MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION


MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  Vs  HUMAN EVOLUTION :

The origin of Man, or the Beginning of Man as a new form of Life may have a basis that lies outside  operation of natural causes. To make  transition from an old species to a new species which is often called ‘EVOLUTION’, the breeding interactions of species involved must operate according to the Laws of Inheritance discovered by Gregor Johann Mendel, the Father of Genetics. In this article, I would like to describe the Laws of Inheritance and the problems that I encounter to verify The Theory of Evolution while using the Mendelian Principles of Heredity and Variation.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  GREGOR  JOHANN  MENDEL(1822-1884),  THE  FATHER  OF  GENETICS .  AT  THE  AUGUSTINIAN  MONASTERY  IN  BRNO(1843-1868),  HE  CONDUCTED  EXPERIMENTS  CHIEFLY  ON  GARDEN PEAS(PISUM  SATIVUM).

Gregor Johann Mendel(1822-1884), Austrian monk noted for his experimental work on Heredity. At the Augustinian monastery in Brno(1843-1868) he conducted experiments chiefly on Garden Peas(Pisum sativum) using a controlled pollination technique and a careful statistical analysis of his results. He produced the first accurate and scientific explanation of ‘Hybridization’. Some evolutionary geneticists and evolutionary anthropology scholars have shared opinions claiming that the ‘hybridization’ of unknown, ancestral Homo sapiens with other species of the genus Homo such as Neanderthals, and Denisova hominids may have resulted in  production of anatomically modern humans(Homo sapiens sapiens). Their views on blending of hereditary factors is not supported by Mendel’s classic experiments in Hybridization. According to Mendel, inheritance is particulate. Distinct genetic factors combine to produce a certain somatic result without losing their separate identities. They can therefore be reassorted and enter into new genetic combinations in the next generation. The hypothesis of  Hybridized Anatomically Modern(HAM) humans is fundamentally inconsistent with the Laws of Inheritance discovered by Mendel. If modern man is a product of Hybridization, the present, surviving human population would include a few surviving members of Neanderthals, Denisova, and other ancestral hominids who successfully reproduced with an unknown, ancestral Homo sapiens species which got transformed into ‘HAM’ humans.

THE LAW OF BIOGENESIS AND THE LAW OF NATURAL GENERATION :

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HUMAN  CHROMOSOMES  AND  HUMAN  IDENTITY .  MAN  REPRODUCES  AND  FURTHER  PROPAGATES  HIS  CHROMOSOMAL  INHERITANCE  ACCORDING  TO  THE  LAW  OF  BIOGENESIS  AND  THE  LAW  OF  NATURAL  GENERATION .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : HUMAN CHROMOSOMES AND HUMAN IDENTITY . MAN REPRODUCES AND FURTHER PROPAGATES HIS CHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE ACCORDING TO THE LAW OF BIOGENESIS AND THE LAW OF NATURAL GENERATION . HUMAN  OFFSPRING  WILL  ALWAYS  BE  OF  THE  SAME  SPECIES  AS  THE  PARENT  ORGANISM . THE  TERM  GENOME  DESCRIBES  THE  SET  OF  GENES  CHARACTERISTIC  OF  EACH  SPECIES .

The term ‘Generation’ means to produce offspring. The term ‘Propagation’ means to transmit hereditary characteristics by reproduction. The Law of Biogenesis states the Principle that living organisms originate only from other living organisms closely similar to themselves. It is  ‘The Law of Like Generating Like’. A species always breeds true to its own species. Its members always generate organisms which are classified as belonging to the same species, however much they vary among themselves as individuals within the group. The sub-groups, the races, or varieties of species are able to breed with one another, but diverse species cannot interbreed. By the Law of Natural Generation, offspring will always be of the same species as the parent organism. Hence, species is self-perpetuating and maintain  stability of all other groupings like the genera, phyla, and families which remain as fixed from generation to generation. In Plant and Animal Kingdom, a species distinguishes itself by its ability to maintain its stability from generation to generation. The Mendelian System of Heredity states that an inherited characteristic is determined by the combination of two hereditary units(now called genes), one from each of the parental reproductive cells or gametes(Sperm and Egg Cell). The term genome describes the set of genes characteristic of each species. Every human being arrives on planet Earth with an original, unique, distinctive, and one of its own kind of  genome that has never, ever existed in the past, and would never exist again in the future. Sexual reproduction is a creative process which involves a type of cell division called ‘MEIOSIS’ that results in production of Sperm or Egg Cell. The fertilization of egg cell by sperm always creates a new kind of genome.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  HUMAN  BIRTH  REQUIRES  THE  UNION  OF  TWO  HEREDITARY  UNITS,  ONE  FROM  EACH  OF  THE  PARENTAL  REPRODUCTIVE  CELLS  OR  GAMETES (SPERM  AND  EGG  CELL).  CONCEPTION  IS  A  HIGHLY  CREATIVE  PROCESS  AS  IT  GENERATES  A UNIQUE ,  ORIGINAL,  AND  DISTINCTIVE  GENOME .

THE ORIGIN OR THE BEGINNING OF ANATOMICALLY MODERN HUMANS:

To explain the Origin of Man, The Beginning of Man on the basis of Theory of Evolution, demands  presence of two, identical, rare, mutant individuals(a male, and a female) to produce offspring and to establish an entirely new, modern human population in the geographical regions of the Old World. About 30, 000 years ago, modern humans may have shared the planet with Neanderthals and other hominid species. Techniques of DNA extraction and genomic sequencing have advanced and find application in the understanding of the genus Homo. The claims about Hybridization of archaic humans such as Neanderthals with Homo sapiens  finds support from DNA studies of the current, surviving members of human population but those shared genetic traits are not of major significance and do not account for the morphological appearance of the interbreeding species. At the same time, it may be noted that 30 – 35, 000 years ago, Neanderthals disappeared from the fossil record. Similarly, Hominid Denisova, discovered in Altai Mountains, Southern Siberia lived 41, 000 years ago. Homo sapiens floresiensis(Flores Man) suddenly disappeared 12, 000 years ago. Hominid Red Deer discovered in China lived 14.5 to 11.5 thousand years ago. To make a credible claim about interbreeding between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens, we need to demonstrate  presence of traits characteristic of Homo sapiens in the DNA extracted from Neanderthal fossil specimens. It will be correct to claim that from Holocene Epoch or Series, approximately for the last 10, 000 years, modern humans constitute the only surviving members of the Hominid Family found on planet Earth.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  MENDELIAN  SYSTEM  OF  HEREDITY  CAN  EASILY  ESTABLISH  THE  FACT  THAT  THIS  HUMAN  BABY  HAS  TWO ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMAN  PARENTS . EVERY  BABY   ARRIVES  WITH  ORIGINAL,  UNIQUE,  DISTINCTIVE,  AND  ONE  OF  ITS  OWN  KIND  OF   GENOME  THAT  NEVER  EXISTED  IN  THE  PAST  AND  WILL  NEVER  EXIST  AGAIN  IN  FUTURE . 

Charles Darwin uses the term species to signify “a set of individuals closely resembling each other” – a class of plants or animals having certain characteristics. The French naturalist George Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon(1707-1788) in his monumental compendium on Natural History(Histoire Naturelle General et Particuliere, 44 Volumes, 1749-1804) described man as a zoological species. Buffon determined species not by their physical appearances but by their reproductive history. Two individual animals or plants are of the same species if they can produce fertile offspring. According to Buffon, a species is known only through the history of its propagation. Buffon opened the way to  development of Paleontology to discover lost species. The status of Anatomically Modern Humans as a distinct species is verified as human populations consist of members that are genetically similar, interbreeding or potentially interbreeding individuals that share the same collection of inherited characteristics, whose combination is unique to our species. But, diverse species cannot interbreed. Organisms different in species cannot reproduce productively and if crossbred, like the horse and the ass, they produce a sterile hybrid like the mule. Hybrid is the term for the offspring of a cross between two different subspecies or species. In Genetics, hybrid is the term for the offspring of parents differing in any genetic characteristic. If Neanderthal is   one of the parents of Anatomically Modern Humans, identity of the second Hominid parent has to be ascertained, and the characteristics of that parent are accounted for using Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  A  SPECIES  IS  RECOGNIZED  BY  ITS  HISTORY  OF  PROPAGATION . MULE,  A   PRODUCT  OF  CROSSBREEDING , OR  HYBRIDIZATION  CANNOT FURTHER  REPRODUCE  PRODUCTIVELY  WITH  OTHER  MULES,  OR  WITH  HORSE , OR   ASS FOR  IT  IS  BORN  STERILE .  HYBRIDIZATION  WILL  NOT  HELP  TO  TRANSFORM  A  SPECIES  INTO  A  NEW  SPECIES  IF  ITS  PARENTS  BELONG  TO  DIFFERENT  SPECIES .

The concept of Hybridized Anatomically Modern(HAM) humans cannot be verified in  absence of any surviving members of Neanderthal, Denisova, or other Hominid population with whom modern man may have reproduced 30 to 40, 000 years ago.

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE :

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : IT  WILL  BE  IMPORTANT  TO  NOTE  THAT  ACQUIRED  CHARACTERISTICS  ARE  NOT  HEREDITARY  AND  THERE  IS  NO  INHERITANCE  OF  ACQUIRED  CHARACTERISTICS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : IT WILL BE IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT ACQUIRED CHARACTERISTICS ARE NOT HEREDITARY AND THERE IS NO INHERITANCE OF ACQUIRED CHARACTERISTICS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  MENDEL  DEMONSTRATED  INHERITANCE  PATTERNS  THROUGH  BREEDING  EXPERIMENTATION. THE  IMAGE  SHOWS  SOME  OF  THE  HEREDITARY  TRAITS  OR  CHARACTERS  INVESTIGATED  BY  MENDEL  WHILE  EXPERIMENTING  ON  GARDEN  PEA  PLANTS  WITH  WHITE  OR  VIOLET  FLOWERS.
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :   FOR  UNIT  CHARACTERS  NAMED  R(DOMINANT),  r(RECESSIVE),  Y(DOMINANT),  AND   y(RECESSIVE),  THE  DIAGRAM  ILLUSTRATES  THE OPERATION  OF  MENDEL’S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  MENDELIAN  SYSTEM  OF  HEREDITY  STATES  THAN  AN  INHERITED  CHARACTERISTIC  IS  DETERMINED  BY  THE  COMBINATION  OF  TWO  HEREDITARY  UNITS( NOW  CALLED  GENES ),  ONE  FROM  EACH  OF  THE  PARENTAL  REPRODUCTIVE  CELLS  OR  GAMETES .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  AS  PER  THE  MENDELIAN  SYSTEM  OF  HEREDITY ,  IF  MODERN  HUMANS  INTERBREED  WITH  NEANDERTHALS , IN  EACH  GENERATION  OF  OFFSPRING  PRODUCED ,  THREE  INDIVIDUALS  COULD  BE  MODERN  HUMANS ( DOMINANT  TRAIT )  AND  ONE  INDIVIDUAL WOULD  BE  NEANDERTHAL ( RECESSIVE  TRAIT ).  SUCH  INTERBREEDING  WOULD  IN  REALITY  SAVE  NEANDERTHAL  POPULATION  FROM  TOTAL  EXTINCTION .

