I would like to pay my tribute to Blaise Pascal who shared his views about man and human nature; “Man is a nothing in comparison with the Infinite, an All in comparison with the Nothing, a mean between Nothing and Everything. Since he is infinitely removed from comprehending the extremes, the end of things and their beginning are helplessly hidden from him in an impenetrable secret; he is equally incapable of seeing the Nothing from which he was made, and the Infinite in which he swallowed up.” Since man exists as a Mortal Being, man has a natural tendency to investigate the Beginning of Life and the End of Life and seek a better understanding of the natural processes liking Aging that propels man to travel and reach the destination termed ‘Death’ without any choice. Aging is a widespread biological phenomenon and all living things display a natural tendency towards a decline of biological functions and a time-related disability to adapt to metabolic stress. At the same time, I ask my readers to note that the ‘Protoplasm’, the living substance that makes up both the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm appears to be potentially immortal. The term ‘Longevity’, the length or duration of a life or lives, must be interpreted in the context of the potential ability of Protoplasm to survive while individual members of species take birth, live, and die after a period of time. The term Life-Span describes the longest period of time that a typical individual can be expected to live. Similarly, Lifetime is the period of time that someone lives, or that something lasts, functions, or is in effect. Human beings have the unique ability to use their Lifetime to create a legacy that can endure giving an aura of immortality to that specific human individual who may have finished his or her mortal existence.
THE PHENOMENON OF LONGEVITY:
The concept of Life-Span implies that there is an individual whose existence has a definite beginning and end. Within the Phylum Protozoa, organisms that consist of a single cell, are numerous species that reproduce by fission which is a form of asexual reproduction in which the parent organism divides into two or more approximately equal parts, each becoming an independent individual. In such organisms where it is not easy to establish the beginning and end of an individual organism, the growth seems to continue indefinitely and a potential immortality can be observed. In organisms that use sexual reproduction, the limits of the life-span of each species appear to be determined by ‘Heredity’ which refers to the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring by means of genes in the chromosomes. Each individual member of any given species has a life-span during which something of that individual lasts when transmitted to offspring as heritable information. The term heredity and the Laws of Inheritance and the Science called Genetics will have validity if, and only if some biological characteristics survive in spite of the death of any individual member of a species. It is very interesting to observe that there are several species of living things which have continuously lived for exceptionally long periods of time retaining their species-specific identity. Such organisms can be claimed to be immortal as they appear to be fully capable of surviving indefinitely. This faculty has been attributed to some insects, some simpler forms of invertebrate marine life (such as Tube Worms, Jellyfish, Clams, and Lobsters), certain fishes and reptiles which appear to be capable of unlimited growth. As the complexity of an organism increases, the internal changes associated with the aging process contribute to senescence and death of the organism. Even under the most favorable external conditions, there is a predetermined age beyond which a given individual of a species may not be able to survive. The Maximum Life-Span is often an estimate based on the longest lived organism of its species that is known to date. The Average Life-Span is a statistical concept that is derived by the analysis of mortality data for populations of each species. The Average Life-Span is related to Life Expectancy, the statistically probable length of time that a typical individual of any given species can be expected to live. Life Expectancy varies as it depends on the changing death rate over a period of time. Even species that have very slow-growing rates can experience higher than natural death rates due to external factors and may even face the threat of total extinction.
The issue of Life-Span of plants and trees and of Human Life-Span need special consideration. In all animals, where the organism is formed by sexual reproduction, the beginning of life is defined by the formation of the fertilized egg cell or zygote. Very often, physical birth is considered to be the beginning of the Life-Span. The end or death of an organism is reflected in its inability to support its structural and functional organization that gives it a distinctive physical identity. This generation of Life by the union of an egg and sperm is a most remarkable event. In the entire Animal and Plant Kingdom where the organisms achieve reproduction sexually, the Generative Mechanism remains the same and is unchanged over millions of years. This Generative Potential of Sexual Reproduction is unaltered and it describes a most creative process that is involved in the beginning of all living creatures. In my view, the immutability of Life’s beginning is dependent upon the Unchanging Principle called Soul or Spirit.
Aging is God’s eternal law with respect to man and as such the principle of aging exists in the human nature and man has no choice other than that of submitting to the Natural Law of Aging to begin his mortal existence.
