#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS


#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS:

#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  OCTOBER  19,  1973.  THIS  ARTICLE  ACCORDS  A  SPECIAL  RECOGNITION  TO  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER  FOR  HIS  ACTIONS  THAT  SHAPED  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  FROM  1969  TO  1977 .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF  THE  US-TIBET RELATIONS : OCTOBER 19, 1973. THIS ARTICLE ACCORDS  A  SPECIAL RECOGNITION  TO DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER  FOR  HIS  ACTIONS  THAT  SHAPED   US-TIBET RELATIONS FROM 1969 TO 1977 .

On behalf of Special Frontier Force(#SpecialFrontierForce) and Establishment No. 22(#Establishment22) I acknowledge the role of Dr. Henry Alfred Kissinger as that of #WholeVillain, WholeVillain, and Whole Villain in history of the US-TIBET relations. I ask my readers to give special attention to some of the aspects of US-TIBET relations. These are:

1.  From 1911 to 1950, for about 39-years, Tibet was an independent, sovereign nation. However, Tibet chose a political policy called ‘Isolationism’ and limited its interactions with foreign powers. Tibet had diplomatic relations with a few of its immediate neighbors like India, Nepal, and China. For Tibet had no formal diplomatic relationships with the United States, their relations always existed under the shadow of US-INDIA relations. It should not be of any surprise for both India, and Tibet face a common external enemy.

2. People’s Republic of China as a national entity came into existence on October 01, 1949 following the Communist October Revolution that seized political power in China after defeating the nationalists or KUOMINTANG who fled mainland China to establish Republic of China popularly known as Taiwan.

3. The security threat posed by People’s Republic of China is the driving force that still shapes the US-INDIA-TIBET relations. After Communist China’s illegal invasion and military occupation of Tibet since 1950s, the history of the US-INDIA-TIBET relations is shaped entirely with a sole purpose of resisting China’s occupation of Tibet.

4. During the long course of 66-years, the US-INDIA-TIBET relations are primarily based on the principles on which the United States declared its independence from its rule by Great Britain. In the words used by US President Eisenhower, the US-INDIA-TIBET relations represent a “Crusade for Peace through Freedom.”

5. I am a witness to the history of US-INDIA-TIBET relations on account of my affiliation with a military organization called Special Frontier Force(#SpecialFrontierForce) or Establishment No. 22(#Establishment22). I have no particular need to cite any government documents to support my statements. However, I have to acknowledge the vastly superior intelligence capabilities of People’s Republic of China which gave it a clear insight about the US-INDIA-TIBET relations. China had already expressed its displeasure by attacking India along its Himalayan Frontier during October-November 1962.  US-INDIA-TIBET relations survived and in this article I give special recognition to diabolic actions of  Dr. Henry Alfred Kissinger, PhD from 1968 to 1977 with emphasis on his illegal/unconstitutional actions during 1969 to 1972.

#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS :  MARCH  17,  2015 .  GREAT  HALL  OF  THE  PEOPLE  IN  PEKING(BEIJING).  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER  WITH  CHINESE  PRESIDENT   XI  JINPING .  I  AM  ASKING  MY  READERS   TO  RECOGNIZE  THE  FACE  OF  #WHOLEVILLAIN  IN  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS : MARCH 17, 2015 . GREAT HALL OF THE PEOPLE IN PEKING(BEIJING). DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING . I AM ASKING MY READERS TO RECOGNIZE THE FACE OF #WHOLEVILLAIN IN HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS :  MARCH  17,  2015 .  GREAT  HALL  OF  THE  PEOPLE,  PEKING(BEIJING) .  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER  WITH  CHINESE  PRESIDENT  XI  JINPING .  I  ASK  MY  READERS  TO  RECOGNIZE  THE  FACE  OF  #WHOLEVILLAIN  IN  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS : MARCH 17, 2015 . GREAT HALL OF THE PEOPLE  IN  PEKING(BEIJING) .  DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER WITH  CHINESE  PRESIDENT  XI  JINPING . I  ASK  MY  READERS  TO RECOGNIZE  THE  FACE  OF  #WHOLEVILLAIN  IN  HISTORY OF  THE  US-TIBET RELATIONS .

Dr. Henry Kissinger is given due credit for initiating diplomatic relations between United States and People’s Republic of China. I am asking my readers to recognize the faces of those Chinese leaders whom he befriended . Dr. Kissinger was appointed  Assistant National Security Affairs in December 1968 and worked as National Security Adviser from 1969. During the years 1969 to September 1973, Kissinger had no constitutional power or authority to meet or engage foreign leaders and set the direction for US foreign policy. 

#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  : 37TH  US  PRESIDENT  RICHARD  M  NIXON  WITH  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER .  TELL  ME  THE  NAMES  OF  YOUR  FRIENDS,  I'LL  TELL  WHO  YOU  ARE .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS : 37TH US PRESIDENT RICHARD M NIXON WITH DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER . TELL ME THE NAMES OF YOUR FRIENDS, I’LL TELL WHO YOU ARE .

“TELL ME  THE  NAMES  OF  YOUR  FRIENDS, I’LL  TELL WHO  YOU ARE.” Dr Henry Alfred Kissinger PhD who served as National Security Adviser from 1969 to 1975 selected People’s Republic of China’s Communist Party leaders Mao Zedong and Zhou En-Lai to befriend China and to begin trade and commerce relations between  these two countries.

#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  WHO  IS  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER  PHD  ???  TELL  ME  THE  NAMES  OF  HIS  FRIENDS,  I'LL  TELL  YOU  WHO  HE  IS  .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET RELATIONS : WHO IS DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER PHD ??? TELL  ME  THE  NAMES  OF HIS  FRIENDS, I’LL TELL YOU WHO HE  IS .

#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER  IN  HIS  BOOK  "ON  CHINA"  FAILED  TO  ACCOUNT  FOR  HIS  DIABOLIC,  VILLAINOUS  ACTIONS  THAT  RECKLESSLY  UNDERMINED  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS .

#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS : DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER IN HIS BOOK “ON CHINA” FAILED TO ACCOUNT FOR HIS DIABOLIC, VILLAINOUS ACTIONS THAT RECKLESSLY  UNDERMINED  HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS .

#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  THE  STATUE  OF  LIBERTY  SYMBOLIZES  THE  VALUES  THAT  GUIDE  AND  SHAPE  THE  US  FOREIGN  POLICY .  THE  US -  TIBET - INDIA  RELATIONS  AIM  AT  RESTORING  FREEDOM  IN  OCCUPIED  TIBET .  THIS  RELATIONSHIP  WAS  ESTABLISHED  SOON  AFTER  COMMUNIST  CHINA'S  INVASION  AND  OCCUPATION  OF  TIBET  IN  1950.
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS : THE STATUE OF LIBERTY SYMBOLIZES THE VALUES THAT GUIDE AND SHAPE THE US FOREIGN POLICY . THE US – TIBET – INDIA RELATIONS AIM AT RESTORING FREEDOM IN OCCUPIED TIBET . THIS RELATIONSHIP WAS ESTABLISHED SOON AFTER COMMUNIST CHINA’S INVASION AND OCCUPATION OF TIBET IN 1950.
#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  I  ASK  MY  READERS  TO  REFLECT  UPON  THE  VALUES  THAT  GUIDED  THE  UNITED  STATES  TO  DECLARE  ITS  INDEPENDENCE .  THE  SAME  VALUES  SHAPED  THE  US  FOREIGN  POLICY  WHEN  IT  COUNTERACTED  THE   THREAT  POSED  BY  COMMUNISM .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS : I ASK MY READERS TO REFLECT UPON THE VALUES THAT GUIDED THE UNITED STATES TO DECLARE ITS INDEPENDENCE . THE SAME VALUES SHAPED THE US FOREIGN POLICY WHEN IT COUNTERACTED THE THREAT POSED BY COMMUNISM .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  CRUSADE  FOR  PEACE  THROUGH  FREEDOM .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM .

I ask my readers to explore history of the US-TIBET relations  formulated on principles of Freedom and Democracy from 1949 by 33rd US President Harry S Truman(1949-1952). Dwight David Eisenhower, 34th President of the US(1953-1961) continued President Truman’s foreign policy of containing Communism. John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the US(1961-1963) and Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the US(1963-1969) continued to checkmate Communist Cold War strategy. To gain a correct historical perspective, I have to mention that Richard Milhous Nixon served as Vice President(1953-1956, & 1957-1960) under President Eisenhower and was intimately involved in implementing President Eisenhower’s policy of containing Communism in Southeast Asia. I am pleased to share some of these photo images that help me to recapitulate the historical ties between the United States, India, and Tibet. Because of the “SILENCE and SECRECY” imposed by Cold War Era, the connections between these three nations are often misunderstood.

HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  BIRTH  OF  THE  RED  DRAGON  .  OCTOBER  01,  1949 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : BIRTH OF THE RED DRAGON . OCTOBER 01, 1949 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  FORMER  CIA  OFFICIALS  KENNETH  KNAUS  AND  JOHN  GREANEY  SHARED  THEIR  PERSONAL  EXPERIENCES  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : FORMER CIA OFFICIALS KENNETH KNAUS AND JOHN GREANEY SHARED THEIR PERSONAL EXPERIENCES OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  BRUCE  WALKER ,  FORMER  OFFICIAL  OF  CIA .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : BRUCE WALKER , FORMER OFFICIAL OF CIA .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  OCTOBER   11,  1949 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : OCTOBER 11, 1949 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  OCTOBER  11,  1949 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : OCTOBER 11, 1949 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  OCTOBER  11,  1949 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : OCTOBER 11, 1949 .#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS .

#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS .

HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  DECEMBER  16,  1956 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : DECEMBER 16, 1956 .
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN  - APRIL  1958
#WHOLEVILLAIN – APRIL 1958
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN  17  NOVEMBER  1954.
#WHOLEVILLAIN 17 NOVEMBER 1954.
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :  SEPTEMBER  1957 . PEKING .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : SEPTEMBER 1957 . PEKING .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  : SEPTEMBER  1957 . PEKING .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : SEPTEMBER 1957 . PEKING .
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
History of the US-Tibet Relations-Kasturi-Sarvepalli-Eisenhower-and-Nixon-1960
#WHOLEVILLAIN – 1960
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  DECEMBER  09,  1959.
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : DECEMBER 09, 1959.
#WHOLEVILLAIN  - DECEMBER  10,  1959
#WHOLEVILLAIN – DECEMBER 10, 1959
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  NIXON  EISENHOWER  JUSTICE  WARREN
#WHOLEVILLAIN – NIXON EISENHOWER JUSTICE WARREN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  –  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  MARCH  31,  1959 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : MARCH 31, 1959 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  LIFE  IN  EXILE .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : LIFE IN EXILE .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  SEPTEMBER  04,  1959 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : SEPTEMBER 04, 1959 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  ARE  ALWAYS  A  REFLECTION  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS ARE ALWAYS A REFLECTION OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  THIS   PHOTO  IMAGE  OF  KENNETH  KNAUS  OF  CIA  WITH  HIS  HOLINESS  THE  14TH  DALAI  LAMA  SPEAKS  OF  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET RELATIONS : THIS  PHOTO  IMAGE  OF  KENNETH  KNAUS  OF  CIA  WITH  HIS  HOLINESS THE  14TH  DALAI LAMA  SPEAKS  OF  HISTORY OF  THE US-TIBET  RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  1960
#WHOLEVILLAIN 1960
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :  APRIL  22,  1961. CAMP  DAVID, MARYLAND .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : APRIL 22, 1961. CAMP DAVID, MARYLAND .
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  : SEPTEMBER  1961 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : SEPTEMBER 1961 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  SEPTEMBER  07,  1961 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : SEPTEMBER 07, 1961 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  NOVEMBER 07,  1961.
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : NOVEMBER 07, 1961.
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  SEPTEMBER  09,  1961 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : SEPTEMBER 09, 1961 .

 

HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  CHINA-INDIA  WAR  OF  OCTOBER-NOVEMBER  1962 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : CHINA-INDIA WAR OF OCTOBER-NOVEMBER 1962 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  THE  1962  INDIA - CHINA  WAR  FOR  ALL  PRACTICAL  CONSIDERATIONS  IS  THE  PHYSICAL  EVIDENCE  FOR  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  WHICH  REMAIN  SHROUDED  BY  SILENCE  AND  SECRECY  IMPOSED  BY  COLD  WAR  ERA  DIPLOMACY .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : THE 1962 INDIA – CHINA WAR FOR ALL PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS IS THE PHYSICAL EVIDENCE FOR THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS WHICH REMAIN SHROUDED BY SILENCE AND SECRECY IMPOSED BY COLD WAR ERA DIPLOMACY .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  JUNE 03  1963
#WHOLEVILLAIN JUNE 03 1963
HISTORY  OF  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS : JUNE  04,  1963.
HISTORY OF US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : JUNE 04, 1963.
HISTORY  OF  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :  JUNE 03/04, 1963 .
HISTORY OF US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : JUNE 03/04, 1963 .
HISTORY  OF  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS : JUNE 03/04,  1963 .
HISTORY OF US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : JUNE 03/04, 1963 .
HISTORY  OF  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  JUNE 03/04,  1963 .
HISTORY OF US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : JUNE 03/04, 1963 .
HISTORY  OF  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  JUNE 03/04,  1963 .
HISTORY OF US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : JUNE 03/04, 1963 .
HISTORY  OF  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  : 1964 . NEW DELHI .
HISTORY OF US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : 1964 . NEW DELHI .

AMERICA’S 1971 OPENING TO PEKING(BEIJING) :

#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS : OCTOBER  24,  1970.  PRESIDENT  NIXON  BEFRIENDED  PAKISTAN'S  MILITARY  DICTATOR  GENERAL  AGHA  YAHYA  KHAN  IGNORING  HIS  CRIMES  AGAINST  HUMANITY  , THE  CRIME  OF  GENOCIDE  IN  EAST  PAKISTAN .
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : OCTOBER 24, 1970. PRESIDENT NIXON BEFRIENDED PAKISTAN’S MILITARY DICTATOR GENERAL AGHA YAHYA KHAN IGNORING HIS CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY , THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE IN EAST PAKISTAN .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS .

#WHOLEVILLAIN  AUGUST  10  1971

#WHOLEVILLAIN AUGUST 10, 1971

#WHOLEVILLAIN  JULY 09 - 11  1971
#WHOLEVILLAIN JULY 09 – 11 1971
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  JULY  1971
#WHOLEVILLAIN JULY 1971
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
THE ORIGINAL SIN: The misuse and abuse of political power. Dr. Henry Kissinger had lacked Constitutional Power to conduct secret diplomacy on behalf of the people of the United States.
THE ORIGINAL SIN: The misuse and abuse of political power. Dr. Henry Kissinger had lacked Constitutional Power to conduct secret diplomacy on behalf of the people of the United States.
THE CHECKS AND BALANCES IN GOVERNMENT BY LAW: What is the source of Power which Dr. Henry Kissinger may have used to usurp the role of the Secretary of State while he was employed at the National Security Council from 1968 to 1973???
THE CHECKS AND BALANCES IN GOVERNMENT BY LAW: What is the source of Power which Dr. Henry Kissinger may have used to usurp the role of the Secretary of State while he was  at the National Security Council from 1968 to 1973???
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  INDIA'S  PRIME  MINISTER  MRS.  INDIRA  GANDHI  MADE  A  FUTILE  TRIP  TO  WASHINGTON  D.C.  ON  NOVEMBER  03,  1971  TO  GET  THE  US  SUPPORT  TO  STOP  GENOCIDE  IN  EAST  PAKISTAN .
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : INDIA’S PRIME MINISTER MRS. INDIRA GANDHI MADE A FUTILE TRIP TO WASHINGTON D.C. ON NOVEMBER 03, 1971 TO GET THE US SUPPORT TO STOP GENOCIDE IN EAST PAKISTAN .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :  LIBERATION  OF  BANGLADESH  ON  DECEMBER  16,  1971 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : LIBERATION OF BANGLADESH ON DECEMBER 16, 1971 .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  LIBERATION  OF  BANGLADESH  ON  DECEMBER  16,  1971 .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : LIBERATION OF BANGLADESH ON DECEMBER 16, 1971 .
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
The actions taken by Dr. Henry Alfred Kissinger prior to September 22, 1973 to foment relations between United States and Communist China by conducting secret visits to Peking and by holding secret negotiations with the Head of State and Prime Minister of Communist China are illegal, and unconstitutional. These actions have undermined the trust placed in the office of the Secretary of State and reveal Dr. Kissinger’s mockery of the United States Constitution.

 Dr. Henry Alfred Kissinger takes credit for the relations between the United States and Communist China that he had helped to shape following his secret visit to Peking(Beijing) during 1971. Dr. Kissinger had published a book, “On China” on May 17, 2011 and most recently this book got reviewed by N. Narasimhan, the former Chief of India’s External Intelligence Agency. I am publishing the guest column that has appeared in Southasiaanalysis.org paper dated 31 December, 2011. Both Dr. Kissinger and N. Narasimhan fail to address a fundamental question about the legitimacy of the actions taken during 1971-72 that paved the way for  normalization of U.S. – China relationship. Dr. Kissinger’s mischief began with his appointment as   Assistant for National Security Affairs in December 1968. While working on behalf of National Security Council, Dr. Kissinger conducted secret negotiations with Heads of State and Prime Ministers without  participation of Mr. William P. Rogers, the Secretary of State. Dr. Kissinger was sworn in as Secretary of State on September 22, 1973. Dr. Kissinger had grossly misused his position as an adviser and his actions during 1971-1973 prior to his appointment as Secretary of State were illegal and unconstitutional. The United States Constitution demands that the U.S. Administration is held fully accountable for all of its actions, and the U.S. Congress acts on behalf of the people to demand that public accountability. The actions of Dr. Kissinger during 1971-72 were a clear violation of  trust placed in the office of the Secretary of State. For Constitution is the source of Power, it has provisions to check the use of power. The abuse of power is accomplished by  separation of powers. A system of checks and balances limits the power of each branch of the Government and permits the Law of the Constitution to be applied when its officials usurp powers not granted by the Constitution or otherwise act unconstitutionally. Dr. Kissinger was not vested with powers to conduct secret diplomatic negotiations with officials of foreign governments while he was at National Security Council.

#WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLEVILLAIN  -  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-TIBET  RELATIONS  :  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER  WON  THE  1973  NOBEL  PEACE  PRIZE  FOR  MAKING  A  CEASE-FIRE  AGREEMENT  WITH  NORTH  VIETNAM  .  IT  WAS  SOON  FOLLOWED  BY  UTTER  DISASTER .  US  ARMY  WAS  BETRAYED .  SAIGON  WAS  CAPTURED  BY  NORTH  VIETNAM .
#WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLEVILLAIN – WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-TIBET RELATIONS : DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER WON THE 1973 NOBEL PEACE PRIZE FOR MAKING A CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT WITH NORTH VIETNAM . IT WAS SOON FOLLOWED BY UTTER DISASTER . US ARMY WAS BETRAYED . SAIGON WAS CAPTURED BY NORTH VIETNAM .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLEVILLAIN  WHOLE  VILLAIN  -  HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :  A  HISTORICAL  FALL  FROM  GRACE . PRESIDENT  RICHARD  MILHOUS  NIXON  RESIGNED  ON  AUGUST  09,  1974 .
#WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLEVILLAIN WHOLE VILLAIN – HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : A HISTORICAL FALL FROM GRACE . PRESIDENT RICHARD MILHOUS NIXON RESIGNED ON AUGUST 09, 1974 .
#WHOLEVILLAIN  APRIL  29,  1975  FALL  OF  SAIGON
#WHOLEVILLAIN APRIL 29, 1975 FALL OF SAIGON
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
#WHOLEVILLAIN
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :THE  LEGACY  OF  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS :THE LEGACY OF DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER .
HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS :  THE  LEGACY  OF  DR  HENRY  ALFRED  KISSINGER .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS : THE LEGACY OF DR HENRY ALFRED KISSINGER .

THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS :

HISTORY  OF  THE  US-INDIA-TIBET  RELATIONS SINCE  1949 .  THERE  IS  HOPE  FOR  FUTURE  AND  THERE  IS  HOPE  FOR  VICTORY  IN  THE  CRUSADE  FOR  PEACE  THROUGH  FREEDOM .
HISTORY OF THE US-INDIA-TIBET RELATIONS SINCE 1949 . THERE IS HOPE FOR FUTURE AND THERE IS HOPE FOR VICTORY IN THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM .

I speak on behalf of the ‘Living Tibetan Spirits’, the spirits of the young Tibetan men who live in my consciousness. Myself, and the Living Tibetan Spirits feel dismayed by Dr. Kissinger’s book “On China”, and its review by the  former chief of India’s External Intelligence Agency. Both of them fail to speak about the United States-Tibet relations that established the multinational defense pact or alliance called Establishment Number. 22(1962) and later named as Special Frontier Force(1966) to establish freedom, liberty, and democracy in the occupied Land of Tibet. There was a basic and fundamental understanding between the people of Tibet and the United States to defend the Freedom of Tibet. Dr. Kissinger has caused a breach of trust between these two parties which have agreed to work together to defend the rights of Tibetan people to regain their lost freedom. The ideological rift between the US and Communist China is as wide as it was during 1949. The US-INDIA-TIBET Relationship survived the test of times and there is hope for a better future. There is hope for victory in the ‘Crusade for Peace through Freedom’.

Rudra N. Rebbapragada, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – ESTABLISHMENT22

SERVICE INFORMATION:
Service Number: MS-8466/MR-03277K; Rank: Lieutenant/Captain/Major; Branch: Army Medical Corps/Short Service Regular Commission/Direct Permanent Commission(1969-1984); 
Medical Officer, South Column, Operation Eagle(1971-72),
Headquarters Establishment No. 22 C/O 56 APO(1971-74),
Directorate General of Security,
Office of Inspector General Special Frontier Force,
East Block V, Level IV, R. K. Puram,
New Delhi – 110 022

http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/papers49/paper4837.html
Dr.Henry Kissinger’s Book “ON CHINA” – An Indian Perspective

Guest Column: By N. Narasimhan 31/12/2011

“ Relations Between Great Powers cannot b sustained by inertia, commerce or mere sentiments” Aaron Freidburg in New Republic, August 4, 2011.

That this Book is unique in many ways is quite obvious. Not just because of the Statistics. that Dr.Kissinger has counted having made about 50 trips to Beijing and the sheer mental and physical stamina on display. Hypothetically, someone can beat that in numerical terms. Or can conceivably even carry out missions of comparable importance in future. But there is not even a “ghostly” chance of any one replicating the meetings he has had with Mao, Deng, and the successor Chairmen of CPC/CMC/PRC; or the meticulous manner he has kept a record of these and shared them with the world.

For good or bad, this review will be understandably in the nature of lessons to be learnt, in the light of where we are now, our system and other deficiencies, and that have contributed calling for remedial action with urgency, to safeguard long and continually being neglected vital national interests.

India – China Border Dispute and War:

The India – China border war of 1962 has been covered here more in the perspective of a major illustration of Dr.K’s basic thesis on China’s “exceptionalism” and “singularity”, as characteristic style of statecraft distilled in which principles of “deterrent co-existence”, and “offensive-deterrence”(being defined as “luring in the opponents and then dealing them a sharp and stunning blow”) are important components.

Parenthetically, the India – China Border War has also been given dubious pride of place, as a dramatic opening prop for the Prologue with which Dr.K has begun the book ! Not being a critical element to his main purpose of the Book, in Dr.K’s broad brush treatment of the history and actual developments preceding the October – November 1962 Chinese attack on India, the facts are smudgy and a number of crucial issues have been glossed over. In fact, there are arguably many historic inaccuracies.

The Chinese Attack was a well planned meticulous attack
This Book has done yeoman service to the Indian cause by conclusively demonstrating that the Chinese attack was a well planned and meticulously executed “malice aforethought”, which was personally handled by Mao himself. The quotes attributed to Mao in this Section almost all have been sourced from an article by one John K.Garver.

Some of Dr.K’s assessments of Chinese working and decision-making style described in this Section, which get repeated often in different forms, throughout the Book are worth reproduction for ready perusal.

“It was not yet an order for military confrontation; rather a kind of alert to prepare a strategic plan. As such, it triggered the familiar Chinese style of dealing with strategic decisions: thorough analysis; careful preparation; attention to psychological and political factors; quest for surprise; and rapid conclusion“.
(Page 188, Chapter 7 – from an account of Mao’s meeting with Chinese Military Commanders in 1962)

Dr.K goes on to mention two specific points which demonstrated the comprehensive way in which Chinese policy was being planned. The Chinese leaders were concerned that the U.S might use the Sino – Indian conflict they were preparing for to unleash Taiwan against the Mainland. Also the U.S may start some mischief in Indo – China, in the developments of the then current edition of the Vietnam War, and use it for an American attack on Southern China through Laos.

They used a simple subterfuge to obtain quick reassurance on the first point. At the routine Ambassador level meetings then under way at far away Warsaw, they got the U.S. Representative to deny any American intention of armed action in Taiwan by making a false allegation that the U.S. had amassed troops for this purpose, and getting it refuted by him. Remarkable in itself, Dr.K also highlights this to additionally emphasize the difference between a comprehensive approach to policy making (Chinese model) and a segmented one (by others).

Then Chinese Ambassador Wang Bingnan at Warsaw had claimed in his Memoirs that this information played a very “big role” in Beijing’s final decision to proceed with the operations in the Himalayas. (Page-189, Chapter -7).

The role of the Soviet Union, Khrushchev and the Cuban missile crisis finds a mention in this Section, with references to Soviet flip-flops. But Dr.K does not make a specific point that the then raging Sino – Soviet ideological war may have played any significant role in the Chinese decisions and actions leading to the 1962 war – the point (the cruciality of the Soviet/Russian factor and role) he has made in every other of the three major comparable international conflicts/crises he has elaborated on, namely, the Korean war, the Taiwan Straits crises and the third Vietnam war (“We touched the Tiger’s buttocks”), to exemplify China’s use of armed action as a policy tool in its international relations. (Page-340, Chapter-13).

It needs to be noted though that Dr.K has graphically/gleefully, but briefly, described, in different places, caustic /acerbic exchanges between the Chinese and Soviet leaders and their publications, to show China’s irritation and indignation at different aspects of Indo-Soviet relations. But not as significant factor in China launching the Border War.
The so-called 1961 “Indian Forward Policy/Nehru’s Forward Policy” gets mention, as occasion to quote Mao epigrammatically telling the Central Military Commission (CMC) and top leaders, “a person sleeping in comfortable bed is not easily roused by someone else’s snoring”. (Page 187, Chapter 7). (What or whom, did he have in mind in this allusion?!)

Tibet, Tripartite Agreement and Neville Maxwell’s Thesis”

Neville Maxwell who had made much of this “Forward Policy” as the main reason for “India’s China War”, in his eponymous Book sponsored by the PRC, (he was a State guest in Beijing writing the Book) gets a small foot note reference (Serial # 7, Page-545, Notes), in the early tracing of the history of the Simla Tripartite negotiations leading to the McMahon Line Agreement (1914), to quote the Emperor’s then Representatives in Calcutta, Lu Hsing – Chi on the Middle Kingdom’s positive attitude to the Simla Meeting; “We must exert muscles to the utmost during this Conference”, (Page-186, Chapter 7)

Dr.K, however fails to note that the main reason for the then Chinese Central Government’s refusal to fully “sign” the Tripartite Agreement was their non acceptance of the border between “Inner” (Sichuan and Yunnan provinces) and “Outer” (present Autonomous Region area) Tibet, and not the India – Tibet segment of the Line, while he elaborates on the significance/ difference in Diplomatic Practice between “initialling” and “signing” an International Agreement.

Though mentioning Tibet in the context of the evolution the McMahon Line aspect of the border dispute, Dr.K briefly refers to HH the Dalai Lama (DL) taking asylum in India in 1959 in this Section, only to the extent of China beginning “to treat the issue of demarcation line increasingly in strategic terms”, not as a significant trigger for the Border War China launched three and a half years later. (Page 187, Chapter 7).

There is an amazing passage of brutal frankness, in a book replete with breath-taking dialogue scripts, on the 1959 Tibetan Revolt and the D.L’s escape – a verbatim record of a macabre exchange between Mao and Khrushchev during the latter’s visit to Beijing in October, 1959, that has to be highlighted . (Page-171, Chapter-6)

Three Mao quotes given by Dr.K in this Section on India – China 1962 War are worth reproducing, as they unambiguously establish the “malice aforethought” of Mao to unleash the War on India, as supplementary Diplomacy, with meticulous preparedness.
(i)“You (perhaps referring Nehru) wave a gun, and I will wave a gun. We will stand face to face and can each practice our courage.” Mao defined it as policy of “armed coexistence” (to the CMC – page 188, Chapter-7).
(ii) “Lack of forbearance in small matters upsets great plans. We must pay attention to the situation”. (to the CMC – Page 188, Chapter-7)
(iii) “We fought a war with old Chiang (Kai-shek). We fought a war with Japan, and with America. With none of these did we fear. And in each case we won. Now the Indians want to fight a war with us. Naturally, we don’t have fear. We cannot give ground, once we give ground it would be tantamount to letting them seize a big piece of land equivalent to Fujian province……Since Nehru sticks his head out and insists on us fighting him, for us not to fight with him would not be friendly enough. Courtesy emphasizes reciprocity”.(In early October 1962 – “to assembled Chinese leaders to announce the final decision, which was for war” – Page 190, Chapter-7)

Other Aspects of Indian Interest

It is somewhat disappointing for the Indian observer that Dr.K. had not found time and space to cover China – Pakistan relations despite their having been found to be crucial in U.S – China bilateral talks, and had apparently been dealt with as such at top leadership meetings, from two important perspectives, namely, nuclear/missile proliferation and international terrorism, during the Clinton and George W.Bush, Presidencies.(On Terrorism, Dr.K evocatively describes China as an “agnostic bystander” – till America’s “9/11”)

However, all that he has to say on the bilateral, collusive violations of international agreements and commitments on nuclear and missile non proliferation areas by the two “rogue” friends of the U.S. is :–

“Finally, the experience with the “Private” proliferation network of apparently friendly Pakistan with North Korea, Libya, and Iran demonstrates the vast consequences to the international order of the spread of nuclear weapons, even when the proliferating country does not meet the formal criteria of a rogue state.” (Page-496 – Chapter-18).

The following passage from Huang Hua’s harangue to Brzezinski in the segment relating to the third Vietnam War (page 352, Chapter 13) has something India can ponder over, in the light of its so far ineffective responses to Pakistan’s long persisting Low Intensity War strategy, to expose the fallacious perceptions it is based on.
“As for the argument that the Soviet Union would not dare to use conventional arms for fear of nuclear attack from the West, this is only wishful thinking. To base a strategic stance on this thinking is not only dangerous but also unreliable”. (citation # 15, page 352, Chapter 13 and page 555 of Notes ).

The suggestion is that India needs to drastically change the ambiance of bilateral equations in Subcontinent, and gain “strategic space and strategic autonomy”, by appropriate actions and responses to periodic provocations by Pakistan, so that its “all weather friend” China, as ever pragmatic, finds it prudent to read the wisdom of the above quote to its permanently parasitic neighbour – with two small changes, inserting “India” in place of “Soviet Union” and “you” in place of “the West”, as highlighted in passage above.

Four major Historic Occurrences in US-China Relations: Principled?

These figure repeatedly in the context of the four major historic occurrences, marking the evolution of U.S – China bilateral relations, post October 1949, namely; the triangle of U.S – Soviet Union – China, Cold War era and beyond, the tortuous negotiations over Taiwan, the Korean and Vietnam wars, as well as the domestic convulsions engineered by Mao in revolutionary zeal.

Behind the facade of fiery militancy bordering on nuclear war mongering/of “principled” ideological firmness/political toughness/historic Civilizational patience, drawing inspiration from Confucius, Sun Tzu, and so on, the PRC leadership is capable of extreme elasticity and pliability, surpassing the marvels witnessed in the fantastic physical contortions of the famed Chinese Circus Gymnasts.

The only principle of their “Principled stand” is pragmatic achievement of the desired goal, by hook or crook, which may be battle for survival against, or keeping at bay, the Polar Bear time and again, checkmate the U.S. Imperialism in Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and of late, the East Pacific, or determined pursuit of pulling the country out of backwardness, poverty, towards economic domination of the world.

It looks like the hoary Middle Kingdom Statecraft culture held the concept of “consistency” at arm’s length and use of the ideograph to depict this. Or that it had been banned along the way by Emperor Chin Shi Huang Di, with the writings of Confucius and other Chinese wise men.

Dr.K’s dramatic, ‘blow – by – blow’ account of how the Chinese Leadership desperately sought to settle the crisis precipitated by Fang Lizhi, (China’s Andrei Sakhrov sans the Noble and perhaps the Hydrogen bomb), suddenly seeking refuge in the US Embassy in Beijing with his wife on June 4 1989, fearing the worst to his safety following the Tiananmen (TAM) crack down, is a vivid, “no-holds-barred” play out of most of the above “Chinese characteristics” (pages 428-432, Chapter 15). It is also the high point of the trust Chinese Leaders had in Dr.K and his (brain) power to deliver them from the most awkward of situations (they were many) when he specially undertook this mission (November 1989) as a non official. The passage “At this point Deng got up from his seat and unscrewed the phones between his seat and mine as a symbol that he wanted to talk privately” (page 430) and what followed to a happy, face-saving package deal end, epitomizes the quintessential spirit and substance of Dr.K’s Book, on himself, China, and all in between. Point to note:- When the chips are down, there is no scale to measure the depth of a Chinese climb down.

The Chinese Leadership of all generations practices with consummate success all verbal and physical feints, duplicity, outright lies, wrapped in deliberate studied ambiguity, grandstanding calls for World Revolutions against Imperialism, Revisionism, Hegemonism, Brinkmanship in readiness to risk nuclear war annihilation, as a tool of blackmail, and so on, to achieve well planned, meticulously executed, long-range objectives of domination, even from an intrinsically weak position – Wei Qi style.

The “Chinese characteristics”- the world should take note of:

The known history of the 1962 India-China Border War, and the “unknown” developments in this area of the past three decades since the resumption of the dialogue between the two countries, post the 1962 War hiatus, (dealt with in detail elsewhere in this Paper), are the close-to-home, hurtful, demonstration of these “Chinese Characteristics”.

Most of the time they have succeeded in pulling the wool over the eyes of “friends” as well as “foes” at the given point of time. (many times the same entity is simultaneously invested with both the roles and dealt with).

PRC’s ‘cohort’-ing with impunity with “rogue”countries and their discredited leaders, shunned by most the world at a given point of time, like those of Sudan, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Somalia, Cambodia, Myanmar and many despots of later America, inter alias  for crass material benefits like access to oil and other commodities, or for diplomatic purposes, uniquely sets them apart as unafraid of isolation or widespread unpopularity. Eventually they have the last laugh.

There have been, inevitably, a few misfires and failures, in this approach, and the PRC has taken the tumble, at times grievous hurt, on the chin, and continued to march forward.

Now the Chinese involvement with Col. Gaddafi in Libya and the temporary set-back in their oil fortunes there are the latest illustration. Their cozy relationship with Bangladesh after a short interregnum, despite their support to the hilt to Pakistani suppression in the East, prior to and during 1981 war, is another classic of adroit, nimble footwork, turning 180 degrees, sans any qualms.

All along, the Chinese Leadership has demonstrated extraordinary capacity to mobilize resources, man power, material and what have you, on a stupendous scale, and concentrate these to tackle the tasks on hand, be it the Korean War, Taiwan Straits crises, border show downs with the Soviets in Siberia, or the ill-conceived, force-marching of the country to instant economic Utopia, through the Great Leap Forward steroid administration, the Societal Purification and perpetual Revolution sought in the GPCR and dazzling achievements in putting up modern Infrastructure show pieces or disconcerting cyber attacks on strategic assets of countries all over the world with uncanny ease which can poise them to the role of Hitler of the future e-universe.

Aggressive Postures of Chinese Diplomacy:

To illustrate (one of many) the confidence and aggressive facet of Chinese diplomacy, even when in a hole of relative weakness, Dr.K cites detailed accounts of meetings of not only Deng, but also of second tier leaders like Foreign Minister Huang Hua, where they passionately hector his successor NSA, Zbig. Brzezinski, on the wrong line of policy and approach, in their view, adopted by the U.S towards the Soviet Union, (in the backdrop of the 3rd Vietnam War) which, inter alias  allowed the Soviets various concessions in areas of trade and technology, instead of putting military pressure on it, that would rebound to haunt the U.S. through competition and challenge in future (Page 351- 353 Chapter 13).

It is ironic that, now, the shoe is on the other foot. The accommodative policy adopted by the U.S towards China in the past two decades, 1990-2010, in trade and technology transfer areas, have made China a major challenge to U.S, while the Soviet Union had withered away.
Throughout the Book Dr.K gives invaluable insights into the PRC and CPC inner working, and thought – cum – decision-making processes at the highest levels from extensively researched authentic records, mostly of U.S provenance, but also plenty of Chinese and Soviet origin. It is felt that China watching scholars and diplomats will reap adequate dividends if they strive to access similar archival records of Albania, under Enver Hoxha / Mehmet Shehu the only country which PRC/CPC had kept close relations with during its decades of “revolutionary” isolation, including the domestically turbulent GPCR years, when it strove to be the center / leader of World Revolution and Communist Orthodoxy. In particular, significant keys to the mystery of Lin Piao’s death and the rise and fall of the Gang of Four may be available here.

“Insistent Posture” of the Chinese:

The most important take for me personally from Dr.K’s Book, in dealing with China is the phrase “Insistent Posture” (IP). This occurs obscurely (Page 508) in the last brilliant Chapter-18, “The New Millennium”, in the context of Dr.K comprehensively analyzing a December, 2010 seminal, authoritative Statement on PRC Foreign Policy by State Councillor Dai Bingguo in its multifaceted aspects. It has apparently been used by the “Triumphalist” school in the ongoing “The National Destiny Debate”, exemplified by two very popular, “deeply nationalistic” Books, “China is Unhappy”, a 2009 collection of essays, and “China Dream” a 2010 publication by PLA Senior Colonel Liu Mingfu, both of which advocate that China should stand up and follow aggressive measures “to become the number one in the world”. One ostensible purpose of Dai Bingguo is to distance the PRC leadership from this popular, almost militarist posture, carry conviction with and reassure the world about the bonafides of the Official policy, namely, “peaceful rise” – since revised to “peaceful development” – and “harmonious world”. (Pages 504 onwards, Chapter-18).

All the above three offerings have been expertly summarized and analyzed by Dr.K, with appreciable objectivity and thoroughness, as well as realism of an American strategic thinker. Hence, one should refrain from seeking to gild the lily, as it were, but recommend that this Chapter should be read in full, along with the succeeding, equally brilliant, “Epilogue”, where, after drawing parallel from the developments leading to World War-I, with the help of a U.K. diplomatic study, “The Crowe Memorandum”, he weighs in, ever so gently, in favour of a non-confrontationist development of U.S – China relations, in future, in the face of real, strong, inevitable challenges.

I have plumbed that “Insistent Posture” should be the watch word hereafter which should guide India’s approach to all aspects of bilateral relations with the PRC.

Obiter on India – China relations The Indian Public Should be taken into Confidence:

The nitty-gritty of the post Nehru era India – China border dispute negotiations have been marked by near total secrecy. This has been plainly proven to be purposeless, self-defeating, counterproductive, and arguably much worse. This has given rise to lot of unhealthy speculation about various proposals proffered by either side.

One of these is a “swap”, attributed to different Chinese Leaders including Mao, Chou, Deng, at different points of time. In essence this amounted to a Chinese offer that they would allow India to keep the disputed area in the Eastern sector, in return for India’s acceptance of the Chinese claims in the Western (Ladakh) sector.

Dr.K’s Book refers to this Swap in suitably authentic tone, as having been offered by Chou Enlai, and its non acceptance by India, without however any specific official level citation at this point (page 187, Chapter 7). Other references allude to this subject else were in the Book in general terms, basing on the secondary source, Mr John Garver.

Ambassador C.V.Ranganathan Book, “India and China, The Way Ahead”, second edition, 2004, (herein after referred to as “CVR – ICWA”), gives strong credence to this thesis, with a detailed narrative of the 1979 talks in Beijing between Deng and the visiting then Indian External Affairs Minister, Mr. Vajpayee, wherein the Swap had figured (Pages 166 – 168, CVR – ICWA). No documentary authority has however been cited. The narrative also shies away from authoritatively spelling out details of the Swap. It however avers that India rejected the PRC proposals on Constitutional legal, technical grounds, again without citing any authority.

“CVR – ICWA” nevertheless speculates that difficulties envisaged in “selling” any line of territorial compromise to the Indian public to settle the Border issue would be electoral hot potato. Does this mean that India just kept mum without any response, beyond, “Sorry we cannot accept this for domestic political reasons”?. Or they discussed their problems with their counterparts, in whatever fashion, but had chosen to hide it from the Indian public?