Mendel demonstrated the inheritance patterns through breeding experimentations. He discovered in 1866 hereditary factors or “genes” whose existence he deduced without seeing them. Mendel’s statistical analysis of his data provided the mathematical basis for modern Genetics. There are four principles of hereditary phenomenon discovered and formulated by Mendel :

1. The Law of Independent Unit Characters which states that characters such as height, color, etc., are inherited separately as  Units,

2. The Law of Segregation which states that body cells and primordial germ cells contain pairs of such Unit Characters and that when gametes(Sperm or Egg Cell) are produced, each gamete receives only one member of each such pair,

3. The Law of Dominance which states that in every individual there is a pair of determining factors for each Unit Character, one from each parent, if these factors are different(heterozygous), one Character( the Dominant) appears in the organism, the other(  Recessive) being latent; the Recessive Character can appear in the organism only when the Dominant is absent; hence in all crossbred generations, Unit Characters are shown in varying combinations, each appearing in a definite proportion of the total number of offspring, and 

4. The Law of Independent Assortment which states that any one pair of Characters is inherited independently, not withstanding the simultaneous transmission of other traits. This Law is modified by the discovery of Linkage and Pleiotropy. Linkage describes the tendency of some genes to remain together and act as a Unit or Linkage Group. In Inheritance, the Linkage Group of genes are generally found in the same chromosome. Pleiotropy is the condition in which a single gene exerts simultaneous effects on more than one character in the offspring.

ABOUT GENETICS  AND THE CONSTANCY OF GENETIC CODE :

Genetics is an important aspect of many areas of Biology. Genetics helps in the study and identification of specific types of organisms; research in Molecular Genetics involves studies on chemical structure and functions of genes at molecular level; Cyto Genetics studies  location of genetic material in cells and the role of genes in cell division; Developmental Genetics studies the genetic function in embryological phenomena; Behavior Genetics studies the role of gene in regulating behavior; Population Genetics studies genetics in relation to the “evolutionary” process. Medical Genetics involves  application of genetic principles to the practice of Medicine such as the study of inheritance of diseases in families. Genetic factors cause many health disorders affecting man. Some human diseases are entirely genetic in origin and environmental factors play little if any part. This group of genetic disorders includes chromosomal abnormalities, and so-called “Unifactorial Disorders” which are due to single gene defects or Mendelian factors. There are over 3 thousand of such unifactorial disorders. The mode of inheritance of such disorders is straight forward and follows Mendelian Principles. Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance have their practical applications in Medical Genetics. However, the use of Mendel’s Principles in Population Genetics to verify The Theory of Evolution is highly controversial because of the speculative postulates about transformation of old species into a new species .  Several single-celled Blue-Green algae, plankton, microbes, viruses, protozoans, insects, crocodiles, turtles, sharks and other organisms are known to be existing upon Earth from billions to several millions of years. The unchanging  genetic code in all past and present members of these long-lived species permit the genes to have the same effects on their carriers from generation to generation. Because of  constancy of the genetic code, we can  identify  existence of individual species which maintain their species-specific traits as per Mendelian Principles.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE .  BLUE-GREEN  ALGAE,  CYANOBACTERIA  MAINTAIN  THEIR  SPECIES-SPECIFIC  TRAITS  FOR  BILLIONS  OF  YEARS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE CONSTANCY OF THE GENETIC CODE . BLUE-GREEN ALGAE, CYANOBACTERIA MAINTAIN THEIR SPECIES-SPECIFIC TRAITS FOR BILLIONS OF YEARS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION : THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE  PERMIT  THE  GENES  TO  HAVE  THE  SAME  EFFECTS  ON  THEIR  CARRIERS  FROM  GENERATION  TO  GENERATION . AMERICAN  COCKROACH  IS  EXISTING  ON  EARTH  FOR  MILLIONS  OF  YEARS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE CONSTANCY OF THE GENETIC CODE PERMIT THE GENES TO HAVE THE SAME EFFECTS ON THEIR CARRIERS FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION . AMERICAN COCKROACH IS EXISTING ON EARTH FOR MILLIONS OF YEARS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE  GIVES  THE  ABILITY  TO  IDENTIFY  THE  EXISTENCE  OF  INDIVIDUAL  SPECIES  WHICH  MAINTAIN  THEIR  SPECIES-SPECIFIC  TRAITS .  OVER  MILLIONS  OF  YEARS,  SHARKS  HAVE  MAINTAINED  THEIR  MORPHOLOGICAL  APPEARANCE .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE CONSTANCY OF THE GENETIC CODE GIVES THE ABILITY TO IDENTIFY THE EXISTENCE OF INDIVIDUAL SPECIES WHICH MAINTAIN THEIR SPECIES-SPECIFIC TRAITS . OVER MILLIONS OF YEARS, SHARKS HAVE MAINTAINED THEIR MORPHOLOGICAL APPEARANCE .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : BASED  UPON  THEIR  UNIQUE  GENETIC  CODES,  ORGANISMS  ARE  KNOWN  TO  BE  EXISTING  UPON  EARTH  FOR  SEVERAL  MILLIONS  OF  YEARS .  CROCODILES  LIVED  ALONG  WITH  DINOSAURS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : BASED UPON THEIR UNIQUE GENETIC CODES, ORGANISMS ARE KNOWN TO BE EXISTING UPON EARTH FOR SEVERAL MILLIONS OF YEARS . CROCODILES LIVED ALONG WITH DINOSAURS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  ORIGIN  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE  IS  UNKNOWN .  THE  VAST  MAJORITY  OF  ORGANISMS  BREED  WITH  OTHER  MEMBERS  OF  THEIR  OWN  SPECIES  PROPAGATING  THEIR  OWN  UNIQUE  GENETIC  CODES .  WE  KNOW  ABOUT  LONG-LIVED  ORGANISMS  LIKE  SEA  TURTLES  BECAUSE  OF  THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THEIR  GENETIC  CODES .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE ORIGIN OF THE GENETIC CODE IS UNKNOWN . THE VAST MAJORITY OF ORGANISMS BREED WITH OTHER MEMBERS OF THEIR OWN SPECIES PROPAGATING THEIR OWN UNIQUE GENETIC CODES . WE KNOW ABOUT LONG-LIVED ORGANISMS LIKE SEA TURTLES BECAUSE OF THE CONSTANCY OF THEIR GENETIC CODES .

While describing Genetics as the area of Biology concerned with the study of inheritance, the process by which certain characteristics or traits of organisms are handed down from parent to offspring, I would like to suggest that a creative mechanism, a creative process or a creative operation could be at work when Genetics accounts for variations in similar or related animals and plants. I would like to emphasize the fact of all organisms existing as Individuals with Individuality. In Nature, living things have no choice other than that of existence as Individuals with Individuality. Even a mob of genetically identical(“CLONES”) colony of bacteria of E. coli are experimentally proved to behave as Individuals with Individuality.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :
MENDEL’S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN EVOLUTION  : DOUBLE –  HELIX DEOXYRIBO NUCLEIC  ACID  OR  DNA  IS  FOUND  IN  CHROMOSOMES,  THE  STRUCTURES  FOUND  INSIDE   THE   NUCLEUS  OF  CELLS  OF  HIGHER  ORGANISMS.  THE  DNA  MOLECULE  ALWAYS  EXHIBITS  INDIVIDUALISTIC  VARIATION  IN   ITS   BEHAVIOR .

In higher organisms with cells that contain a Nucleus, the genetic material called DNA(deoxyribonucleic acid) is carried by structures known as Chromosomes in the Nucleus, and the cytoplasmic structures known as Mitochondria. The genetic material called RNA(ribonucleic acid) is found in the Nucleolus(present inside the Nucleus) and structures called Ribosomes found in the Cytoplasm.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  UNITS  OF  INHERITANCE  ARE  KNOWN  AS  GENES.  THE  GENES  ARE  FOUND  INSIDE  CHROMOSOMES  THAT  ARE  PRESENT  IN  THE  NUCLEUS  OF  CELLS  OF  HIGHER  ORGANISMS .  DNA  IS  FOUND IN  CHROMOSOMES,  MITOCHONDRIA,  AND  RIBOSOMES .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE UNITS OF INHERITANCE ARE KNOWN AS GENES. THE GENES ARE FOUND INSIDE CHROMOSOMES THAT ARE PRESENT IN THE NUCLEUS OF CELLS OF HIGHER ORGANISMS . DNA,  IS FOUND IN CHROMOSOMES, MITOCHONDRIA, AND  RNA  IS  FOUND  IN THE NUCLEOLUS AND  RIBOSOMES .

The Ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis present in the Cytoplasm. DNA interacts with ‘transfer RNA'(t-RNA), ‘Messenger RNA'(m-RNA), and Ribosomal RNA in the process of protein synthesis. The Chromosome is divided into Units called Genes. Each Gene is responsible for a particular trait  and hence Gene is the Unit of inheritance. The term ‘allele’ describes either of a pair of genes at the same position on both members of a pair of chromosomes and conveying traits that are inherited by Mendelian Laws.There could be small chemical differences in genes that are expressed as different versions of the same trait (‘alleles’). Each gene is responsible for the manufacture of a particular protein which is involved in  development of a trait associated with it. Each chromosome of each species of higher organisms has a definite number and arrangement of genes which govern the structure and functions of the cells.  It is important to note that, while genes are located inside the Nucleus of the cell, the actual protein synthesis occurs in structures called Ribosomes present in the Cytoplasm outside the Nucleus. While we appreciate the role of genes as Units of Inheritance, we should give equal importance to the Living Substance, the Living Material, or the Living Matter called Cytoplasm that is found inside the living cells, outside the Nucleus of the cell. There are basically three classes of Genes: 1. Structural genes which determine the sequences of amino acids that go to makeup proteins or the smaller chain of molecules known as polypeptides, 2. Coding genes which specify molecules that function in the processes involved in protein synthesis, and 3. Regulatory genes which are called Noncoding genes for they act solely as “Recognition” sites for enzymes and other proteins involved in controlling protein synthesis.

THE  GENETIC CODE AND THE ROLE OF MUTATIONS:    

 

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :

MENDEL’S LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION   :  GENETIC  CODE  DESCRIBES  THE  RELATIONSHIP  BETWEEN  THE  COMPOSITION  OF  DNA  AND  THAT  OF  PROTEINS  PRODUCED  BY  GENES .

The Genetic Code describes the relationship between composition of DNA and that of proteins produced by genes. Genetic Code is the chemical equation by which hereditary information is translated from genes into proteins. Changes in the genetic code are called Mutations. Mutations can cause a change in protein synthesis. In higher organisms, when mutation involves the germ-line cells that eventually develop into sperm or egg cells, the mutation and its consequence of altered protein synthesis is inherited by offspring. A mutation can be minor and relatively insignificant, or it can cause serious deformity or metabolic deficiency in the organism. Most mutations tend to be harmful. Fortunately, a typical gene in higher organisms is segmented and the entire genetic information of a gene is not contained in a single, unbroken strand of DNA molecule. The value of having the genetic code in segments is to reduce the chances of mutations causing harmful changes in protein synthesis. Certain self-repair mechanisms also exist to deal with the damage done to DNA. Very often, the damaged DNA is repaired or the cell carrying the damaged DNA is killed and destroyed. For this reason, it is important to recognize the simple fact of DNA damage associated with mutations irrespective of its cause. The Theory of Evolution proposes that random, unguided, and apparently purposeless mutations lead to gradual changes in a species and eventually lead to its descent as a new species. As per the Theory of Evolution, mutations may bring about three kinds of changes; 1. Changes in the morphological appearance of an organism, 2. Changes in the skeletal and other anatomical structures of an organism, and 3. Changes in the behavior displayed by an organism.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  MUSCLE  TWITCH  IN  FROG  MUSCLE  EXPERIMENT .  MUTATIONS  CANNOT  ACCOUNT  FOR  GUIDED,  SEQUENTIAL,  AND  PURPOSEFUL  NATURE  OF  MUSCLE  CONTRACTIONS  WHICH  HAVE  SEVERAL  CREATIVE  APPLICATIONS  IN  THE  NATURAL  WORLD .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : MUSCLE TWITCH IN FROG MUSCLE EXPERIMENT . MUTATIONS CANNOT ACCOUNT FOR GUIDED, SEQUENTIAL, AND PURPOSEFUL NATURE OF MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS WHICH HAVE SEVERAL CREATIVE APPLICATIONS IN THE NATURAL WORLD .