Lord Gautama Buddha(c. 563 to c. 483 B.C.,) known as “Siddhartha”(He who accomplishes) had correctly observed to claim that, “Whatever is born, produced, conditioned, contains within itself the nature of its own dissolution.” In biology, the term aging is used to describe the progressive structural, and functional changes in an organism that lead to senescence or a decline of biological functions and of organism’s ability to adapt to metabolic stress. It must be carefully understood that the process called aging begins right after the moment of conception and the newborn arrives because of the mechanisms that operate and control the aging process.
Age is a fundamental characteristic of most living organisms. The speed of the aging process varies and it is not the same in the entire organism. To establish human birth with a recognizable physical appearance, the cells of the embryo and fetus rapidly multiply and several of them have to simply die after a programmed sequence of cell divisions. Aging is that inevitable process that causes cell death after the lapse of a specified time interval which is programmed. At adulthood(age 20), age acceleration is around 40% and it is 100% in newborns.
AGING – BIOLOGICAL CLOCK – BIOLOGICAL RHYTHM:
Biorhythm or Biological Rhythm describes the cyclic pattern of changes in physiology often synchronized with daily environmental changes in response to daylight or dark. Circadian Rhythm is the 24-hour clock that drives wakefulness and sleep. Most living organisms use a timing mechanism that use clues or external environmental stimuli like that of light, and temperature that influence the internal Biological Clock. The concept of an operating Biological Clock is important in the understanding of the aging process.
HORVATH’S CLOCK – EPIGENETIC CLOCK – DNA METHYLATION AGE:
Dr. Steve Horvath, Professor of Human Genetics, UCLA, USA has discovered with a new technique of age measuring that uses aging marker called DNA Methylation. He described 353 epigenetic markers on the DNA which measure DNA methylation of cpG dinucleotides.
The human organism experiences the consequences of the aging process and the condition called senescence or old age is easy to recognize. There are several theories about the aging mechanism and as to how the aging process is operated and controlled by hereditary factors. Some deterioration of normal bodily functions is always a component of the biological aging process.
I define Spirit or Soul as the vital, animating, and unchanging, operating Principle that establishes human existence in a constantly changing world. Age is a measurement of the time interval between two events such as the birth and the death. The aging phenomenon is a variable expression which is influenced by both heredity and external environmental factors. At the same time, it could be important to identify the factors that operate within the internal environment of each, individual, independent, living cells. The immediate external environment of DNA, genes, chromosomes, and the nucleus is called the cytoplasm, or cytosol if the cell is viewed as a nucleus and cytoplasm bounded by a limiting membrane. I often write about the unchanging nature of this cytoplasm which may be recognized as its spiritual attribute. The cytoplasm has the Power described in Physiology as “NUTRITION”, the power or ability with which it attracts matter found in the cell’s external environment. In other words, the cytoplasm has the spiritual ability to establish a connection, association, bonding, relationship, or partnership between the energy-yielding molecules of the environment, and the energy-demanding molecules of the human individual and establish the fact or reality called the living being. The DNA, the genes, the chromosomes and the nucleus have no such ability for they simply lead a dependent existence deriving energy and matter supplied by the cytoplasm and its structures such as the mitochondria, and the ribosomes. The DNA is able to express a change and is able to generate a variation in the structures or a variation in the physiological functions such as the rate of protein synthesis because of the fact of its dependence upon an unchanging Principle that is not influenced by the time factor.
If age is viewed as a natural phenomenon characterized by changes in structure and function, the change is explained as the Power of Time over material things. This change is possible and can be recognized as the process is supported by an Unchanging, Spiritual, or Eternal Principle that is not affected by the time factor. For that reason, aging has to be explained as an Eternal Law which operates and regulates human existence from conception to death. Man has no choice other than that of leading a dependent existence, a Dependence that is Primarily provided by the Power/Force/Energy often named as the Divine Providence.
NATURAL LAW AND THE FEDERAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS ACT:
Natural Law is a system of right or justice held to be common to all mankind derived from ‘Nature’ rather than from the rules and conventions of civil society. Hence it provides a system of justice that is common to all humankind and it is essentially recognized by human reason alone. The opposite of Natural Law is called “human law,” “positive law,” “written law,” or “civil law.” Natural Laws are fundamental to human nature whereas man-made laws are conditioned by history and are subject to continuous change.
Stoicism is a school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium, Greece in c.300 B.C. Thinkers such as Socrates, Heraclitus, Aristotle, and Plato believed in performing one’s duty with the right disposition would help a person to live consistently with nature and thus man achieves true freedom. Stoicism provided the most complete formulation of Natural Law. This school of thought was especially well received in the Roman world. Thinkers such as Cicero, Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius were all Stoics. They conceived an entirely egalitarian Law of Nature in conformity with the “Right Reason”, “Rational Principle” or “LOGOS” inherent in the human mind and human nature. Cicero wrote of a “true law, right reason, diffused in all men, constant, and everlasting.” The true basis of any law is within oneself and is not dependent on external things.
