/Directorate General of Security.   

The Art of Battlefield Medicine. A tribute to Florence Nightingale on International Nurses Day.