In higher organisms, the cells are differentiated to perform special functions. For example, muscle cells have ability of contraction. This physiological function of contraction is easily demonstrated by applying an electrical stimulus to muscle as done in Muscle Twitch in Frog Experiment. Animals have different abilities of locomotion; some crawl or creep, or slide on a surface, some swim, or move in water, some fly or glide in air, and others walk, run, climb, and swing in a variety of amazing manners. Whatever may be the mode of locomotion, all animal muscle cells display the same physiological function of contraction. While the physiology remains the same, the muscles of each animal species display individualistic functional characteristics. For mutations are random, unguided, and purposeless, they cannot account for guided, sequential and purposeful nature of muscle contractions which have several creative applications in the natural world.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :   CHIMPANZEE  AND  OTHER  APES HAVE  48  CHROMOSOMES  WHEREAS  MAN  HAS  ONLY  46  CHROMOSOMES .  CHROMOSOMES 2a  AND  2b  FOUND  IN  APES  IS  OF  PARTICULAR  INTEREST .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : CHIMPANZEE AND OTHER APES HAVE 48 CHROMOSOMES WHEREAS MAN HAS ONLY 46 CHROMOSOMES . CHROMOSOMES 2a AND 2b FOUND IN APES ARE  OF PARTICULAR INTEREST .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE
MENDEL'S   LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  WHAT  IS  GENETIC  DRIFT  ????   CAN  IT  ACCOUNT  FOR  THE  ARRIVAL  OF  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMANS  ???   CAN  WE  EXPLAIN   MAN  AS  A  PRODUCT  OF  HYBRIDIZATION  AND  THE  PHENOMENON  CALLED  GENETIC  DRIFT  ????
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : WHAT IS GENETIC DRIFT ???? CAN IT ACCOUNT FOR THE ARRIVAL OF ANATOMICALLY MODERN HUMANS ??? CAN WE EXPLAIN MAN AS A PRODUCT OF HYBRIDIZATION AND THE PHENOMENON CALLED GENETIC DRIFT ????

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  AND  THE  MISSING  LINK :

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION : TAXONOMY  IS  A  BRANCH  OF  BIOLOGY  THAT  FORMULATES  THE  BASIS  FOR  SYSTEMATIC  CATEGORIZATION  OF  ORGANISMS  INTO  CATEGORIES  SUCH  AS  PHYLUM(OR DIVISION), CLASS,  ORDER,  FAMILY,  SUB-FAMILY,  GENUS,  AND  SPECIES .  WITHIN  THE  GENUS  HOMO  SAPIENS,  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  MAN  IS  UNIQUE,  AND  DISTINCT  FOR  HUMAN  NATURE  STANDS  BY  ITSELF .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : TAXONOMY IS A BRANCH OF BIOLOGY THAT FORMULATES THE BASIS FOR SYSTEMATIC CATEGORIZATION OF ORGANISMS INTO CATEGORIES SUCH AS PHYLUM(OR DIVISION), CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY, SUB-FAMILY, GENUS, AND SPECIES . WITHIN THE GENUS HOMO SAPIENS, ANATOMICALLY MODERN MAN IS UNIQUE, AND DISTINCT FOR HUMAN NATURE STANDS BY ITSELF .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION : CHIMPANZEE  IS  NOT  THE  MISSING  LINK  BETWEEN  MAN  AND  ANIMAL .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : CHIMPANZEE IS NOT THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN MAN AND ANIMAL .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  MOUNTAIN  GORILLA  IS  NOT  THE  MISSING  LINK  BETWEEN  MAN  AND  ANIMAL .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : MOUNTAIN GORILLA IS NOT THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN MAN AND ANIMAL .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  NO   EXTINCT  OR  LIVING  SPECIES  IS  ABLE  TO  BRIDGE  THE  GAP  BETWEEN  MODERN  MAN(HOMO  SAPIENS  SAPIENS)  AND  HIS  NEAREST  ALLIES  AMONG  HOMINID  FAMILY .  WHO  IS  THE  MISSING  LINK  BETWEEN  MAN  AND  ANIMALS  LIKE  CHIMPANZEE  AND  GORILLA ????

The above image reveals a fundamental problem  faced by The Theory of Evolution when it attempts to account for Human Evolution.  No extinct or living species is able to bridge the gap between modern man(Homo sapiens sapiens) and his nearest allies among Hominid Family and other Primates such as Chimpanzee and Gorilla.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  SOME  EVOLUTIONARY  GENTICISTS  CLAIM  THAT  MODERN  HUMANS HAVE  DESCENDED  BY  INTERBREEDING  AND  REPRODUCING  WITH  OTHER  SPECIES  OF  THE  GENUS  HOMO .
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MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :   SAHELANTHROPUS  TCHADENSIS NICKNAMED  “TOUMAI.”

Senckenberg Natural History Museum, Frankfurt, Germany prepared replicas of Hominid species using the fossils  discovered at different geographical locations. Sahelanthropus tchadensis lived 6.8 million years ago. It is one of the oldest Hominid specimens, found in 2003 in Djurab desert in Chad, Africa. 

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  AUSTRALOPITHECUS  AFARENSIS, AFRICAN  HOMINID .

Australopithecus afarensis discovered in Afar region of Ethiopia, Africa in 1975. This Hominid lived 3.2 million years ago.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMINID  AUSTRALOPITHECUS  AFRICANUS .

 Australopithecus africanus ,this Hominid replica nicknamed “Mrs Ples” lived 2.5 million years ago. Discovered in 1947, at Sterfontein, South Africa.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  PARANTHROPUS AETHIOPICUS.

Paranthropus aethiopicus lived 2.5 million years ago. Discovered near Lake Turkana in Kenya, Africa, in 1985.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  PARANTHROPUS  BOISEI .

Paranthropus boisei, nicknamed “Zinz” lived 1.8 million years ago. Discovered in 1959 in the Olduvai Gorge of Tanzania, Africa.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  RUDOLFENSIS .

Homo Rudolfensis lived about 1.8 million years ago. Discovered in 1972 in Koobi Fora, Kenya, Africa.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  ERGASTER . “TURKANA  BOY.”

“TURKANA BOY” Homo ergaster lived about 1.5 million years ago. Initially thought to be an important “missing link” in Human Evolution.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO HEIDELBERGENSIS  ALSO  NAMED  HOMO  RHODESIENSIS.

Homo heidelbergensis or Homo rhodesiensis. This replica is made from the fossils found in Sima de los Huesos, Spain in 1993. He lived about 500,000 to 350,000 years ago. Fossils also found in other places like Italy, France, and Greece. Homo sapiens may have appeared 300,000 years ago. Heidelbergensis could be the ancestor of Neanderthals which is  a subspecies of Sapiens species.

Mendel's Laws-Human Evolution-Homo erectus
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE    VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  REPLICA   OF  HOMO  ERECTUS,  HOMINID  THAT  LIVED  1.5 MILLION  TO  300, 000  YEARS  AGO.

Homo erectus lived 1, 500, 000 to 300, 000 years ago.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  PILTDOWN  MAN  OF  SUSSEX,  ENGLAND.  HOMINID  SPECIES  OF  THE  PALEOLITHIC  PERIOD  OR  OLD  STONE  AGE .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : PITHECANTHROPUS  ERECTUS ,  HOMO  ERECTUS .  THE  REPLICA  OF   “JAVA  MAN.”

Pithecanthropus, “JAVA MAN” discovered in 1891 could be the first to use fire. He used stone tools and belongs to the Lower Pleistocene Period.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  RHODESIAN  MAN  HAD  A  BRAIN  LARGER  THAN  THAT  OF  MODERN  HUMANS.

It could be of interest to note that Rhodesian Man( Heidelberg Man – Germany) had a large, thick skull, a sloping forehead, a chinless jaw, a brain larger than that of modern  man. The height was about five feet(152 cm) or slightly over.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  ERECTUS  PEKINENSIS . SINANTHROPUS  OR  PEKING  MAN .

Sinanthropus, Homo erectus pekinensis, or PEKING MAN belonged to the Middle Pleistocene.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS  NEANDERTHALENSIS . THIS  REPLICA  IS  NICKNAMED “OLD MAN  OF  LA  CHAPELLE .”

Homo sapiens neanderthalensis lived 56,000 years ago. The above is the replica nicknamed “OLD MAN OF LA CHAPELLE” found near La Chapelle aux-Saints in France in 1908.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS  FLORESIENSIS .  NICKNAMED  “HOBBIT. “

Homo sapiens floresiensis, the FLORES MAN discovered in Liang Bua Cave, Flores, Indonesia in 2003. Lived about 18,000 years ago.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS FLORESIENSIS  –  FLORES  MAN  OF  INDONESIA  .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  FLORES  MAN  .  HOMO  SAPIENS  FLORESIENSIS.

It could be of interest to note that Flores Man was only about 3 feet in height. Initially thought to be a subspecies of Sapiens and now considered as a separate species. This Hominid species disappeared without any trace for unknown reasons.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS.

The above is a replica of Homo sapiens found in a cave in Israel in 1969. He lived between 100,000 to 90, 000 years ago. It is important to note that it is not representative of true, modern humans called Homo sapiens sapiens.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS  IDALTU . IDALTU  MAN .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : HOMO  SAPIENS  IDALTU  OR  “HERTO  MAN ”  DISCOVERED  IN  1997  AT  HERTO, ETHIOPIA ,  AFRICA  .

Homo sapiens idaltu lived about 160, 000 years ago in Pleistocene Period(Middle Paleolithic), in Ethiopia, Africa, may mark the origin of anatomically modern Homo sapiens, making  distinction between Homo erectus species and Homo sapiens species. They were at the threshold of modern anatomy but not fully modern humans.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :   HOMO  SAPIENS  RED  DEER ,  SOUTHERN  CHINA .

Homo sapiens Red Deer represents “Red Deer Cave” people who lived 11, 500 to 14, 500 years ago in Maludong, Yunnan Province, Southern China. Red Deer Man had high domed braincase, small eyebrow ridges, lower jaw ended in a prominent chin, with a body less muscular than those of earlier Hominids.

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MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  MAN  IS  ABLE  TO  EXIST  IN  NATURE  FOR  HE  IS  ABLE  TO  DEFEND  HIS  EXISTENCE  BY  DEPLOYING  MOLECULES  THAT  CAN  MAKE  THE  RECOGNITION  AND  DISTINCTION  BETWEEN  SELF  AND  NON-SELF.
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : MAN IS ABLE TO EXIST IN NATURE FOR HE IS ABLE TO DEFEND HIS EXISTENCE BY DEPLOYING MOLECULES THAT CAN MAKE THE RECOGNITION AND DISTINCTION BETWEEN SELF AND NON-SELF.
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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST


SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :

SPECIAL  FRONTIER  FORCE  AT  NATIONAL  PRAYER  BREAKFAST : I WOULD  LIKE  TO  PRESENT  THE  HISTORY  OF  NATIONAL  PRAYER  BREAKFAST . IT  WAS  ORIGINALLY  KNOWN  AS  PRESIDENTIAL  PRAYER  BREAKFAST . 34th US PRESIDENT EISENHOWER  WITH 35th US PRESIDENT KENNEDY MET AT CAMP DAVID, MARYLAND ON APRIL 22, 1961. THEY FORMULATED THE US, INDIA, AND TIBET RELATIONS THAT CREATED SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE .
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : I WOULD LIKE TO PRESENT THE HISTORY OF NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . IT WAS ORIGINALLY KNOWN AS PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . 34th US PRESIDENT EISENHOWER WITH 35th US PRESIDENT KENNEDY MET AT CAMP DAVID, MARYLAND ON APRIL 22, 1961. THEY FORMULATED THE US, INDIA, AND TIBET RELATIONS THAT CREATED SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE .

It gives me a great pleasure to present my perspective on ‘National Prayer Breakfast’ for I see it as an event intimately connected to the history of Special Frontier Force. Norwegian Methodist Preacher Abraham Vereide(1886-1969) started a tradition of Prayer Breakfast and since 1953 the event became ‘Presidential Prayer Breakfast’ as it established the custom of inviting the US President as a chief guest speaker for a special gathering held on the first Thursday in the month of February.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE  AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : NORWEGIAN METHODIST PREACHER ABRAHAM VEREIDE STARTED AN EVENT CALLED PRAYER BREAKFAST IN CHICAGO AND IT SPREAD TO WASHINGTON, D.C. IN 1953 WHEN THE US PRESIDENT WAS INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE EVENT.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : NORWEGIAN METHODIST PREACHER ABRAHAM VEREIDE STARTED AN EVENT CALLED PRAYER BREAKFAST IN CHICAGO AND IT SPREAD TO WASHINGTON, D.C. IN 1953 WHEN THE US PRESIDENT WAS INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE EVENT.

Abraham Veredie started the event called Prayer Breakfast in Chicago City and it got transformed into ‘Presidential Prayer Breakfast’ in 1953 when the custom of inviting the US President as a Special Guest Speaker became a tradition.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : IN 1953, 34th US PRESIDENT(1953-1961), DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER WAS INVITED AS THE CHIEF GUEST SPEAKER FOR A PRAYER BREAKFAST MEETING WHICH GOT THE NAME PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . ABRAHAM VEREIDE WITH PRESIDENT EISENHOWER.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : IN 1953, 34th US PRESIDENT(1953-1961), DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER WAS INVITED AS THE CHIEF GUEST SPEAKER FOR A PRAYER BREAKFAST MEETING WHICH GOT THE NAME PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . ABRAHAM VEREIDE WITH PRESIDENT EISENHOWER.

On Thursday, February 09, 1961, President John F. Kennedy was the Chief Guest Speaker at the Presidential Prayer Breakfast. I am happy to share some photo images of that historical event.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ADDRESSING THE GATHERING AT PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST ON THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 09, 1961.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ADDRESSING THE GATHERING AT PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST ON THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 09, 1961.

The 1961 Presidential Prayer Breakfast was held at East Room, Mayflower Hotel, Washington, D.C.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : 1961 PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WITH US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY, SOUTHERN BAPTIST MINISTER REVEREND BILLY GRAHAM, AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP INC., ABRAHAM VEREIDE.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : 1961 PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WITH US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY, SOUTHERN BAPTIST MINISTER REVEREND BILLY GRAHAM, AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP INC., ABRAHAM VEREIDE.

It may be noted that John F. Kennedy was the first Catholic President of the United States, Abraham Veredie was a Methodist, and Reverend Billy Graham, a Southern Baptist. The Prayer Breakfast is not about endorsing a particular religious doctrine.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WAS RENAMED AS NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST IN 1970. SINCE 1980s THE EVENT IS HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON AT 1919 CONNECTICUT AVENUE.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WAS RENAMED AS NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST IN 1970. SINCE 1980s THE EVENT IS HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON  AT  1919 CONNECTICUT AVENUE.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : HIS HOLINESS THE 14TH DALAI LAMA, THE EXILED TIBETAN LEADER WITH MS. VALERIE JARRETT, SENIOR ADVISER TO PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON ON THURSDAY FEBRUARY 05, 2015.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : HIS HOLINESS THE 14TH DALAI LAMA, THE EXILED TIBETAN LEADER WITH MS. VALERIE  JARRETT, SENIOR ADVISER TO PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON ON THURSDAY FEBRUARY 05, 2015.

The National Prayer Breakfast is about cherishing National Values and people gather without any concern about their religious or political affiliations for all of them share the same National Values such as Freedom, Democracy, Peace, Human Rights, and Justice. In the context of Tibet and its Misery under Military Occupation since 1950, we are seeking the Uplifting Power of Compassion to endure the pain and suffering caused by political oppression. We are hopeful with Perseverance endowed by Compassion, We will defy Occupation and defeat its purpose as we begin our “Crusade for Peace through Freedom.”

Related Article:

THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM

UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR INDIA’S PARTITION


UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR INDIA’S PARTITION : President Barack Obama on his recent visit to India did not wish for a “Crusade for Peace through Freedom.” His call to India to uphold Religious Freedom unveils the US Plan to Divide and Rule India without any concern for its own national values like Freedom, Democracy, Peace, and Justice.

THE UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR PARTITION OF INDIA : THE US PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA WHO PLANTED A TREE AT RAJGHAT, MAHATMA GANDHI MEMORIAL DEMANDED IN A PRESS CONFERENCE THAT INDIA MUST SUPPORT RELIGIOUS FREEDOM WHICH CALLS FOR THE RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION AS DEMANDED BY SIKH SEPARATISTS AND KASHMIR SEPARATISTS . RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IS THE "MANTRA" FOR PARTITION OF INDIA USING RELIGION AS A TRUMP CARD .
THE UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR PARTITION OF INDIA : THE US PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA WHO PLANTED A TREE AT RAJGHAT, MAHATMA GANDHI MEMORIAL DEMANDED IN A PRESS CONFERENCE THAT INDIA MUST SUPPORT RELIGIOUS FREEDOM WHICH CALLS FOR THE RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION AS DEMANDED BY SIKH SEPARATISTS AND KASHMIR SEPARATISTS . RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IS THE “MANTRA” FOR PARTITION OF INDIA USING RELIGION AS A TRUMP CARD .

I want to share my opinion on President Barack Obama’s diabolical demand for “Religious Freedom” in India. A radical Sikh organization called “The Dal Khalsa’ stated that it is happy with US President Obama’s call to India to uphold Religious Freedom.  I am sharing this opinion on behalf of Special Frontier Force – Establishment Number. 22, a military organization affiliated to the US, India, and Tibet. The US has never demanded that Christian Missionaries be given free access to preach their Gospel inside Occupied Tibet. In fact, President Obama has not spoken about Religious Freedom in Tibet while he is fully aware of  Tibetan Government-in-Exile’s existence at Dharamshala, India. President Obama has unveiled the plan of United States and United Kingdom to seek the Partition of the Republic of India on lines similar to  partition of India in 1947. Religious Freedom is the “MANTRA” for Partition of India.The strategy followed by the British Raj and the US administration is the same.  In 1947, it was very important to defend the rights of Muslims as without partition, Muslims cannot have access to political power and without political power, Muslims would lose their Religious Freedom. In democracy, there is separation of State and Church. In opinion of the West, India can never have true Democracy as a majority of its people may belong to Hindu religion. To counteract the Hindus, the British have formulated the governance policy called “Divide and Rule.” The collapse of the Soviet Union, the breakup of Czechoslovakia, the US sponsored dismemberment of Republic of Yugoslavia, and  creation of Kosovo are often cited as examples of bringing “Regime Change” in countries considered to be hostile to the US Foreign Policy Agenda. The 105th US Congress in its First Session passed Resolution # 37 which demands the formation of an Independent Sikh Nation called “KHALISTAN” and the resolution demands the Right to Self-Determination for people who profess or follow the religion called Sikhism. Western powers like Great Britain, United States, and Canada, have formulated a political strategy to take full advantage of the religious sentiments of the people of Sikhism to dismember the Republic of India. There is a fundamental hostility for the very existence of India which is known as “BHARAT” because of Hindu religion that  many of its people adhere. In a world full of competing religions, Hindus are not allowed to desire any identity of their own. In other words, India’s adherence to the principles of DEMOCRACY is of no consequence and Indian people  be separated taking advantage of the differences in religion, language, and history of regional affiliations. The concept of an independent, sovereign Khalistan, the Sikh Homeland was announced on October 7, 1987. These Sikh Separatists claim that Government of India murdered over a million Sikh people and accuse Government of India violates their Rights to Religious Freedom. The annual Sikh March for Khalistan is held on BAISAKHI(Vaisakhi) Day during the month of April. Sikhs living in Washington DC, New York, London, Vancouver(Canada) and other places parade on streets. The US supports these political activities and allows Sikh nationals of India to apply for asylum in the United States for it endorses their claims about religious persecution of Sikhs by Government of India. These Sikh Separatists claim that without political power, religion cannot flourish, their repression will continue and that their Sikh Nation will perish. A similar argument is made by Muslim Separatists who live in the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. The advocates of Khalistan do not mention about  persecution of Sikhs in Kashmir, and it appears that they have no recollection of the killing of Sikhs at the time of India’s Partition in 1947. When the United States President spoke about Religious Freedom, he did not mention about the Right to Self-Determination of Sikhs in Punjab, and of Muslims in Kashmir. However, Indian people must recognize that the issue of Religious Freedom is not simply about the Rights of Christians to practice their religion. It is important to know that the United States is not demanding Pakistan to support the rights of Christians living in Pakistan. The US is not asking Sikh Separatists and Kashmir Separatists to embrace Christianity or to grant full access to Christian Missionaries to operate in their communities. The fundamental concern is not about religion or Freedom of Religion. The goal of this US Policy is to breakup India and not to allow its people to find Peace, Justice, and Prosperity by choosing DEMOCRACY.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force.Establishment22

OPEN LETTER TO PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA ON RELIGIOUS FREEDOM :

I was asked to share a comment on this article published by Mr. Kalavai Venkat. The author has failed to acknowledge the diabolical plan of the US to maintain its status of global Superpower without any scruples, principles, or ideals shared by its own founding fathers.

Barack Obama

261 SHARES FacebookTwitterSubscribeGoogleLinkedin                                                                                                                                       Dear President Barack Obama, You spoke of religious freedom and in favor of the right to proselytize during your recent visit to India. Your words reflect the Christian West’s obsession with religious freedom. We Hindus have little doubt that when you talk of religious freedom you have the freedom of Christians to proselytize Hindus and not the freedom of Hindus to practice Hinduism in mind. In many Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia, a Hindu cannot even carry pictures of Hindu deities to worship in the confines of one’s home. You have never pontificated to the Saudis about the virtues of religious freedom. In the Christian Greece, it was illegal for a Hindu to cremate the dead until 2007 yet no American president pontificated to the Greeks. So, we rightly conclude that the religious freedom of Hindus is nowhere on your radar. However, we are not asking you to stand up for our religious freedom. We are, instead, challenging your obsession with religious freedom. Let us begin by talking about some fundamental teachings of Christianity which you are presumably familiar with. I did not render service. I have been responsible for genocide. It took me 18 years to realize that. Christianity requires a groom to drag his bride on the nuptial night to her father’s doorstep and stone her to death on the suspicion that she may not be a virgin. It urges onlookers to participate in this violent orgy (Deuteronomy 22:13-21). Jesus sanctified and vowed to fulfill such terrible, misogynistic teachings (Matthew 5:17). We Hindus view the feminine as sacred and will not allow anyone the freedom to spread misogyny. We will not protect the alleged freedom of a misogynist at the expense of the dignity of a woman. We understand that you are not eagerly defending the freedom of the Taliban to spread Islamic misogyny in the USA. We are pleased to inform you that we Hindus will apply the same yardstick to Christian misogyny as well. The Second Coming of Jesus is a core and fundamental Christian belief. On this occasion, Jesus would torture millions of Hindus for a period of five months, massacre them, and put them on the hell-bound cargo to be condemned to eternal torture (Revelations 9:4-5). Jesus also promises to make the Hindus kneel before the Christians in abject submission (see Hartung, John: Love Thy Neighbor – The Evolution of In-group Morality, pp. 15-16). We Hindus value human rights and will not grant anyone the freedom to spread genocidal hatred or subjugate others. You should be able to relate to our stance because you too aren’t advocating the freedom of Al Qaeda to spread genocidal hatred against Americans, are you?