Whichever way, even if essentially correct, this premise is a totally fallacious, escapist, if not a “cop-out”, showing poor appreciation and judgement of the dynamics of India’s domestic polity.

India’s relations with the PRC is one area which can be safely postulated as extrinsic to, and fairly well insulated from the vagaries of domestic electoral politics, which can be safely kept that way unless violently mishandled.

Whatever the assessed obstacles, these will not go away with time, but only assume more dangerous dimensions, eventually bringing greater grief to the country, through the tactics of “seeping aggression” being successfully pursued by the PRC, through more frequent, enlarging, and growingly emphatic references to their claims to Tawang and “South Tibet”, which had not been seen till recently.

Recently, there was an article in Chinese media in which the author discussed in detail the relative merits of China handing over to India areas claimed by it in the Eastern Sector (Arunachal Pradesh), in return for India agreeing to China’s retention of the area under its occupation in the Ladakh Sector (Aksai Chin).

Probably for the first time, this author claimed at length that Chairman Mao had himself convincingly advanced in detail (obviously before his death) the strategic advantages of China retaining Aksai Chin, compared to lesser purchase in keeping Arunachal Pradesh. This seemed to indicate the existence of an ongoing debate, or its recrudescence, on the subject within China and a serious attempt being made by some section of the leadership to gain wider acceptance among the country’s population for this move, in the face of internal opposition.

This clearly calls for India to have a goal and a strategy to take advantage of such debates in China by appropriate, adroit modifications in negotiating positions / postures.

India Should produce a White paper on Border Negotiations:

In view of these developments, it is time that Government of India sets all speculation on this at rest without further delay, with an authentic, comprehensive report on Border negotiations held so far since 1963-1964, on the lines of the White Papers published prior to 1963 events. Simultaneously, Government of India should make public every aspect of what all has transpired in bilateral negotiations between the two countries covering all subjects, beyond the Border Dispute too.

The paradox and contrast with Government of India in keeping its “Aam Admi”( general public ) in total darkness on momentous external relations issues affecting national security, thereby denying itself the strength and support of the masses, needs to be taken note of and corrected.

Issue of River Waters:

There is a special urgency to do this immediately in respect of negotiations on the exploitation of waters of international rivers flowing out of Tibet for which both the Governments have constituted the “India – China Expert Level Mechanism on Trans – Border Rivers” which holds annual meetings.

The potential long-term adverse effects of the River Waters issue are much more damaging to the future of the Nation and its population, than even the dispute over Border territorial claims, whose (mis) handling over the years has proved dangerous enough to National security. The absence so far of any meaningful detailed disclosures on this subject, covering Government of India’s attitude and actions, if any, as well as PRC’s responses, if any, evoke an eerie, nightmarish feeling of replay of the Border dispute tragedy of the 1954 – 1962 vintage.

In the absence of more detailed information, the PM’s recent statement on the River Waters, in the current Parliament Session, gives the impression that Government of India may be following a wrong course of action intending to domestically down play the problems with the PRC, in the misplaced assessment that this is either necessary, or will lead to maintaining over all, friction – free, “friendly” relations with the PRC. If so, there has been a culpable failure to learn the lessons from the tragic experiences of Mr.Nehru which led to his refusal to a January, 7 1963 oral message of Chou Enlai requesting to meet personally and discuss the six (Non-Aligned Movement) nation Colombo proposals, with the observation “matters are gone too far and the people of India could not be persuaded to accept Chinese ‘bluff and nonsense’ any more”. (Pages 99 – 101 of India’s CDA in Beijing, Dr.P.K.Banerjee Memoirs of the Chinese Invasion of India).

White papers published by Government of India on the 1962 War graphically show the background for Mr.Nehru’s above frustration. That it is fatal to second guess PRC’s intentions and meanings from their cleverly ambiguous statements, especially from a self-induced, preconceived naive mind-set, resulting in make-believe or wishful interpretations of what one wants to see and hear, rather than nailing the PRC in writing on what they had specifically intended or wanted say.

Two letters exchanged between the two Prime Ministers, one of Mr Nehru dated May, 22, 1959 where he sought it interpret Chou Enlai on having accepted the McMahon Line during his visit to India in January, 1957 (letter written after a lapse of two years after the visit!) and Chou Enlai’s flat contradiction of the same in his reply dated September, 8, 1959 are prime examples of the failure to adopt the methodology of “Insistent Posture” (refer Para 73).

An extract of Diplomatic Note dated 31 May 1962 by the Chinese Foreign Ministry to the Indian Embassy in Beijing at Appendix – II is another shining illustration of the dangers of the preconceived mind-set in dealing with the PRC (Page-142, CVR – ICWA).

There was no Dr.K in the 1950s to wise up the world with experience to share in dealing with latter-day Middle Kingdom Mandarins who have carried the same Imperial DNA for millennia, mutated for good measure with dyed – in – the wool , Marxist – Leninist Revolutionary ambitions.

Government of India will be well advised even now to go over with fine tooth comb what all have been officially exchanged with the PRC, on the subject of River Waters, what replies the PRC had given in writing, including the record of exchanges at annual meetings of Experts. ( hopefully they are comprehensive.

The Concept of “Line of Actual Control”:

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a crucial concept, which unfortunately has remained only that, for decades now, in India – China Border negotiations. The PRC has successfully evaded giving any meaningful idea of their version of this LAC, in spite of undertaking to do so in solemn bilateral undertakings in Agreements signed by Heads of States and Governments of the two countries periodically. Absence “Insistent Posture” on Government of India’s part, the PRC has merrily gotten away without giving any concrete description of the LAC, so that they can draw it any time in future South of Tawang and tell Government of India that they have never said anything contradictory before officially and they cannot be proven wrong. And they will get Neville Maxwells of 21st century (perhaps some Indians too!) to paint them as paragons of all Celestial virtues, attributed to Confucius, Sun Tzu etc.

Singularity and Exceptionalism:

Dr.K devotes time and space in the Book to highlight China’s “Singularity” and “Exceptionalism”. One salient aspect emphasized is the great influence of China’s ancient Civilizational history, Culture, and writings of Philosophers like Confucius, Sun Tzu as the bedrock and guiding force throughout the many millennia, to the cataclysmic contemporary developments of 20th/21st Century, and the strength and sustenance Mao and his successors had drawn from this, to the extent of even using the same ancient elliptical, allegoric, epigrammatic, vague circumlocutory verbiage to hide and fudge, so as to thrive and succeed.

India too has a great History:

India has also been blessed with ancient history and civilization and great philosophers and thinkers whose teachings had served generations of Rulers and the Ruled for millennia. Except that in Indian case there seems to be a disastrous break in the past couple of centuries under British colonialism, and contemporary Rulers seem unaware of and unwilling to draw strength, sustenance and guidance from their Heritage, in meaningful, practical ways.
This is an important point to ponder over while learning from the successful Chinese experience, so rivetingly told in the Book by the master practitioner of International Diplomacy.
Another noteworthy/mentionable fact is that the PRC has been most successful in educating and sensitizing the entire country without significant distinction among populations in rural and urban areas, on the major aspects of its Foreign Policies and external relations with important countries at any given point of time, (dealt with in the Book), both in broad strategic long-term perspective and nuances, as well as immediate tactical moves, as situations develop, so as to be able to demonstrate massive support on the street, especially when it concerns countries like Japan, Soviet Union, Vietnam and the U.S.

Even allowing for the differences in the systems of government, control over media etc., this gulf is a major, self-inflicted failure which is regrettably and totally unjustified.
(The writer is a former chief of India’s External Intelligence Agency)

Dr. Kissinger's diplomatic initiatives had totally failed the US Policy in Southeast Asia. Communist China remains a huge military threat in this region and United States had failed in its mission to curb the expansion of Communist Power.
Dr. Kissinger’s diplomatic initiatives had totally failed the US Policy in Southeast Asia. Communist China remains a huge military threat in this region and United States had failed in its mission to curb  expansion of Communist Power.

THE CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON


THE CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON – WELCOME TO TELUGU NEW YEAR SRI MANMADHA – UGADI CELEBRATION ON MARCH 21, 2015:

CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON : WELCOME  TO TELUGU  NEW  YEAR "MANMADHA."   UGADI  CELEBRATION  ON  MARCH  21,  2015.  EVERY  NATURAL  PHENOMENON  IS  POSSIBLE  BECAUSE  OF  AN  UNCHANGING  REALITY .  THINGS  IN  NATURE  CHANGE  WITH  TIME  FOR  THERE  IS  AN  UNCHANGING  TRUTH  THAT  OPERATES  ALL  MANIFESTATIONS .
CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON : WELCOME TO TELUGU NEW YEAR  SRI “MANMADHA.” UGADI CELEBRATION ON MARCH 21, 2015. EVERY NATURAL PHENOMENON IS POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF AN UNCHANGING REALITY . THINGS IN NATURE CHANGE WITH TIME FOR THERE IS AN UNCHANGING TRUTH THAT OPERATES ALL MANIFESTATIONS .

Friday, March 20, 2015 is the first day of Spring or Vernal Equinox when  duration of night and day are equal. This Friday is special for today is the day for Total Solar Eclipse and a New Moon.

THE  CELEBRATION  OF  SPRING  SEASON  :  FRIDAY,  MARCH  20,  2015  IS  THE  DAY  FOR  TOTAL  SOLAR  ECLIPSE .
THE CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON : FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 2015 IS THE DAY FOR TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE .
THE  CELEBRATION  OF  SPRING  SEASON  : VERNAL  EQUINOX  OF  2015  COINCIDED  WITH  TOTAL  SOLAR  ECLIPSE .  THIS  IS  THE  VIEW  OF  SUN  FULLY  COVERED  BY  MOON'S  SHADOW  .  PHOTO  IMAGE  FROM  FAEROE  ISLANDS .
THE CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON : VERNAL EQUINOX OF 2015 COINCIDED WITH TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE . THIS IS THE VIEW OF SUN FULLY COVERED BY MOON’S SHADOW . PHOTO IMAGE FROM FAEROE ISLANDS,  NORWAY . 

THE CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON: WELCOME TO TELUGU NEW YEAR “JAYA” – UGADI CELEBRATION ON MONDAY, MARCH 31, 2014.:

THE CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON: THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW YEAR OR "UGADI" COMES WITH A NATURAL CHANGE IN THE ENVIRONMENT THAT BRINGS HOPE BY ITS RENEWAL, REGENERATION, REGROWTH, REVIVAL, AND REBIRTH. I SHARE THIS SENSE OF JOY WITH ALL MY READERS.
THE CELEBRATION OF SPRING SEASON: THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW YEAR OR “UGADI” COMES WITH A NATURAL CHANGE IN THE ENVIRONMENT THAT BRINGS HOPE BY ITS RENEWAL, REGENERATION, REGROWTH, REVIVAL, AND REBIRTH. I SHARE THIS SENSE OF JOY WITH ALL MY READERS.

TELUGU NEW YEAR VIJAYA: UGADI- THE DAWN OF NEW YEAR APRIL 11, 2013:

VIJAYA - TELUGU NEW YEAR 2013 - UGADI - GREETINGS: The Celebration of Spring Season.
VIJAYA – TELUGU NEW YEAR 2013 – UGADI – GREETINGS: The Celebration of Spring Season.
Vernal Equinox – The Cyclical Flow of Time with alternating seasons In our Journey through Space, the Seasons repeat themselves at expected Time intervals, but our location is constantly changing and we may never arrive at the same location in the Space where we had an earlier experience of a particular Season.

Spring is season of the year between Winter and Summer. In the Northern Hemisphere it extends from the Vernal Equinox( day and night equal in length), March 20 or 21, to the Summer Solstice( year’s longest day ), June 21 or 22. The Seasons come with cyclical frequency at the expected time while planet Earth and the rest of the Solar system partake motion of Sun in the Milky Way Galaxy and their location in Space is never constant and is never the same. THE SPRING SEASON – A REASON FOR HOPE : 

Koel, the Nightingale of India is known because of its melodious call.
Spring Season brings a sense of Joy, uplifts the mood of man. The Joy could be compared to the sweetness of nectar  gathered by butterflies from various Spring Season flowers.

The arrival of Spring Season is a celebration of Joy in numerous cultures and human traditions. The reason for Joy is because of the Season giving a sense of Hope. The reason for Hope is that of rebirth, renewal, regeneration, regrowth, and rejuvenation. In Spring, we witness the plant and animal life getting revitalized. Things in Nature change with Time but Nature remains unchanged. Nature remains constant, immutable, unchanged, or eternal. Nature does not change as mass, energy, and momentum always remain unchanged. The Laws of Conservation stated by classical Physics state that mass and energy can be neither created nor destroyed. Each Law of Conservation signifies that Nature does not change with passage of Time. We have hope as Nature exists without change. There is hope that we can recover and renew and restart a process  broken or worn out. Nature’s ability to support and sustain Life is reflected in the operation of The Laws of Conservation and by  operation of the fundamental Force called Gravitation.

THE LORD OF THE SEASON – MADHAVAM  :    

 
The LORD of Spring Season Lord Madhava and the Spring Season is known as MADHAVAM. He accompanies His consort known as MADHAVI. She is  Personification  of  the Energy/Power/Force known as Compassion/Mercy/Grace.

The other name for Spring Season, known as Vasant or Basant  is MADHAVAM. Indian tradition describes ideas by attaching them to personalities. The person known as LORD MADHAVA is the consort of a person known as Goddess MADHAVI. She derives her name from the word MADHU which describes the nectar gathered by butterflies. Madhu is used to name the taste experience called Sweetness, the sweet substances like honey, sugar, Jaggery  and any alcohol derived by fermentation of sugars. The Sweetness gives Joy and Happiness and man can get easily addicted to its powerful intoxicating effect. The sweetness has to be experienced with a sense of restraint. Man experiences a sweet sensation called MADHURYA when he experiences MADHAVI as a FORCE/POWER/ENERGY called Mercy/Grace/Compassion. Spring Season is celebration called  MADHAVAM as Lord Madhava is the Controller of the FORCE/POWER/ENERGY of Mercy/Grace/Compassion described in Sanskrit language as KRUPA. Man exists at all stages of his life because of God’s Mercy, Grace, and Compassion.

THE CELEBRATION OF TELUGU NEW YEAR – UGADI  :  

Mangifera indica, the Cashew family of Anacardiaceae, the evergreen Mango tree is extensively grown across India. The unripe green fruits  used  to  prepare  the traditional holiday dish in  celebration of Ugadi festival. The fresh leaves  decorate the house. The taste and flavor of unripe Mango fruit is unique, it is not sweet, it is not very sour or tart, and it is not bitter. Telugu people describe this taste as OGARU, the taste sensation imparted by eating unripe Pomegranate fruit.   Tamarindus indica, evergreen tree, a native of Africa, belongs to Pea family Fabaceae, the leaves are pinnately compound or feather-formed leaves, the freshly harvested fruits add a rich golden color, a mild sour taste with a tinge of sweetness to the traditional holiday dish.
Tamarindus indica, evergreen tree, a native of Africa, belongs to Pea family Fabaceae, the leaves are pinnately compound or feather-formed leaves, the freshly harvested fruits add a rich golden color, a mild sour taste with a tinge of sweetness to the traditional holiday dish.

   

The Neem tree is evergreen, known as Azadirachta indica, belongs to the Mahogany family Meliaceae and is popular for its medicinal properties. The flowers which impart a mild taste of bitterness add flavor to the traditional holiday dish.
The Covenant of Salt – The intimate connection of Salt with the idea of a Covenant or Binding Relationship between man and God or one person and another.
 
Sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum, a perennial grass gives the taste of Sweetness to the traditional holiday dish. Small chunks of Sugarcane  and in addition freshly prepared sugar called Jaggery, Gur, Gud, or Bellam is used. The Covenant of Salt – The intimate connection of Salt with the idea of a Covenant or Binding Relationship between man and God or one person and another.

 The Telugu speaking people of India follow the Lunar Calendar and the first month of the year is known as CHAITRA. The Telugu New Year is traditionally celebrated as UGADI festival. A traditional holiday dish, a relish called ‘UGADI PACHADI’ is prepared to reflect the tastes and flavors of Spring Season. Telugu people are celebrating the dawn of their New Year called SRI KHARA on 4th April, 2011.

Happy Ugadi to all of you.

R. Rudranarasimham/Rudra N. Rebbapragada, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.,

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE. ESTABLISHMENT 22

 

 

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION


MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  Vs  HUMAN EVOLUTION WHOLE MENDELISM  #WholeMendelism  Vs  DARWINISM:

The origin of Man, or the Beginning of Man as a new form of Life may have a basis that lies outside  operation of natural causes. Mendelism, ‘The Theory of Heredity’ formulated by Gregor Mendel provides insights to the problem of man’s origin. on the basis of Mendelism, it can be said that man did not descend from Primates and is not truly related to other members of Hominid Family. Man’s relationship with other zoological species has to be explained on the basis of reproductive history and inheritance of  biological traits. I coined the phrase “Whole Mendelism” #WholeMendelism to claim that man had arrived on planet Earth due to a special act of creation.  There are no natural conditions, no natural factors, no natural mechanisms, no natural processes and no natural causes to transform any of previously existing members of Hominid Family to establish the reality of anatomically modern man. To make  transition from an old species to a new species which is often called ‘EVOLUTION’ or ‘DARWINISM’, the breeding interactions of species involved must operate according to the Laws of Inheritance discovered by Gregor Johann Mendel, the Father of Genetics. In this article, I would like to describe the Laws of Inheritance and the problems that I encounter to verify Darwinism while using the Mendelian Principles of Heredity and Variation. For example, if evolutionary biologists or anthropologists claim that anatomically modern human species or its immediate ancestral species had reproduced with archaic hominids such as Neanderthals, the human genome has to include one complete ‘Haploid’ set of chromosomes normally occurring in the mature germ cell called egg or sperm  which means 22 chromosomes(Autosomes), and 1  X or Y chromosome(Sex chromosome) derived exclusively from Neanderthal genome. Secondly, human population must include a few members that can be clearly identified as Neanderthal.

THE ORIGIN AND EXTINCTION OF SPECIES:

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : AFTER  THE  ORIGIN  OF  LIFE  ON  EARTH  FOR  A  VERY,  VERY  LONG  TIME( ABOUT  3.5  BILLION  YEARS)  IT  COMPRISED  OF  SIMPLER  FORMS  OF  LIFE .  SUDDENLY,  ABOUT  600  MILLION  YEARS  AGO  NUMEROUS  MARINE  CREATURES  ARRIVED  TO  CAUSE  AN  "EXPLOSION  OF  LIFE."
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : AFTER THE ORIGIN OF LIFE ON EARTH FOR A VERY, VERY LONG TIME( ABOUT 3.5 BILLION YEARS) IT COMPRISED OF SIMPLER FORMS OF LIFE . SUDDENLY, ABOUT 600 MILLION YEARS AGO NUMEROUS MARINE CREATURES ARRIVED TO CAUSE AN “EXPLOSION OF LIFE.”