Thomas Aquinas held the view that “the Natural Law is nothing else than the rational creature’s participation in the eternal law.” Natural Law is God’s eternal law with respect to man as that is received and exists in man as the first principle of his practical reason and includes all the precepts which can be discovered by using the innate reasoning ability. Aquinas stated that Human Law that violates Natural Law is not true Law.
The epoch-making appeal of Hugo Grotius to the Natural Law belongs to the history of jurisprudence. He insisted that the Natural Law will be valid “even if were to suppose ….. that God does not exist or is not concerned with human affairs.” Grotius held that Natural Law prescribes rules of conduct for nations and for individuals to the same extent.
Hobbes argued from the point of view called “State of Nature” in which men free and equal in rights have the “Right of Nature”(jus naturale) to use his own power for the preservation of his own nature, that is to say of life. In other words, man has a natural right to self-preservation. Dutch philosopher Baruch or Benedict Spinoza(1632-77), and German philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz(1646-1716) interpreted Natural Law as the basis of ethics and morality. French political philosopher and writer, Jean Jacques Rousseau(1712-78) regarded Natural Law as the basis of democratic principles.
English philosopher John Locke described the State of Nature as a state of society with free and equal men observing the Natural law. In his view, all human beings are equal and are free to pursue life, health, liberty, and possessions.
The Natural Rights Theory provided a philosophical basis for both the American and French Revolutions.
While discussing about Natural Law, it must be noted that the Laws of Natural Science cannot be violated. The Natural Laws of Science are inviolable and have to be obeyed. For example, the Law of Gravitation cannot be disobeyed. If the foundation of a Natural Law is valid, it accounts for a general rule of behavior that can be obtained without exception. Since the Laws of Nature cannot be altered and there is no choice other than that of obedience of the Law, the laws of the land must be guided by the principles of the Natural Law. In its essence, the Civil Law is the application of Natural Law to particular social circumstances. German philosopher, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel(1770-1831) had divided all Laws into two kinds – “Laws of Nature and Laws of the Land” and Hegel holds that “the laws of nature are simply what they are and are valid as they are.” The same is not true about Civil Law as Civil Law is subject to change due to social, economic, and political conditions prevailing in a country at the time of the promulgation or enactment of that law. The Positive Law or the Civil Law must use the Natural Law as its source as well as the standard.
NATURAL LAW AND THE NATURAL PHENOMENON OF AGING:
The Law that regulates the period of human existence is not invented by man. The inevitable aging process is a natural condition that affects the lifetime of all kinds of living beings. To live or exist, man is under the compulsion of the Natural Law that demands growing old under the influence of time. If getting old is “Just by Nature”, the Principle of Natural Justice or “Just by Law” is valid everywhere and for all people. In this context, I would state that the Federal Insurance Contributions Act must provide “Natural Justice” to all of its subscribers who experience old age.
In my opinion, if the “Rational Principle” or “Right Reason” is applied, all the subscribers who make financial contributions through payroll deductions to fund the public programs mandated by the Federal Insurance Contributions Act(FICA) must receive the promised old age and medical insurance(Medicare) benefits when they attain the prescribed age or the qualifying age which is currently at 65-years or more. All human beings are entitled to equal treatment under the Law and it includes those alien, slave workers who labor in the United States spending their lifetime marching towards their deaths under the compulsions of Natural Law.
This article is dedicated to the memory of Mr. Subba Rao Rebbapragada, B.A., LL.B.,(b. October 13, 1893 – d. May 26, 1948). He served as a Government Prosecutor at the District Sessions Court, Rajahmundry, East Godavari District, Madras Presidency, the Province of the British Empire in India, as a loyal subject of the British Crown. India existed under foreign rule during much of its long history and won its independence on August 15, 1947, just about 66 years ago. Indians are very tolerant of slavery and servitude imposed by their foreign masters. India has its own traditional laws and it established secular laws under the influence of its British Rule.
