In Physics, Power/Energy/Force is not associated with gender. But, when living things exist as male and female, the description of Power/Energy/Force can get gender association. In the Indian tradition, ‘Deva’ means God and ‘Devi’ means Goddess. Devi in the Indian tradition is the personification of God’s Supreme Power/Force/ Energy or SHAKTI.
To fully account for the human existence, two distinct or separate Principles must come together to produce the harmonious singular identity called man. The issue is not about God’s gender. It is the concern of the man to account for his own earthly existence as male and female. The Father Principle is called the Originating Principle. The Mother Principle is called the Source Principle, for Mother is the Source of Matter, Energy, and Knowledge to establish Life. Father originates the creation of the human form, and Mother provides Substance, the structural and functional basis of the human form.
During 2023, Indians celebrate ‘DEVI NAVRATRI’ or ‘CHAITRA NAVRATRI’ that begins on Wednesday, March 22, and ends on the tenth day, Friday, March 31. The term ‘Nav’ or ‘Nava’ means Nine. ‘Ratri’ means night. This celebration happens in the first lunar month called ‘CHAITRA’ (March-April), during Shukla Paksha or the Waxing Phase of Moon following the New Moon Day.
Devi or Shakti is often called ‘DURGA’ for She is the embodiment of great strength. She is also called BHADRAKALI, JAGADAMBA, ANNAPURNA, SARVA MANGALA, BHAIRAVI, CHANDIKA, LALITA, BHAVANI, AND MOOKAMBIKA. During the 9-Night or Navratri festival, Indians worship nine different forms of Goddess Durga with 1,000 names. She is simply adored as Divine Mother and often addressed as ‘MOTHER’ (“MATA” or “MAA”) whatever may be the name or form She assumes on different occasions.
Goddess Shakti has three Supreme Forms called DURGA, SARASVATI, and LAKSHMI. In India, traditions vary from region to region. First 3 – days of Navratri are dedicated to Goddess Durga, following 3-days are dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and concluding 3-days are dedicated to Goddess Sarasvati or Goddess of Knowledge, Wisdom, and Speech.
NINE DAYS OF CHAITRA NAVRATRI 2023
Day 1, Wednesday, March 22, 2023 (Pratipada)- Ghatasthapana, Chandra Darshana, Shailputri Puja
Day 2, Thursday, March 23, 2023 (Dwitiya)- Brahmacharini Puja
Day 3, Friday, March 24, 2023 (Tritiya)- Gauri Puja, Saubhagya Teej, Chandraghanta Puja
Day 4, Saturday, March 25, 2023 (Chaturthi)- Kushmanda Puja, Vinayaka Chaturthi
Day 5, Sunday, March 26, 2023 (Panchami)- Naag Puja, Lakshmi Panchami, Skandamata Puja
Day 6, Monday, March 27, 2023 (Shasthi)- Skanda Sashti, Yamuna Chhath, Katyayani Puja
Day 7, Tuesday, March 28, 2023 (Saptami)- Maha Saptami, Kalaratri Puja
Day 8, Wednesday, March 29, 2023 (Ashtami)- Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Annapurna Ashtami, Sandhi Puja
Day 9, Thursday, March 30, 2023 (Navami)- Siddhidatri Puja, Rama Navami
Day 10, Friday, March 31, 2023 (Dashami)- Navratri Parana