What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.
We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual Connection between Energy and Life. The Laws of Thermodynamics are important unifying principles of Biology. The First Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy, states that Energy can neither be created nor destroyed.
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE DESIGNER – CHLOROPHYLL:
The word Chlorophyll is derived by combining two Greek words; Chloros means green, and Phyllon means a leaf. It refers to the green pigment found in the Cyanobacteria (Blue-Green algae), and in the chloroplasts of Grass-Green algae, and plant cells. Chlorophyll occurs in five forms; especially Chlorophyll a, and Chlorophyll b. Chlorophyll a is the most widely distributed form in nature.
The pigments of biological tissues that reflect or transmit light are known as biochromes. Apart from causing, or generating color, biochromes play a pivotal role in metabolic processes. Chlorophyll is a nitrogenous biochrome, an organic molecule that contains nitrogen. It is the only substance in nature that has the ability to trap and store the energy of Sunlight. It absorbs light most strongly in the blue portion of the electromagnetic spectrum followed by the red portion. It is a poor absorber of green and near-green portions of the spectrum. The green portion of the spectrum is reflected and thus Chlorophyll appears green.
French chemists, Joseph Bienaime Caventou and Pierre Joseph Pelletier get the credit for first isolating Chlorophyll in 1817. They paved the way for research on natural organic compounds and they established the foundation for Alkaloid Chemistry. They isolated several plant alkaloids like Quinine, Strychnine, Emetine, and Caffeine. The general molecular structure of Chlorophyll was first described by Hans Fischer, a German chemist in 1940. Fischer investigated pigments in blood, bile, and Chlorophyll in leaves. He was awarded 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
Pyrrole describes a class of organic compounds of the heterocyclic series characterized by a ring structure composed of four carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom. In Chlorophyll, four Pyrrole rings (Tetrapyrrole) are joined in a larger ring system known as Porphyrin. Porphyrins are a group of water-soluble, nitrogenous Pyrrole derivatives that combine with either Iron, or Magnesium. Chlorophyll has a Porphyrin ring (Chlorin ring) coordinated to a central Magnesium ion.
Robert Burns Woodward, American chemist who worked at Harvard University determined the structure of organic compounds such as Penicillin, Terramycin, and Aureomycin. During 1940s, he had synthesized many complex natural products including Quinine, Cholesterol, Cortisone, Strychnine, Lysergic Acid, Reserpine, Cephalosporin, and Colchicine. He was the first to synthesize Chlorophyll during 1960.
The Chlorophyll molecule is the active part that absorbs the Sunlight. In order to do this job called photo reception, Chlorophyll needs to be attached to the backbone of a very complicated protein. This protein may look haphazard in design, but it has exactly the correct structure to orient the Chlorophyll molecules in the optimal position to enable them to react with Carbon Dioxide, and Water molecules in a very efficient manner. The Chlorophyll photosynthetic pigments perform the light harvesting function because of Chlorophyll-Protein Complex that is part of the Thylakoid Membrane of the Chloroplast, the disc-like structures in which the pigment is found.
WHOLE DESIGNER – WHOLE ARCHITECT:
In biology, the generation of color is more complex than the use of a Color Order System described by Albert Henry Munsell. Firstly, the information for the Color Order System must be transplanted in the genetic material such as the DNA of the organism to make the information as its hereditary characteristic. Secondly, when we look at the green plants, the green pigment called Chlorophyll is found inside structures called Chloroplasts. It involves the designing and arrangement of parts, details of structural units, and formulate a creative scheme apart from the use of the scheme for the color. The fact of designing can be known by studying the purpose and the functions of the Artistic Unit that is created.
Green plants with Chlorophyll pigment trap light energy, and transform it into chemical energy and use it in the process described as Photosynthesis. It is a creative mechanism to transform one form of energy into a different form of stored chemical energy that can be further used to create new forms of matter called organic molecules that are not present in nature. These organic molecules come into existence because of the activity of living things. It shows the intent of a designer to use energy, and matter to create the visual, sensory effect.
Chlorophyll is not simply about generating coloration in plant leaves. It describes the work, the imagination, the inspiration used by a Whole Architect who uses matter, energy, time, space, and color in a very creative manner.
Who is the Artist? Who is the Designer?
No single function can explain the coloration of living things. We need a comprehensive theory that predicts the lines and patterns of coloration of plants and animals. An artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances to produce the various visual effects of color that is observed. The optical mechanisms involved in the production of color are complex. Coloration is a dynamic and complex characteristic and the term must be clearly distinguished from the term ‘color’ which only refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. It is apparent that plants, and animals have no cognitive abilities to produce the coloration by which they are recognized. However, the coloration displayed gives us a clue about the nature of the “Whole Artist” who could be using imagination, has feelings for the forms created and seeks satisfaction from the visual effects that he produced. If man has the ability called visual perception, he must use the ability to visualize the “Whole Artist” who is at work. I ask my readers to give attention to the three dimensions of Color Perception. These are, 1. The Designer or the Artist, 2. The Object of Perception, and 3. The visual capacity of the Viewer.