THE UNITED STATES-TIBET RELATIONS-THE REINCARNATION OF TIBETAN SPIRITS


Gendun Drup, 1st Dalai Lama
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THE UNITED STATES – TIBET RELATIONS-THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS :

Bodhisattva – Avalokiteshvara – The originator of Tibetan people. His Holiness Dalai Lama is believed to be the spiritual emanation of Avalokiteshvara.

According to Tibetan legend and tradition, Tibetan people had originated from Avalokiteshvara  or Bodhisattva, one enlightened in essence. There are several reincarnations of Bodhisattva. Avalokiteshvara represents Bodhisattva as reincarnated person of Compassion. The Tibetan Spiritual and Temporal Leader known as Dalai Lama is believed to be the reincarnation of a long line of “tulkus” who descend as the spiritual emanation of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara  In Tibetan Buddhism, the term “tulku”, represents a particularly high-ranking Lama( a man of wisdom, a teacher, or Guru ), of whom the Dalai Lama is one. A “tulku” can choose the manner of his( her ) rebirth or reincarnation. The succession is maintained by the discovery of a child, born soon after the death of a Dalai Lama, into whom the spirit of the deceased is believed to have entered. In Tibetan Buddhism, other high-ranking Lamas such as the Panchen Lama also survive as reincarnated spirits. In 1578, the Mongol Ruler Altan Khan conferred the title of ‘DALAI’ on visiting Sonam Gyatso, a Tibetan Lama( who had become the 3rd Dalai Lama) and applied this title  retrospectively to the two previous hierarchs, Gendun Drup and Gendun Gyatso. The name Gyatso is attached to all other reincarnated Dalai Lamas. The present 14th Dalai Lama is known as Tenzin Gyatso.

THE INSTITUTION OF DALAI LAMA  :

The Institution of Dalai Lama is important to preserve Tibetan Political Identity. The Government of Tibet is represented by this Seal of Ganden Phodrang.Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama has now relinquished his temporal powers and Tibetans have elected a Prime Minister to run their Government. However, the succession of Dalai Lama is an important issue. His Holiness is the symbolic embodiment of the Tibetan National Character, and he is the central focus of Tibetan Cultural Identity.Lhasa is the cultural and historical Capital of the Land of Tibet. The reincarnation of the Spirit of Dalai Lama may happen at a place according to the manner chosen by the present Dalai Lama. The child, a male or a female could take birth inside occupied territory of Tibet or in a place where Tibetan exiles currently live. United States and India must demand to establish their Consular Services at Lhasa to protect the cultural and religious rights and practices of Tibetans and of Tibetan Buddhism.Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama has now relinquished his temporal powers and Tibetans have elected a Prime Minister to run their Government. However, the succession of Dalai Lama is an important issue. His Holiness is the symbolic embodiment of the Tibetan National Character, and he is the central focus of Tibetan Cultural Identity.
Lhasa is the cultural and historical Capital of the Land of Tibet. The reincarnation of the Spirit of Dalai Lama may happen at a place according to the manner chosen by the present Dalai Lama. The child, a male or a female could take birth inside occupied territory of Tibet or in a place where Tibetan exiles currently live. United States and India must demand to establish their Consular Services at Lhasa to protect the cultural and religious rights and practices of Tibetans and of Tibetan Buddhism.

Peoples’ Republic of China after its illegal occupation of Tibet, with a view to consolidate its power and hold on Tibetan society, initiated a policy of selecting its own candidates as the reincarnated Lamas to effectively destroy the traditions of Tibetan Buddhism. United States has finally decided to intervene in this abuse of Human Rights in the Land of Tibet. To restore the religious freedom, and to defend the rights of Tibetans to preserve their culture and traditions, United States would like to play a more visible role inside Tibet. Most recently, United States has demanded that it must have a U.S. Consulate in Lhasa, Tibet. I speak on behalf of ‘The Living Tibetan Spirits’ and they have received this news with a sense of joy. The Tibetan Spirits who live with me are not entitled to rebirth or reincarnation. However, I am conscious of their wishes and their desire to preserve the Institution of Dalai Lama. I am pleased to share an article titled ‘Initial US moves to Prevent Beijing Imposing its Dalai Lama on Tibetans’ by B Raman, published by Southasiaanalysis.Org.

THE SPIRITS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE:

Special Frontier Force is a multinational defense plan to establish Freedom and Democracy in occupied Land of Tibet.