Jesus Christ on the Cross

Misogyny, a craving to subjugate others, and genocidal hatred are poisonous. Giving them a religious sanctity doesn’t make them desirable. Karl Popper cautioned against the tendency to tolerate the intolerant because such a misplaced tolerance would result in the demise of the tolerant and eventually lead to the demise of tolerance itself. His sage advice applies to intolerant, hateful, and misogynistic religious beliefs such as Christianity and Islam. According such religious beliefs even a modicum of freedom would eventually degrade the feminine and extinguish freedom itself. More on Religious Freedom 70x70.png Analysis of the USCIRF India Chapter report, 2014

70x70.jpg The USCIRF testimony of Kamal Mitra Chenoy

70x70.jpg Narendra Modi’s visa denial still an unhealed wound

70x70.jpgExclusivist faiths, fundamental rights and the consequences of fundamentalism

70x70.jpg How John Dayal helps break India

70x70.jpg Atrocity literature as a tool to defang Hindus and Christianize India

70x70.jpg proselytization in India: A critique from a Dharmic perspective

70x70.jpg The Religious Crusades of the CIA

 

We Hindus value freedom; not merely freedom of religion as Western Christians mistakenly value. In our reasonable worldview, only freedom is a fundamental right whereas religious freedom is a privilege that is earned only when the religious teachings do not subvert freedom. A religion that subverts the very foundation of freedom and human dignity by advocating misogyny and genocidal hatemongering cannot be accorded that privilege. In The Religious Crusades of the CIA, Arvind Kumar shows that ‘religious freedom’ is a euphemism for the CIA-led initiatives to destabilize Hindu society. The Tamil writer Jeyamohanshows how the Ford Foundation acted as the front for this imperial agenda by funding Christian missionaries in India’s northeast. These missionaries facilitated the entry of other western-funded groups which sowed division and hatred among the various ethnic groups that had hitherto coexisted for millennia. These imperial-funded and orchestrated initiatives resulted in gruesome riots, bloodshed, and massacre of many a thousand besides sinking the entire northeast into abject poverty. One of the missionaries that had facilitated the pillage eventually had a moment of realization and confessed to Jeyamohan, “I did not render service. I have been responsible for genocide. It took me 18 years to realize that.” President Obama, we will not allow another genocide by facilitating the spread of imperial-funded Christianity. Instead, we will initiate every measure to curb it. We will bring forth legislation to prevent the CIA and its front agencies such as the Ford Foundation from destabilizing India. We will also prevent western powers from controlling the churches in India by nationalizing India’s churches and NGOs and by empowering the government to nominate priests. In the true spirit of democracy and freedom, and in the spirit of Indian pluralism, these priests would hail from all communities and religions as well as from among the ranks of atheists. You may also anticipate legislative measures which would protect indigenous religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and the various tribal religions. We would reverse the existing system which discriminates against indigenous religions while favoring Christianity and Islam. The state would fund institutions belonging to indigenous religions. We hope this idea would resonate with you; after all, the UK protects the Church of England and funds its educational institutions. America’s Christian churches are the leading beneficiaries of faith-based initiatives. So, this idea is no stranger to westerners.

We hope that not only Hindus and Indians but reasonable Americans too would laud these forthcoming initiatives. After all, a vibrant, democratic, and multicultural India is in the best interests of America as well. On the other hand, an India laid waste to by the predation of Christianity can only harm Indian as well as American interests. A patriotic American should be appalled by the fact that American textbooks indoctrinate defenseless children in Christianity. These textbooks portray Jesus as an embodiment of compassion. One would never tolerate a sanitized portrayal of a terrorist such as Osama bin Laden as compassionate. Yet, Jesus, who isindistinguishable from Osama bin Laden, is hailed as compassionate in textbooks. Such indoctrination is an abuse of the trust children place in adults. It is not only the mind of the American child that is abused. Defenseless children are subject to physical abuse as well because of their parents’ beliefs in biblical teachings. The Bible mandates the circumcision of the male child (Genesis 17). As a result, despite the progress in scientific knowledge, over 58 percent of American male children are subject to genital mutilations. These are examples of serious violation of a child’s freedom. We hope that America ends such discriminatory practices by emulating the Indian example of curbing Christianity (as well as Islam) through legislation. We look forward to the day when America respects the freedom of a child to grow up unmolested in an environment nourished by reason. We hope you realize that the freedom of a child cannot be sacrificed to propagate Bronze Age superstitions. Our ghar wapasi program is ready to embrace America’s recovering Christians. Yours truly, An imaginary Indian politician PS: How I wish an Indian politician wrote such a letter! Alas, in all likelihood, an Indian politician or a lay Hindu is likely to appease the Western bully by pleading that India is doing a lot to ensure religious freedom and will do even more. They would then grant more freedom to the rapacious missionaries and foreign NGOs until India becomes another Philippines.

Related Article:

MY THOUGHTS ON PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S INDIA VISIT

MY THOUGHTS ON PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S INDIA VISIT


MY THOUGHTS ON PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S INDIA VISIT :

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the US President Barack Obama shared their views in a radio conversation titled “MAAN KI BAAT”(Mindful Conversation) that was broadcast on January 27, 2015. I am sharing the transcript of this radio conversation. Both the leaders speak about shared values and the basis for friendly relations between both countries in very general terms. They want to speak directly from the heart and share some personal thoughts on issues without specifically touching issues such as foreign policy. It is claimed that enough information on policy matters was shared in the joint press conference. However, I am of the opinion that there is no transparency in their conversation. There is no Peace, there is no Freedom, there is no Justice, there is no democratic governance, and there is no free flow of information in the occupied territories of TIBET and the problem is of great concern since early 1950s. When the 34th President of the United States, Dwight David Eisenhower made his five-day visit to India from 09 December to 14 December, 1959, he expounded the need for relentless effort to secure Peace through promoting Freedom. He used the term “CRUSADE” to communicate the intensity of struggle and sacrifice that is involved if people have to find Peace in their personal lives. There is really no Peace until man enjoys his Natural Right to Freedom. Since 1959, India has been hosting the Tibetan Government-in-Exile, and I am totally surprised to note that these two leaders have not said a word about the plight of Tibetans and their military oppression.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

Mann ki baat: Modi, Obama Jan. 27, 2015

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http://www.narendramodi.in/transcript-of-the-special-episode-of-mann-ki-baat-pm-shri-narendra-modi-and-us-president-shri-barack-obama-share-their-thoughts-on-radio/

Transcript of the special episode of ”Mann ki Baat”: PM Shri Narendra Modi and US President Shri Barack Obama share their thoughts on Radio

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Today, Shri Barack Obama, President of the United States, joins us in a special programme of Mann Ki Baat. For the last few months, I have been sharing my “Mann Ki Baat” with you. But today, people from various parts of the country have asked questions.
But most of the questions are connected to politics, foreign policy, economic policy. However, some questions touch the heart. And I believe if we touch those questions today, we shall be able to reach out to the common man in different parts of the country. And therefore, the questions asked in press conferences, or discussed in meetings – instead of those – if we discuss what comes from the heart, and repeat it, hum it, we get a new energy. And therefore, in my opinion, those questions are more important. Some people wonder, what does “Barack” mean? I was searching for the meaning of Barack. In Swahili language, which is spoken in parts of Africa, Barack means, one who is blessed. I believe, along with a name, his family gave him a big gift.
African countries have lived by the ancient idea of ‘Ubuntu’, which alludes to the ‘oneness in humanity’. They say – “I am, because we are”. Despite the gap in centuries and borders, there is the same spirit of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, which speak of in India. This is the great shared heritage of humanity. This unites us. When we discuss Mahatma Gandhi, we remember Henry Thoreau, from whom Mahatma Gandhi learnt disobedience. When we talk about Martin Luther King or Obama, we hear from their lips, respect for Mahatma Gandhi. These are the things that unite the world.
Today, Barack Obama is with us. I will first request him to share his thoughts. Then, I and Barack will both answer the questions that have been addressed to us.

I request President Barack Obama to say a few words.

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Namaste! Thank you Prime Minister Modi for your kind words and for the incredible hospitality you have shown me and my wife Michelle on this visit and let me say to the people of India how honoured I am to be the first American President to join you for Republic Day; and I’m told that this is also the first ever Radio address by an Indian Prime Minister and an American President together, so we’re making a lot of history in a short time. Now to the people of India listening all across this great nation. It’s wonderful to be able to speak you directly. We just come from discussions in which we affirmed that India and the United States are natural partners, because we have so much in common. We are two great democracies, two innovative economies, two diverse societies dedicated to empowering individuals. We are linked together by millions of proud Indian Americans who still have family and carry on traditions from India. And I want to say to the Prime Minister how much I appreciate your strong personal commitment to strengthening the relationship between these two countries.

People are very excited in the United States about the energy that Prime Minister Modi is bringing to efforts in this country to reduce extreme poverty and lift people up, to empower women, to provide access to electricity, and clean energy and invest in infrastructure, and the education system. And on all these issues, we want to be partners. Because many of the efforts that I am promoting inside the United States to make sure that the young people get the best education possible, to make sure that the ordinary people are properly compensated for their labour, and paid fair wages, and have job security and health care. These are the same kinds of issues that Prime Minister Modi, I know cares so deeply about here. And I think there’s a common theme in these issues. It gives us a chance to reaffirm what Gandhi ji reminded us, should be a central aim of our lives. And that is, we should endeavour to seek God through service of humanity because God is in everyone. So these shared values, these convictions, are a large part of why I am so committed to this relationship. I believe that if the United States and India join together on the world stage around these values, then not only will our peoples be better off, but I think the world will be more prosperous and more peaceful and more secure for the future. So thank you so much Mr. Prime Minister, for giving me this opportunity to be with you here today.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Barack the first question comes from Raj from Mumbai

His question is, the whole world knows about your love for your daughters. How will you tell your daughters about youre experience of India? Do you plan to do some shopping for them?

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well first of all they very much wanted to come. They are fascinated by India, Unfortunately each time that I have taken a trip here, they had school and they couldn’t leave school. And in fact, Malia, my older daughter, had exams just recently. They are fascinated by the culture, and the history of India, in part because of my influence I think, they are deeply moved by India’s movement to Independence, and the role that Gandhi played, in not only the non-violent strategies here in India, but how those ended up influencing the non-violent Civil Rights Movement in the United States. So when I go back I am going to tell them that India is as magnificent as they imagined. And I am quite sure that they are going to insist that I bring them back the next time I visit. It may not be during my Presidency, but afterwards they will definitely want to come and visit.
And I will definitely do some shopping for them. Although I can’t go to the stores myself, so I have to have my team do the shopping for me. And I’ll get some advice from Michelle, because she probably has a better sense of what they would like.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Barack said he will come with his daughters. I extend an invitation to you. Whether you come as President, or thereafter, India looks forward to welcoming you and your daughters.

Sanika Diwan from Pune, Maharashtra has asked me a question. She asks me, whether I have sought assistance from President Obama for the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Mission

Sanika you have asked a good question. There is a lot of worry because of the sex ratio in India. For every 1000 boys, the number of girls is less. And the main reason for this is that, there is a defect in our attitudes towards boys and girls.
Whether or not I seek help from President Obama, his life is in itself an inspiration. The way he has brought up his two daughters, the way he is proud of his two daughters.
In our country too, I meet many families who have only daughters. And they bring up their daughters with such pride, give them such respect, that is the biggest inspiration. I believe that inspiration is our strength. And in response to your question, I would like to say, to save the girl child, to educate the girl child, this is our social duty, cultural duty, and humanitarian responsibility. We should honour it.

