The Doctrine of One and Only One God or the Doctrine of Monotheism is not consistent with the Doctrine of Secularism:
The discussion must address the core issue that relates to the compatibility of religious doctrine and the political doctrine. If a country like Pakistan chooses Islam as its national identity, it cannot be secular at the same time. The problem is not due to the political philosophy or doctrine of Pakistan. The problem simply relates to the religious doctrine called Islam. So, we have to examine the religious doctrine called Islam which is just a variation of the religious doctrine of Jews, Christians, and Sikhs who proclaim belief in One and Only One God. Such religious beliefs are always inconsistent with the concept of Secularism.
The central concept of Monotheism, the concept of One and Only One God is as much flawed as the Heliocentric theory proposed by Copernicus. I ask people to understand the concept of LORD God Creator taking into account the creative abilities of God. It is apparent that God has chosen to be simultaneously different without any concern to manifest His singularity. Each created object, either the celestial object or the living thing always exists as an Individual thing with its own Individuality without any choice of its own. There are no duplicates in this created world and the universe. Each planet displays its own unique, original, one of its own kind of rotational spin while the planets may orbit or revolve around the Sun. The motions of the Sun around the Milky Way Galactic Center are of no consequence to the living experience of the man on the surface of Earth. The life span of the man, his life journey is measured by the apparent Sunrise and Sunset while the Sun moves across the arched dome that the man describes as Sky or Heaven. Even with the help of the latest reproductive technologies such as cloning, the living things including the bacteria can only exist as Individuals with Individuality. This Individualism exists and is preconditioned by the Individual’s connection to an external source of energy without concern for the fate of the social group to which the Individual may belong. I am not surprised to read about the Resurrection of Christ while the Jews and Christians still lead their own mortal existence without any choice of their own. Jesus, the Son of Man retained His Individuality after His Resurrection. Even with the Second Coming of the Christ, the man would still exist as an Individual with Individuality and each resurrected Individual may have to discover his/her own connection to the Creator God making it impossible to recognize God as a fact of shared experience. The cognitive abilities of the man are not designed to let the men share their individualistic experiences. The experience of Moses on Mount Sinai was not a collective experience of the Jews. The individualistic experience of Moses was never replicated. I can read about it but cannot experience it. There are no two daughter cells that are alike.
In my analysis, the Hindu concept of God is consistent and is compatible with the political doctrine of Secularism. The Monotheist does not admit the possibility of God being simultaneously different. The Monotheist does not agree that my individualistic experience of God could be different from his belief in One and Only One God. The First Amendment to the US Constitution tries to address the threat posed by the doctrine of Monotheism.
The Concept of Monotheism: “ONE AND ONLY ONE GOD”
The concept of Monotheism is fundamentally flawed. I understand that this concept originated in India and spread to other nations. Apart from members of ‘Arya Samaj’, Sikhs, and other followers of Vedic rituals, it gained more attention among the followers of Prophet Muhammad.
Firstly, the LORD God Creator has not given to the man the ability to directly experience God’s existence. The human mental experiences of all kinds are conditioned by Fundamental Forces such as the Gravitation. Man has the ability to subjectively and objectively experience his own living condition and not that of God. The speculative nature of the Theory of Monotheism becomes apparent when we verify the Theory by finding its correspondence to an external reality. You may search the entire physical world, you will not find the One and Only One God of your imagination. That God is an idea, a mere mental percept without any correspondence with an external Object. You cannot find One and Only One God in the ‘Transcendent’ Realm for the man is conditioned. Man cannot cross the boundaries of the Physical or Immanent Realm. In fact, the One and Only One God of Jews, Christians, Muslims, Vedic Hindus, and Sikhs are not the same. However, I want to make it clear that I admire the Bhagats and their traditions of Devotional Worship of God. The issue is not that of accepting or rejecting the Vedas or Gurbani. The Man arrives in the world all alone. The Man departs from the world all alone. Bhagat Kabir communicates this problem of Individualistic Existence because of the separation of the Transcendent and the Immanent Realms. The Man cannot hope to ride on the shoulders of his Guru, Master, or Teacher. The man who departs from this world has to reach his Final Destination using his own effort, actions, or “KARNI.” Even, the Guru has to reach his Final Destination using his own effort, actions, or “Karni.” The disciple or Chela cannot find any exceptions to this rule. “Guru ki karni Guru jayega, Chele ki karni Chela.”
THE GODS OF MONOTHEISM
Monotheism is a term that was introduced in an effort to study religions. It is described as a religious belief that only one God exists. This belief in a single and transcendent God contrasts particularly with Polytheism which is described as a belief in many gods.
Such oversimplification may conceal the true identity of the Gods of Monotheism. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are the principal Monotheistic religions. The demarcation between these faiths is very easy to determine and it is not so easy to establish their common ground. Dogmatic differences or differences in articles of faith must be explicitly recognized.
The identity of the Divine is not represented merely by the philosophical speculations about God’s essence but by the God whom men worship in all the acts of piety which comprise the rituals of religion.
If you consider the dogmas of religion; the articles of religious faith-based solely on divine revelation, you would conclude that the Gods of Monotheism live in different Heavens. There is no chance that the God of children of Israel, The Holy Trinity (Father, Jesus, the Holy Ghost/Spirit), and the God of Ishmael could coexist in the same transcendent or immanent realm.
The doctrinal differences are too many. There are very serious differences on matters such as salvation, the nature, and mission of the synagogue/church/masjid, the places of their worship, its rituals and sacraments.
The Monotheist concept of religious belief has not nurtured the concept of shared humanity that is united in religious brotherhood.
The desire to assert the dominion of the one and only true God has often lead to violence and intolerance. Historically, Monotheists have killed to gain theological as well as political dominance. The Gods of Monotheism have caused far more wars and conflicts than the many gods of Polytheism.
The adherence to an ABSOLUTIST thesis that only my God is God has resulted in a strict demand for intolerance of others holding different creeds. The Israelites practiced the worship of one God without denying the existence of other gods and the Torah also instructs them to act decently toward one another. The trinitarian creed of Christianity sets it apart from other religions.
The Islamic interpretation of Monotheism is more literal and uncompromising than that of any other religion in the world. ‘TAWHID’ or oneness of God is the foremost article of the Muslim faith. Muslim belief is based upon the unity of Allah and the prophethood of Muhammad. To bestow Allah’s indivisible reality upon another god is considered by Muslims to be a lie, and stands as the only sin which Allah will not forgive. The Holy Book of Quran mentions that to attribute divinity to a created entity is the only unpardonable sin.
The only point of agreement amongst Monotheistic religions is that of their hatred of idols. Polytheism is not an acceptable choice and it is considered as a form of Atheism. Idolatry ranks as perhaps the most common topic in the Bible and Quran.
The people of India are ridiculed and are scoffed at because of their conceptions of God as anthropomorphic. Indians are verbally assaulted every day by Christian Evangelists for worshiping inanimate objects and historically, Indians were punished for being patrons of idolatry.
In an effort to wipe out idolatry from India, numerous temples were destroyed and about 60 to 80 million people were killed between 1000 and 1525 CE.
Psalm 115, verses 4 to 8 from The Old Testament Book of Psalms, illustrates the hatred of idols:
“But their idols are silver and gold,
made by the hands of men.
They have mouths, but cannot speak,
eyes, but they cannot see;
they have ears, but cannot hear,
noses but they cannot smell;
they have hands, but cannot feel,
feet, but they cannot walk,
nor can they utter a sound with their throats.
Those who make them will be like them,
and so will all who trust in them…”
THE INDIAN CONCEPT OF GOD WORSHIP
The Vedic Scripture of Shukla Yajurveda in its final chapter of ‘Isha Upanishad’ (Ishavasya Upanishad), verses 12-14 recommend the worship of the Divine in its Immanent (manifest, visible phenomenal forms) and it’s Transcendent (unmanifest, invisible, Absolute) forms.
“Into deep darkness falls those who follow the immanent. Into deeper darkness fall those who follow the transcendent. By the worship of the Manifested, one end is attained; by the worship of the Unmanifested, another.
Thus we have heard from the wise men who taught us this. He who knows at the same time both the Unmanifested and the Manifested, he crosses over death through knowledge of the manifested and attains immortality through the knowledge of the First Cause.”
A HYMN FOR INVOCATION OF PEACE:
THAT (the Invisible or Unmanifest Absolute) is WHOLE, WHOLE is THIS (the Visible or Manifest Absolute); what has come out of WHOLE (the Invisible) is also WHOLE ( the Visible). When the WHOLE is taken out of the WHOLE, the WHOLE remains WHOLE (it remains unaltered).
OM! PEACE, PEACE, LET PEACE ALONE PREVAIL.
Dr. R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S.,
Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India,
M.B.B.S., Class of April 1970.