It will be interesting to note that a vast majority of species found on Earth have emerged suddenly and have disappeared suddenly. For example, Cambrian, first geologic Period in the Paleozoic Era witnessed  sudden emergence of a great variety of marine animals especially trilobites and brachiopods about 600 million years ago. This “Explosion of Life” is aptly named ‘Cambrian Explosion’. Similarly, towards the end of Cretaceous Period, third geologic Period of the Mesozoic Era and the beginning of Tertiary Period of the Cenozoic Era, about 65 million years ago, a global extinction event called K-T Event was responsible for eliminating approximately 80 percent of all species of animals. Dinosaurs which reached maximum development became extinct while new forms of life appeared with new hereditary traits.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :   THESE  DEEP  SEA  CREATURES  OF  ATLANTIC  OCEAN,  LAMELLIBRACHIA  LUYMESI,  TUBE  WORMS,  INVERTEBRATES  BELONG  TO  PHYLUM  ANNELIDA  LIVE  ON  THE  OCEAN  FLOOR  ALONG  HYDROCARBON  VENTS.  TUBE  WORMS  TAKE  170  TO  250  YEARS  TO  GROW  AND  HAVE  SURVIVED  AS  A  SPECIES  WITHOUT  CONCERN  FOR  CHANGING  TIMES.
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THESE DEEP SEA CREATURES OF ATLANTIC OCEAN, LAMELLIBRACHIA LUYMESI, TUBE WORMS, INVERTEBRATES BELONG TO PHYLUM  ANNELIDA  LIVE  ON  THE  OCEAN  FLOOR  ALONG  HYDROCARBON VENTS. TUBE WORMS TAKE 170 TO 250 YEARS TO GROW AND HAVE SURVIVED AS A SPECIES WITHOUT CONCERN FOR CHANGING TIMES SINCE  PRECAMBRIAN  ERA .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  DARWINISM  CANNOT  ACCOUNT  FOR  SUDDEN  APPEARANCE  OF  A  VARIETY  OF  MARINE  LIFE  FORMS IN  AN  EVENT  CALLED 'CAMBRIAN  EXPLOSION'  ABOUT  570  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .  GEODUCK,  BIVALVE  CLAMS ARE  AMONG  THE  OLDEST  ANIMALS  IN  THE  WORLD  WITH  LIFESPANS  OF  ABOUT  146  TO  160  YEARS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : DARWINISM CANNOT ACCOUNT FOR SUDDEN APPEARANCE OF A VARIETY OF MARINE LIFE FORMS IN AN EVENT CALLED ‘CAMBRIAN EXPLOSION’ ABOUT 570 MILLION YEARS AGO . PANOPEA  GENEROSA, GEODUCK(NATIVE  AMERICAN CHINOOK  NAME), BIVALVE,  WORLD’S  LARGEST  BURROWING  SALT  WATER  CLAMS  FOUND  IN  THE  US  PUGET  SOUND  ARE AMONG THE OLDEST ANIMALS IN THE WORLD WITH LIFESPANS OF ABOUT 146 TO 160 YEARS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :   CRETACEOUS-TERTIARY  EXTINCTION  EVENT  ABOUT  65  MILLION  YEARS  AGO  WIPED  OUT  APPROXIMATELY  80  PERCENT  OF  ALL  SPECIES  OF  ANIMALS  INCLUDING  A  GREAT  VARIETY  OF  DINOSAURS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : CRETACEOUS-TERTIARY EXTINCTION EVENT ABOUT 65 MILLION YEARS AGO WIPED OUT APPROXIMATELY 80 PERCENT OF ALL SPECIES OF ANIMALS INCLUDING A GREAT VARIETY OF DINOSAURS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  DARWINISM  CANNOT  EXPLAIN  EITHER  THE  EMERGENCE  OF  NEW  SPECIES  OR  EXTINCTION  OF  OLD  SPECIES.  NATURAL  FACTORS,  NATURAL  CONDITIONS,  NATURAL  MECHANISMS ,  AND  NATURAL  CAUSES  CANNOT  FULLY  ACCOUNT  FOR  EXTINCTION  OF  THE  LARGE-BODIED  ICE  AGE  MAMMALS  SUCH  AS  WOOLLY  RHINOCEROS,  WOOLY  MAMMOTHS, MASTODONS, AND  SABERTOOTH  CARNIVORES .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : DARWINISM CANNOT EXPLAIN EITHER THE EMERGENCE OF NEW SPECIES OR EXTINCTION OF OLD SPECIES. NATURAL FACTORS, NATURAL CONDITIONS, NATURAL MECHANISMS , AND NATURAL CAUSES CANNOT FULLY ACCOUNT FOR EXTINCTION OF THE LARGE-BODIED ICE AGE MAMMALS SUCH AS WOOLLY RHINOCEROS, WOOLY MAMMOTHS, MASTODONS, AND SABERTOOTH CARNIVORES .

In Darwinism, new species arise when, among the varieties of an existing species, certain intermediate forms become extinct, and the other circumstances are such that the surviving varieties now become more sharply separated from one another in type, and are able to reproduce their kind, and , in the course of many generations of interbreeding, also tend to breed true. This ‘Theory of Evolution’ is not consistent with Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance and Variation. The Unit Character called ‘GENE’ conserves its identity during the process of reproduction which could be either ‘Inbreeding’, or ‘Interbreeding’. A species is always known by its reproductive history for the Unit Characters or Genes get propagated to the next generation during both inbreeding and interbreeding process.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  GREGOR  JOHANN  MENDEL(1822-1884),  THE  FATHER  OF  GENETICS .  AT  THE  AUGUSTINIAN  MONASTERY  IN  BRNO(1843-1868),  HE  CONDUCTED OVER 29,000 BREEDING  EXPERIMENTS  CHIEFLY  ON  GARDEN PEAS(PISUM  SATIVUM).

Gregor Johann Mendel(1822-1884), Austrian monk noted for his experimental work on Heredity. At the Augustinian monastery in Brno(1843-1868) he conducted experiments chiefly on Garden Peas(Pisum sativum) using a controlled pollination technique and a careful statistical analysis of his results. He produced the first accurate and scientific explanation of ‘Hybridization’. Some evolutionary geneticists and evolutionary anthropology scholars have shared opinions claiming that the ‘hybridization’ of unknown, ancestral Homo sapiens with other species of the genus Homo such as Neanderthals, and Denisova hominids may have resulted in  production of anatomically modern humans(Homo sapiens sapiens). Their views on blending of hereditary factors is not supported by Mendel’s classic experiments in Hybridization. According to Mendel, inheritance is particulate. Distinct genetic factors combine to produce a certain somatic result without losing their separate identities. They can therefore be reassorted and enter into new genetic combinations in the next generation. The hypothesis of  Hybridized Anatomically Modern(HAM) humans is fundamentally inconsistent with the Laws of Inheritance discovered by Mendel. If modern man is a product of Hybridization, the present, surviving human population would include a few surviving members of Neanderthals, Denisova, and other ancestral hominids who successfully reproduced with an unknown, ancestral Homo sapiens species which got transformed into ‘HAM’ humans.

THE LAW OF BIOGENESIS AND THE LAW OF NATURAL GENERATION :

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HUMAN  CHROMOSOMES  AND  HUMAN  IDENTITY .  MAN  REPRODUCES  AND  FURTHER  PROPAGATES  HIS  CHROMOSOMAL  INHERITANCE  ACCORDING  TO  THE  LAW  OF  BIOGENESIS  AND  THE  LAW  OF  NATURAL  GENERATION .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : DIPLOID  SET  OF  HUMAN CHROMOSOMES  AND  HUMAN  GENOTYPE  . MAN  REPRODUCES  AND  FURTHER PROPAGATES  HIS  CHROMOSOMAL  INHERITANCE  ACCORDING  TO  THE  LAW  OF BIOGENESIS  AND  THE  LAW  OF  NATURAL  GENERATION . HUMAN  OFFSPRING  WILL  ALWAYS  BE  OF  THE  SAME  SPECIES  AS  THE  PARENT  ORGANISM . THE  TERM  GENOME  DESCRIBES  THE  SET  OF  GENES  CHARACTERISTIC  OF  EACH  SPECIES .

The term ‘Generation’ means to produce offspring. The term ‘Propagation’ means to transmit hereditary characteristics by reproduction. The Law of Biogenesis states the Principle that living organisms originate only from other living organisms closely similar to themselves. It is  ‘The Law of Like Generating Like’. A species always breeds true to its own species. Its members always generate organisms which are classified as belonging to the same species, however much they vary among themselves as individuals within the group. The sub-groups, the races, or varieties of species are able to breed with one another, but diverse species cannot interbreed. By the Law of Natural Generation, offspring will always be of the same species as the parent organism. Hence, species is self-perpetuating and maintain  stability of all other groupings like the genera, phyla, and families which remain as fixed from generation to generation. In Plant and Animal Kingdom, a species distinguishes itself by its ability to maintain its stability from generation to generation. The Mendelian System of Heredity states that an inherited characteristic is determined by the combination of two hereditary units(now called genes), one from each of the parental reproductive cells or gametes(Sperm and Egg Cell). The term genome describes the complete haploid set of chromosomes of a sexually reproducing organism normally occurring in mature germ cell called egg or sperm. This number of chromosomes is characteristic of each species. Every human being arrives on planet Earth with an original, unique, distinctive, and one of its own kind of  genome that has never, ever existed in the past, and would never exist again in the future. Sexual reproduction is a creative process which involves a type of cell division called ‘MEIOSIS’ that results in production of Sperm or Egg Cell. Fertilization of egg cell by sperm always creates a new kind of genome while the number of chromosomes(Diploid set) that is the chief attribute of species is held constant.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  HUMAN  BIRTH  REQUIRES  THE  UNION  OF  TWO  HEREDITARY  UNITS,  ONE  FROM  EACH  OF  THE  PARENTAL  REPRODUCTIVE  CELLS  OR  GAMETES (SPERM  AND  EGG  CELL) .  MEIOSIS  OR  HAPLOID  DIVISION  IS  A  HIGHLY  CREATIVE  PROCESS  AS  IT  GENERATES  A UNIQUE ,  ORIGINAL,   DISTINCTIVE,  AND  ONE  OF  ITS  OWN  KIND  OF  GENOME, A  COMPLETE  HAPLOID  SET  OF  CHROMOSOMES  WHILE  THE  DIPLOID SET  OF  CHROMOSOMES AFTER FERTILIZATION  OR  CONCEPTION  IS  CONSTANT .

THE ORIGIN OR THE BEGINNING OF ANATOMICALLY MODERN HUMANS:

To explain the Origin of Man, The Beginning of Man on the basis of Darwinism, demands  presence of two, identical, rare, mutant individuals(a male, and a female) to produce offspring and to establish an entirely new, modern human population in all geographical regions of the Old World. About 10, 000 years ago, modern humans may have shared the planet with a few surviving members of Neanderthals and other hominid species. Techniques of DNA extraction and genomic sequencing have advanced and find application in the understanding of the genus Homo. The claims about Hybridization of archaic humans such as Neanderthals with Homo sapiens  finds support from DNA studies of the current,  members of human population as compared to DNA sequences extracted from Neanderthal fossils. But those shared genetic traits are not of major significance and do not account for the morphological appearance of either Neanderthal or modern man. At the same time, it may be noted that 30 – 35, 000 years ago, Neanderthals disappeared from the fossil record. Similarly, Hominid Denisova, discovered in Altai Mountains, Southern Siberia lived 41, 000 years ago. Homo sapiens floresiensis(Flores Man) of Indonesia  suddenly disappeared 12, 000 years ago. Hominid Red Deer discovered in China lived 14.5 to 11.5 thousand years ago. To make a credible claim about interbreeding between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens, we need to demonstrate  presence of traits characteristic of Homo sapiens in the DNA extracted from Neanderthal fossil specimens. It will be correct to claim that from Holocene Epoch or Series, approximately for the last 10, 000 years, modern humans constitute the only surviving members of the Hominid Family found on planet Earth.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  MENDELIAN  SYSTEM  OF  HEREDITY  CAN  EASILY  ESTABLISH  THE  FACT  THAT  THIS  HUMAN  BABY  HAS  TWO ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMAN  PARENTS . EVERY  BABY   ARRIVES  WITH  ORIGINAL,  UNIQUE,  DISTINCTIVE,  AND  ONE  OF  ITS  OWN  KIND  OF   GENOME( A  COMPLETE  HAPLOID  SET  OF  CHROMOSOMES, OR  23 CHROMOSOMES  FROM  EACH  PARENT) THAT  NEVER  EXISTED  IN  THE  PAST  AND  WILL  NEVER  EXIST  AGAIN  IN  FUTURE  WHILE  ALL  HUMANS  ARE  BORN  WITH  A  DIPLOID  SET   THAT  HAS  46  CHROMOSOMES .

Charles Darwin uses the term species to signify “a set of individuals closely resembling each other” – a class of plants or animals having certain characteristics. The French naturalist George Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon(1707-1788) in his monumental compendium on Natural History(Histoire Naturelle General et Particuliere, 44 Volumes, 1749-1804) described man as a zoological species. Buffon determined species not by their physical appearances but by their reproductive history. Two individual animals or plants are of the same species if they can produce fertile offspring. According to Buffon, a species is known only through the history of its propagation. Buffon opened the way to  development of Paleontology to discover lost species. The status of Anatomically Modern Humans as a distinct species is verified as human populations consist of members that are genetically similar, interbreeding or potentially interbreeding individuals that share the same collection of inherited characteristics, whose combination is unique to our species. Diverse species cannot interbreed. Organisms different in species cannot reproduce productively and if crossbred, like the horse and the ass, they produce a sterile hybrid like the mule. Hybrid is the term for the offspring of a cross between two different subspecies or species. In Genetics, hybrid is the term for the offspring of parents differing in any genetic characteristic.Interbreeding or Hybridization means to produce offspring by crossing two individuals of unlike genetic constitution. The offspring of different races, varieties, species, etc., are called ‘hybrids’. If Neanderthal is one of the parents of Anatomically Modern Humans, identity of the second Hominid parent has to be ascertained, and the characteristics of that parent are accounted for using Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance. The social and cultural behavior of anatomically modern man consistently displays a tendency that prefers and encourages ‘inbreeding’. The prevailing social and cultural norms of human society in general tend to oppose sexual behavior that may be identified as ‘interbreeding’. In selection of a mate for breeding, anatomically modern man prefers an individual who closely resembles the members of his/her own stock.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  A  SPECIES  IS  RECOGNIZED  BY  ITS  HISTORY  OF  PROPAGATION . MULE,  A   PRODUCT  OF  CROSSBREEDING , OR  HYBRIDIZATION  CANNOT FURTHER  REPRODUCE  PRODUCTIVELY  WITH  OTHER  MULES,  OR  WITH  HORSE , OR   ASS FOR  IT  IS  BORN  STERILE .  HYBRIDIZATION  WILL  NOT  HELP  TO  TRANSFORM  A  SPECIES  INTO  A  NEW  SPECIES  IF  ITS  PARENTS  BELONG  TO  DIFFERENT  SPECIES .

The concept of Hybridized Anatomically Modern(HAM) humans cannot be verified in  absence of any surviving members of Neanderthal, Denisova, or other Hominid population with whom modern man may have reproduced about 10, 000 years ago.

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE :

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : IT  WILL  BE  IMPORTANT  TO  NOTE  THAT  ACQUIRED  CHARACTERISTICS  ARE  NOT  HEREDITARY  AND  THERE  IS  NO  INHERITANCE  OF  ACQUIRED  CHARACTERISTICS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : IT WILL BE IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT ACQUIRED CHARACTERISTICS ARE NOT HEREDITARY AND THERE IS NO INHERITANCE OF ACQUIRED CHARACTERISTICS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  MENDEL  DEMONSTRATED  INHERITANCE  PATTERNS  THROUGH  BREEDING  EXPERIMENTATION. THE  IMAGE  SHOWS  SOME  OF  THE  HEREDITARY  TRAITS  OR  CHARACTERS  INVESTIGATED  BY  MENDEL  WHILE  EXPERIMENTING  ON  GARDEN  PEA  PLANTS  WITH  WHITE  OR  VIOLET  FLOWERS.
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :   FOR  UNIT  CHARACTERS  NAMED  R(DOMINANT),  r(RECESSIVE),  Y(DOMINANT),  AND   y(RECESSIVE),  THE  DIAGRAM  ILLUSTRATES  THE OPERATION  OF  MENDEL’S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  MENDELIAN  SYSTEM  OF  HEREDITY  STATES  THAN  AN  INHERITED  CHARACTERISTIC  IS  DETERMINED  BY  THE  COMBINATION  OF  TWO  HEREDITARY  UNITS( NOW  CALLED  GENES ),  ONE  FROM  EACH  OF  THE  PARENTAL  REPRODUCTIVE  CELLS  OR  GAMETES .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  AS  PER  THE  MENDELIAN  SYSTEM  OF  HEREDITY ,  IF  MODERN  HUMANS  INTERBREED  WITH  NEANDERTHALS , IN  EACH  GENERATION  OF  OFFSPRING  PRODUCED ,  THREE  INDIVIDUALS  COULD  BE  MODERN  HUMANS ( DOMINANT  TRAIT )  AND  ONE  INDIVIDUAL WOULD  BE  NEANDERTHAL ( RECESSIVE  TRAIT ).  SUCH  INTERBREEDING  WOULD  IN  REALITY  SAVE  NEANDERTHAL  POPULATION  FROM  TOTAL  EXTINCTION .

Mendel demonstrated the inheritance patterns through breeding experimentations. He discovered in 1866 hereditary factors or “genes” whose existence he deduced without seeing them. Mendel’s statistical analysis of his data provided the mathematical basis for modern Genetics. There are four principles of hereditary phenomenon discovered and formulated by Mendel :

1. The Law of Independent Unit Characters which states that characters such as height, color, etc., are inherited separately as  Units,

2. The Law of Segregation which states that body cells and primordial germ cells contain pairs of such Unit Characters and that when gametes(Sperm or Egg Cell) are produced, each gamete receives only one member of each such pair,

3. The Law of Dominance which states that in every individual there is a pair of determining factors for each Unit Character, one from each parent, if these factors are different(heterozygous), one Character( the Dominant) appears in the organism, the other(  Recessive) being latent; the Recessive Character can appear in the organism only when the Dominant is absent; hence in all crossbred generations, Unit Characters are shown in varying combinations, each appearing in a definite proportion of the total number of offspring, and 

4. The Law of Independent Assortment which states that any one pair of Characters is inherited independently, not withstanding the simultaneous transmission of other traits. This Law is modified by the discovery of Linkage and Pleiotropy. Linkage describes the tendency of some genes to remain together and act as a Unit or Linkage Group. In Inheritance, the Linkage Group of genes are generally found in the same chromosome. Pleiotropy is the condition in which a single gene exerts simultaneous effects on more than one character in the offspring.

ABOUT GENETICS  AND THE CONSTANCY OF GENETIC CODE :

