SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE CONCEPT OF AL-ALEEM – THE KNOWER OF ALL THINGS
( “Wa huwa bikulli shayin’ aleem”)
Islam is true religion for it claims that God alone Knows All things. Fundamentally, man cannot know the Final Truth, the Ultimate Reality. Man’s existence is conditioned; the conditioning influence is called ‘Grand Illusion’. Man exists under the protective shield of Illusion which blocks both mental and sensory perceptions. Man shares his Perspective of Truth while deriving Protection under shield of Grand Illusion. Man’s Power of Imagination cannot free man from problems of Perception imposed by Natural, Fundamental Forces such as Light or Gravitation. Man is always conditioned by aging process which impairs man’s cognitive abilities under the influence of Time.
For man can never, ever know all things, man must not boast about his Knowledge or Wisdom. Man only knows God through God’s Kindness, Justice, and Righteousness.
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
From: Devinder Singh Gulati
Again, the Qur’an argues that the knowledge of God as the creator of everything rules out the possibility of lesser gods since these beings must be themselves created. For the Qur’an, God is an immanent and transcendent deity who actively creates, maintains and destroys the universe. The reality of God as the ultimate cause of things is the belief that God is veiled from human understanding because of the secondary causes and contingent realities of things in the world.[This is the argument also of some Sikh scholars regarding the concept of God in Sikhism]. The belief in the oneness of God is equated in the Qur’an with the “belief in the unseen” (Surah 2:3).
According to Hossein Nasser, Ali, the first Imam of Shia and fourth Rashid Caliph states that “God is One” means that God is away from likeness and numeration and he is not divisible even in imagination.
Tanzih is an islamic religious concept meaning transcendence. In Islamic theology, two opposite terms are attributed to Allah: tanzih and tashbih. The latter means “nearness, closeness, accessibility”.
However, the fuller meaning of tanzih is ‘declaring incompatibility’, i.e. affirming Allah’s transcendent distance from humanity. This concept is eternally juxtaposed with Allah’s tashbih (closeness, or ‘affirming similarity’). The Quran asserts the existence of a single and absolute truth that transcends the world; a unique, independent and indivisible being, who is independent of the entire creation.
Tawhid is the religion’s most fundamental concept and holds that God(Allah, literally Al-Ilāh “the God”) is One (Al-ʾAḥad) and Single (Al-Wāḥid).
How then do we reconcile immanence with tawhid in the Koran?
Immanence is described as permeation.
The immanence of the Koran says. He is near, yet far.
He does not permeate.
The problem here is; ‘where does creation come from?
From outside Allah!
What did he create from?
If nothing be outside God He has no mastery over it.
‘There is no place that Allah is not’.
To most Muslim scholars, the science of tawhid is the systematic theology through which a better knowledge of God may be reached, but to the Ṣūfīs, knowledge of God can be reached only through religious experience and direct vision.
Definition of tawhid
- the Muslim doctrine of the oneness of God
- Sufism : the union of the individual soul with God