Barack, there is a question for you. The second question for President Obama comes through e-mail: Dr. Kamlesh Upadhyay, a Doctor based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat – Your wife is doing extensive work on tackling modern health challenges like obesity and diabetes. These are increasingly being faced in India as well. Would you and the First Lady like to return to India to work on these issues after your Presidency, just like Bill and Melinda Gates?

(Hon’ble Barack Obama):

Well, we very much look forward to partnering with organizations, and the government and non-governmental organizations here in India, around broader Public Health issues including the issue of obesity. I am very proud of the work that Michelle has done on this issue. We’re seeing a world-wide epidemic of obesity, in many cases starting at a very young age. And a part of it has to do with increase in processed foods, not naturally prepared. Part of it is a lack of activity for too many children. And once they are on this path, it can lead to a life time of health challenges. This is an issue that we would like to work on internationally, including here in India. And it is a part of a broader set of issues around global health that we need to address. The Prime Minister and I have discussed, for example, how we can do a better job in dealing with issues like pandemic. And making sure that we have good alert systems so that if a disease like Ebola, or a deadly flu virus, or Polio appears, it is detected quickly and then treated quickly so that it doesn’t spread. The public health infrastructure around the world needs to be improved. I think the Prime Minister is doing a great job in focusing on these issues here in India. And India has a lot to teach many other countries who may not be advancing as rapidly in improving this public health sector. But it has an impact on everything, because if children are sick they can’t concentrate in school and they fall behind. It has a huge economic impact on the countries involved and so we think that there is a lot of progress to be made here and I am very excited about the possibilities of considering this work even after I leave office.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Mr. Arjun asks me a question. An interesting question. He says he has seen an old photo of me as a tourist outside the White House. He asks me what touched me when I went there last September.

It is true that when I first went to America, I was not lucky enough to visit the White House. There is an iron fence far from the White House. We stood outside the fence and took a photograph. White House is visible in the background. Now that I have become Prime Minister, that photo too has become popular. But at that time, I had never thought that sometime in my life, I would get a chance to visit the White House. But when I visited the White House, one thing touched my heart. I can never forget that. Barack gave me a book, a book that he had located after considerable effort. That book had become famous in 1894. Swami Vivekananda, the inspiration of my life, had gone to Chicago to participate in the World Religions Conference. And this book was a compilation of the speeches delivered at the World Religions Conference. That touched my heart. And not just this. He turned the pages of the book, and showed me what was written there. He had gone through the entire book! And he told me with pride, I come from the Chicago where Swami Vivekananda had come. These words touched my heart a lot. And I will treasure this throughout my life. So once, standing far from the White House and taking a photo, and then, to visit the White House, and to receive a book on someone whom I respect. You can imagine, how it would have touched my heart.

Barack there is a question for you. Himani from Ludhiana, Punjab. Question is for you ……:

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well the question is “Did you both imagine you would reach the positions that you’ve reached today?”

And it is interesting, Mr. Prime Minister, your talking about the first time you visited White House and being outside that iron fence. The same is true for me. When I first went to the White House, I stood outside that same fence, and looked in, and I certainly did not imagine that I would ever be visiting there, much less living there. You know, I think both of us have been blessed with an extraordinary opportunity, coming from relatively humble beginnings. And when I think about what’s best in America and what’s best in India, the notion that a tea seller or somebody who’s born to a single mother like me, could end up leading our countries, is an extraordinary example of the opportunities that exist within our countries. Now I think, a part of what motivates both you and I, is the belief that there are millions of children out there who have the same potential but may not have the same education, may not be getting exposed to opportunities in the same way, and so a part of our job, a part of government’s job is that young people who have talent, and who have drive and are willing to work for, are able to succeed. And that’s why we are emphasizing school, higher education. Making sure that children are healthy and making sure those opportunities are available to children of all backgrounds, girls and boys, people of all religious faiths and of all races in the United States is so important. Because you never know who might be the next Prime Minister of India, or who might be the next President of United States. They might not always look the part right off the bat. And they might just surprise you if you give them the chance.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Thank you Barack.

Himani from Ludhiana has also asked me this question – did I ever imagine I would reach this high office?

No. I never imagined it. Because, as Barack said, I come from a very ordinary family. But for a long time, I have been telling everyone, never dream of becoming something. If you wish to dream, dream of doing something. When we do something, we get satisfaction, and also get inspiration to do something new. If we only dream of becoming something, and cannot fulfil the dream, then we only get disappointed. And therefore, I never dreamt of becoming something. Even today, I have no dream of becoming something. But I do dream of doing something. Serving Mother India, serving 125 crore Indians, there can be no greater dream than this. That is what I have to do. I am thankful to Himani.

There is a question for Barack from Omprakash. Omprakash is studying Sanskrit at JNU. He belongs to Jhunjunu, Rajasthan. Om Prakash is convener of special centre for Sanskrit Studies in JNU.

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well this is a very interesting question. His question is, the youth of the new generation is a global citizen. He is not limited by time or boundaries. In such a situation what should be the approach by our leadership, governments as well as societies at large.

I think this is a very important question. When I look at this generation that is coming up, they are exposed to the world in ways that you and I could hardly imagine. They have the world at their fingertips, literally. They can, using their mobile phone, get information and images from all around the world and that’s extraordinarily powerful. And what that means, I think is that, governments and leaders cannot simply try to govern, or rule, by a top-down strategy. But rather have to reach out to people in an inclusive way, and an open way, and a transparent way. And engage in a dialogue with citizens, about the direction of their country. And one of the great things about India and the United States is that we are both open societies. And we have confidence and faith that when citizens have information, and there is a vigorous debate, that over time even though sometimes democracy is frustrating, the best decisions and the most stable societies emerge and the most prosperous societies emerge. And new ideas are constantly being exchanged. And technology today I think facilitates that, not just within countries, but across countries. And so, I have much greater faith in India and the United States, countries that are open information societies, in being able to succeed and thrive in this New Information Age; than closed societies that try to control the information that citizens receive. Because ultimately that’s no longer possible. Information will flow inevitably, one way or the other, and we want to make sure we are fostering a healthy debate and a good conversation between all peoples.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Omprakash wants me too, to answer the question that has been asked to Barack.

Barack has given a very good answer. It is inspiring. I will only say, that once upon a time, there were people inspired primarily by the Communist ideology. They gave a call: Workers of the world, Unite. This slogan lasted for several decades. I believe, looking at the strength and reach of today’s youth, I would say, Youth, Unite the world. I believe they have the strength and they can do it.

The next question is from CA Pikashoo Mutha from Mumbai, and he asks me, which American leader has inspired you

When I was young, I used to see Kennedy’s pictures in Indian newspapers. His personality was very impressive. But your question is, who has inspired me. I liked reading as a child. And I got an opportunity to read the biography of Benjamin Franklin. He lived in the eighteenth century. And he was not an American President. But his biography is so inspiring – how a person can intelligently try to change his life.
If we feel excessively sleepy, how can we reduce that?
If we feel like eating too much, how can we work towards eating less?
If people get upset with you that cannot meet them, because of the pressure of work, then how to solve this problem?
He has addressed such issues in his biography. And I tell everyone, we should read Benjamin Franklin’s biography. Even today, it inspires me. And Benjamin Franklin had a multi-dimensional personality. He was a politician, he was a political scientist, he was a social worker, he was a diplomat. And he came from an ordinary family. He could not even complete his education. But till today, his thoughts have an impact on American life. I find his life truly inspiring. And I tell you too, if you read his biography, you will find ways to transform your life too. And he has talked about simple things. So I feel you will be inspired as much as I have been.

There is a question for Barack, from Monika Bhatia.
(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well the question is “As leaders of two major economies, what inspires you and makes you smile at the end of a bad day at work?”
And that is a very good question. I say sometimes, that the only problems that come to my desk are the ones that nobody else solves. If they were easy questions, then somebody else would have solved them before they reached me. So there are days when it’s tough and frustrating. And that’s true in Foreign Affairs. That is true in Domestic Affairs. But I tell you what inspires me, and I don’t know Mr. Prime Minister if you share this view – almost every day I meet somebody who tells me, “You made a difference in my life.”
So they’ll say, “The Health-Care law that you passed, saved my child who didn’t have health insurance.” And they were able to get an examination from a Physician, and they caught an early tumour, and now he is doing fine.
Or they will say “You helped me save my home during the economic crisis.”
Or they’ll say, “I couldn’t afford college, and the program you set up has allowed me to go to the university.”
And sometimes they are thanking you for things that you did four or five years ago. Sometimes they are thanking you for things you don’t even remember, or you’re not thinking about that day. But it is a reminder of what you said earlier, which is, if you focus on getting things done as opposed to just occupying an office or maintaining power, then the satisfaction that you get is unmatched. And the good thing about service is that anybody can do it. If you are helping somebody else, the satisfaction that you can get from that, I think, exceeds anything else that you can do. And that’s usually what makes me inspired to do more, and helps get through the challenges and difficulties that we all have. Because obviously we are not the only people with bad days at work. I think everybody knows what it is like to have a bad day at work. You just have to keep on working through it. Eventually you make a difference.
(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Indeed Barack has spoken words from the heart (Mann Ki Baat). Whatever position we may hold, we are human too. Simple things can inspire us. I also wish to narrate an experience. For many years, I was like an ascetic. I got food at other people’s homes. Whoever invited me, used to feed me as well. Once a family invited me over for a meal, repeatedly. I would not go, because I felt they are too poor, and if I go to eat at their place, I will become a burden on them. But eventually, I had to bow to their request and love. And I went to eat a meal at their home. It was a small hut, where we sat down to eat. They offered me roti made of bajra (millet), and mik. Their young child was looking at the milk. I felt, the child has never even seen milk. So I gave that small bowl of milk to the child. And he drank it within seconds. His family members were angry with him. And I felt that perhaps that child has never had any milk, apart from his mother’s milk. And maybe, they had bought milk so that I could have a good meal. This incident inspired me a lot. A poor person living in a hut could think so much about my well-being. So I should devote my life to their service. So these are the things that serve as inspiration. And Barack has also spoken about what can touch the heart.
I am thankful to Barack, he has given so much time. And I am thankful to my countrymen for listening to Mann Ki Baat. I know radio reaches every home and every lane of India. And this Mann Ki Baat, this special Mann Ki Baat will echo forever.
I have an idea. I share it with you. There should be an e-book made of the talk between Barack and me today. I hope the organizers of Mann Ki Baat will release this e-book. And to you all, who have listened to Mann Ki Baat, I also say, do participate in this. And the best hundred thoughts that emerge out of this, will also be added to this e-book. And I want you to write to us on Twitter, on Facebook, or online, using the hashtag #YesWeCan.

• Eliminate Poverty – #YesWeCan
• Quality Healthcare to All – #YesWeCan
• Youth empowered with Education – #YesWeCan
• Jobs for All – #YesWeCan
• End to Terrorism – #YesWeCan
• Global Peace and Progress – #YesWeCan

I want you to send your thoughts, experiences and feelings after listening to Mann Ki Baat. From them, we will select the best hundred, and we will add them to the book containing the talk that Barack and I have had. And I believe, this will truly become, the Mann Ki Baat of us all.

Once again, a big thank you to Barack. And to all of you. Barack’s visit to India on this pious occasion of 26th January, is a matter of pride for me and for the country.

Thank you very much.