Genetics is an important aspect of many areas of Biology. Genetics helps in the study and identification of specific types of organisms; research in Molecular Genetics involves studies on chemical structure and functions of genes at molecular level; Cyto Genetics studies  location of genetic material in cells and the role of genes in cell division; Developmental Genetics studies the genetic function in embryological phenomena; Behavior Genetics studies the role of gene in regulating behavior; Population Genetics studies genetics in relation to the “evolutionary” process. Medical Genetics involves  application of genetic principles to the practice of Medicine such as the study of inheritance of diseases in families. Genetic factors cause many health disorders affecting man. Some human diseases are entirely genetic in origin and environmental factors play little if any part. This group of genetic disorders includes chromosomal abnormalities, and so-called “Unifactorial Disorders” which are due to single gene defects or Mendelian factors. There are over 3 thousand of such unifactorial disorders. The mode of inheritance of such disorders is straight forward and follows Mendelian Principles. Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance have their practical applications in Medical Genetics. However, the use of Mendel’s Principles in Population Genetics to verify The Theory of Evolution is highly controversial because of the speculative postulates about transformation of old species into a new species .  Several single-celled Blue-Green algae, plankton, microbes, viruses, protozoans, insects, crocodiles, turtles, sharks and other organisms are known to be existing upon Earth from billions to several millions of years. The unchanging  genetic code in all past and present members of these long-lived species permit the genes to have the same effects on their carriers from generation to generation. Because of  constancy of the genetic code, we can  identify  existence of individual species which maintain their species-specific traits as per Mendelian Principles. There are numerous kinds of longest living species on Earth and their identification is possible because of their genetic codes have essentially remained unchanged.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE .  BLUE-GREEN  ALGAE,  CYANOBACTERIA  MAINTAIN  THEIR  SPECIES-SPECIFIC  TRAITS  FOR  BILLIONS  OF  YEARS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE CONSTANCY OF THE GENETIC CODE . BLUE-GREEN ALGAE, CYANOBACTERIA MAINTAIN THEIR SPECIES-SPECIFIC TRAITS  SINCE  PRECAMBRIAN  TIME,  3,800  TO  700 MILLION  YEARS  AGO .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  SPONGES  ARE  INVERTEBRATE  ANIMALS  OF  THE  PHYLUM  PORIFERA .  SPONGES  ARE  AMONG  THE  LONGEST  LIVING  ANIMAL  SPECIES  OF  EARTH .  THEY  APPEARED  IN  CAMBRIAN  PERIOD  ABOUT  570  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .  ANTARCTIC  SPONGE  CAN  LIVE  FOR  CENTURIES .  OLDEST  KNOWN  SPONGE  ESTIMATED  AGE  1, 550 YEARS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : SPONGES ARE INVERTEBRATE ANIMALS OF THE PHYLUM PORIFERA . SPONGES ARE AMONG THE LONGEST LIVING ANIMAL SPECIES OF EARTH . THEY APPEARED IN CAMBRIAN PERIOD ABOUT 570 MILLION YEARS AGO . ANTARCTIC SPONGE CAN LIVE FOR CENTURIES . OLDEST KNOWN SPONGE ESTIMATED AGE 1, 550 YEARS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION : THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE  PERMIT  THE  GENES  TO  HAVE  THE  SAME  EFFECTS  ON  THEIR  CARRIERS  FROM  GENERATION  TO  GENERATION . AMERICAN  COCKROACH  IS  EXISTING  ON  EARTH  FOR  MILLIONS  OF  YEARS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE CONSTANCY OF THE GENETIC CODE PERMIT THE GENES TO HAVE THE SAME EFFECTS ON THEIR CARRIERS FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION . AMERICAN COCKROACH IS EXISTING ON EARTH BASICALLY  UNCHANGED  FOR  300   MILLION   YEARS . MOST  ABUNDANT  DURING  THE  CARBONIFEROUS  PERIOD  DURING  WHICH  A  VARIETY  OF  INSECTS  APPEARED .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  EVOLUTION  :  ARCTICA  ISLANDICA .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  ARCTICA  ISLANDICA .  OCEAN  QUAHOG  OR  CLAM  .  MOLLUSKS  ARE  ORGANISMS  WITH  SHELLS  DATE  BACK  TO  THE  CAMBRIAN  PERIOD,  500  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE  GIVES  THE  ABILITY  TO  IDENTIFY  THE  EXISTENCE  OF  INDIVIDUAL  SPECIES  WHICH  MAINTAIN  THEIR  SPECIES-SPECIFIC  TRAITS .  OVER  MILLIONS  OF  YEARS,  SHARKS  HAVE  MAINTAINED  THEIR  MORPHOLOGICAL  APPEARANCE .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE CONSTANCY OF THE GENETIC CODE GIVES THE ABILITY TO IDENTIFY THE EXISTENCE OF INDIVIDUAL SPECIES WHICH MAINTAIN THEIR SPECIES-SPECIFIC TRAITS . OVER 350  MILLION   YEARS,  SINCE  THE  END  OF  DEVONIAN  PERIOD  SHARKS HAVE MAINTAINED THEIR MORPHOLOGICAL APPEARANCE .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  SPHENODON  TUATARA  .  THIS  LIZARDLIKE  REPTILE  OF  NEW  ZEALAND  IS  KNOWN  AS  A  LIVING  FOSSIL .  THIS  SPECIES  IS  IN  EXISTENCE  FOR  ABOUT  200-225  MILLION  YEARS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : SPHENODON TUATARA . THIS LIZARDLIKE REPTILE OF NEW ZEALAND IS KNOWN AS A LIVING FOSSIL . THIS SPECIES IS IN EXISTENCE FOR ABOUT 200-225 MILLION YEARS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : BASED  UPON  THEIR  UNIQUE  GENETIC  CODES,  ORGANISMS  ARE  KNOWN  TO  BE  EXISTING  UPON  EARTH  FOR  SEVERAL  MILLIONS  OF  YEARS .  CROCODILES  LIVED  ALONG  WITH  DINOSAURS .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : BASED UPON THEIR UNIQUE GENETIC CODES, ORGANISMS ARE KNOWN TO BE EXISTING UPON EARTH FOR SEVERAL MILLIONS OF YEARS . CROCODILES LIVED ALONG WITH DINOSAURS . ORIGINATED  DURING  THE  LATE  TRIASSIC  PERIOD  200  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  ORIGIN  OF  THE  GENETIC  CODE  IS  UNKNOWN .  THE  VAST  MAJORITY  OF  ORGANISMS  BREED  WITH  OTHER  MEMBERS  OF  THEIR  OWN  SPECIES  PROPAGATING  THEIR  OWN  UNIQUE  GENETIC  CODES .  WE  KNOW  ABOUT  LONG-LIVED  ORGANISMS  LIKE  SEA  TURTLES  BECAUSE  OF  THE  CONSTANCY  OF  THEIR  GENETIC  CODES .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE ORIGIN OF THE GENETIC CODE IS UNKNOWN . THE VAST MAJORITY OF ORGANISMS BREED WITH OTHER MEMBERS OF THEIR OWN SPECIES PROPAGATING THEIR OWN UNIQUE GENETIC CODES . WE KNOW ABOUT LONG-LIVED ORGANISMS LIKE SEA TURTLES BECAUSE OF THE CONSTANCY OF THEIR GENETIC CODES . TURTLES  ARE  IN  EXISTENCE  FROM  THE  TRIASSIC  PERIOD,  200  MILLION  YEARS  AGO.
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  ALASKA  BOWHEAD  WHALE .  WHALES  ORIGINATED  IN  THE  EARLY  TERTIARY  OR  UPPER  CRETACEOUS  ABOUT  70  MILLION  YEARS  AGO.
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : ALASKA BOWHEAD WHALE . WHALES ORIGINATED IN THE EARLY TERTIARY OR UPPER CRETACEOUS ABOUT 70 MILLION YEARS AGO.
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  MONOTREMES .  DUCK-BILLED  PLATYPUS  ORNITHO  RHYNCHUS  ANATINUS  IS  A  SPECIES  SURVIVING  SINCE  AUSTRALIAN  PLEISTOCENE  ABOUT  2  MILLION  YEARS  AGO.
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : MONOTREMES . DUCK-BILLED PLATYPUS ORNITHO RHYNCHUS ANATINUS IS A SPECIES SURVIVING SINCE AUSTRALIAN PLEISTOCENE ABOUT 2 MILLION YEARS AGO.

While describing Genetics as the area of Biology concerned with the study of inheritance, the process by which certain characteristics or traits of organisms are handed down from parent to offspring, I would like to suggest that a creative mechanism, a creative process or a creative operation could be at work when Genetics accounts for variations in similar or related animals and plants. I would like to emphasize the fact of all organisms existing as Individuals with Individuality. In Nature, living things have no choice other than that of existence as Individuals with Individuality. Even a mob of genetically identical(“CLONES”) colony of bacteria of E. coli are experimentally proved to behave as Individuals with Individuality.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :
MENDEL’S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN EVOLUTION  : DOUBLE –  HELIX DEOXYRIBO NUCLEIC  ACID  OR  DNA  IS  FOUND  IN  CHROMOSOMES,  THE  STRUCTURES  FOUND  INSIDE   THE   NUCLEUS  OF  CELLS  OF  HIGHER  ORGANISMS.  THE  DNA  MOLECULE  ALWAYS  EXHIBITS  INDIVIDUALISTIC  VARIATION  IN   ITS   BEHAVIOR .

In higher organisms with cells that contain a Nucleus, the genetic material called DNA(deoxyribonucleic acid) is carried by structures known as Chromosomes in the Nucleus, and the cytoplasmic structures known as Mitochondria. The genetic material called RNA(ribonucleic acid) is found in the Nucleolus(present inside the Nucleus) and structures called Ribosomes found in the Cytoplasm.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  UNITS  OF  INHERITANCE  ARE  KNOWN  AS  GENES.  THE  GENES  ARE  FOUND  INSIDE  CHROMOSOMES  THAT  ARE  PRESENT  IN  THE  NUCLEUS  OF  CELLS  OF  HIGHER  ORGANISMS .  DNA  IS  FOUND IN  CHROMOSOMES,  MITOCHONDRIA,  AND  RIBOSOMES .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION :  CELL  IS  THE   BASIC  BUILDING  BLOCK  OF  LIVING  THINGS . THE UNITS  OF  INHERITANCE  ARE KNOWN  AS GENES. THE GENES  ARE  FOUND  INSIDE  CHROMOSOMES THAT ARE PRESENT IN THE NUCLEUS OF CELLS OF HIGHER ORGANISMS . DNA,  IS FOUND IN CHROMOSOMES, MITOCHONDRIA, AND  RNA  IS  FOUND  IN THE NUCLEOLUS AND  RIBOSOMES .

The Ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis present in the Cytoplasm. DNA interacts with ‘transfer RNA'(t-RNA), ‘Messenger RNA'(m-RNA), and Ribosomal RNA in the process of protein synthesis. The Chromosome is divided into Units called Genes. Each Gene is responsible for a particular trait  and hence Gene is the Unit of inheritance. The term ‘allele’ describes either of a pair of genes at the same position on both members of a pair of chromosomes and conveying traits that are inherited by Mendelian Laws.There could be small chemical differences in genes that are expressed as different versions of the same trait (‘alleles’). Each gene is responsible for the manufacture of a particular protein which is involved in  development of a trait associated with it. Each chromosome of each species of higher organisms has a definite number and arrangement of genes which govern the structure and functions of the cells.  It is important to note that, while genes are located inside the Nucleus of the cell, the actual protein synthesis occurs in structures called Ribosomes present in the Cytoplasm outside the Nucleus. While we appreciate the role of genes as Units of Inheritance, we should give equal importance to the Living Substance, the Living Material, or the Living Matter called Cytoplasm that is found inside the living cells, outside the Nucleus of the cell. There are basically three classes of Genes: 1. Structural genes which determine the sequences of amino acids that go to makeup proteins or the smaller chain of molecules known as polypeptides, 2. Coding genes which specify molecules that function in the processes involved in protein synthesis, and 3. Regulatory genes which are called Noncoding genes for they act solely as “Recognition” sites for enzymes and other proteins involved in controlling protein synthesis.

THE  GENETIC CODE AND THE ROLE OF MUTATIONS:    

 

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :

MENDEL’S LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION   :  GENETIC  CODE  DESCRIBES  THE  RELATIONSHIP  BETWEEN  THE  COMPOSITION  OF  DNA  AND  THAT  OF  PROTEINS  PRODUCED  BY  GENES .

The Genetic Code describes the relationship between composition of DNA and that of proteins produced by genes. Genetic Code is the chemical equation by which hereditary information is translated from genes into proteins. Changes in the genetic code are called Mutations. Mutations can cause a change in protein synthesis. In higher organisms, when mutation involves the germ-line cells that eventually develop into sperm or egg cells, the mutation and its consequence of altered protein synthesis is inherited by offspring. A mutation can be minor and relatively insignificant, or it can cause serious deformity or metabolic deficiency in the organism. Most mutations tend to be harmful. Fortunately, a typical gene in higher organisms is segmented and the entire genetic information of a gene is not contained in a single, unbroken strand of DNA molecule. The value of having the genetic code in segments is to reduce the chances of mutations causing harmful changes in protein synthesis. Certain self-repair mechanisms also exist to deal with the damage done to DNA. Very often, the damaged DNA is repaired or the cell carrying the damaged DNA is killed and destroyed. For this reason, it is important to recognize the simple fact of DNA damage associated with mutations irrespective of its cause. The Theory of Evolution proposes that random, unguided, and apparently purposeless mutations lead to gradual changes in a species and eventually lead to its descent as a new species. As per the Theory of Evolution, mutations may bring about three kinds of changes; 1. Changes in the morphological appearance of an organism, 2. Changes in the skeletal and other anatomical structures of an organism, and 3. Changes in the behavior displayed by an organism.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  MUSCLE  TWITCH  IN  FROG  MUSCLE  EXPERIMENT .  MUTATIONS  CANNOT  ACCOUNT  FOR  GUIDED,  SEQUENTIAL,  AND  PURPOSEFUL  NATURE  OF  MUSCLE  CONTRACTIONS  WHICH  HAVE  SEVERAL  CREATIVE  APPLICATIONS  IN  THE  NATURAL  WORLD .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : MUSCLE TWITCH IN FROG MUSCLE EXPERIMENT . MUTATIONS CANNOT ACCOUNT FOR GUIDED, SEQUENTIAL, AND PURPOSEFUL NATURE OF MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS WHICH HAVE SEVERAL CREATIVE APPLICATIONS IN THE NATURAL WORLD .

In higher organisms, the cells are differentiated to perform special functions. For example, muscle cells have ability of contraction. This physiological function of contraction is easily demonstrated by applying an electrical stimulus to muscle as done in Muscle Twitch in Frog Experiment. Animals have different abilities of locomotion; some crawl or creep, or slide on a surface, some swim, or move in water, some fly or glide in air, and others walk, run, climb, and swing in a variety of amazing manners. Whatever may be the mode of locomotion, all animal muscle cells display the same physiological function of contraction. While the physiology remains the same, the muscles of each animal species display individualistic functional characteristics. For mutations are random, unguided, and purposeless, they cannot account for guided, sequential and purposeful nature of muscle contractions which have several creative applications in the natural world.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :   CHIMPANZEE  AND  OTHER  APES HAVE  48  CHROMOSOMES  WHEREAS  MAN  HAS  ONLY  46  CHROMOSOMES .  CHROMOSOMES 2a  AND  2b  FOUND  IN  APES  IS  OF  PARTICULAR  INTEREST .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : CHIMPANZEE AND OTHER APES HAVE 48 CHROMOSOMES WHEREAS MAN HAS ONLY 46 CHROMOSOMES . CHROMOSOMES 2 a AND 2 b FOUND IN APES ARE  OF PARTICULAR INTEREST .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THERE  IS  NO  NATURAL  MECHANISM  OF   SEXUAL  REPRODUCTION  THAT  CAN  FUSE  CHROMOSOME  2 a  AND  2 b  TO  ASSEMBLE   CHROMOSOME  #  2   FOUND  IN   MAN .  MENDEL'S   LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  WHAT  IS  GENETIC  DRIFT  ????   CAN  IT  ACCOUNT  FOR  THE  ARRIVAL  OF  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMANS  ???   CAN  WE  EXPLAIN   MAN  AS  A  PRODUCT  OF  HYBRIDIZATION  AND  THE  PHENOMENON  CALLED  GENETIC  DRIFT  ????

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : WHAT IS GENETIC DRIFT ????  CAN  IT  ACCOUNT  FOR  THE ARRIVAL OF  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMANS ??? CAN  WE EXPLAIN  MAN  AS  A PRODUCT  OF  HYBRIDIZATION AND  THE PHENOMENON CALLED  GENETIC  DRIFT ????

In ‘Evolution’ the term ‘Genetic Drift is used to describe a random change in gene frequency within a small population, resulting in mutations which regardless of their adaptive value, become fixed within the group. Variations in diet, variations in physical activity, variations in reproductive behavior, and variations in external environmental conditions may contribute to minor variations in ‘allele’ frequencies without transforming an old species into a new species.

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  AND  THE  MISSING  LINK :

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION : TAXONOMY  IS  A  BRANCH  OF  BIOLOGY  THAT  FORMULATES  THE  BASIS  FOR  SYSTEMATIC  CATEGORIZATION  OF  ORGANISMS  INTO  CATEGORIES  SUCH  AS  PHYLUM(OR DIVISION), CLASS,  ORDER,  FAMILY,  SUB-FAMILY,  GENUS,  AND  SPECIES .  WITHIN  THE  GENUS  HOMO  SAPIENS,  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  MAN  IS  UNIQUE,  AND  DISTINCT  FOR  HUMAN  NATURE  STANDS  BY  ITSELF .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : TAXONOMY IS A BRANCH OF BIOLOGY THAT FORMULATES THE BASIS FOR SYSTEMATIC CATEGORIZATION OF ORGANISMS INTO CATEGORIES SUCH AS PHYLUM(OR DIVISION), CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY, SUB-FAMILY, GENUS, AND SPECIES . WITHIN THE GENUS HOMO SAPIENS, ANATOMICALLY MODERN MAN IS UNIQUE, AND DISTINCT FOR HUMAN NATURE STANDS BY ITSELF .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION : CHIMPANZEE  IS  NOT  THE  MISSING  LINK  BETWEEN  MAN  AND  ANIMAL .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : CHIMPANZEE IS NOT THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN MAN AND ANIMAL .  CHIMPANZEES  ARE  NATIVE  TO  AFRICA .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  MOUNTAIN  GORILLA  IS  NOT  THE  MISSING  LINK  BETWEEN  MAN  AND  ANIMAL .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : MOUNTAIN GORILLA IS NOT THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN MAN AND ANIMAL .  GORILLAS  ARE  NATIVE  TO  AFRICA .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  NO   EXTINCT  OR  LIVING  SPECIES  IS  ABLE  TO  BRIDGE  THE  GAP  BETWEEN  MODERN  MAN(HOMO  SAPIENS  SAPIENS)  AND  HIS  NEAREST  ALLIES  AMONG  HOMINID  FAMILY .  WHO  IS  THE  MISSING  LINK  BETWEEN  MAN  AND  ANIMALS  LIKE  CHIMPANZEE  AND  GORILLA ????

The above image reveals a fundamental problem  faced by Darwinism when it attempts to account for Human Evolution.  No extinct or living species is able to bridge the gap between modern man(Homo sapiens sapiens) and his nearest allies among Hominid Family and other Primates such as Chimpanzee and Gorilla.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  SOME  EVOLUTIONARY  GENTICISTS  CLAIM  THAT  MODERN  HUMANS HAVE  DESCENDED  BY  INTERBREEDING  AND  REPRODUCING  WITH  OTHER  SPECIES  OF  THE  GENUS  HOMO . INTERBREEDING  OR  INBREEDING  CANNOT  TRANSFORM  AN  OLD  SPECIES  INTO  A  NEW   SPECIES .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THERE  IS  NO  NATURAL  MECHANISM,  NO  NATURAL  PROCESS,  NO  NATURAL  CONDITION,  OR  NATURAL  CAUSE  THAT  CAN  TRANSFORM  NEANDERTHAL  SPECIES  INTO  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMANS. ANATOMICAL  TRAITS  PECULIAR  TO  NEANDERTHALS  WILL  NOT  BE  WIPED  OUT  BY  SEXUAL  REPRODUCTION,  EITHER  INBREEDING  OR  INTERBREEDING .
MENDEL'S   LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  DENISOVA  HOMINIDS  DISCOVERED  IN  DENISOVA  CAVE ,  ALTAI  MOUNTAINS ,  SOUTHERN  SIBERIA,  RUSSIA .  DENISOVA  MORE  SIMILAR  TO  NEANDERTHALS  AS  COMPARED  TO  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMANS .  THEY   LIVED  41, 000 YEARS  AGO . CAN  ONLY  BREED  TRUE  TO  THEIR  OWN  SPECIES .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  ARTISTIC  RENDITION  OF  DENISOVA  CHILD .  DNA  EXTRACTED  FROM  A  FRAGMENT  OF  PHALANX  OF  HAND  AND  A  MOLAR (TOOTH).  THIS  DENISOVA  GIRL IN  APPEARANCE  IS  MORE  SIMILAR  TO  NEANDERTHAL  THAN  TO  MODERN  HUMANS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  NEANDERTHALS  LIVED  FOR  ABOUT  300, 000  YEARS .  NEANDERTHAL  BELONGS  TO  MIDDLE  PALEOLITHIC  PERIOD  OF  OLD  STONE  AGE .  NEANDERTHAL  HAD  A  PRECISION  GRIP  SIMILAR  TO  THAT  OF  MODERN  HUMANS  BUT  DID  NOT  DISPLAY  WRITING  SKILLS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  NEANDERTHAL  HAD  POWER  GRIP  AND  PRECISION  GRIP  LIKE  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMANS .  BUT  HIS  ANATOMICAL  TRAITS  WERE  NOT  ENOUGH  FOR  HIM  TO  ADVANCE  INTO  MESOLITHIC  PERIOD  OF  OLD  STONE  AGE .  THIS  SPECIES  LIVED  FOR  A  LONG  TIME  WITHOUT  THE  POTENTIAL  TO  DEVELOP  WRITING  SKILLS .                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :   SAHELANTHROPUS  TCHADENSIS  NICKNAMED  “TOUMAI.”

NATURAL HISTORY OF HOMINID FAMILY :

Senckenberg Natural History Museum, Frankfurt, Germany prepared replicas of Hominid species using the fossils  discovered at different geographical locations. Sahelanthropus tchadensis lived 6.8 million years ago. It is one of the oldest Hominid specimens, found in 2003 in Djurab desert in Chad, Africa. 

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  AUSTRALOPITHECUS  AFARENSIS, AFRICAN  HOMINID  LIVED  3.2  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .

Australopithecus afarensis discovered in Afar region of Ethiopia, Africa in 1975. This Hominid lived 3.2 million years ago.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMINID  AUSTRALOPITHECUS  AFRICANUS   LIVED  2.5  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .

 Australopithecus africanus ,this Hominid replica nicknamed “Mrs Ples” lived 2.5 million years ago. Discovered in 1947, at Sterfontein, South Africa.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  PARANTHROPUS AETHIOPICUS  LIVED  2.5  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .

Paranthropus aethiopicus lived 2.5 million years ago. Discovered near Lake Turkana in Kenya, Africa, in 1985.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  PARANTHROPUS  BOISEI  LIVED  1.8  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .

Paranthropus boisei, nicknamed “Zinz” lived 1.8 million years ago. Discovered in 1959 in the Olduvai Gorge of Tanzania, Africa.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  RUDOLFENSIS  LIVED  ABOUT  1.8  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .

Homo Rudolfensis lived about 1.8 million years ago. Discovered in 1972 in Koobi Fora, Kenya, Africa.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  ERGASTER . LIVED  ABOUT  1.5  MILLION  YEARS  AGO.  NICKNAMED  “TURKANA  BOY.”

