What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.
We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual Connection between Energy and Life. The Laws of Thermodynamics are important unifying principles of Biology. The First Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy, states that Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Spiritual Optics accounts for the capacity of photoreception and the term Spiritual Light refers to the creation of Light by God to begin the designing of Matter described by Physics and Chemistry. I may not be able to discover the Purpose in my Life if I exist in Spiritual Darkness.
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE DESIGNER – WHOLE PHENOMENON:
The word “Phenomenon” is described as any event, circumstance, or experience that is apparent to the senses and that can be scientifically described or apprised. Phenomenology is described as a study of perceptual experience. Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (1859-1938), German philosopher and mathematician is the founder of Phenomenology. He offered a descriptive study of consciousness for the purpose of discovering the laws by which experiences of the objective world or of pure imagination can occur. It is my impression that all human experiences of the objective world and of human imagination can occur only under the influence of the Power/Force/Energy called Illusion which is popularly described as “MAYA” in Indian Sanskrit language. To facilitate a man’s powers of sensory and intuitive perception, it demands the operation of a mechanism called ‘Illusion’. The man has no choice other than that of gaining perceptual experience under the influence of Mercy, Grace, and Compassion that establishes, supports, and sustains the human existence. In this context of the fundamental basis for human existence, the term “Whole Phenomenon” can be stated as any event, circumstance, or experience that can be known by human senses, or the mental faculty called intuition under the influence of Illusion.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF CONSCIOUSNESS:
I share the same concern that was expressed by Edmund Husserl, the Founder of Phenomenology. We need to clarify the term phenomenon and it will become apparent that there can never be a Science of Pure Phenomena as the Subjective and Objective reality of the man’s physical existence on Earth’s surface depends upon the experience of Grand Illusion. Husserl shares the maxim of the “Philosophy of Consciousness” which states, “All consciousness is consciousness of something.” His chief works were ‘Logical Investigations’ (1900-1901), ‘Ideas for a Pure Phenomenology’ (1907), ‘Cartesian Meditations (1931), and ‘Experience and Judgment’ (1939). Husserl offers a descriptive study of consciousness, giving a description of the consciousness of time, he discusses a person’s experience of other minds and humans’ lived relationship with the world. He concludes that consciousness has no life apart from the objects it considers. But, in his later works he denies the existence of objects outside of consciousness. Husserl developed a philosophical method devoid of presuppositions by focusing purely on phenomena and elucidating their meaning through intuition. He held that experience is the source of all knowledge. His method of ‘phenomenological reduction’ excludes anything that cannot be perceived, and thus is not immediately given to the consciousness. Husserl’s method involves the study of phenomena, or appearances of human experience while attempting to suspend all consideration of their objective reality or subjective association. He wants to avoid all philosophical, and scientific presuppositions. He wants to discover the essential structures and relationships of the phenomena as well as the acts of consciousness in which the phenomena appear. In his later work, he suspends or excludes all beliefs about the external existence of the objects of consciousness. In his opinion, this suspension of all references to the reality of the thing experienced left the person with nothing but the experience itself. Husserl divides this experience into the “noesis” (act of consciousness) and the “noema” (object of consciousness). In my view, Husserl missed to state his understanding of the ‘Seat of Consciousness’. If consciousness is about the experience of something, that experience demands the existence of some material substance, or a Seat of Consciousness. I can mentally imagine the existence of immaterial things, and yet the experience of immaterial objects or things by acts of intuition need a seat of consciousness.
THE METHOD OF PHENOMENOLOGICAL REDUCTION:
Husserl proposes the methodological suspension of all judgments about the character and even about the existence of the objects of consciousness in order to describe the experience from inside. His concern is about what it means for something to appear, or to be a phenomenon. He finds it necessary to suspend judgment about the given reality of things, to “bracket” the data or consciousness, in order to describe them. He uses this method to examine imaginary objects just like other physical objects. He concludes that consciousness is dependent on the object it considers. He observes, “If all consciousness is subject to essential laws in a manner similar to that in which spatial reality is subject to mathematical laws, then these essential laws will be of most fertile significance in investigating facts of the conscious life of human and brute animals.” While I am not opposed to his phenomenological method, I observe that the ‘Whole Designer’ has already imposed a suspension, or exclusion upon the man’s cognitive abilities. The man can only perceive the reality of this physical world as a product of illusion and will never have consciousness of the fact of its speed of rotational spin and linear velocity as it revolves around Sun. I invite my readers to apply the Method of Phenomenological Reduction to have the experience of any kind of natural phenomena after excluding the operative influence exerted by the Force of Gravitation.