Click here to see Transcript

http://pib.nic.in/archieve/others/2015/jan/d2015012703.pdf

January 27, 2015

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAsG7YPR6AQ&x-yt-ts=1422327029&x-yt-cl=84838260

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THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM


THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :

THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :

 

US President Barack Obama was the guest of honor at India’s celebration of its 66th Republic Day on Monday, January 26, 2015. This is the first time in the history of Republic of India, the US President is  the guest of honor at the Republic Day Parade. There is a palpable sense of warmth, friendship, and cordiality between President Obama and India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi. On behalf of Special Frontier Force I have to admit that India and the United States are not marching towards the goal of winning Peace through Freedom, a journey that these two nations started during 1950s. I would like to share the memories of the historical Five-Day visit to India by 34th US President Dwight David Eisenhower from 09 December to 14 December 1959. India and the United States joined hands to secure Peace and Freedom in the Occupied Land of Tibet . The military organization called Special Frontier Force( also known as Establishment No. 22) truly represents the legacy of President Eisenhower who captivated the hearts of Indian people with his call for a Crusade for Peace through Freedom. We have yet to fight this Battle to secure Peace, Freedom, Democracy, and Justice in the Land of Tibet. US President Obama, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi have failed to mention the Great Problem of Tibet which gave the stimulus for formulating friendly relations between the US and India. Even if the word ‘TIBET’ is not mentioned during President Obama’s visit to India, I can most positively assert that TIBET would remain the central focus of India’s relationship with the United States. The military occupation of TIBET poses the greatest danger to Peace, Freedom, Democracy, and Human Rights in the world. The problem will not go away and the real solution for the military occupation of TIBET is  the Eviction of Military Occupier from the territories of Tibet.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :

WHOLE DESIGNER – WHOLE ARTIST – WHOLE AESTHETICS


WHOLE DESIGNER – WHOLE ARTIST – WHOLE AESTHETICS :

Plants have the ability of Photoreception but do not have organs of sense perception like eyes. They produce flowers as if an artist is at work. The flowers below all have two things in common: They’re beautiful, and they remind the human eye of something else entirely. These are flowers are just stunning works of art by nature.


Monkey Face Orchid ( Dracula Simia )

Moth Orchid ( Phalaenopsis )

Naked Man Orchid ( Orchis Italica )

Hooker’s Lips ( Psychotria Elata )

Dancing Girls ( Impatiens Bequaertii )

Laughing Bumble Bee Orchid
( Ophrys Bomybliflora )

Swaddled Babies ( Anguloa Uniflora )

Parrot Flower ( Impatiens Psittacina )

Snap Dragon Seed Pod ( Antirrhinum )

Flying Duck Orchid ( Caleana Major )

An orchid that looks remarkably like a tiger

Happy Alien ( Calceolaria Uniflora )

And his fellow aliens

Angel Orchid ( Habenaria Grandifloriformis )

Dove Orchid Or Holy Ghost Orchid
( Peristeria Elata )

White Egret Orchid ( Habenaria Radiata )

The Darth Vader ( Aristolochia Salvadorensis )

An Orchid That Looks Like A Ballerina

NATURE IS AMAZING & ASTONISHING….

Related Articles:
WHOLEDUDE – WHOLEDESIGNER – PHOTOCHEMISTRY

WHOLEDUDE – WHOLEDESIGNER – PHOTORECEPTION

WHOLEDUDE – WHOLE ARTIST

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE


THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA”,  the instruction to impart physical and mental Discipline has a physiological basis. A part of human brain called ‘Reticular Formation’ functions like Spirit or Soul to control, to guide, and to regulate ‘Intellect'(“BUDDHI”), Mind(“MANAH”), Senses(“INDRIYA”), and Body(“DEHA”).

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : "KRAMA SIKSHA" THE INSTRUCTION TO IMPART PHYSICAL AND MENTAL DISCIPLINE HAS A PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS AS A PART OF HUMAN BRAIN FUNCTIONS LIKE SPIRIT OR SOUL TO CONTROL, TO GUIDE, AND TO REGULATE INTELLECT, MIND, AND THE SENSES . THIS IS THE IMAGE OF THE MADRAS REGIMENT TAKING PART IN 65th REPUBLIC DAY PARADE IN NEW DELHI, INDIA.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA” THE INSTRUCTION TO IMPART PHYSICAL AND MENTAL DISCIPLINE HAS A PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS AS A PART OF HUMAN BRAIN FUNCTIONS LIKE SPIRIT OR SOUL TO CONTROL, TO GUIDE, AND TO REGULATE INTELLECT, MIND,   SENSES, AND BODY . THIS IS THE IMAGE OF THE MADRAS REGIMENT TAKING PART IN 65th REPUBLIC DAY PARADE IN NEW DELHI, INDIA.

This is a tribute to all the men and women who serve India in Uniform after undergoing rigorous training enduring pain and hardships. The “DRILL”,  such as marching together during ceremonial parades, testifies to the process of teaching the ‘Art of Self-Discipline’.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : IN MY VIEW, MILITARY DISCIPLINE IS A SPIRITUAL PRACTICE. SUCCESS OR VICTORY IN THE BATTLEFIELD IS ACCOMPLISHED BY DESTROYING THE ENEMY. MILITARY TRAINS TO DEFEAT AN EXTERNAL ENEMY AND A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK TRAINS TO DESTROY ONE'S OWN INTERNAL ENEMIES.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”   IN MY VIEW, MILITARY DISCIPLINE IS A SPIRITUAL PRACTICE. SUCCESS OR VICTORY IN THE BATTLEFIELD IS ACCOMPLISHED BY DESTROYING THE ENEMY. MILITARY TRAINS TO DEFEAT AN EXTERNAL ENEMY AND A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK TRAINS TO DESTROY ONE’S OWN INTERNAL ENEMIES.

Discipline is training that develops Self-Control, character, orderliness, and efficiency. It may imply strict control to enforce obedience, acceptance of or submission to authority. While Discipline requires training that molds, instructs, and corrects personal behavior, the concept of Self-Discipline is often used in the context of a Spiritual Practice. For all practical purposes Self-Discipline is like Military Discipline which uses training apart from verbal instruction, encouragement, and teaching as its tools. Soldiers  master the Art of Self-Discipline to take responsibility for all of their actions, speech, and mannerisms.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : A BOXER WITH GOOD REFLEXES HAS THE ABILITY TO REACT QUICKLY AND EFFECTIVELY . THE TRAINING FOCUSES UPON DEVELOPING QUICK, AUTOMATIC, OR HABITUAL MOTOR REFLEXES AND THE BOXER REACTS WITHOUT GETTING DISTRACTED BY HIS OWN INTELLECT, MIND, SENSES, AND BODY IGNORING HIS OWN PAIN AND INJURIES.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : A BOXER WITH GOOD REFLEXES HAS THE ABILITY TO REACT QUICKLY AND EFFECTIVELY . THE TRAINING FOCUSES UPON DEVELOPING QUICK, AUTOMATIC, OR HABITUAL MOTOR REFLEXES AND THE BOXER REACTS WITHOUT GETTING DISTRACTED BY HIS OWN INTELLECT, MIND, SENSES, AND BODY IGNORING HIS OWN PAIN AND INJURIES.

Just like training for Boxing, military training gives the ability to react quickly, effectively in a reflex action. The military Drill disciplines the Mind and Body to make the man to make quick, automatic or habitual responses when he hears the words of Command. Both Military and Spiritual Disciplines recognize their need for training to achieve the objective of destroying an Enemy who hinders the path to Success or Victory. Military Discipline imparts the ability to fight an external Enemy on the battlefield and Spiritual Discipline is about fighting one’s own internal Enemy. Combating and overcoming an Enemy is of utmost importance to both types of Discipline. In either case, Discipline has the following characteristics: 1. Devotion(“SRADDHA”), 2. Humility(“NAMRATA”-“NIGARVI”), 3. Temperance(“NIYAMA” -“NIGRAHA”), and 4. Perseverance(“KSHAMA”).  These attributes or qualities are acquired through training and are found in a trained Soldier and a Spiritual Practitioner or “SADHAK.”

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : IN MY VIEW, A MAN IN UNIFORM IS A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK AS THE TRAINING INVOLVES DEVOTION TO LEARNING AND SUBMISSION TO A SOURCE OF HIGHER AUTHORITY.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  IN MY VIEW, A MAN IN UNIFORM IS A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK AS THE TRAINING INVOLVES DEVOTION TO LEARNING AND SUBMISSION TO A SOURCE OF HIGHER AUTHORITY.

Discipline involves the ability to endure hardship. No Discipline is entirely pleasant to begin with. The training imposes pain and builds up pain tolerance and pain resistance. In my view, a Spiritual Practitioner or “SADHAK” and a Soldier face the same kind of challenges to overcome lethargy, inertia and accept physical and mental fatigue as a necessary burden to win their Battle.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : IN MY VIEW, A SOLDIER AND A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK FACE THE SAME KIND OF CHALLENGES. FIRSTLY, TRAINING DEMANDS TOLERANCE OF PAIN AND HARDSHIP.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  IN MY VIEW, A SOLDIER AND A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK FACE THE SAME KIND OF CHALLENGES. FIRSTLY, TRAINING DEMANDS TOLERANCE OF PAIN AND HARDSHIP.

Devotion(Sraddha) speaks of the fact, quality or state of being devoted. The quality called  devotion in   physical or mental tasks generates feelings of faithfulness, loyalty, and deep affection. Devotion means to give up oneself or one’s time, energy, etc., to some purpose or activity. The attitude called Discipline involves applying oneself with seriousness or earnestness. The purpose of close-order military drill is that of instilling ideas in the person by repeated exercises. A devoted Soldier dedicates himself to his primary task of fighting a battle and willingly prepares himself to get exposed to the risk or danger of severe bodily injury or even loss of life.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : DISCIPLINE IS AN ATTITUDE THAT IS DISPLAYED BY A QUALITY CALLED DEVOTION. A DEVOTED SOLDIER PERFORMS HIS TASKS WITH SERIOUSNESS AND EARNESTNESS AND HAS FEELINGS OF LOYALTY, FAITHFULNESS, AND DEEP AFFECTION.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  DISCIPLINE IS AN ATTITUDE THAT IS DISPLAYED BY A QUALITY CALLED DEVOTION . A DEVOTED SOLDIER PERFORMS HIS TASKS WITH SERIOUSNESS AND EARNESTNESS. HIS DEVOTION TO HIS DUTY  INCLUDES FEELINGS OF LOYALTY, FAITHFULNESS, AND DEEP AFFECTION.

Humility(Namrata – Nigarvi) is the state or quality of being humble;  absence of self-pride or arrogance. A trained Soldier takes pride in his Service, takes pride in his Unit or Regiment, and takes pride in the dress or uniform that he wears. But, the training that imparts Discipline transforms the Soldier into a man of Humility for he recognizes that self-pride or arrogance are of no use in the learning process.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : DISCIPLINE DEMANDS THE USE OF TEMPERANCE. A TRAINED SOLDIER IS NOT SELF-INDULGENT. SOLDIERS USE SELF-RESTRAINT IN THEIR ACTIONS AND SPEECH. SOLDIERS USE MODERATION IN THE USE OF FOOD AND DRINK FOR THEY LEARN TO REGULATE ALL ASPECTS OF THEIR BEHAVIOR AND CONDUCT.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  DISCIPLINE  DEMANDS  THE  USE  OF  TEMPERANCE .  A TRAINED  SOLDIER  IS  NOT  SELF-INDULGENT. SOLDIERS  USE  SELF-RESTRAINT  IN  THEIR ACTIONS  AND  SPEECH .  SOLDIERS  USE  MODERATION  IN  THE  USE  OF  FOOD  AND  DRINK FOR THEY LEARN TO REGULATE  ALL  ASPECTS  OF  THEIR  BEHAVIOR  AND  CONDUCT.