“TURKANA BOY” Homo ergaster lived about 1.5 million years ago. Initially thought to be an important “missing link” in Human Evolution.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  ERGASTER  IS  RELATED  TO  HOMO  ERECTUS  SPECIES  THAT  LIVED  IN  EASTERN  AND  SOUTHERN  AFRICA  FROM  ABOUT 1.89  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : HOMO ERGASTER IS RELATED TO HOMO ERECTUS SPECIES THAT LIVED IN EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA FROM ABOUT 1.89 MILLION YEARS AGO .

In Africa, Homo ergaster and Homo erectus are viewed as relatives and thought to be the ancestral forms of later Hominids such as Homo heidelbergensis, Homo neanderthalensis, and Homo sapiens. But, African Homo erectus is not related to Asian species of Homo erectus like Java Man, and Peking Man.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION : REPLICA  OF  HOMO  ERECTUS(AFRICA), ERECT  MAN,  VERTICAL  GAIT,  LIVED  ABOUT 1.8  TO  0.3  MILLION  YEARS  AGO .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : REPLICA OF HOMO ERECTUS(AFRICA), ERECT MAN, VERTICAL GAIT, LIVED ABOUT 1.8 TO 0.3 MILLION YEARS AGO .

Homo erectus of Africa had prominent brow ridges, projecting face, and a brain volume of about a litre as compared to modern man’s average brain volume of about 1,360 cubic centimetres. Some evolutionary biologists suggested that Homo erectus migrated to Asia, and Southern Europe.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO HEIDELBERGENSIS  ALSO  NAMED  HOMO  RHODESIENSIS  LIVED  ABOUT  500, 000  TO  350, 000  YEARS  AGO .

Homo heidelbergensis or Homo rhodesiensis. This replica is made from the fossils found in Sima de los Huesos, Spain in 1993. He lived about 500,000 to 350,000 years ago. Fossils also found in other places like Italy, France, and Greece. Homo sapiens may have appeared 300,000 years ago. Heidelbergensis could be the ancestor of Neanderthals which is often described as  a subspecies of Sapiens species.

Mendel's Laws-Human Evolution-Homo erectus
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE    VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  REPLICA   OF  HOMO  ERECTUS,  HOMINID  THAT  LIVED  1.5 MILLION  TO  300, 000  YEARS  AGO.

Homo erectus lived 1, 500, 000 to 300, 000 years ago. Homo erectus discovered in Republic of Georgia, China, and Indonesia lived until about 70,000 years ago.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  PILTDOWN  MAN  OF  SUSSEX,  ENGLAND.  HOMINID  SPECIES  OF  THE  PALEOLITHIC  PERIOD  OR  OLD  STONE  AGE .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : PITHECANTHROPUS  ERECTUS ,  HOMO  ERECTUS .  THE  REPLICA  OF   “JAVA  MAN.”

Pithecanthropus, “JAVA MAN” discovered in 1891 could be the first to use fire. He used stone tools and belongs to the Lower Pleistocene Period.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  RHODESIAN  MAN  HAD  A  BRAIN  LARGER  THAN  THAT  OF  MODERN  HUMANS.

It could be of interest to note that Rhodesian Man( Heidelberg Man – Germany) had a large, thick skull, a sloping forehead, a chinless jaw, a brain larger than that of modern  man. The height was about five feet(152 cm) or slightly over.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  ERECTUS  PEKINENSIS . SINANTHROPUS  OR  PEKING  MAN .

Sinanthropus, Homo erectus pekinensis, or PEKING MAN belonged to the Middle Pleistocene.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS  NEANDERTHALENSIS . THIS  REPLICA  IS  NICKNAMED “OLD MAN  OF  LA  CHAPELLE .”  HE  LIVED  56, 000  YEARS  AGO .

Homo sapiens neanderthalensis lived 56,000 years ago. The above is the replica nicknamed “OLD MAN OF LA CHAPELLE” found near La Chapelle aux-Saints in France in 1908.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS  FLORESIENSIS .  NICKNAMED  “HOBBIT. ”  LIVED  ABOUT  18, 000  YEARS  AGO .

Homo sapiens floresiensis, the FLORES MAN discovered in Liang Bua Cave, Flores, Indonesia in 2003. Lived about 18,000 years ago.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS FLORESIENSIS  –  FLORES  MAN  OF  INDONESIA  .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  FLORES  MAN  .  HOMO  SAPIENS  FLORESIENSIS. IT  COULD  BE  OF  INTEREST  TO  NOTE  THAT  FLORES  MAN  WAS ONLY  ABOUT  3  FEET  IN   HEIGHT. Initially thought to be a subspecies of Sapiens and now considered as a separate species. This Hominid species disappeared without any trace for unknown reasons.
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS.  LIVED  BETWEEN  100,  000  TO  90,  000  YEARS  AGO  BUT  NOT  A  TRUE  REPRESENTATIVE  OF  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMAN  SPECIES .

The above is a replica of Homo sapiens found in a cave in Israel in 1969. He lived between 100,000 to 90, 000 years ago. It is important to note that it is not representative of true, modern humans called Homo sapiens sapiens.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HOMO  SAPIENS  IDALTU . IDALTU  MAN   LIVED  ABOUT  160, 000  YEARS  AGO .  NOT  A  TRUE  REPRESENTATIVE  OF  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMAN  SPECIES .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  : HOMO  SAPIENS  IDALTU  OR  “HERTO  MAN ”  DISCOVERED  IN  1997  AT  HERTO, ETHIOPIA ,  AFRICA  .

Homo sapiens idaltu lived about 160, 000 years ago in Pleistocene Period(Middle Paleolithic), in Ethiopia, Africa, may mark the origin of anatomically modern Homo sapiens, making  distinction between Homo erectus species and Homo sapiens species. They were at the threshold of modern anatomy but not fully modern humans.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :   HOMO  SAPIENS  RED  DEER ,  SOUTHERN  CHINA   LIVED  11, 500  TO  14, 500  YEARS  AGO .

Homo sapiens Red Deer represents “Red Deer Cave” people who lived 11, 500 to 14, 500 years ago in Maludong, Yunnan Province, Southern China. Red Deer Man had high domed braincase, small eyebrow ridges, lower jaw ended in a prominent chin, with a body less muscular than those of earlier Hominids.

THE  ORIGIN  OF  MAN –  MONOGENISM  VS  POLYGENISM :

The term “RACE” is used to describe any of the different varieties or populations of human beings distinguished by physical traits such as hair, eyes, skin color, shape of body, head, facial features, and blood groups. These characteristics are transmitted by heredity but they are highly variable; not every member of a race will exhibit all distinguishing traits. It is apparent to claim that races arose in response to inbreeding. Across  majority of human cultures prevalent in Old World, inbreeding is the established cultural norm. In his ‘Systema Naturae'(1735) Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist, gave a very precise description of man placing him among the Mammals in the order of Primates along the apes and the bat. Linnaeus presented a summary of the diverse varieties of human species. He described varieties such as The Asian, The African, and The European. Linnaeus created a system of classification that depended only on external characteristics to place objects into a rational set of categories. 

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HUMAN  VARIETIES  OR  RACES  AROSE  IN  RESPONSE  TO  INBREEDING . CAROLUS  LINNAEUS  DESCRIBED  HUMAN  VARIETIES  SUCH  AS  THE  ASIAN,  THE  AFRICAN,  AND  THE  EUROPEAN .

The French naturalist George Louis Leclerc comte de Buffon in his monumental compendium on Natural History(Histoire Naturelle general et particuliere, 44 volumes, 1749-1804) described man as a zoological species. Buffon determined species not by their physical appearances but by their reproductive history. He held the view that a species is known only through the history of its propagation. Buffon claimed that it is absurd to use the same principles for classifying living and nonliving things. Most important, apes and other animals lack the ability to speak. Buffon saw the rise of human intelligence as a product of development of an articulated language. For animals may lack the ability to attach meaning to their articulated sounds, human language can be used as a basis to define human species and its varieties. Monogenism is the theory that all human beings are descended from a single pair of ancestors. Polygenism is the theory that each race of people has descended from distinct, ultimate ancestors and hence asserts that races are created separately. If anatomically modern humans are products of interbreeding between different Hominid Family members, it would be difficult to suggest that hybridized humans stopped interbreeding and preferred inbreeding to establish the races or varieties that can be observed today. Johann Friedrich Blumenbach(1752-1840), Father of Physical Anthropology known for his work ‘De Generis Humani Varietate Nativa(1775-76), did his research in measurement of craniums. He divided mankind into five great families – Caucasian, Mongolian, Malayan, and Ethiopian. Physical anthropologists initially described three primary divisions of people, 1. Caucasoid, 2. Mongoloid, and 3. Negroid. Thomas Huxley in his paper titled “On the Geographical Distribution of the Chief Modifications of Mankind” (1870) described racial varieties such as 1. Bushmen, 2. Africoid, 3. Negritoes, 4. Melanochroi, 5. Australoids, 6. Xanthochroi, 7. Polynesians, 8. Mongoloids A, B, & C, and 9. Esquimaux. Today, some anthropologists entirely reject the concept of “RACE.” The apparent variations among members of human population have to be explained using Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance which alone can account for breeding behavioral patterns. 

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THE  ORIGIN  AND  THE  EXTINCTION  OF DIFFERENT  MEMBERS  OF  HOMINID  SPECIES  CANNOT  BE  ACCOUNTED  ON  THE  BASIS  OF  NATURAL  CAUSES,  NATURAL  MECHANISMS ,  OR  NATURAL  CONDITIONS  THAT  INFLUENCE  LIFE  AND  DEATH  OF  LIVING  ORGANISMS .MENDEL'S  LAWS

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :

MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE :  JOHANN FRIEDRICH BLUMENBACH(1752-1840), FATHER OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY DIVIDED MANKIND INTO FIVE GREAT FAMILIES  – CAUCASIAN, MONGOLIAN, MALAYAN, AND ETHIOPIAN .

CHARLES DARWIN – DARWINISM –  THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES(1859):

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  CHARLES  DARWIN(1809-1892) .  HIS  IMPORTANT  CONTRIBUTIONS  INCLUDE  THE  ORIGIN  OF  SPECIES(1859),  AND  THE  DESCENT  OF  MAN(1871).

Charles Darwin claimed that new species originate in the course of time. In his view, one species is transformed into another as a product of ‘Natural Selection’ of randomly produced genetic mutations. He formulated an opinion about the factors or circumstances under which some forms of life cease to have the status of species or become extinct. Darwin states, “The Origin of Species, like their extinction, is entirely a natural process which requires no factors other than those at work everyday in the life, death, and breeding of plants and animals.” To make  transition from an old species to a new species, certain intermediate forms become extinct combined with the survival of one or more of the extreme varieties. Darwin further attests, “If my theory be true, numberless intermediate varieties, linking closely together all the species of the same group, must assuredly have existed, but the very process of natural selection constantly tends as has been so often remarked to exterminate the parent forms and the intermediate links.” As per Darwin’s analysis, anatomically modern human species may have to be viewed as a variety of one of the Hominid species that simply survived while this ancestral species and all other Hominid species perished towards the end of Pleistocene(Ice Age).

Darwin’s theory of ‘The Origin of Species’ depends on causes that can be divided into two sets of factors:

1. Mechanism of Survival that includes causes or factors which determine the extinction or survival of organisms, and with their survival, their opportunities for mating and reproduction, and 

2. Mechanism of Heredity that includes causes or factors which determine transmission of characteristics from one generation to another and  variation of offspring from their ancestors and from each other.

In Darwin’s estimate, the factors of ‘Natural Selection’ operate on genetic variations that cause a range of differences within a group. At the same time it may be noted that the variations generated in the breeding process are never enough to change the basic criteria applied in  identification of any given species. For  perpetuation of group characteristics in organisms which manage to survive and reproduce,  inheritance of ancestral traits is of utmost importance. Darwin’s view on blending of hereditary factors is not supported by Mendel’s classic experiments in Hybridization. According to Mendel, inheritance is particulate. Distinct genetic factors combine to produce a certain somatic result without losing their separate identities. They can therefore be reassorted and enter into new genetic combinations in the next generation. If anatomically modern human species appeared suddenly due to abrupt mutations in a single generation of as yet unknown Hominid species, it will not validate Darwin’s view that new forms of life arise gradually as the result of a continuous accumulation of slight and imperceptible variations. According to Darwin, environment acts as a selective agency and it acts upon variations produced entirely by causes operating in the breeding process. During the period of the Great Ice Age, Pleistocene Series or Epoch, 1.8 million to 10, 000 years ago, 28 percent of Earth’s land area was covered by ice. Continental glaciers covered much of N. North America and NW Europe. Holocene Epoch or Series that began 10, 000 years ago witnessed a dramatic change in land area that is covered by ice. Now, about 10 percent of land area is covered by ice and continental glaciers are restricted to Antarctica and Greenland. In other words, areas of Earth’s surface have become more hospitable for all kinds of Hominid population. There was no geographical catastrophe and there was no environmental change of cataclysmic proportion with serious consequences for the survival of any variety of Hominid species. To adapt to changed environment was easy, food supply became abundant and there is nothing to suggest that Hominid Family members were preying upon one another in a bitter struggle of existence. 

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY  WILL  DEMOLISH  DARWINISM :

According to Geologic Time Chart which records the physical nature and history of planet Earth, we are living in the Cenozoic Era the beginning of which was marked by the K-T extinction. Most of the major and minor extinction events were the result of causes that are not natural to Earth or terrestrial factors. The exposure of living things to consequences such as collisions with asteroids, comets, or exposure to ionizing radiation  do not belong to a category of circumstances that can be called ‘natural’. I would prefer to use the term ‘supernatural’ to describe extinction events initiated by extraterrestrial factors. The origin, the beginning, appearance of anatomically modern man during Holocene Epoch or Series has no natural cause. No natural condition, no natural factor, no natural mechanism, no natural process and no natural event can alter the shape and size of man’s cranium. Inbreeding, or interbreeding do not change genes, the Units of Inheritance. The sudden, and abrupt change in man’s form and morphological appearance is not due to imperceptible changes and genetic variations that accumulated over a prolonged period of time. If skeletal structures undergo a change due to mutations caused by external factors like climate, physical activity, diet, and opportunities for breeding or reproductive behavior, the skeletal structures of all members of the diverse Hominid Family living at that time have to register a change that affects the germ cells and gets propagated to their offspring as stated by Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance. If a natural condition, a natural factor, or a natural cause can account for a mutation in anatomically modern human, I would like to examine the evidence for its operation in other members of Hominid Family such as Neanderthal who lived at the same time.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  LIVING  FORMS  EMERGED  AND  DIVERSIFIED  IN  SUDDEN  SPURTS  AND  WERE  ELIMINATED  ABRUPTLY  IN  MAJOR  AND  MINOR  EXTINCTION  EVENTS  DURING  GEOLOGIC  PERIOD .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  THERE  IS  NO  NATURAL  PROCESS  OF  SEXUAL  REPRODUCTION  EITHER  INBREEDING  OR  INTERBREEDING  THAT  CAN  TRANSFORM  ANATOMICAL  TRAITS  OF  NEANDERTHAL  INTO  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  HUMANS .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  CRO-MAGNON  SKULL  .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN EVOLUTION : CRO-MAGNON SKULL .  CRO-MAGNON  MAN  IS  NOT  CONSIDERED  AS  A  SEPARATE  SPECIES  OR  SUBSPECIES  . LIVED  40, 000  TO  35, 000  YEARS  AGO .

Cro-Magnon Man lived 40, 000 to 35, 000 years ago. He was discovered in southwestern France in 1868. His height was about 6 feet(180 Cms), had high forehead, short and wide face, developed prominent chin, and large brain. His brain capacity of 1600 cubic centimetres is larger than the average 1,360 cubic centimetres for anatomically modern human species.  He belonged to upper paleolithic culture of Old Stone Age whereas anatomically modern human species had established its presence in the Mesolithic Period or Middle Stone Age at the end of the last glacial era about 10, 000 years ago. Anatomically modern human species developed a culture that included gradual domestication of plants and animals, formation of settled communities, use of the bow, development of delicate stone ‘Microliths’, and pottery.

THE ORIGIN OF HUMAN SPECIES – THE ORIGIN OF HUMAN LANGUAGE:

In my view, Human Speech(spoken and written) is the criteria by which the difference between anatomically modern man and other members of Hominid Family is made. Human Language is one of the principal characteristics of the specifically human world. Language is the peculiar possession of human beings. While Neanderthal, and Cro-Magnon Man share certain anatomical and physiological traits possessed by the zoological species identified as human beings, they were not true representatives of Homo sapiens sapiens. In the use of ‘Precision Grip’, both Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon Man fall short of the status called ‘human’. Paleolithic art, paintings, and drawings are not the same as human writing.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  CRO-MAGNON  MAN  AND  PRECISION  GRIP .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : CRO-MAGNON MAN AND PRECISION GRIP . PALEOLITHIC  ART  IS  NOT  EQUIVALENT  TO  HUMAN  ARTISTIC  EXPRESSION .  DRAWINGS  AND  PAINTINGS  ARE  NOT  THE  SAME  AS  HUMAN  WRITING .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  THE  ANATOMICAL  STRUCTURES  INVOLVED  IN  PRECISION  GRIP .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : THE ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES INVOLVED IN PRECISION GRIP .  HOMINIDS  LIKE  NEANDERTHAL  HAD  ANATOMICAL  STRUCTURES  THAT  GIVE  FUNCTIONAL  ABILITIES  CALLED 1. PRESSURE  GRIP,  AND  2.  PRECISION  GRIP .  NEUROMUSCULAR  COORDINATION  BETWEEN  BRAIN  AND  FINGERS  CONTRIBUTES  TO  A  CREATIVE  ABILITY  CALLED  WRITING .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION .  PALEOLITHIC  ART  .  CAVE  PAINTINGS  IN  N  SPAIN  AND  SW  FRANCE  . c. 14,000- c. 13,500 B.C.  LASCAUX  CAVE  PAINTINGS  -  THE  AURIGNACIO - PERIGORDIAN  PERIOD .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION . PALEOLITHIC ART . CAVE PAINTINGS IN N SPAIN AND SW FRANCE . c. 14,000- c. 13,500 B.C. LASCAUX CAVE PAINTINGS – THE AURIGNACIO – PERIGORDIAN PERIOD .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  PALEOLITHIC  ART .  MURALS  AT  ROUFFIGNAC,  NIAUX,  AND  CAVE  PAINTINGS  OF  ALTAMIRA ,  SPAIN . c. 14,000 -c. 9500 B.C. THE  SOLUTREO - MAGDALENIAN  PERIOD  .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : PALEOLITHIC ART . MURALS AT ROUFFIGNAC, NIAUX, AND CAVE PAINTINGS OF ALTAMIRA , SPAIN . c. 14,000 – c. 9500 B.C. THE SOLUTREO – MAGDALENIAN PERIOD .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  KUNDA  TOOLS ,  MICROLITHS, c. 10,000 -c.8000 B.C. MESOLITHIC  PERIOD  OR  MIDDLE  STONE  AGE .  THE  BEGINNING  OF  ANATOMICALLY  MODERN  MAN .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : KUNDA TOOLS , MICROLITHS, c. 10,000 -c.8000 B.C. MESOLITHIC PERIOD OR MIDDLE STONE AGE . THE BEGINNING OF ANATOMICALLY MODERN MAN . HUMANS  ARE  KNOWN  BY  THEIR  CULTURE .

The reproductive history of modern man does not support Darwinism and its assumptions about breeding . To identify and to recognize man as a zoological species, the yardstick has to be defined as morphological appearances are inadequate. I coined the phrase ‘Whole Linguistics’ to use Human Language as the chief characteristic of human species. Whole Linguistics involves three entities, namely 1. A Language User, 2. A Language Interpreter and 3. A Language Creator. It introduces a concept about the Creative Beginning of Man and his Language.