The moral influence of Christianity has provoked man to rebel against the evil, and corrupt practice of slavery and involuntary servitude. Slavery was commonly practiced in the world of Bible times. Slavery existed in various parts of the world for thousands of years and it took the full intellectual force of Christian Faith to ban it from the globe. The New Testament Book of Galatians, Chapter 3, verses 26-28: “You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus, for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” The New Testament Books of Bible moved away from the concepts shared by The Books of The Old Testament, and preach that man has to make a moral choice between Spirit and Sin. If man chooses Spirit, he submits to the Will of LORD God and lives his life as God’s slave. If man chooses Sin, he succumbs to a life of vice, and corruption. Christianity teaches that men are created equal if they share a common faith in Jesus Christ and it provided an opportunity to man not to choose Slavery, Involuntary Servitude, and Forced Labor imposed by another man, social institutions, and national entities. Hence, man has a natural right to oppose the practice of Slavery, Involuntary Servitude, or Forced labor even if the secular Laws created by man may condone or overlook such practices. The United States adopted its ‘Declaration of Independence’ on July 04, 1776 while announcing its separation from Great Britain and it had boldly announced:”We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.”
While Americans are aware of man’s natural rights, they continued the practice of Slavery until the ‘Emancipation Proclamation’ issued by President Abraham Lincoln in September 1862 which came into effect on January 01, 1863 freeing the slaves in all territory still at War with the Union. It appears that Americans have entirely forgotten the lessons they learned from fighting a bitter, bloody Civil War to end the practice of Slavery in the Union. Americans have resurrected the practice of Slavery, Involuntary Servitude and Forced Labor by enacting secular laws that violate the Principle of Equality of Protection under Law. Such practices are enforced using the force, and machinery of its legal institutions, governmental agencies and departments that they have created to serve their subjects who lost their discerning ability to know right from wrong.
THE INSTITUTIONALIZED PRACTICE OF SLAVERY, INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE, AND FORCED LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES:
The term ‘Slave Driver’ describes a person who oversees and directs the work of slaves. The United States is using its Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Internal Revenue Service, and Department of Homeland Security to enforce the practice of slavery and involuntary servitude in its territory while people labor on the US soil to support their natural rights to a Life of simple, human existence without accumulating personal wealth, and without aspiring for positions of power and public recognition. The term servant describes a person employed to perform services, a person who earns wage by providing hourly labor. Serf is any person who is oppressed or without freedom. Bondage involves subjection of a person to some force, compulsion, or influence that takes away freedom. The term slavery refers to hard work, toil, labor like that done by slaves, drudgery or servitude as practiced by societal institutions or by employers sanctioned by the State. It is clearly documented beyond any doubt that billions of dollars deducted from the paychecks issued to alien workers flow to the Social Security Administration(SSA) every year. These public funds will be used by the United States to pay retirees and Medicare beneficiaries while the alien workers have no legal right to claim the benefits to which they had fully contributed under the provisions of the Federal Insurance Contributions Act(FICA). In this context, it must be understood, that labor consumes the short hours, the short days, the short weeks, the short years of human life. The characteristic of all labor is that it consumes some part of human life. All humans are subject to the natural condition called aging. The Labor Law is a body of law applied to such matters as employment, remuneration, and conditions of work. In its most comprehensive sense it includes old age and disability. Old age is a natural condition that contributes to the disability associated with the aging process that forces man to seek retirement from work.
The United States Department of Labor was established in 1913 to administer and enforce statutes that promote the welfare, improve the working conditions of all laborers or workforce. Social Security is a public program that provides for economic security and welfare and it is operated by the Social Security Administration(SSA) that was established in 1946. It provides some cash payment to defray income loss due to old age. The US Social Security Act of 1935 established retirement insurance. The health insurance plan called Medicare was added in 1965 and it is administered by the Health Care Financing Administration that was established in 1977 as a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services. While the US Labor Law explicitly prohibits the practice of discrimination at workplace, it allowed the separation of workers into two distinct categories; 1. The domestic, or native workers who are entitled to claim the benefits of retirement insurance, and health insurance to which they make contributions through payroll deductions, and 2. The alien or non-immigrant workers who pay into the System and contribute towards the benefits provided by retirement insurance and health insurance but are legally disqualified to apply for the benefits to which they have already paid.
THE US CODE CHAPTER 77, TITLE 18, Section 1581, 1584 and 1589:
The United States has enacted legislation that specifically prohibit slavery, involuntary servitude or forced labor. These provisions are contained in Chapter 77 of Title 18. Section 1581 prohibits using force, the threat of force, or the threat of legal coercion to compel a person to work against his/her will. Section 1584 makes it unlawful to hold a person in a condition of slavery, that is a condition of compulsory service or labor against his/her will by use of actual force, threats of force, or threats of legal coercion. Section 1584 specifically prohibits compelling a person to work against his/her will by creating a “climate of fear” through the use of force, the threat of force, or the threat of legal coercion(i.e. if you don’t work, I’ll call the Immigration Officials”) which is sufficient to compel service against a person’s will. Section 1589 broadens the definition of the kinds of coercion that might result in forced labor and it includes by means of the abuse or threatened abuse of law or the legal process.