Temperance(Niyama – Nigraha) is the state or quality of being moderate in indulging the appetites; it involves self-restraint in conduct, expression, not self-indulgent, moderate in one’s actions, speech, apart from moderation in the use of food, and alcohol. A basic quality of a trained Soldier is that of Self-Restraint.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : A TRAINED SOLDIER ACQUIRES THE QUALITY CALLED PERSEVERANCE. A SOLDIER IS STEADFAST, HAS THE QUALITY OF PERSISTENCE AND HE CONTINUES HIS EFFORT IN SPITE OF DIFFICULTY AND STIFF OPPOSITION.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  A TRAINED SOLDIER ACQUIRES THE QUALITY CALLED PERSEVERANCE .  A  SOLDIER  IS  STEADFAST, HAS  THE  QUALITY  OF  PERSISTENCE  AND  HE CONTINUES  HIS  EFFORT  IN  SPITE  OF  DIFFICULTY  AND  STIFF  OPPOSITION .

Perseverance(Kshama) is the act of continued, patient effort;  quality of persistence to continue the effort in spite of difficulty or stiff opposition. A trained Soldier is steadfast in his purpose, and he continues his physical or mental activity without shifting to another task because of distractions or of a change in stimulus. Perseverance is the other name for Discipline.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : BOTH MAN AND ANIMAL COME TOGETHER TO MOVE WITH DISCIPLINE AS TRAINING MAKES DISCIPLINE THEIR SECOND NATURE.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  BOTH MAN AND ANIMAL COME TOGETHER TO MOVE WITH DISCIPLINE AS TRAINING MAKES DISCIPLINE THEIR SECOND NATURE.

In my view, the training used by military to impart Discipline, and the techniques used by a Spiritual Practitioner to instill Self-Discipline use the same kind of approach to bring harmony in the interactions between body, and mind.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : THE TRAINING THAT IMPARTS MILITARY DISCIPLINE AND THE TECHNIQUES USED BY A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK TO INSTILL SELF-DISCIPLINE AIM TO BRING HARMONY IN THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN BODY AND MIND.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”   THE TRAINING THAT IMPARTS MILITARY DISCIPLINE AND THE TECHNIQUES USED BY A SPIRITUAL PRACTITIONER OR SADHAK TO INSTILL SELF-DISCIPLINE AIM TO BRING HARMONY IN THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN BODY AND MIND.

In military training, the term Soul or Spirit is not used. The term “ESPRIT DE CORPS” refers to group spirit, sense of pride, honor, etc., shared by those in the same group such as a Regiment, or a Branch of Service. Military uses the term ‘spirit’ to describe the frame of mind, enthusiasm, and loyalty shared by a group of its members. If not in Science, in religion, and in philosophy, the terms Soul or Spirit describe a vital, animating Principle that is distinct from the body, and mind. In Indian tradition, it is held that the organs of Sense perception are superior to other organs and tissues of the human body, but more than the Senses, the Mind is superior but more than the Mind, the Intelligence is superior and more than the Intelligence that which is superior is the Seat of Individual Consciousness. Soul or Spirit is intimately associated with the function called Consciousness.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”   INDIAN ARMY TRAINS ITS OFFICERS AT INDIAN MILITARY ACADEMY, DEHRADUN. THESE TRAINEES LEARN ABOUT “ESPRIT DE CORPS” WHICH MEANS GROUP SPIRIT, TAKING PRIDE, AND GIVING HONOR TO THEIR REGIMENTAL AFFILIATIONS.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”   MILITARY TRAINING MANUALS MAY NOT USE THE TERM SPIRIT OR SOUL BUT CONSCIOUSNESS AND SELF-AWARENESS ARE IMPORTANT TO THE LEARNING PROCESS AT ANY MILITARY INSTITUTION . INDIAN PRESIDENT MRS. PRATIBHA PATIL IS SEEN IN THIS IMAGE REVIEWING A GUARD OF HONOR AT INDIAN MILITARY ACADEMY, DEHRADUN.

Science and military training manuals may not use the term Soul but Consciousness and Self-Awareness are important to the learning process at any Military Training Institution.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”   WILLIAM  LYON  MACKENZIE  KING(1874-1950), PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA 1921-1930, & 1935-1948 .  A  GOOD  SOLDIER  IS  PRECISELY  LIKE  A GOOD  SPIRITUAL  PRACTITIONER  OR  SADHAK . BOTH  DEPEND  UPON  SELF-DENIAL  AND  SELF-DISCIPLINE  TO  ARRIVE  AT  THEIR  DESTINATION  OR  GOAL WHICH  DEFINES  THEIR PURPOSE  IN  LIFE .

A good Soldier is precisely like a good Spiritual Practitioner or Sadhak. Both depend upon Self-Denial and Self-Discipline to arrive at their destination or goal which defines their purpose in life.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  THEODORE   ROOSEVELT(1858-1919),  26th  PRESIDENT  OF  THE  UNITED  STATES(1901-1909).  DISPLAYED  THE  QUALITY  CALLED  SELF-DISCIPLINE TO MAKE  DETERMINED  EFFORTS TO OVERCOME  THE  FRAIL HEALTH  THAT  WOULD MARKEDLY  AFFECT  HIS  CHARACTER .

Discipline develops the character of the individual and Self-Control is the key to overcome the problems of Self-Destructive behaviors.

The Art of Self-Discipline-Napoleon Hill
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA .”  NAPOLEON  HILL(1883-1970), AMERICAN AUTHOR IN THE AREA OF THE NEW THOUGHT MOVEMENT . ONE OF THE GREAT WRITERS ON SUCCESS . THE  MASTERY  OF  MIND  IS CENTRAL TO THE  TRAINING  THAT  ESTABLISHES  SELF-DISCIPLINE .

Self-Discipline is not about regulating human behavior and actions using the authority or power invested in the rules and regulations that man makes to bring orderliness and efficiency in the society. Military training establishes Self-Discipline using repeated exercises that instill ideas to control mental activities without using physical force and without using the strict Military Code for Conduct. The success of military training does not depend upon the ability to punish or reprimand people for their errant behavior. Military is a hierarchical organization and it uses a group of persons arranged in order of rank, grade, class, etc., to define the power or authority invested in each person. Man is  a complex organization, Indian tradition describes a hierarchy of structures or parts of man that can find unity while man acts helplessly according to the impulses born of the modes of material nature or “PRAKRIT.”

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA.”  INDIAN TRADITION RECOGNIZES THE OPERATION OF A HIERARCHY THAT IS INVOLVED IN MAN’S ACTIONS  AND  PHYSICAL BEHAVIORS . BUT,  MAN IS  DELUDED  BY A  FORCE  CALLED  “MAYA”  OR  ILLUSION THAT BREAKS  THE  CHAIN  OF COMMAND.

Indian tradition recognizes operation of a hierarchy of structures as shown in the above photo image. These structures identified as Body, Senses(Organs of Sense Perception such as the eyes, and ears), Mind, Intellect, and Soul have positions of importance according to a ranking system, and the thing with a superior rank can control the things with a subordinate rank. However, a force called “MAYA” or Illusion deludes man and breaks the Chain of Command.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA”  HUMAN ORGANISM IS VERY COMPLEX .  UNDERSTANDING OF  HUMAN  ANATOMY  AND HUMAN  PHYSIOLOGY  HELPS TO  KNOW THE  BIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR MAN’S  BEHAVIOR  AND  ACTIONS. IN  MY  VIEW, THE BLUE-COLORED STRUCTURE  CALLED  RETICULAR  FORMATION IS  IDENTICAL  TO SOUL OR  SPIRIT DESCRIBED  IN  RELIGIOUS  SCRIPTURES  AND  PHILOSOPHICAL  WRITINGS. RETICULAR FORMATION, PONS, RAPHE NUCLEI, AND LOCUS COERULEUS MAINTAIN WAKEFULNESS.

Human organism is a very complex assembly of trillions of individual, independent, living cells and for purposes of structural and functional organization, these cells are  components of different tissues, organs, and organ systems. A basic understanding of human anatomy and human physiology explains the relationships between tissues, organs, and organ systems. Brain is a very important structure but it functions if and only if it is continuously supplied with oxygen and nutrients like glucose to maintain its own metabolic activities. But, the human body and vital organs like heart and lungs depend upon the brain structure called Brain Stem which has the vital regulatory centers that operate functions of respiration and circulation. Within the Brain Stem, the structure called Reticular Formation is identical to Soul or Spirit  described in religious scriptures and philosophical writings. Reticular Formation is the structure that is intimately associated with the control, regulation of those functions that help to establish man as a conscious, and breathing living entity.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA”  RETICULAR FORMATION IN THE CENTRAL BRAIN STEM EXTENDS FROM MEDULLA TO THALAMUS . RETICULAR FORMATION HAS CONNECTIONS WITH ALMOST ALL OTHER PARTS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM . RETICULAR FORMATION REGULATES MUSCLES AND MOTOR REFLEX ACTIVITY. A TRAINED SOLDIER REACTS AUTOMATICALLY AND EFFECTIVELY WHEN HE HEARS THE WORDS OF COMMAND.

I am intentionally sharing several images of the structure known as Reticular Formation. It is in the central Brain Stem and extends from Medulla to Thalamus. It has connections with almost all other parts of the Central Nervous System(CNS), such as Spinal Cord, Cranial Nerve Nuclei, Cerebellum, Hypothalamus, Thalamus, Striatum , Limbic System , and Cerebral Cortex. This neural structure which I name as Soul or Spirit plays a central role to develop the trait called Self-Discipline. A disciplined Soldier reacts automatically, and effectively when he hears the words of Command . This reflex motor activity is possible because of the integrative role played by Reticular Formation.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA”  RETICULAR FORMATION DEPICTED AS GREEN-COLORED BAND IS A NETWORK OF PATHWAYS AND NUCLEI THROUGHOUT THE BRAIN STEM . IT CONNECTS MOTOR NERVES AND SENSORY NERVES TO AND FROM THE SPINAL CORD, THE CEREBELLUM, AND THE CEREBRAL CORTEX .

The Reticular Formation consists of more than 100 Brain Stem Nuclei. A single neuron in this network may have synapses with as many as 25,000 other neurons.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : TO UNDERSTAND THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR SELF-DISCIPLINE , I WOULD INVITE MY READERS TO GIVE ATTENTION TO THE ROLE OF RETICULAR FORMATION IN COMPOSING THE CONTENTS OF CONSCIOUSNESS.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA”  TO UNDERSTAND THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR SELF-DISCIPLINE , I WOULD INVITE MY READERS TO GIVE ATTENTION TO THE ROLE OF RETICULAR FORMATION IN COMPOSING THE CONTENTS OF CONSCIOUSNESS.

Reticular Formation plays an important role in composing the contents of Consciousness. It filters incoming stimuli to discriminate irrelevant background stimuli It regulates actions such as alert/sleep cycles, wakefulness, and behavioral arousal.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : MILITARY TRAINING AND SPIRITUAL PRACTICES TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF BRAIN AND ITS ABILITY TO MAINTAIN ALERTNESS OR GENERAL AROUSAL TO ACCOMPLISH SPECIFIC ACTIONS IN THE PHYSICAL WORLD.
THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA”  MILITARY TRAINING AND SPIRITUAL PRACTICES TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF BRAIN AND ITS ABILITY TO MAINTAIN ALERTNESS OR GENERAL AROUSAL TO ACCOMPLISH SPECIFIC ACTIONS IN THE PHYSICAL WORLD.

Reticular Formation running through Medulla, Pons, and Midbrain helps to coordinate, integrate, and regulate actions of different parts of the Central Nervous System. It is involved in 1. Regulation of Muscles, and Reflex activity, 2. Central transmission of Sensory impulses, 3. Respiration, 4. Cardiovascular responses, 5. Behavioral Arousal, and 6. Sleep. In Indian tradition, the Spirit or Soul exercises similar control to regulate, guide, and integrate the functions of Intellect, Mind, Senses, and Body. The Art of Discipline involves the use of such regulative, and integrative abilities.

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