 

http://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Spirits-of-Special-Frontier-Force/362056613878227

Rudra N. Rebbapragada

 

Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.
Service Information:

Personal Number: MS-8466/MR-03277K; Rank: Lieutenant/Captain/Major;

Branch: Army Medical Corps/Short Service Regular Commission/Direct Permanent Commission(1969-1984);

Unit: Headquarters Establishment Number. 22, C/O 56 APO;

Designation: Medical Officer(1971-1974);

Organization: Special Frontier Force.
http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/papers47/paper4639.html

Initial US moves to Prevent Beijing Imposing its Dalai Lama on Tibetans
By B. Raman 8/8/2011
The Chinese, who have already been annoyed by the meeting of President Barack Obama with His Holiness the Dalai Lama in the Map Room of the White House during His Holiness’ recent visit to the US, have reasons to be further irritated and concerned over the directive on July 20 by the US House Foreign Affairs Committee to the US Secretary of State that China should not be allowed to open any more Consulates in the US until Beijing allowed the US to open a Consulate in Lhasa.
2. The Foreign Relations Authorization Act Fiscal Year 2012 passed by the Committee said: “The Secretary shall seek to establish a United States consulate in Lhasa, Tibet, to provide services to United States citizens traveling in Tibet and to monitor political, economic, and cultural developments in Tibet, including Tibetan areas of Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, and Yunnan provinces and, until such consulate is established, shall not permit the establishment in the United States of any additional consulate of the People’s Republic of China”.
3. There is reportedly a pending request from the Chinese Foreign Office for permission to open Chinese Consulates at Atlanta and Boston. Now, these two may not materialise unless and until Beijing allows the US to open a Consulate at Lhasa.
4. India should emulate the US and should not allow Beijing to open any more Consulates in India until it permits India to open a Consulate in Lhasa. We have a much stronger case than the US for a Consulate in Lhasa.
5. Non-Governmental supporters of His Holiness in the US have organised an exhibition in the US to educate the public about the Panchen Lama. They also intend to start a movement to ensure that the Chinese do not disregard the Tibetan traditions in imposing their own Dalai Lama on the Tibetan people when His Holiness is no more. The Chinese interference in the traditional religious practices of the Tibetans in order to impose their own Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama on the Tibetan people could become an important issue in the future interactions between Washington and Beijing relating to Tibet and His Holiness.
6. While passing the resolution on a US Consulate in Lhasa, the House Foreign Affairs Committee also expressed serious concerns over the increasing suppression of religious freedom in Tibet and directed representatives of the United States Government to call for a cessation of all interference by the Government of the People’s Republic of China in the reincarnation system of Tibetan Buddhism during exchanges with officials of the Government of the People’s Republic of China.
7. The Panchen Lama nominated by the Chinese authorities after arresting the Panchen Lama selected by the representatives of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, was to tour in Tibet during July to attend functions held in Tibet to mark the 60th anniversary of the occupation of Tibet by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. According to latest reports from Tibet, he did not undertake the tour which was deferred indefinitely without giving any reasons.
8. The Nepalese Police arrested on August 5,2011,Thinley Lama, the new volunteer coordinator of the Tibetan Refugee Welfare Office in Kathmandu, after he had held a news conference in which he called for the protection of the human rights of the Tibetan refugees living in Nepal. There has been intense pressure on the Nepalese Government by Beijing to ban what is projected as the anti-China activities of the refugees. In the first week of July, the Nepalese Police, under pressure from the Chinese Embassy, tried to prevent the refugees from celebrating the birthday of His Holiness. Thinley Lama is a Nepal resident and acts as the representative of His Holiness in Nepal.
9. Human Rights groups have condemned the action of the Nepal Police in detaining Thinley Lama and appealed to the international community to intervene to stop the persecution of Tibetan refugees by the Nepalese authorities under pressure from Beijing.
10. They allege that the Chinese Embassy has been more aggressive in urging Nepal to take action against Tibetan refugees since last month when a new Chinese Ambassador to Nepal, Yang Houlan, assumed office. China says there are no Tibetan “refugees,” but only illegal immigrants.
11. It has been reported that as a quid pro quo for curbs on the activities of the refugees by the Nepalese authorities, Beijing has offered financial assistance for the development of the tourist infrastructure in Nepal, including for the development of the infrastructure at Lumbini, the birth place of Buddha.
12. In the meanwhile, reliable reports from Tibet say that the Chinese authorities refrained from taking any action against about 5000 Tibetan monks, who defied the orders of the authorities and held a meeting at Lithang Gonchen in the Sichuan Province from July 15 to 24, for discussions to promote Tibetan cultural values and national unity.Initially, the Chinese authorities tried to prevent the meeting, but when the monks expressed their determination to go ahead with it, they did not intervene.
13. All the proceedings were held in the Tibetan language and all the participants were required to dress typically like Tibetans. There were discussions not only on religious, social and cultural issues, but also on the need to preserve the Tibetan language and the unity of Tibetans living in Tibet’s traditional three provinces of U-Tsang, Kham, and Amdo—all now occupied by China. The monastery of Lithang Gonchen, which hosted the meeting, had sent invitations to over 100 other monasteries—both in Kardze and in neighboring prefectures—to take part. About a half of them participated.
14. Representatives also came from the Kirti monastery, in Kardze, from where about 300 defiant monks were arrested and moved to re-education camps in March this year following an incident of self-immolation by a young monk to protest against the Chinese rule. The Chinese have continued to reject requests from international human rights organisations for permission to visit the detained monks of the Kirti monastery.
(The Writer Is Additional Secretary (Retd), Cabinet Secretariat, Govt. Of India, New Delhi, And, Presently, Director, Institute For Topical Studies, Chennai, And Associate Of The Chennai Centre For China Studies.

 

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