HUMAN IDENTITY, INDIVIDUALITY, AND THE MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX:

All said and done, man has no choice about the nature of his physical existence in natural world. Each man without any choice exists as an Individual with Individuality. Man deploys protein molecules called antigens to identify ‘self’ and ‘non-self’. The antigens causing the immune response that results in  rejection of a tissue allograft are known as ‘Major Histocompatibility Antigens'(HLA). In man, the Major Histocompatibility Complex(MHC) is the HLA cluster on Chromosome 6. As MHC antigens were originally described on human Leukocytes(White Blood Cells), they are still referred to as Human leukocyte Antigens(HLA). The role of MHC is not limited to transplantation rejection as the proteins encoded in this region are involved in many aspects of immunological recognition and immunity  response. The HLA antigens are remarkable for the extensive degree of genetic polymorphism which makes  variability between individuals very great . Even among members of human population, most unrelated persons possess different HLA . This antigenic specificity established at molecular level is the evidence for a creative process, a creative mechanism, and a creative principle which determines the Subjective and Objective Physical Reality of Man’s Status in Nature.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  HUMAN  LEUKOCYTE  ANTIGEN .  MAN  DEPLOYS  UNIQUE  PROTEIN  MOLECULES  TO  IDENTIFY  SELF  AND  NON-SELF .  HUMAN  EXISTENCE  AND  HUMAN  IDENTITY  IS  DEFINED  BY  MOLECULES .
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN . MAN DEPLOYS UNIQUE PROTEIN MOLECULES TO IDENTIFY SELF AND NON-SELF . HUMAN EXISTENCE AND HUMAN IDENTITY IS DEFINED BY MOLECULES .
MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION :  MAN  IS  ABLE  TO  EXIST  IN  NATURE  FOR  HE  IS  ABLE  TO  DEFEND  HIS  EXISTENCE  BY  DEPLOYING  MOLECULES  THAT  CAN  MAKE  THE  RECOGNITION  AND  DISTINCTION  BETWEEN  SELF  AND  NON-SELF.
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE VS HUMAN EVOLUTION : MAN IS ABLE TO EXIST IN NATURE FOR HE IS ABLE TO DEFEND HIS EXISTENCE BY DEPLOYING MOLECULES THAT CAN MAKE THE RECOGNITION AND DISTINCTION BETWEEN SELF AND NON-SELF.

THE PROOF OF PUDDING IS IN THE EATING :

Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle introduced  notion of Form, Nature, or Essence. Plants and animals are derived from seeds that already contain within them the Form, Nature, or Essence of the species from which they were derived and into which they would subsequently develop. To exist as a thing of a given kind, there could be an innate tendency to strive to develop into a perfect example of itself to fulfill its nature and to realize its full potential. In a purposive or teological view of the natural world, each natural thing by its intrinsic nature strives to realize its own ideal Form or Essence. Darwinism proposes a view that explains  development of a natural thing in a “mechanistic” and nonpurposive manner. If a new form of life is a product of unguided, random, and purposeless genetic mutations, it will be hard to explain and account for its Form, Nature, and Essence.

MENDEL'S  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  :
MENDEL’S LAWS OF INHERITANCE   VS  HUMAN  EVOLUTION  :  GREGOR  MENDEL  CONDUCTED  EXPERIMENTS  ON  GARDEN  PEA(PISUM  SATIVUM)  PLANTS  TO  DISCOVER  THE   NATURAL  LAWS  OF  INHERITANCE  AND  VARIATION  .  I  DISCOVER   THE  ‘MAGIC  OF  CREATION’  BY   SIMPLY   TASTING   A  FEW   SWEET   PEAS  .

All living things define their existence using about 20 Amino Acids. Protein Synthesis involves unique and creative ways of arranging these amino acids into chains called polypeptides. Protein Synthesis is a creative process for the product created by one species has ability to impart unique sensory experience in an unrelated species.  Man can distinguish plant and animal proteins by using his organs of sense perception. The creative aspect of protein synthesis is in the taste, smell, flavor, color, texture, and palatability of plant and animal proteins. Man further improves palatability of proteins he consumes by refining his culinary skills.To refute the concept called ‘DARWINISM’, the Proof or Verification is in Eating Sweet Garden Peas and recognizing them from their color, taste, smell, flavor, texture, and palatability. Plants and animals do not use sensory functions like vision, olfaction, and taste in protein synthesis. The sensory experience of man is possible for living things exist with an innate tendency to express their Form, Nature, and Essence. I am asking my readers to contemplate upon supernatural circumstances that may define Form, Nature, and Essence of living things that are not explained by a study of their genes and genetic code.

Related Articles:

1SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – MAN IS A SPIRITUAL BEING

2. SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE HUMAN SPECIES

3. SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ORIGIN OF HUMAN SPECIES

 

 

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST


SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :

SPECIAL  FRONTIER  FORCE  AT  NATIONAL  PRAYER  BREAKFAST : I WOULD  LIKE  TO  PRESENT  THE  HISTORY  OF  NATIONAL  PRAYER  BREAKFAST . IT  WAS  ORIGINALLY  KNOWN  AS  PRESIDENTIAL  PRAYER  BREAKFAST . 34th US PRESIDENT EISENHOWER  WITH 35th US PRESIDENT KENNEDY MET AT CAMP DAVID, MARYLAND ON APRIL 22, 1961. THEY FORMULATED THE US, INDIA, AND TIBET RELATIONS THAT CREATED SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE .
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : I WOULD LIKE TO PRESENT THE HISTORY OF NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . IT WAS ORIGINALLY KNOWN AS PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . 34th US PRESIDENT EISENHOWER WITH 35th US PRESIDENT KENNEDY MET AT CAMP DAVID, MARYLAND ON APRIL 22, 1961. THEY FORMULATED THE US, INDIA, AND TIBET RELATIONS THAT CREATED SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE .

It gives me a great pleasure to present my perspective on ‘National Prayer Breakfast’ for I see it as an event intimately connected to the history of Special Frontier Force. Norwegian Methodist Preacher Abraham Vereide(1886-1969) started a tradition of Prayer Breakfast and since 1953 the event became ‘Presidential Prayer Breakfast’ as it established the custom of inviting the US President as a chief guest speaker for a special gathering held on the first Thursday in the month of February.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE  AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : NORWEGIAN METHODIST PREACHER ABRAHAM VEREIDE STARTED AN EVENT CALLED PRAYER BREAKFAST IN CHICAGO AND IT SPREAD TO WASHINGTON, D.C. IN 1953 WHEN THE US PRESIDENT WAS INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE EVENT.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : NORWEGIAN METHODIST PREACHER ABRAHAM VEREIDE STARTED AN EVENT CALLED PRAYER BREAKFAST IN CHICAGO AND IT SPREAD TO WASHINGTON, D.C. IN 1953 WHEN THE US PRESIDENT WAS INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE EVENT.

Abraham Veredie started the event called Prayer Breakfast in Chicago City and it got transformed into ‘Presidential Prayer Breakfast’ in 1953 when the custom of inviting the US President as a Special Guest Speaker became a tradition.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : IN 1953, 34th US PRESIDENT(1953-1961), DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER WAS INVITED AS THE CHIEF GUEST SPEAKER FOR A PRAYER BREAKFAST MEETING WHICH GOT THE NAME PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . ABRAHAM VEREIDE WITH PRESIDENT EISENHOWER.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : IN 1953, 34th US PRESIDENT(1953-1961), DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER WAS INVITED AS THE CHIEF GUEST SPEAKER FOR A PRAYER BREAKFAST MEETING WHICH GOT THE NAME PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST . ABRAHAM VEREIDE WITH PRESIDENT EISENHOWER.

On Thursday, February 09, 1961, President John F. Kennedy was the Chief Guest Speaker at the Presidential Prayer Breakfast. I am happy to share some photo images of that historical event.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ADDRESSING THE GATHERING AT PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST ON THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 09, 1961.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ADDRESSING THE GATHERING AT PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST ON THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 09, 1961.

The 1961 Presidential Prayer Breakfast was held at East Room, Mayflower Hotel, Washington, D.C.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : 1961 PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WITH US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY, SOUTHERN BAPTIST MINISTER REVEREND BILLY GRAHAM, AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP INC., ABRAHAM VEREIDE.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : 1961 PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WITH US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY, SOUTHERN BAPTIST MINISTER REVEREND BILLY GRAHAM, AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP INC., ABRAHAM VEREIDE.

It may be noted that John F. Kennedy was the first Catholic President of the United States, Abraham Veredie was a Methodist, and Reverend Billy Graham, a Southern Baptist. The Prayer Breakfast is not about endorsing a particular religious doctrine.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :

 

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WAS RENAMED AS NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST IN 1970. SINCE 1980s THE EVENT IS HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON AT 1919 CONNECTICUT AVENUE.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : PRESIDENTIAL PRAYER BREAKFAST WAS RENAMED AS NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST IN 1970. SINCE 1980s THE EVENT IS HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON  AT  1919 CONNECTICUT AVENUE.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST :
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : HIS HOLINESS THE 14TH DALAI LAMA, THE EXILED TIBETAN LEADER WITH MS. VALERIE JARRETT, SENIOR ADVISER TO PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON ON THURSDAY FEBRUARY 05, 2015.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST : HIS HOLINESS THE 14TH DALAI LAMA, THE EXILED TIBETAN LEADER WITH MS. VALERIE  JARRETT, SENIOR ADVISER TO PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA AT NATIONAL PRAYER BREAKFAST HELD AT WASHINGTON HILTON ON THURSDAY FEBRUARY 05, 2015.

The National Prayer Breakfast is about cherishing National Values and people gather without any concern about their religious or political affiliations for all of them share the same National Values such as Freedom, Democracy, Peace, Human Rights, and Justice. In the context of Tibet and its Misery under Military Occupation since 1950, we are seeking the Uplifting Power of Compassion to endure the pain and suffering caused by political oppression. We are hopeful with Perseverance endowed by Compassion, We will defy Occupation and defeat its purpose as we begin our “Crusade for Peace through Freedom.”

Related Article:

THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM

UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR INDIA’S PARTITION


UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR INDIA’S PARTITION : President Barack Obama on his recent visit to India did not wish for a “Crusade for Peace through Freedom.” His call to India to uphold Religious Freedom unveils the US Plan to Divide and Rule India without any concern for its own national values like Freedom, Democracy, Peace, and Justice.

THE UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR PARTITION OF INDIA : THE US PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA WHO PLANTED A TREE AT RAJGHAT, MAHATMA GANDHI MEMORIAL DEMANDED IN A PRESS CONFERENCE THAT INDIA MUST SUPPORT RELIGIOUS FREEDOM WHICH CALLS FOR THE RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION AS DEMANDED BY SIKH SEPARATISTS AND KASHMIR SEPARATISTS . RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IS THE "MANTRA" FOR PARTITION OF INDIA USING RELIGION AS A TRUMP CARD .
THE UNITED STATES UNVEILS ITS PLAN FOR PARTITION OF INDIA : THE US PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA WHO PLANTED A TREE AT RAJGHAT, MAHATMA GANDHI MEMORIAL DEMANDED IN A PRESS CONFERENCE THAT INDIA MUST SUPPORT RELIGIOUS FREEDOM WHICH CALLS FOR THE RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION AS DEMANDED BY SIKH SEPARATISTS AND KASHMIR SEPARATISTS . RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IS THE “MANTRA” FOR PARTITION OF INDIA USING RELIGION AS A TRUMP CARD .

I want to share my opinion on President Barack Obama’s diabolical demand for “Religious Freedom” in India. A radical Sikh organization called “The Dal Khalsa’ stated that it is happy with US President Obama’s call to India to uphold Religious Freedom.  I am sharing this opinion on behalf of Special Frontier Force – Establishment Number. 22, a military organization affiliated to the US, India, and Tibet. The US has never demanded that Christian Missionaries be given free access to preach their Gospel inside Occupied Tibet. In fact, President Obama has not spoken about Religious Freedom in Tibet while he is fully aware of  Tibetan Government-in-Exile’s existence at Dharamshala, India. President Obama has unveiled the plan of United States and United Kingdom to seek the Partition of the Republic of India on lines similar to  partition of India in 1947. Religious Freedom is the “MANTRA” for Partition of India.The strategy followed by the British Raj and the US administration is the same.  In 1947, it was very important to defend the rights of Muslims as without partition, Muslims cannot have access to political power and without political power, Muslims would lose their Religious Freedom. In democracy, there is separation of State and Church. In opinion of the West, India can never have true Democracy as a majority of its people may belong to Hindu religion. To counteract the Hindus, the British have formulated the governance policy called “Divide and Rule.” The collapse of the Soviet Union, the breakup of Czechoslovakia, the US sponsored dismemberment of Republic of Yugoslavia, and  creation of Kosovo are often cited as examples of bringing “Regime Change” in countries considered to be hostile to the US Foreign Policy Agenda. The 105th US Congress in its First Session passed Resolution # 37 which demands the formation of an Independent Sikh Nation called “KHALISTAN” and the resolution demands the Right to Self-Determination for people who profess or follow the religion called Sikhism. Western powers like Great Britain, United States, and Canada, have formulated a political strategy to take full advantage of the religious sentiments of the people of Sikhism to dismember the Republic of India. There is a fundamental hostility for the very existence of India which is known as “BHARAT” because of Hindu religion that  many of its people adhere. In a world full of competing religions, Hindus are not allowed to desire any identity of their own. In other words, India’s adherence to the principles of DEMOCRACY is of no consequence and Indian people  be separated taking advantage of the differences in religion, language, and history of regional affiliations. The concept of an independent, sovereign Khalistan, the Sikh Homeland was announced on October 7, 1987. These Sikh Separatists claim that Government of India murdered over a million Sikh people and accuse Government of India violates their Rights to Religious Freedom. The annual Sikh March for Khalistan is held on BAISAKHI(Vaisakhi) Day during the month of April. Sikhs living in Washington DC, New York, London, Vancouver(Canada) and other places parade on streets. The US supports these political activities and allows Sikh nationals of India to apply for asylum in the United States for it endorses their claims about religious persecution of Sikhs by Government of India. These Sikh Separatists claim that without political power, religion cannot flourish, their repression will continue and that their Sikh Nation will perish. A similar argument is made by Muslim Separatists who live in the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. The advocates of Khalistan do not mention about  persecution of Sikhs in Kashmir, and it appears that they have no recollection of the killing of Sikhs at the time of India’s Partition in 1947. When the United States President spoke about Religious Freedom, he did not mention about the Right to Self-Determination of Sikhs in Punjab, and of Muslims in Kashmir. However, Indian people must recognize that the issue of Religious Freedom is not simply about the Rights of Christians to practice their religion. It is important to know that the United States is not demanding Pakistan to support the rights of Christians living in Pakistan. The US is not asking Sikh Separatists and Kashmir Separatists to embrace Christianity or to grant full access to Christian Missionaries to operate in their communities. The fundamental concern is not about religion or Freedom of Religion. The goal of this US Policy is to breakup India and not to allow its people to find Peace, Justice, and Prosperity by choosing DEMOCRACY.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force.Establishment22

OPEN LETTER TO PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA ON RELIGIOUS FREEDOM :

I was asked to share a comment on this article published by Mr. Kalavai Venkat. The author has failed to acknowledge the diabolical plan of the US to maintain its status of global Superpower without any scruples, principles, or ideals shared by its own founding fathers.

Barack Obama

261 SHARES FacebookTwitterSubscribeGoogleLinkedin                                                                                                                                       Dear President Barack Obama, You spoke of religious freedom and in favor of the right to proselytize during your recent visit to India. Your words reflect the Christian West’s obsession with religious freedom. We Hindus have little doubt that when you talk of religious freedom you have the freedom of Christians to proselytize Hindus and not the freedom of Hindus to practice Hinduism in mind. In many Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia, a Hindu cannot even carry pictures of Hindu deities to worship in the confines of one’s home. You have never pontificated to the Saudis about the virtues of religious freedom. In the Christian Greece, it was illegal for a Hindu to cremate the dead until 2007 yet no American president pontificated to the Greeks. So, we rightly conclude that the religious freedom of Hindus is nowhere on your radar. However, we are not asking you to stand up for our religious freedom. We are, instead, challenging your obsession with religious freedom. Let us begin by talking about some fundamental teachings of Christianity which you are presumably familiar with. I did not render service. I have been responsible for genocide. It took me 18 years to realize that. Christianity requires a groom to drag his bride on the nuptial night to her father’s doorstep and stone her to death on the suspicion that she may not be a virgin. It urges onlookers to participate in this violent orgy (Deuteronomy 22:13-21). Jesus sanctified and vowed to fulfill such terrible, misogynistic teachings (Matthew 5:17). We Hindus view the feminine as sacred and will not allow anyone the freedom to spread misogyny. We will not protect the alleged freedom of a misogynist at the expense of the dignity of a woman. We understand that you are not eagerly defending the freedom of the Taliban to spread Islamic misogyny in the USA. We are pleased to inform you that we Hindus will apply the same yardstick to Christian misogyny as well. The Second Coming of Jesus is a core and fundamental Christian belief. On this occasion, Jesus would torture millions of Hindus for a period of five months, massacre them, and put them on the hell-bound cargo to be condemned to eternal torture (Revelations 9:4-5). Jesus also promises to make the Hindus kneel before the Christians in abject submission (see Hartung, John: Love Thy Neighbor – The Evolution of In-group Morality, pp. 15-16). We Hindus value human rights and will not grant anyone the freedom to spread genocidal hatred or subjugate others. You should be able to relate to our stance because you too aren’t advocating the freedom of Al Qaeda to spread genocidal hatred against Americans, are you?

Jesus Christ on the Cross

Misogyny, a craving to subjugate others, and genocidal hatred are poisonous. Giving them a religious sanctity doesn’t make them desirable. Karl Popper cautioned against the tendency to tolerate the intolerant because such a misplaced tolerance would result in the demise of the tolerant and eventually lead to the demise of tolerance itself. His sage advice applies to intolerant, hateful, and misogynistic religious beliefs such as Christianity and Islam. According such religious beliefs even a modicum of freedom would eventually degrade the feminine and extinguish freedom itself. More on Religious Freedom 70x70.png Analysis of the USCIRF India Chapter report, 2014

70x70.jpg The USCIRF testimony of Kamal Mitra Chenoy

70x70.jpg Narendra Modi’s visa denial still an unhealed wound

70x70.jpgExclusivist faiths, fundamental rights and the consequences of fundamentalism

70x70.jpg How John Dayal helps break India

70x70.jpg Atrocity literature as a tool to defang Hindus and Christianize India

70x70.jpg proselytization in India: A critique from a Dharmic perspective

70x70.jpg The Religious Crusades of the CIA

 

We Hindus value freedom; not merely freedom of religion as Western Christians mistakenly value. In our reasonable worldview, only freedom is a fundamental right whereas religious freedom is a privilege that is earned only when the religious teachings do not subvert freedom. A religion that subverts the very foundation of freedom and human dignity by advocating misogyny and genocidal hatemongering cannot be accorded that privilege. In The Religious Crusades of the CIA, Arvind Kumar shows that ‘religious freedom’ is a euphemism for the CIA-led initiatives to destabilize Hindu society. The Tamil writer Jeyamohanshows how the Ford Foundation acted as the front for this imperial agenda by funding Christian missionaries in India’s northeast. These missionaries facilitated the entry of other western-funded groups which sowed division and hatred among the various ethnic groups that had hitherto coexisted for millennia. These imperial-funded and orchestrated initiatives resulted in gruesome riots, bloodshed, and massacre of many a thousand besides sinking the entire northeast into abject poverty. One of the missionaries that had facilitated the pillage eventually had a moment of realization and confessed to Jeyamohan, “I did not render service. I have been responsible for genocide. It took me 18 years to realize that.” President Obama, we will not allow another genocide by facilitating the spread of imperial-funded Christianity. Instead, we will initiate every measure to curb it. We will bring forth legislation to prevent the CIA and its front agencies such as the Ford Foundation from destabilizing India. We will also prevent western powers from controlling the churches in India by nationalizing India’s churches and NGOs and by empowering the government to nominate priests. In the true spirit of democracy and freedom, and in the spirit of Indian pluralism, these priests would hail from all communities and religions as well as from among the ranks of atheists. You may also anticipate legislative measures which would protect indigenous religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and the various tribal religions. We would reverse the existing system which discriminates against indigenous religions while favoring Christianity and Islam. The state would fund institutions belonging to indigenous religions. We hope this idea would resonate with you; after all, the UK protects the Church of England and funds its educational institutions. America’s Christian churches are the leading beneficiaries of faith-based initiatives. So, this idea is no stranger to westerners.

We hope that not only Hindus and Indians but reasonable Americans too would laud these forthcoming initiatives. After all, a vibrant, democratic, and multicultural India is in the best interests of America as well. On the other hand, an India laid waste to by the predation of Christianity can only harm Indian as well as American interests. A patriotic American should be appalled by the fact that American textbooks indoctrinate defenseless children in Christianity. These textbooks portray Jesus as an embodiment of compassion. One would never tolerate a sanitized portrayal of a terrorist such as Osama bin Laden as compassionate. Yet, Jesus, who isindistinguishable from Osama bin Laden, is hailed as compassionate in textbooks. Such indoctrination is an abuse of the trust children place in adults. It is not only the mind of the American child that is abused. Defenseless children are subject to physical abuse as well because of their parents’ beliefs in biblical teachings. The Bible mandates the circumcision of the male child (Genesis 17). As a result, despite the progress in scientific knowledge, over 58 percent of American male children are subject to genital mutilations. These are examples of serious violation of a child’s freedom. We hope that America ends such discriminatory practices by emulating the Indian example of curbing Christianity (as well as Islam) through legislation. We look forward to the day when America respects the freedom of a child to grow up unmolested in an environment nourished by reason. We hope you realize that the freedom of a child cannot be sacrificed to propagate Bronze Age superstitions. Our ghar wapasi program is ready to embrace America’s recovering Christians. Yours truly, An imaginary Indian politician PS: How I wish an Indian politician wrote such a letter! Alas, in all likelihood, an Indian politician or a lay Hindu is likely to appease the Western bully by pleading that India is doing a lot to ensure religious freedom and will do even more. They would then grant more freedom to the rapacious missionaries and foreign NGOs until India becomes another Philippines.