“THE COMMON LAW IS THE WILL OF MANKIND ISSUING FROM THE LIFE OF THE PEOPLE”:
The US Department of Justice wants to uphold the principles of natural law and it has boldly proclaimed its motto: “The Common Law is the will of Mankind issuing from the Life of the People.” It is indeed very pleasing to read that US wants to abide by the Principles of Natural Law that are enshrined in the Supreme Law of the nation called ‘The Constitution of the United States of America’ which gives the hope of equal protection, or equality of protection to all human beings who reside in its territory where the Law is the Sovereign principle governing the lives of people. I am asking my readers to tell me as to why the US Department of Health and Human Services declines to offer the benefits of retirement insurance and health care insurance to alien/non-immigrant workers aged 66-years or more who have fully paid their contributions to seek the eligibility established for receiving these benefits. The alien/non-immigrant workers aged 66-years or more are legally coerced by the State to continue to labor or work against their will. If such persons apply for their retirement insurance and health care insurance benefits, the State may use is its inherent power and remove those individuals from its territory and send them empty-handed and compel them to lead a life of forced labor as they have no access to old age retirement. For this reason, I have named United States as a ‘SLAVE DRIVER’ and if I am wrong, kindly spare a few minutes of your time and tell me the reason to suggest that I could be wrong.
R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S., Personal Numbers:MS-8466/MR-03277K. Rank:Lieutenant/Captain/Major. Branch:Army Medical Corps/Short Service Regular Commission(1969-1972); Direct Permanent Commission(1973-1984). Designation:Medical Officer. Unit:Establishment No.22(1971-1974)/South Column,Operation Eagle(1971-1972). Organization: Special Frontier Force.
Courageous Luminaries Awards Dinner October 17, 2013 Los Angeles, CA
Dear Rudra,Protecting the rights of immigrant workers isn’t just part of SEIU’s mission – it’s in their DNA. Founded more than 90 years ago by immigrant janitors, SEIU has grown from its humble beginnings to become one of the nation’s most powerful forces advocating for fairness and dignity for workers and their families. No matter what they do or where they come from, SEIU has fought to widen the net of workplace protections and improve the quality of life for all working families.They wage tough fights against big industries – and win. That’s part of why I’m so proud to join the National Immigration Law Center on October 17 to honor this union’s many contributions to advance and protect workers’ rights, both within immigration reform and beyond.
Purchase tickets now to help celebrate a truly momentous year for immigrants. If you can’t join us in person, please consider purchasing an ad to thank SEIU for everything it has done to preserve immigrants’ rights at the workplace.
We hope you can join us!
Lilia García-Brower Executive Director, Maintenance Cooperation Trust Fund Secretary, National Immigration Law Center Board of Directors
PS – The ad deadline is two weeks away. Reserve your space in NILC’s online journal today!
Darwin’s Theory of Evolution involves the notion of a common ancestor for both man and the anthropoid apes. Both Gorilla and Chimpanzee are natives of Africa and they exist with 48 chromosomes as compared to man’s genome that consists of 46 chromosomes. Human Chromosome #2 attracted a lot of attention for the nearest ape relative bonobo has near identical DNA sequences . But, the problem is that of the separation of these DNA sequences into two chromosomes called #2 a, and #2 b giving the apes a genome with 48 chromosomes.
It would be very easy to speculate that the Human Chromosome #2 can result from an end to end fusion of two ancestral chromosomes such as the Chromosome #2 a, and Chromosome #2 b.
Man and apes exist with genomes that are almost identical and yet man cannot directly descend from the anthropoid apes. The fusion of Chromosomes #2 a, and #2 b would cause the production of a non-viable mutant or an individual who may not produce any offspring. Firstly, we need a male and a female with this fused chromosome in their gametes; the sperm and the egg to produce an offspring with a unique set of 46 chromosomes; 22 pairs of autosomes and a pair of (XY or XX) of Sex Chromosomes X,Y. It requires two identical, rare, mutant, male and female to produce offspring and to establish an entirely new population. The Theory of Evolution proposes that random, unguided, mutations lead to changes in a Species and eventually lead to its descent as a new Species. If fusion of two, distinct, separate chromosomes such as #2 a, and #2 b is required, the fusion event must happen in a Hominid population about 10,000 years ago and this population would have no relationship with the living apes.
THE ORIGIN OF HUMAN RACES:
The term “RACE” describes any of the different varieties or populations of human beings distinguished by physical traits such as hair, eyes, skin color, shape of body and head, facial features, and blood traits. These physical traits or characteristics are transmitted by heredity. However, it must be noted that such traits are highly variable, not every member of a race will exhibit all distinguishing traits. But, it is very clear that Human Races or varieties arose in response to inbreeding and not on account of interbreeding of different subspecies.
Anthropologists had initially described three primary divisions of people, 1. Caucasoid, 2. Mongoloid, and 3. Negroid. Thomas Huxley in his paper titled “On the Geographical Distribution of the Chief Modifications of Mankind”(1870), had described racial varieties such as Bushman, Africoid, Negritoes, Melanochroi, Australoids, Xanthochroi, Polynesians, Mongoloids A, B, & C, and Esquimaux.
It is of no surprise to note the controversy regarding the terms used to identify the varieties of mankind. As such there is no agreement and the word ‘Species’ has no defined meaning. There are two schools of thought to account for the apparent variations among the members of the Human Species. Monogeny describes a view that all human races came from a common ancestor. Polygeny is a view that asserts the separate creation of races.
THE BIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR HUMAN RACES:
Today, some anthropologists entirely reject the concept of “RACE.” However, they stress the heterogeneity of world population. In Biology, the term ‘race’ is used to describe a subspecies, or variety, or breed. The search for a common ancestor for the entire Human Species is not yet over. In recent times, the techniques of DNA extraction and genomic sequencing have advanced. Evolutionary geneticists are describing their findings with a degree of boldness by simply studying the DNA and using the finding to predict the behavior and nature of the Homo Species members.
To resolve the problems about finding the biological basis for human races, we may have to take the help of the Science called Immunology that deals with man’s ability to defend his own existence by recognizing Self and Non-Self marker proteins(antigens), the protein molecules that cover the surfaces of every cell in the human body.
THE LAW OF CREATION AND INDIVIDUALITY:
The many aspects of immunological recognition is more important than that of the recognition of ancestral Species from which the Human Species may have arrived or descended. The HLA antigens are very remarkable for the extensive degree of genetic polymorphism; that is the variability between individuals is very great and there could be no two identical individuals as unrelated individuals have different HLA antigens. Histocompatibility is a condition of compatibility between the tissues of a graft or transplant and the tissues of the body receiving the graft or transplant. The understanding of histocompatibility is important for the success of organ transplantation and it clearly demonstrates that the Human Species has no choice other than that of existing as Specific Individuals with Individuality. The concept of descent from another Species cannot account for immunological recognition which formulates the basis for histocompatibility and Immunity from infections.
President Abraham Lincoln issued the ‘Emancipation Proclamation’ in September 1862 that went into effect on January 01, 1863 freeing the slaves in all territory still at War with the Union. The term ‘Free State’ refers to any State of the U.S. in which slavery was forbidden before the Civil War. The term ‘Slave State’ refers to any of the States in which slavery was legal before the Civil War. After abolishing slavery, the United States Department of Labor was established in 1913 to administer and enforce statutes that promote the welfare, improve the working conditions of all laborers or workforce. In modern economic life, the term laborer describes all manual workers whose work is characterized largely by physical exertion, and especially it refers to workers who labor to earn wages on an hourly basis without the benefit of a contractual agreement with their employers. The term Labor Law refers to legislation that affects workers, and the conditions of their employment. Labor Law is the body of law applied to such matters as employment, remuneration, and conditions of work. In its most comprehensive sense, the Labor Law includes Old Age and Disability Insurance. The characteristic of all labor is that it consumes some part of the short days and years of human life. The essence of all labor is that of the time and life it consumes to deliver a wage or earning to support the life it consumes.
THE U.S. SOCIAL SECURITY ACT OF 1935:
The U.S. Social Security Act(1935) had established retirement insurance plan called Social Security which is a public program providing for economic security and welfare of persons who make contributions to fund the program. The Health Insurance Plan called Medicare was added in 1965. It is administered by the Social Security Administration(SSA) of the Department of Health and Human Services. Medicare provides basic hospital insurance for persons aged 65 and over after they make contributions to fund the program. The Federal Insurance Contributions Act(FICA) ensures that the wages are reported by the employers and SSA and Medicare deductions are made from the paychecks of the employees before they receive their paychecks or wages, or earnings. The worker pays 6.2 percent of the earnings as SSA contribution and the employer pays 6.2 percent of the wage earned as SSA contribution to provide retirement income to that worker. Similarly, 2.9 percent is paid into Medicare Program, half by the worker and half by the employer.
ALIEN WORKERS PAY SOCIAL SECURITY AND MEDICARE CONTRIBUTIONS:
The United States employs a large number of alien workers and millions of these workers are issued paychecks from which billions of dollars are deducted and flow directly to the Social Security Administration(SSA) every year. For example, for the year 2007, about $11.2 billion went into the Social Security Trust Fund, and $2.6 billion went into Medicare. These funds are utilized to pay the legal residents of the United States who receive their Social Security income and the Medicare health insurance benefits. At the same time, the alien workers who do not become legal residents of the United States will not receive any income from the wages they earned while they labored on the soil of the United States. These alien workers cannot participate in the Health Insurance Exchange, a new program introduced by President Obama through a Law known as the Affordable Health Care Act that goes into effect on October 01, 2013. Several of these alien workers have already fully subscribed to the public health insurance program called Medicare and their contributions are taken by payroll deductions. These alien workers aged 65 and over are denied access to health care insurance even while they still continue to labor on the U.S. soil and still are paying into the System that gives them no benefit. These alien workers aged 66 and over have attained their full retirement age working in the United States under the provisions of the U.S. Labor Law which established the principles of equal opportunity and protection from discrimination based upon age, sex, race, or country of origin. It is apparent that the United States has institutionalized the practice of slavery by denying the retirement income and health insurance benefit to those alien workers who made their lifetime contributions according to the laws enforced by the country.
WHAT IS SLAVERY???
The term servant is used to describe a person employed to perform services to earn a wage, or income by providing labor. The term ‘Slavery’ refers to the condition of a slave, serf, or the like which is stated as ‘Servitude’. The term ‘Servitude’ is specifically used to refer to labor in which the person who performs the labor has no right to his earnings from labor. The term ‘Bondage’ implies any condition of subjugation or depriving a person the right to his property or earning. Serf is any person who is oppressed or has no freedom. Both Servitude, and Bondage involve subjection of a person to some force, compulsion, or influence that takes away freedom, and the dignity of the human being who by his birth is thought to be born free, and equal. In the United States, the Nation, or the State has institutionalized the practice of Slavery by enacting Laws that would empower the State to withhold the property or wage paid by the employer to his employee without any formal approval or consent of the affected worker who performs labor. At the full age of retirement of 66-years, the alien worker who spent the hours, the days, the weeks, the months, and the years of his life performing labor in the United States, gets denied all the earnings he earned for his retirement to lead a life in his Old Age with basic human dignity. I have no term other than that of “SLAVE STATE” to describe the country that is holding people in a condition called Bondage and Servitude.
R. Rudra Narasimham, B.Sc., M.B.B.S., Personal Numbers:MS-8466/MR-03277K. Rank:Lieutenant/Captain/Major. Branch:Army Medical Corps/Short Service Regular Commission(1969-1972); Direct Permanent Commission(1973-1984). Designation:Medical Officer. Unit:Establishment No.22(1971-1974)/South Column,Operation Eagle(1971-1972). Organization: Special Frontier Force.
Dear Rudra,We invite you to check out a couple of newly available brief-but-meaty reports. In August, the National Immigration Law Center published a report on E-Verify, the federal government’s Web-based employment eligibility verification system and then, earlier this month, another on immigration-related state laws and policies resulting from this year’s state legislative sessions.“Inclusive Immigration Policies Advance Dramatically in the States”While Congress debates whether to vote on immigration reform this year, state legislatures have enacted laws that expand immigrants’ access to driver’s licenses, education, and workers’ rights and that promote community policing policies, according to a new analysis we published earlier this month.
“Verification Nation: How E-Verify Affects America’s Workers”
The House of Representatives soon may vote on the Legal Workforce Act (H.R. 1772), a bill that would require all employers in the U.S. to use E-Verify but that contains virtually no worker protections. Get the facts on E-Verify by reading “Verification Nation,” a report we published in August which concludes that E-Verify continues to pose significant risks for U.S. citizens and immigrant workers and undermines all workers’ rights on the job.
For more information on these very real risks, check out Executive Director Marielena Hincapié’s blog post on Huffington Post, “When a Job Is at Stake, Even One Mistake Is One Too Many.” Together we can defeat measures designed to weaken the rights of all working people, advance efforts to create inclusive policies, and continue the fight for real immigration reform.
“HONOR TO WHOM HONOR IS DUE”: Labor Day Holiday celebration on the first Monday in September represents a desire to honor the laborer. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of the country. On June 28, 1894 Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday. The bill was signed into law by President Cleveland.
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION :
Emancipation Proclamation is a proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln in September 1862, effective from January 01, 1863 freeing the slaves in all territory still at war with the Union. Abraham Lincoln(1809-1865), 16th president of the US(1861-1865) regarded slavery as an evil.
THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR:
Labor Law refers to legislation affecting workers and the conditions of employment. The US Department of Labor was established in 1913 to administer and enforce statutes that promote the welfare, improve the working conditions of all laborers or workforce present in the country. Labor Law is a body of law applied to such matters as employment, remuneration, and conditions of work. In its most comprehensive sense it also includes old age, and disability insurance. A characteristic of all labor is that it consumes some part of the short days and years of human life. In human life, old age is a natural condition, a condition of disability experienced by all workers under the inevitable, and unescapable influence called time. Social Security is a Public Program providing for economic security and welfare. It essentially provides some cash payments to defray income loss due to old age. Currently, persons aged 66-years can claim the Social Security retirement income benefit after earning enough credits by contributing to seek entitlement to receive the payment benefit. From the income earned by the worker, 12.4 percent is paid to the Social Security Administration(SSA). 6.2 percent is paid by the worker, and 6.2 percent is paid by the employer. The US Social Security Act of 1935 established this retirement insurance. Later, during 1965, the Health Insurance Plan called Medicare was added. Medicare provides basic hospital insurance to persons aged 65 and over. 2.9 percent of the income earned by a worker is paid into Medicare, half by the worker and half by the employer. The tax that is withheld from the income, wage, or earnings of a worker should be correctly designated as an Insurance Contribution and as such it is reported as FICA or Federal Insurance Contributions Act withholding. It must be truly recognized that the withholding under FICA are not voluntary, charitable contributions, or donations given to the State. The State cannot utilize FICA withholding for purposes other than designated by the Public Programs they are designed to support.
“ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS PAY SOCIAL SECURITY TAX, WON’T BENEFIT”:
In an article published in Seattle Times, December 28, 2011, John Lantigua writes: “Billions of dollars deducted from paychecks issued to undocumented workers flow to the Social Security Administration(SSA) every year. Those workers almost certainly will never see that money again.” He has further documented: “That means about $11.2 billion went into the Social Security Trust Fund in 2007, and $2.6 billion went into Medicare, while that money will be used to pay retirees and health care beneficiaries, it most likely will never be claimed by the illegal immigrants who contributed it.” In the year 2007, SSA has received FICA withholding from the wages earned by about 10.8 million workers. It must be carefully noted that these numbers do not include all other temporary residents, and legal aliens who reside in the US and FICA contributions are withheld from their paychecks.
THE CONCEPT OF SLAVERY, SERFDOM, AND SERVITUDE:
In Bible times, there was no class of men known as “LABOR” and most people labored. Hard work or labor is looked on as the common lot of man and a result of the curse as revealed in the Old Testament Book of Genesis, The First Book of Moses, Chapter 3, verse #19:
“By the sweat of your brow
you will eat your food
until you return to the ground,
since from it you were taken;
for dust you are
and to dust you will return.”
The man’s inheritance of leading a life of bitter servitude cannot be wiped out or abolished by any kind of Presidential Proclamation. Man’s Emancipation from a life of servitude depends upon LORD God’ mercy, grace, and compassion. The Book of Psalms, Psalm 104, #23 reads: “Then man goes out to his work, to his labor until evening.” In real terms, man has no escape from labor, if the word is used to describe physical, or mental exertion which implies hardship, and pain.
On this Labor Day Holiday on Monday, September 02, 2013, I have to demand that the United States has to explain its SSA Retirement Insurance and Medicare Health Insurance policies that basically violate the moral, and ethical values enshrined in its Labor Law. The alien, and temporary workers pay into the system through payroll deductions and yet in their old age, when they reach the age of full retirement( currently at the age 66-years ), they are excluded from receiving the Insurance benefits to which they have fully contributed laboring on the US soil.
Rudra N Rebbapragada, The Spirits of Special Frontier Force,