English: Professor Sir Roger Penrose (born 8 A...
 Professor Sir Roger Penrose (born 8 August 1931)  is an English mathematical physicist renowned for his contributions to general relativity and cosmology. He is also a recreational mathematician and philosopher. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
, Toward a Science of Consciousness Conference...
Dr. Stuart Hameroff, Professor Emeritus Department of Anesthesiology, Director of the Center of Consciousness Studies at The University of Arizona.  Toward a Science of Consciousness Conference, Arizona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


The Anatomy of Cell – Endoplasmic Reticulum. The Protoplasm or Cytoplasm consists of a network or honey-combed reticulum called Endoplasmic Reticulum. It is a network of sacs and tubules that act as channels for materials passing through the Cell. This network is described as Spongioplasm. The homogeneous substance contained in the meshes of the network is known as Hyaloplasm.
The Anatomy of Cell – Golgi Apparatus and Endoplasmic Reticulum

This story about ‘the quantum theory of consciousness’ that appears under this post is too brief and hence it would be a bit difficult to come to a proper understanding of the subject matter. We need to know as to how the terms soul and consciousness are defined. What is Soul? Is it a material principle or is it an immaterial principle? What is Consciousness? Is it a mental function? Is it a psychological function? Is it a biological function? What is the relationship between the soul and consciousness? I am sure that these authors may have provided more information on their views at some other place or in their book. But, the story provides some information that is good enough to doubt this theory. Microtubules are found in all living cells of all living organisms other than bacteria, blue-green algae, and viruses. If microtubules are found inside brain cells or neurons, it is not a surprise. They tend to perform the same functions in all types of living cells called eukaryotes(cells with true nuclei). All the cells of the human body are derived from a single, fertilized egg cell. We need to discuss this topic called soul and consciousness in relationship with this egg cell. Does this egg cell display consciousness? If the egg cell is conscious, does it have a soul? In that context, we have to answer similar questions about Amoeba proteus, is it conscious? and does it have a soul?

Amoeba proteus and The Quantum Theory of Consciousness.
Human Ovum Structure and The Quantum Theory of Consciousness.

I have been writing about some of these issues and like these authors, I have been speaking about the role of Cytoplasm, the living substance found inside living cells. The microtubules are related to the plasma membrane/biological membrane, the outermost layer that separates the cell from its external environment. This membrane performs functions like cognition and it can process information and transmit information which the cell further uses to perform its various living functions. The cytoplasm exists in a constant condition of motion called ‘amoeboid motion’. The cell structures called microtubules and microfilaments maintain this motion all the time. Like all cells, the brain cells experience cellular death. We can remove several brain cells or kill them using drugs or radiation while treating problems like cancer. The person still remains conscious and we clearly know the term ‘consciousness’ as used in Clinical Medicine refers to the ‘arousal state’. These authors have not made any distinction between the clinical definition of ‘consciousness’ and the function performed by microtubules. Their views about gravitational force and its impact upon information processing by the brain’s nerve cells have no theoretical basis. We send astronauts into outer space and they function without experiencing any gravitational pull or force and they literally float inside the spaceship.

Rudra N Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA

Published by WholeDude

Whole Man - Whole Theory: I intentionally combined the words Whole and Dude to describe the Unity of Body, Mind, and Soul to establish the singularity called Man.

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  1. hello
    dear Rudra narasimhan
    i have read your artice on science of consciousness and about Dr Stuart Hameroff. i am a writer and has written more than 2000 articles. 52 books of mine have been selected by singapore international library (published by a london publisher.
    i have written to Stuart Hameroff and got permission to write about his research.
    i have seen some of the pictures in your blog. can i use them if necessary along with my article ( I am writing in 18 magazines )
    January artice will be on Andrew newsberg ( i have obtained permission from him also)
    February article will be on Dr Stuart Hameroff.
    pl cfm.
    santhanam nagarajan
    u may read all of my artices in http://www.ezinearticles.com selecting “expert author” column and typing santhanam nagarajan


    1. Dear Shri. Santhanam Nagarajan,

      Thanks for visiting my blog post. I am not the owner of the photo. However, you should be able to use the photo as you are writing about him and his work. I am really impressed with the volume of your written work; over 2,000 articles and 52 books. I wish you all the best for your new endeavors. I was a student of Government Giriraj Arts College, Nizamabad, Andhra Pradesh while I studied there for my bachelor’s degree(1961-1965). Mr. Santhanam was our Lecturer in Political Science. Are you related to him?

      With best regards,

      R. Rudra Narasimham.


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