Related Article:

MY THOUGHTS ON PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S INDIA VISIT

MY THOUGHTS ON PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S INDIA VISIT


MY THOUGHTS ON PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S INDIA VISIT :

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the US President Barack Obama shared their views in a radio conversation titled “MAAN KI BAAT”(Mindful Conversation) that was broadcast on January 27, 2015. I am sharing the transcript of this radio conversation. Both the leaders speak about shared values and the basis for friendly relations between both countries in very general terms. They want to speak directly from the heart and share some personal thoughts on issues without specifically touching issues such as foreign policy. It is claimed that enough information on policy matters was shared in the joint press conference. However, I am of the opinion that there is no transparency in their conversation. There is no Peace, there is no Freedom, there is no Justice, there is no democratic governance, and there is no free flow of information in the occupied territories of TIBET and the problem is of great concern since early 1950s. When the 34th President of the United States, Dwight David Eisenhower made his five-day visit to India from 09 December to 14 December, 1959, he expounded the need for relentless effort to secure Peace through promoting Freedom. He used the term “CRUSADE” to communicate the intensity of struggle and sacrifice that is involved if people have to find Peace in their personal lives. There is really no Peace until man enjoys his Natural Right to Freedom. Since 1959, India has been hosting the Tibetan Government-in-Exile, and I am totally surprised to note that these two leaders have not said a word about the plight of Tibetans and their military oppression.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

Mann ki baat: Modi, Obama Jan. 27, 2015

1-Sliders-Banner.jpg
http://www.narendramodi.in/transcript-of-the-special-episode-of-mann-ki-baat-pm-shri-narendra-modi-and-us-president-shri-barack-obama-share-their-thoughts-on-radio/

Transcript of the special episode of ”Mann ki Baat”: PM Shri Narendra Modi and US President Shri Barack Obama share their thoughts on Radio

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Today, Shri Barack Obama, President of the United States, joins us in a special programme of Mann Ki Baat. For the last few months, I have been sharing my “Mann Ki Baat” with you. But today, people from various parts of the country have asked questions.
But most of the questions are connected to politics, foreign policy, economic policy. However, some questions touch the heart. And I believe if we touch those questions today, we shall be able to reach out to the common man in different parts of the country. And therefore, the questions asked in press conferences, or discussed in meetings – instead of those – if we discuss what comes from the heart, and repeat it, hum it, we get a new energy. And therefore, in my opinion, those questions are more important. Some people wonder, what does “Barack” mean? I was searching for the meaning of Barack. In Swahili language, which is spoken in parts of Africa, Barack means, one who is blessed. I believe, along with a name, his family gave him a big gift.
African countries have lived by the ancient idea of ‘Ubuntu’, which alludes to the ‘oneness in humanity’. They say – “I am, because we are”. Despite the gap in centuries and borders, there is the same spirit of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, which speak of in India. This is the great shared heritage of humanity. This unites us. When we discuss Mahatma Gandhi, we remember Henry Thoreau, from whom Mahatma Gandhi learnt disobedience. When we talk about Martin Luther King or Obama, we hear from their lips, respect for Mahatma Gandhi. These are the things that unite the world.
Today, Barack Obama is with us. I will first request him to share his thoughts. Then, I and Barack will both answer the questions that have been addressed to us.

I request President Barack Obama to say a few words.

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Namaste! Thank you Prime Minister Modi for your kind words and for the incredible hospitality you have shown me and my wife Michelle on this visit and let me say to the people of India how honoured I am to be the first American President to join you for Republic Day; and I’m told that this is also the first ever Radio address by an Indian Prime Minister and an American President together, so we’re making a lot of history in a short time. Now to the people of India listening all across this great nation. It’s wonderful to be able to speak you directly. We just come from discussions in which we affirmed that India and the United States are natural partners, because we have so much in common. We are two great democracies, two innovative economies, two diverse societies dedicated to empowering individuals. We are linked together by millions of proud Indian Americans who still have family and carry on traditions from India. And I want to say to the Prime Minister how much I appreciate your strong personal commitment to strengthening the relationship between these two countries.

People are very excited in the United States about the energy that Prime Minister Modi is bringing to efforts in this country to reduce extreme poverty and lift people up, to empower women, to provide access to electricity, and clean energy and invest in infrastructure, and the education system. And on all these issues, we want to be partners. Because many of the efforts that I am promoting inside the United States to make sure that the young people get the best education possible, to make sure that the ordinary people are properly compensated for their labour, and paid fair wages, and have job security and health care. These are the same kinds of issues that Prime Minister Modi, I know cares so deeply about here. And I think there’s a common theme in these issues. It gives us a chance to reaffirm what Gandhi ji reminded us, should be a central aim of our lives. And that is, we should endeavour to seek God through service of humanity because God is in everyone. So these shared values, these convictions, are a large part of why I am so committed to this relationship. I believe that if the United States and India join together on the world stage around these values, then not only will our peoples be better off, but I think the world will be more prosperous and more peaceful and more secure for the future. So thank you so much Mr. Prime Minister, for giving me this opportunity to be with you here today.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Barack the first question comes from Raj from Mumbai

His question is, the whole world knows about your love for your daughters. How will you tell your daughters about youre experience of India? Do you plan to do some shopping for them?

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well first of all they very much wanted to come. They are fascinated by India, Unfortunately each time that I have taken a trip here, they had school and they couldn’t leave school. And in fact, Malia, my older daughter, had exams just recently. They are fascinated by the culture, and the history of India, in part because of my influence I think, they are deeply moved by India’s movement to Independence, and the role that Gandhi played, in not only the non-violent strategies here in India, but how those ended up influencing the non-violent Civil Rights Movement in the United States. So when I go back I am going to tell them that India is as magnificent as they imagined. And I am quite sure that they are going to insist that I bring them back the next time I visit. It may not be during my Presidency, but afterwards they will definitely want to come and visit.
And I will definitely do some shopping for them. Although I can’t go to the stores myself, so I have to have my team do the shopping for me. And I’ll get some advice from Michelle, because she probably has a better sense of what they would like.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Barack said he will come with his daughters. I extend an invitation to you. Whether you come as President, or thereafter, India looks forward to welcoming you and your daughters.

Sanika Diwan from Pune, Maharashtra has asked me a question. She asks me, whether I have sought assistance from President Obama for the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Mission

Sanika you have asked a good question. There is a lot of worry because of the sex ratio in India. For every 1000 boys, the number of girls is less. And the main reason for this is that, there is a defect in our attitudes towards boys and girls.
Whether or not I seek help from President Obama, his life is in itself an inspiration. The way he has brought up his two daughters, the way he is proud of his two daughters.
In our country too, I meet many families who have only daughters. And they bring up their daughters with such pride, give them such respect, that is the biggest inspiration. I believe that inspiration is our strength. And in response to your question, I would like to say, to save the girl child, to educate the girl child, this is our social duty, cultural duty, and humanitarian responsibility. We should honour it.

Barack, there is a question for you. The second question for President Obama comes through e-mail: Dr. Kamlesh Upadhyay, a Doctor based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat – Your wife is doing extensive work on tackling modern health challenges like obesity and diabetes. These are increasingly being faced in India as well. Would you and the First Lady like to return to India to work on these issues after your Presidency, just like Bill and Melinda Gates?

(Hon’ble Barack Obama):

Well, we very much look forward to partnering with organizations, and the government and non-governmental organizations here in India, around broader Public Health issues including the issue of obesity. I am very proud of the work that Michelle has done on this issue. We’re seeing a world-wide epidemic of obesity, in many cases starting at a very young age. And a part of it has to do with increase in processed foods, not naturally prepared. Part of it is a lack of activity for too many children. And once they are on this path, it can lead to a life time of health challenges. This is an issue that we would like to work on internationally, including here in India. And it is a part of a broader set of issues around global health that we need to address. The Prime Minister and I have discussed, for example, how we can do a better job in dealing with issues like pandemic. And making sure that we have good alert systems so that if a disease like Ebola, or a deadly flu virus, or Polio appears, it is detected quickly and then treated quickly so that it doesn’t spread. The public health infrastructure around the world needs to be improved. I think the Prime Minister is doing a great job in focusing on these issues here in India. And India has a lot to teach many other countries who may not be advancing as rapidly in improving this public health sector. But it has an impact on everything, because if children are sick they can’t concentrate in school and they fall behind. It has a huge economic impact on the countries involved and so we think that there is a lot of progress to be made here and I am very excited about the possibilities of considering this work even after I leave office.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Mr. Arjun asks me a question. An interesting question. He says he has seen an old photo of me as a tourist outside the White House. He asks me what touched me when I went there last September.

It is true that when I first went to America, I was not lucky enough to visit the White House. There is an iron fence far from the White House. We stood outside the fence and took a photograph. White House is visible in the background. Now that I have become Prime Minister, that photo too has become popular. But at that time, I had never thought that sometime in my life, I would get a chance to visit the White House. But when I visited the White House, one thing touched my heart. I can never forget that. Barack gave me a book, a book that he had located after considerable effort. That book had become famous in 1894. Swami Vivekananda, the inspiration of my life, had gone to Chicago to participate in the World Religions Conference. And this book was a compilation of the speeches delivered at the World Religions Conference. That touched my heart. And not just this. He turned the pages of the book, and showed me what was written there. He had gone through the entire book! And he told me with pride, I come from the Chicago where Swami Vivekananda had come. These words touched my heart a lot. And I will treasure this throughout my life. So once, standing far from the White House and taking a photo, and then, to visit the White House, and to receive a book on someone whom I respect. You can imagine, how it would have touched my heart.

Barack there is a question for you. Himani from Ludhiana, Punjab. Question is for you ……:

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well the question is “Did you both imagine you would reach the positions that you’ve reached today?”

And it is interesting, Mr. Prime Minister, your talking about the first time you visited White House and being outside that iron fence. The same is true for me. When I first went to the White House, I stood outside that same fence, and looked in, and I certainly did not imagine that I would ever be visiting there, much less living there. You know, I think both of us have been blessed with an extraordinary opportunity, coming from relatively humble beginnings. And when I think about what’s best in America and what’s best in India, the notion that a tea seller or somebody who’s born to a single mother like me, could end up leading our countries, is an extraordinary example of the opportunities that exist within our countries. Now I think, a part of what motivates both you and I, is the belief that there are millions of children out there who have the same potential but may not have the same education, may not be getting exposed to opportunities in the same way, and so a part of our job, a part of government’s job is that young people who have talent, and who have drive and are willing to work for, are able to succeed. And that’s why we are emphasizing school, higher education. Making sure that children are healthy and making sure those opportunities are available to children of all backgrounds, girls and boys, people of all religious faiths and of all races in the United States is so important. Because you never know who might be the next Prime Minister of India, or who might be the next President of United States. They might not always look the part right off the bat. And they might just surprise you if you give them the chance.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Thank you Barack.

Himani from Ludhiana has also asked me this question – did I ever imagine I would reach this high office?

No. I never imagined it. Because, as Barack said, I come from a very ordinary family. But for a long time, I have been telling everyone, never dream of becoming something. If you wish to dream, dream of doing something. When we do something, we get satisfaction, and also get inspiration to do something new. If we only dream of becoming something, and cannot fulfil the dream, then we only get disappointed. And therefore, I never dreamt of becoming something. Even today, I have no dream of becoming something. But I do dream of doing something. Serving Mother India, serving 125 crore Indians, there can be no greater dream than this. That is what I have to do. I am thankful to Himani.

There is a question for Barack from Omprakash. Omprakash is studying Sanskrit at JNU. He belongs to Jhunjunu, Rajasthan. Om Prakash is convener of special centre for Sanskrit Studies in JNU.

(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well this is a very interesting question. His question is, the youth of the new generation is a global citizen. He is not limited by time or boundaries. In such a situation what should be the approach by our leadership, governments as well as societies at large.

I think this is a very important question. When I look at this generation that is coming up, they are exposed to the world in ways that you and I could hardly imagine. They have the world at their fingertips, literally. They can, using their mobile phone, get information and images from all around the world and that’s extraordinarily powerful. And what that means, I think is that, governments and leaders cannot simply try to govern, or rule, by a top-down strategy. But rather have to reach out to people in an inclusive way, and an open way, and a transparent way. And engage in a dialogue with citizens, about the direction of their country. And one of the great things about India and the United States is that we are both open societies. And we have confidence and faith that when citizens have information, and there is a vigorous debate, that over time even though sometimes democracy is frustrating, the best decisions and the most stable societies emerge and the most prosperous societies emerge. And new ideas are constantly being exchanged. And technology today I think facilitates that, not just within countries, but across countries. And so, I have much greater faith in India and the United States, countries that are open information societies, in being able to succeed and thrive in this New Information Age; than closed societies that try to control the information that citizens receive. Because ultimately that’s no longer possible. Information will flow inevitably, one way or the other, and we want to make sure we are fostering a healthy debate and a good conversation between all peoples.

(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Omprakash wants me too, to answer the question that has been asked to Barack.

Barack has given a very good answer. It is inspiring. I will only say, that once upon a time, there were people inspired primarily by the Communist ideology. They gave a call: Workers of the world, Unite. This slogan lasted for several decades. I believe, looking at the strength and reach of today’s youth, I would say, Youth, Unite the world. I believe they have the strength and they can do it.

The next question is from CA Pikashoo Mutha from Mumbai, and he asks me, which American leader has inspired you

When I was young, I used to see Kennedy’s pictures in Indian newspapers. His personality was very impressive. But your question is, who has inspired me. I liked reading as a child. And I got an opportunity to read the biography of Benjamin Franklin. He lived in the eighteenth century. And he was not an American President. But his biography is so inspiring – how a person can intelligently try to change his life.
If we feel excessively sleepy, how can we reduce that?
If we feel like eating too much, how can we work towards eating less?
If people get upset with you that cannot meet them, because of the pressure of work, then how to solve this problem?
He has addressed such issues in his biography. And I tell everyone, we should read Benjamin Franklin’s biography. Even today, it inspires me. And Benjamin Franklin had a multi-dimensional personality. He was a politician, he was a political scientist, he was a social worker, he was a diplomat. And he came from an ordinary family. He could not even complete his education. But till today, his thoughts have an impact on American life. I find his life truly inspiring. And I tell you too, if you read his biography, you will find ways to transform your life too. And he has talked about simple things. So I feel you will be inspired as much as I have been.

There is a question for Barack, from Monika Bhatia.
(Hon’ble Shri Barack Obama):

Well the question is “As leaders of two major economies, what inspires you and makes you smile at the end of a bad day at work?”
And that is a very good question. I say sometimes, that the only problems that come to my desk are the ones that nobody else solves. If they were easy questions, then somebody else would have solved them before they reached me. So there are days when it’s tough and frustrating. And that’s true in Foreign Affairs. That is true in Domestic Affairs. But I tell you what inspires me, and I don’t know Mr. Prime Minister if you share this view – almost every day I meet somebody who tells me, “You made a difference in my life.”
So they’ll say, “The Health-Care law that you passed, saved my child who didn’t have health insurance.” And they were able to get an examination from a Physician, and they caught an early tumour, and now he is doing fine.
Or they will say “You helped me save my home during the economic crisis.”
Or they’ll say, “I couldn’t afford college, and the program you set up has allowed me to go to the university.”
And sometimes they are thanking you for things that you did four or five years ago. Sometimes they are thanking you for things you don’t even remember, or you’re not thinking about that day. But it is a reminder of what you said earlier, which is, if you focus on getting things done as opposed to just occupying an office or maintaining power, then the satisfaction that you get is unmatched. And the good thing about service is that anybody can do it. If you are helping somebody else, the satisfaction that you can get from that, I think, exceeds anything else that you can do. And that’s usually what makes me inspired to do more, and helps get through the challenges and difficulties that we all have. Because obviously we are not the only people with bad days at work. I think everybody knows what it is like to have a bad day at work. You just have to keep on working through it. Eventually you make a difference.
(Hon’ble Shri Narendra Modi):

Indeed Barack has spoken words from the heart (Mann Ki Baat). Whatever position we may hold, we are human too. Simple things can inspire us. I also wish to narrate an experience. For many years, I was like an ascetic. I got food at other people’s homes. Whoever invited me, used to feed me as well. Once a family invited me over for a meal, repeatedly. I would not go, because I felt they are too poor, and if I go to eat at their place, I will become a burden on them. But eventually, I had to bow to their request and love. And I went to eat a meal at their home. It was a small hut, where we sat down to eat. They offered me roti made of bajra (millet), and mik. Their young child was looking at the milk. I felt, the child has never even seen milk. So I gave that small bowl of milk to the child. And he drank it within seconds. His family members were angry with him. And I felt that perhaps that child has never had any milk, apart from his mother’s milk. And maybe, they had bought milk so that I could have a good meal. This incident inspired me a lot. A poor person living in a hut could think so much about my well-being. So I should devote my life to their service. So these are the things that serve as inspiration. And Barack has also spoken about what can touch the heart.
I am thankful to Barack, he has given so much time. And I am thankful to my countrymen for listening to Mann Ki Baat. I know radio reaches every home and every lane of India. And this Mann Ki Baat, this special Mann Ki Baat will echo forever.
I have an idea. I share it with you. There should be an e-book made of the talk between Barack and me today. I hope the organizers of Mann Ki Baat will release this e-book. And to you all, who have listened to Mann Ki Baat, I also say, do participate in this. And the best hundred thoughts that emerge out of this, will also be added to this e-book. And I want you to write to us on Twitter, on Facebook, or online, using the hashtag #YesWeCan.

• Eliminate Poverty – #YesWeCan
• Quality Healthcare to All – #YesWeCan
• Youth empowered with Education – #YesWeCan
• Jobs for All – #YesWeCan
• End to Terrorism – #YesWeCan
• Global Peace and Progress – #YesWeCan

I want you to send your thoughts, experiences and feelings after listening to Mann Ki Baat. From them, we will select the best hundred, and we will add them to the book containing the talk that Barack and I have had. And I believe, this will truly become, the Mann Ki Baat of us all.

Once again, a big thank you to Barack. And to all of you. Barack’s visit to India on this pious occasion of 26th January, is a matter of pride for me and for the country.

Thank you very much.

Click here to see Transcript

http://pib.nic.in/archieve/others/2015/jan/d2015012703.pdf

January 27, 2015

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAsG7YPR6AQ&x-yt-ts=1422327029&x-yt-cl=84838260

__._,

.

stime=1422376285

THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM


THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :

THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :

 

US President Barack Obama was the guest of honor at India’s celebration of its 66th Republic Day on Monday, January 26, 2015. This is the first time in the history of Republic of India, the US President is  the guest of honor at the Republic Day Parade. There is a palpable sense of warmth, friendship, and cordiality between President Obama and India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi. On behalf of Special Frontier Force I have to admit that India and the United States are not marching towards the goal of winning Peace through Freedom, a journey that these two nations started during 1950s. I would like to share the memories of the historical Five-Day visit to India by 34th US President Dwight David Eisenhower from 09 December to 14 December 1959. India and the United States joined hands to secure Peace and Freedom in the Occupied Land of Tibet . The military organization called Special Frontier Force( also known as Establishment No. 22) truly represents the legacy of President Eisenhower who captivated the hearts of Indian people with his call for a Crusade for Peace through Freedom. We have yet to fight this Battle to secure Peace, Freedom, Democracy, and Justice in the Land of Tibet. US President Obama, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi have failed to mention the Great Problem of Tibet which gave the stimulus for formulating friendly relations between the US and India. Even if the word ‘TIBET’ is not mentioned during President Obama’s visit to India, I can most positively assert that TIBET would remain the central focus of India’s relationship with the United States. The military occupation of TIBET poses the greatest danger to Peace, Freedom, Democracy, and Human Rights in the world. The problem will not go away and the real solution for the military occupation of TIBET is  the Eviction of Military Occupier from the territories of Tibet.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :
THE CRUSADE FOR PEACE THROUGH FREEDOM :

Welcome to Noble Thoughts from All Directions to promote the well-being of man and to know the purpose in Life.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 266 other followers

%d bloggers like this: